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Reviews from the press of the United Sta tes filled with critici sms of the CaU.ornia Ladies' Magazln 

"The best magazine in the world" 
"The finest magazine for the ladies yet published 
"Superior to any other ladies' journal" 
"Should be in every home in the land 

"Journal second to none in the land" 
"The great magazine of the day" 
"A leading publication" 

— expressions used by them 

SnOUlU UC 111 tvu; ..vy...~ ... -._ 

A few extracts from the favorable criticisms of over a thousand editorials published in the last fortnight : 

••Morning Sun," Norwich. N. Y. 

The California Ladles' Magazine 
was' established four years ago i and 

has met with phenomenal success 

the best magazine i n the world. 

"The Record," Del Norte, Cal.: 

It is equal if not superior of any 
other ladies' journals. . . .a econd o none 
in the land.-.. this most highly edited 
Western publication. 

-Rural Life," Sterling. 111.: 

This magazine was established 
four' years ago and its growth and de- 
velopment have been Phenomenal. It 
|q Ft large 56-page magazine, nana- 
somel a p & rinted P and Illustrated on the 
best duality of paper and is just such 
a publication as the have been, 
looking for a nd are deserving of. 

••The Daily Sun," Lewlston, Me.: 

a guide and an educator to their 
sisters. The growth of the magazine 
has been phenomenal, and the steady 
demand for it is increasing through 
ouTthe entire world. The new build- 
ing which will be erected for the Mag- 
Line bv the intelligent and enterpris- 
es women of that State, wl stand 
during the succeeding generations as 
'monument to the loyalty. ab.Ug.Jgf 
worth of our women..... It is a bright, 
readable no way mfe 
rior to those, managed and edited in 
part by men. 

••The Journal." Hay wards. Cal.: 

The California Ladies' Maga- 
zine "should be better known to our , 
fair se^. for it is without doubt, the 
finest magazine for the and 
it is without doubt the most elegant 
literary work yet p ublished here. 

■Evening Tribune." Oakland. Cal.: 

The June number of the Cali- 
fornia Ladies' Magazine Is by far the 
handsomest edition ever published on 
the Pacific Coast^ 

•The Journal." Yreka, Cal.: 

....published by an association of 
ladies. It is a 56-page monthly, hand- 
somely illustrated, and equal If not 
SUPERIOR to the Ladies' Home Jour- 
nal and similar publications in the 


"Gazette-News." Kalamazoo. Mich.: 

The California Ladles' Magazine, 
edited and published by women at 
Oakland Cal.. has improved with 
SeTy mimber since it was established 
four years ago, and now compares 
Sery favorably with the Ladies' Home 


"Tennessee Farmer," Nashville, Tenn.: 
we are pleased to say it was one 
of' the most interesting ma 9 az , , "" h we 
have ever seen. The style. Illustra- 
tions, selections and editorials are first 


"Oregon State Journal." Eugene. Ore.: 
..One of the best magazines we 
have seen in a long time is the Califor- 
nia Ladles Magazine. The June num- 
ber is a perfect gem. The "^lure Is 
of a high order, bright and sparkling, 
and the numerous pictures, including 
many portraits of noted people, are 
beautiful. It is both interesting and 

"Dally Record," Onego, N. Y.: 

The magazine was established 
four'years ago and Its growth has been 
phenomenal. It i« a thoroughly up-to- 
date ladles' magazine. 
"Evening Journal," Jamestown, N. Y.: 
The officers and directors of the 
publishing company are imposed en- 
tirely of women, who ought to Know 
what their sisters want in literature 
and fashions. 

"The Dally Dispatch," Shamokin, Pa.: 
It is replete, with good things 
from cover to cover. It is gotten up 
In the Btyle ot the Philadelphia Ladles 
Homo Journal, and it will be a very 
sharp competitor for honors with that 
magazine, and may outrival It in cir- 
culation when H once becomes gener- 
ally known. II i« handsomely printed, 
niied with half-tone cuts, and read- 
ing matter written by some <>r the 
mo i noted writers el our country. 

"Spirit of the West," Des Moines, la.: 
The number before us is replete 
with good things which are of interest 
to every member of the family, from 
the youngest to the oldest, and it is 
also profusely illustrated throughout. 
The magazine is nicely gotten up me- 
chanically, the cuts used are fine half- 
tones, the arrangement of the best, 
and taken all together it Is a monthly 
that should grace the reading table of 
every home in the land. It has passed 
the period of experiment and Is now in 
the fifth successful year of publication. 

"Solano County Courier," Suisun, Cal.: 
It is similar to the Ladies' Home 
Journal in size and make-up. is full of 
the most interesting reading matter, 
is nicely printed and is beautifully il- 

"American Advertiser," Delhi, N. Y: 
This magazine is the only one 
owned and published by women, and 
its qrowth has been phenomenal in its 
four years of existence. This is an 
evidence of the progressive spirit of 
women over on the Pacific. 

' Morning Mercury," San Jose, Cal.: 

Altogether, the periodical in lit- 
erary contents and mechanical make- 
up, is highly credit able.. 

"The Herald." Dayton, Oregon: 

is a firs>t class, up-to-date ladies' 


"The Sentinel," Salem, Oregon: 

the most creditable coast publi- 

"Fargo Forum and Republican:" 

. The Forum has received the 
May issue of the California Ladles' 
Magazine, a well illustrated journal 
containing much of value to the ladies 

"Farmer's Home Journal," Louisville: 
a handsomely printed and beau- 
tifully illustrated magazine 

"The News," Winona, Minn.: 

The growth of the magazine has 
been wonderful, and the steady de- 
mand of it Is increasing throughout the 
entire world. 


Oakland, (Cal.) Tribune. June 19, 1903. 
The California Ladies' Magazine, edited and Pushed entirely < 
by ladies, is one of the brightest publications in the West Its staff 
of writers are well known throughout the East and West ,n he liter- 
ary world. They spare neither labor nor expense to make it all that 
they have designed it should be in every department. The las issue 
devoted to the Native Daughters of the Golden West, beautifully en- 
hanced with portraitures of fair women, is especially attractive. 

"he August number is to commemorate the National Encamp- 
ment of the Grand Army of the Republic and will be replete with go d 
en nuggets. Mrs. Martha P. Owen, the well-known journalist, „ the 
editor m charge of this remarkable issue, and th.s is suffic.ent guaran- 
tee of its dainty and artistic completeness. Mrs. Owen, as a write, 
has no peer in the west. From her pen drop thoughts like pearls that 
shine in the diadem of literary excellence. Her patriotic enthusiasm 
wiH no doubt express itself to a gem of printed beauty hat will be 
Taciously appreciated by the old soldiers, and every Californian who 
take, a pride in the State, for Mrs. Owen's fealty to California is as 
well known as her journalistic ability. 

Jt J« Jl 


From the Michigan Vidette 
(which is devoted to the G. A. R., Woman's Relief Corps. Ladles of the 
twnicn ^ A R Sons Qf Veterangi a nd Soldiers' Home. Mich.) 

California Ladies' Magazine lies on our table. It is published by 
the California Ladies' Publishing Company, and the only one of its kind 
on the Pacific Coast, and probably in the entire country. It is a fine y 
illustrated Magazine, all the work being of a high order and br. - 
Mantlv executed. The reading matter is except.onally interesting its 
corps of writers having a world wide reputation, which is itself a 
guarantee of its merit. The August number is to be largely devoted 
to the interests of the G. A. R. and kindred organizations. Wherever 
The Vidette goes we hope to see this bright, breezy Magazine installed. 
It ought to find its way into every home interested in the G. A. R. 
work. It is the best Magazine published. 

"The Argus." Albany, N. Y.: 

The California Ladies' Magazine, 

"the only ladles' journal on the Pacific 
Coast," owned, edited and controlled 
by women, is four years old and a fine, 
prosperous journal. It Is profusely il- 
lustrated and compares well with any 
of the Eastern monthlies devoted to 
woman's interests 

"Nebraska Farmer," Omaha, Neb.: 

is is a very creditable magazine. 


•'The Times," Pleasanton. Cal.: 

.We are In receipt of the Califor- 
nia Ladies' Magazine, and it is long 
since we have had the pleasure of pe- 
rusing a more interesting publication. 
The ladies who are publishing the 
work should meet with flattering suc- 
cess, for the magazine Is certainly 
worth the subscription price 

"The Call." Norwalk, Cal.: 

. .It Is a well gotten up magazine. 
With fine illustrations, and is an organ 
o£ the various women's clubs through- 
out the State in general and San Fran- 
clsoo and Oakland in particular 

"The Star," St. Helena. Cal.: 

\ publication which is meeting 
with the success it merits, is the Cali- 
fornia Ladies' Magazine It is printed 
l„ the general style of the Ladies 
Home Jounral and the Woman s com- 
panion, is very attractively S°" en _. u P 
!,.„! is the only publication of Its kind 

in the west 

"Morning Enterprise," Riverside, Cal.: 

It is a splendid number to send 

to Eastern fri ends. ■ ■ 

"Evening Tribune," Oakland. Cal.: 

The California Ladles' Magazine 
Is 'a splendid home paper containing 
good stories, poems, horn, talks. Illus- 
trations, etc 

••lone Valley Echo": 

.... is a choice issue 

"The Moon." Guadalupe, Cal.: 

California Ladles' Magazine 
ranks with some of the best of its 
class in publication to-day. It Is the 
only paper of its kind on the coast and 
compares favorably with the Ladies 

Home Journal and other well known 


"Evening Argus," Oroosa, Mich.: 

and they have no cause to blush 

for their publication. 

"Trl-State Farmer," Chattanooga: 

w<- are pleased to say It was one 
of the most interesting magazines we 

have seen .• 

"Dolly COoflt .Marl." Marsh llc-ld, <>■<•.: 
making tlfe handsomest publica- 
tion that has '"in.- to our table In a 
long """• 

"The Times," Pomona, Cal.: 

It is, indeed, a credit to the pub- 
lishers. The quality of Us matter, in- 
cluding Illustrations, is of o high or- 
der, ii„ illustrations are nol confined 
to human figures and drosses 

"Woman's Standard," Waterloo, [owa: 

..It Is gotten up in the style, form, 

size of the Ladles' Home Journal 

"Bridgeport Chronicle," Union. Cal.: 

is one of the greatest magazines 

of the day. 

•The Herald," Grldley, Cal.: 

....a handsomely illustrated publi- 
cation devoted to women and their 
work. The paper Is up-to-date typo- 
Kiiiplil.nllv. and contains a large num- 
ber of Illustrations typical of Califor- 
nia. The leading women of the State 
have contributed to its columns, arti- 
cles on fashion, society, olub life, etc., 
making the magazine interesting to 

their sex 


"Marlon News-Tribune": 

....ihc reading matter and the nr- 
tisiic manner i" which it is presented 
turnlah an explanation of. the popu- 
larity which the magnislne has attained 
during Its tour years of lite 

"Rural spirit." Portland, Oregon: 

in ,i is n very bright publication. 

"The Morning Mercury": 

The California Ladies' Magazine 
is a publication of varied interest, not 
merely because it is owned and man- 
aged entirely by women, but because 
of the character of its contents. Its 
stories, general articles and illustra- 
tions are all attractive 

"The Telegraph," Macon. Ga.: 

are filled with the best literary, 

household matter and illustrations 


"The Cypress," Monterey, Cal.: 

which within four years has 

taken rank as a guide and educator 
throughout this continent. Its growth 
has feen phenomenal, the demand for 
this high -class publication increasing 
throughout the civilized world 

"The Jersey City News": 

The magazine is profusely and 

well Illustrated •• 

"The Tribune," Bay City. Mich.: 

Its correspondents include some 
of the leading lights in the literary 
world, among these being his Excel- 
lency. Cardinal Gibbons, Rev. Dr. Ja- 
cob Voorsanger and others 

"Journal and Courier," New Haven: gives abundant promise of 
being a winner 

"The Woman's Journal." Boston: 

beautiful magazine has become 

In less than tour years a leading publi- 

"The Daily Sun," Colusa, Cal.: 

is a wonderfully beautiful and 

useful periodical filled with good litera- 
ture of the most interesting class 

■Independent," Plumas, Cal. 

. . . .The reading matter Is Inl 
Ing, as well as Instructive, u is pro- 
fusely and artistically Illustrated, and 
should, us merits being considered, 
find n place in every household in our 

St0t ° - * 

"The Enterprise," Compton, Cal.: 

nnd is one of the finest pieces of 

work over received at this offioe 



•Be my reward some little place 
'I'n pitch my tent, 3ome tree ami vine, 
Where i may sit above the sea. 
Ami drink Hie sun as drinking wine, 
Ami dream, or sing some songs of Uiee; 
or .lays in climb to Shasta's dome 
Again and be with gods at home, 
Salute my mountains,— clouded Hood. 
Saint Helens in its sea of wood.— 
Where sweep the Oregon and where 
Willi storms are in the feathered ilr." 

Thus wrote Joaquin Miller thirty 
years ago in Athens, Greece, and today 
true, loyal to his own land and sea, 
true as a mother to her child to his own 
••Sierras, and eternal tints of snow 
that flash o'er battlements," he will 
publish his complete poetical works in 
California. That he will sing no more 
we question. Did he not writer — 

"1 luo sing with lifted eyes 

Because I could not choose but sing? - ' 

More than a quarter of a century 
ago a young man of seven and twenty, 
ambitious, unused to the ways of the 
world, poor in purse, but rich in the in- 
spirations of his own sun-land, arriv- 
ed in London unheralded and un- 
known. In a few months this timid, 
modest youth was the center of the 
most exclusive and cultured literary 
circles of the Old World. The English 
were quick to discern and appreciate 
the genius of Joaquin Miller. While a 
lew slang expressions, redolent of the 
wild, untamed svest, crept into the 
earlier poems, that caused tiny chills 
to chase each other up the vertebrae 
of Oxford ami Cambridge, his original- 
ity, his wonderful insight Into nature, 
iiis matchless description. Immediately 
captured the English. Some of the 
critics could discern traces of Byron. 
While others could see Browning in 
ihe lines, but the consensus of opin- 
ions was that he was unique and as 
original as the virgin paths of his be- 
loved forests. 

Although Mr. Miller lived in our 
midst more than a decade, no two per- 
sons will agree in their estimate of his 
personality. He is a veritable Eollan 
harp, and individuals are the wind that 
strike the different notes, and the song 
is sweet or harsh like unto the nature 
of the breeze that moves the strings. 

While the English reviews were 
filled with praises and prophecies of 
the new poet, his own country knew 
nothing of him. Later on it required 
an Englishman. Sir Edwin Arnold, 
himself one of the "lights of the 
world," to inform us that Joaquin Mil- 
ler and Edgar Allen Poe were the 
greatest American poets. In 1871 the 
"Songs of the Sierras" were published 
In this country. Since that time Mr. 
.Miller has done much literary work, 

and perhaps his last is his best, is he 
his touched certain chords that he did 
not strike in his earlier work. In the 
Sonus of the Soul" the title is tic In- 
dex to the contents. The poems are 

sions of a disciplined spiritual nature, 
a nature that had achieved the heights 
through great anguish. This subtle 
spiritual power is present in all of Mr. 
Miller's later poems. He has suffered. 


literally soul songs. The "Songs of the 
Sierras" have all the strength, beauty, 
coloring, power, grandeur, and sensu- 
ousness of a young giant. The "Songs 
of the Soul" are the calm, pure expres- 

but has been silent; he has been 
wounded, but healcil his wounds with 
spiritual pearls. . ... 

In "The Light of Asia" this spiritual 
Inspiration is beautifully and sugges- 

tively made in Lord Buddah's under- 
standing of the music of the Devas, 
before he made his great renunciation. 

"Once the set 
A stringed gourd on the sill, there where 

tin- wind 
Could linger o'er Its notes and plav at 

Wild music makes the wind on silver 

strings — 
And those who lay around heard only 

But Prince SIddarha heard the Devas 


Shelley. Keats. Wordsworth, the 
Brownings, Poe, and Realf heard the 
Devas all their lives? Byron only 
heard the "wild music of the wind up- 
on the silver strings," except as Pro- 
fessor Dowden says In his life of Shel- 
ley, that during the sojourn of Shelley, 
Byron, and Leigh Hunt in Geneva, 
Switzerland, when Shelley wrote very 
little and Byron seemed to partake of 
Shelley's spirituality and wrote the 
best canto of Child Harold. If Shakes- 
peare and Geothe had not heard the 
Devas there would have been no "Mid- 
summer's Night Dream," no "Faust." 
With all the exquisite art of which 
Tennyson is the master, he heard not 
the music until late in life. The D?vas 
played and Joaquin Miller heard them 
only when he penned the "Songs of the 

"One day, perfumed day in white," 
he was our guest. The household felt 
i special benediction in his presence. 
His gentleness, his charity, his optim- 
ism, appealed to all. With the house- 
hold babes, three, about his knees, and 
the great Dane dog and the tortoise 
shell cat in suspended hostilities in 
in. i. e at his feet, the poet talked in his 
. w ii inimitable manni y. of 

tin sunshine in the hair of the babes, 
ii the sunlight upon the golden grain, 
of the wind that passed up and down 
the garden paths, that caressingly 
tossed the roses back and forth across 
the way, that met vow in such a 
friendly manner. Why.'' he said, "if 
there was nothing in the world but the 
wind, life would be worth living. Life 
is so beautiful." 

He -its not In judgment upon his fel- 
low- men. No word of censure escapes 
him. and his chief admonition to men 
and women is to purchase a bit of 
ground and plant trees. These will 
return the care and love expended upon 
them a thousand fold. 

Joaquin Miller Is a cremationist. and 
at his death, which we hope will be in 
the far future, the funeral pyre will be 
lighted, the body burned, the ashes 
scattered to the four winds of the 
earth, while his spirit will journey to 
the "Kingdom of the Hereafter." 

Joaquin Miller's Tribute to the Author of "Liberty's Bell" 

"Ami some Orient Dawn had found me 
Kneeling at the house of Fame." 

Fame found Madge Morris Wagner In the blazing 
Colorado Desert, her fingers on the pulse of Nature 
at fever heat. Like all who are truly great teachers, 
making .. t-xt of the plaee and the time. This Is 
what .she said: 

"Thou brown, bare-breasted, voiceless mystery, 
Hot sphinx of nature, cactus-crowned, what host thou 

1 nclothed and mute as when the groans or chaos 

Thy naked burning bOSOm to the sun. 
■ii,,- mountain silences have speech, the rivers sing, 
'i nun anewereth nevei unto anything, 
Pink-throated lizardi pan) In thy Bllm shade, 
The horned toad inns rustling In the heat; 
■i'ii. shadowy graj coyote, born afraid, 
Steals to . omi brackish spring and laps, and prowls 
..:'., and howls and howli and howls and howls, 
Until He solitude Is shaken with an added loniellm 
Thy sharp mescal shoots up b glanl stalk, 
Kb century of yearning, to the sunburnt skies, 

Ami drlpB ran- honey from llm lips 

or yellow waxen flow era, and flies. 
Borne lengthwise Bun-dried shapes with feel and 

And thirsty mouths pressed on the sweltering sands, 

Mark hen- ami there a gruesome, graveless BpOl 
Where some one drank thy scorching hotness, and 

Is not. 
(ohI must have made thee In his anger, ami forgot. 

Not .since I can remember have I heard a voice so 
true as this. It Is like the sublime and solemn bass of 
St. John, it Is even John the Baptist crying In the 
u Ilili-rneBS. 

Indeed, I doubt If you will llnd anything more ter 
rlbly truthful and fearfully sublime this side ol Job 
than this one lone, lorn cry from the desert, A photo 
graph, even wen- Buch n thing possible, could nol be 
more ghastly and ghastly exact. 

1 shall proceed to say what this strange, strong 
woman or the desert has said from oul her heart 01 
hearts. For she Is a woman, a verj human, tendei 
woman, And yon win concede before you wye done 
reading the mil- i>iih of her sweet soul which 1 am 
permitted to give von, thai n is groal Impertinence In 

lo say much when she Is Singing. ^'"1 ' W V"" 

to know distinctly that these nexl llneB of hers are as 

exactly true In all res] l« as her Hues on the ' oio- 

, Deserl. Her only nub- baby had gone a,waj 

from her oul from the one narrow m to beyond 

no- darkness; bul In the noxl aarrow room, a stronger 
woman nursed and rock. -ii ami cradled her stronger 

child. So there and then, out of the awful agony and 
desolation, she sang: — 

"l hear lu-r rocking thi baby, 

Slower and slower now, 
And I know she Is leaving her good-night kiss 

On Its eyes, and cheeks, and brow. 
Prom h.-r rocking, rocking, rocking, 

1 wonder would she start. 
Could she know, through the wall between us, 

she is rocking on my he n I 
While mv empty arm- are aching 

For a "form they may nol prt - 
Ami my emptier hear! Is breaking 

in its desolate loneliness, 
I list to the rocking, rocking. 

in the room Just next to mini 
Ami breathe a prayer 111 silence 

\t 1 mother's broken shrine 
For the mother who rock.-; the b ib> 

In the room Just next to mine ' 

Hen- an- the two extremee ol song the solitude, 
nakedness desolation, mystery, i'" 1 awful death and 
,,,.,, n, of the boundless deei 1 1 md the crooning ■ 1 1 
,11,. song. sh.. has pictured life and death, rou can 
hear the mother rocking, rooking, rou can Bee the 

,1,-ail men lying In the BOIldfl In h.i son,; Of thfl COlO- 
1.1,1,, Dsbci l. Jl l \>)\ ix mii 1 BUR 

Page 4 


July, 1903 





with his 
He only 

N,, ; ,„;u\VAU. was a lUtle village situated 
In B deep valley among the Alps, 
,, u was generally conceded by the inhab- 
itants thai Karl Ott was the most obsti- 

He w ,:■;>':, I!;!" held'to be such because his mot- 
,„ i^ url tv-is ■•Nc-V- r give in even if you are wrong, 
hu a-o bVcau.rhe hid for three years proposed to 
Se daughter of the American lady with amazing per- 
sevem "e -.nd, in the face of dually persevering re- 
fusals -^ t i 1 1 persisted in renewing his offei. Kan 
S eldest and only son of the village pastor, called 
,,',, he daughter of the American lady just as reg- 
u r v as the church-goers went to receive trom his 
father's hands the communion on the first Sunday in 
evert- month. Their walk through the village and 
u, ii,.- Ending path Into .he .lark forest was as 
regu^r.y expected by the simple vl.l.gers as was 
thtir return an hour or two later: Karl Ott with a 
£? look on his face, and on the lips of the American 
lady an amused and peculiarly sweet smite- 

Leaving her at her mother's house— the little 
wo, den one opposite the Gaslhaus with i the creep lug 
vines and the dark stained pillars— Karl Ott strode 
down the village street to his father's house, and the 
following conversation took place regularly: 
•Karl, my son, had you a pleasant walk . 
"Yes. father." 

"And what did she say. my son. 
"She treated it as a grand joke, father. 
"She laughed at you. Karl?" 

"Yes, tether." „,„•>•■ 

•And did she give you no encouragement, my son. 
"No; that Is— Vielleicht etwas." 

"Only a very little— perhaps," repeated the pastot. 
who knew every answer in advance. 

There was a little pause here, and then. 
"You Will try again, my son." more as a state- 
ment of fact than a question. 

•If she did not love me. father, she could not go 
with me so freely and often." 

"She is not playing with you. Kail, 
eyes on his son's face. 

Karl never answered this last question, 
laughed and asked a question, himself. 
•With me? A-ber was fur eine Idee. 
Karl Ott may have been original, "^Ph's"^ 1 ^' 
but he was a dangerous man to be trifled with. He 
knew it, and thought of course every one else knew 
it For was he not acknowledged to be the mosl 
obstinate and difficult man in the whole village. 

The American lady and her daughter. >rlth an 
American servant, had lived in the little house with 
the dark stained pillars for three years. They were 
generally known to the village folks as the "American 
Lady" and the "Beautiful daugther of the American 
Lady " because the villagers found themselves wholly 
unable to pronounce their double-barreled name. 

They were in reality very poor, though compare 1 
to Heir Stosch, the richest man in the village, they 
seemed rich, very rich. A small income goes a long 
way in Niederwald. and the American lady and her 
daughter had sought the secluded life it afforded be- 
cause of reverses at home when the husband and 
father died. At least so they said, and no one ques- 
tioned the truth of it. Niederwuld was a quiet curi- 
ous little out-of-the-world spot, and the people who 
had been bred and born there were equally quiet and 
far more curious. 

It was a lovely place. A stream tumbled from the 
big mountains behind and flowed peacefully through 
the village, till the spring thaws and the winter storms 
converted It into a raging, racing torrent. Vineyards 
sloped away, below the village, to a lake, while above 
it dense pine forests stretched away till they joined 
the region of rocks and cliffs, and finally, of everlast- 
ing snows. Above all, three lofty white peaks peered 
over from the clouds into the little village, and reflect- 
ed the sunset glory long after the village was wrap- 
ped in darkness and shadow. 

Karl On owned a large vineyard, and made money 
by it. His Welnlese were always successful, and his 
grapes sweeter and juicier even, than those that grew 
in sunny Italy, on the other side of the white peaks 
He had seen the American lady and her daughter 
when they first came to Niederwald. and his father, as 
pastor, went with him to call upon them. While his 
father .-tumbled along in his broken English with 
the mother. Kail conversed with the beautiful daugh- 
ter in German. He welcomed her to Niederwald. 
She had traveli I with her father before he died, una 
ha I seen much. She had even been In the fair coun- 
try ihai lay beydhd the three while peaks. She was 
oldei than he was, and knew more of the world, he 
thought. He found that she loved the mountains 
and the Foreste, and that she listened eagerly to his 
description of the gorges, ravines, and vastness of 

the Ups ar i them, sin- longed to see them and 

climb to the great white peaks. And Karl, who knew 
everj boulder and every tree, and had grown up in 
ii impany with toppling and dizzy crevasses, prom- 
ise i to show them to her. 

Hi- was ni.l slow In believe whal lib lather told 
him afterwards, that the proud American lady had 
..,,,,., i her flaughter'j besl years to her own pride 
h, coming i" live In Niederwald. and bury her pov- 
... ],,., ,. none ■ ould Bee it and sneer. 
n was thus their walks began; and the Anna lean 
lady, apparently wrapped up In her pride anu dis- 
appointments, let ih. -m no together. 

i.: M ] iim had been fortunate enough to earn the 
gratitude ol the daughter of Ihe American lady, and 
H wae then he flrul made up hie mind to fall In love 
with her, 

He did everything bo deliberately, and his obBll- 

• .:.>.- will hi ii lib feelings so under control thai he 

,,,,, ,,i,i. to fall In love wlthoul firs! thinking the 

matter over, and then coming to o decision, Such 

uei I •■••'-. ho« ever, ab olutely final, and from II 

ih.a.- could bi no recall, 

The i»e\ II" - Hoik;, formed a ati i p i lope ol looBe 
rocks thai hod crumbled down from the cllfl above, 
and accumulated. Thoj wore twenty yards long, 

an d I, annual, . I al.i uplly al I lie e,l|-,e Of a pre, dpi, e 

ove i two Hi""- and feet. The rock* had to be crossed 

on III, Waj '" Warn,: .-.-. Tlie\ Wl 'M VI I V danra lull. , 

, ,. the ::iii-iii. ii i disturbance sol tnein all rolling 

,,. , , , ,, h ..lie i toward! the brink. Several pei one 
,,,„,, ,,,,. neighboring rillnge* had been killed In thin 

wav bv losing their balance when the rocks began to 
mo^-e und°er fhelr weight and being swept down over 
the short distance that lay between the narrow path, 
and the dizzy abyss. They were called the Deyus 
Roclcs-Tue^sfelsen-because the devil I was :«« to 
be concealed beneath them, and to move them with 
his Angers whenever any one approached. 

Karl and the girl were climbing slowly, and the 
llttto dog .had run on ahead. His weight was more 
than sufficient to start the treacherous ftones in mo- 
tion, in spite of his struggles, and wtih: much P" 
eous barking, the little fellow was 'Carried to .the = edge, 
Karl saved it by going after it, while the glil. speech 
less with horror, watched them from the path. She 
was powerless to help, and she knew they must both 
be carried over, and— she did so love the dog. 

She could hear the rocks that had already leaped 
over the edge crashing down the face of the cliff, 
striking here and there Its buttresses and Projecting 
hedges How brave of Karl. He had her darling by 
he^ruffof his neck. Oh. the *P>endld fello*^ that he 
was. Ah, but honors; he had slipped again. , Her 
heart stopped hating for a moment, and sne hid ner 
eyes in her hand. She heard a rush of wind, and she 
knew that Karl Ott and the dog had disappeared into 

the The'next minute he was standing by her side with 
the dog in his arms. It was licking his hand and 
evidently had no idea of the cruel death "had es- 
caped. How it was done Karl could not tell. Only 
the rush of loose rocks suddenly ceased, and the one 
his weight rested on. six Inches from the ledge, came 
to a standstill, and he scrambled up again to the path 
with the doggie panting and frightened in his hands. 
That was all he could say about It. He watched the 
girl kiss her dog. and saw her tears drop on to his 
little brown ears. He heard her thank him; and as 
her large eyes, with the long moistened eyelashes, 
looked so gratefully into his. he experienced a strange 
sensation in his heart. 

He thought the tears were those of gratitude. 
He thought of the girl, of her eyes and hair. He 
thought of the tears that fell on the dog's ears, and 

The Devil's Rocks. 

he thought of the slender brown hands that held him. 
A feeling more tender than any he had yet known 
crept Into his heart. He thought of his father m 
pastor; of the proud American lady; and then hi 
though! again of her beautiful daughter. 

He remembered, too. that he owned a vineyard, 
which mad,- him rich. And he made up hi.- nun I. 

The rocks were dropping past him, and plunging 
downward over the precipice. He stooped and picked 
one up. 

"As surely as I have picked this one trom the 
lingers of the Devil who Is moving them from be- 
neath," he said aloud, slowly, "and as surely as it will 
.Imp through the air and resl on the ground In-low," - 

here he peered ovei the edge,— "so surely will I make 
the daughter of the American lady my wife." He 

threw the Stone upwards and forward, saw It for ft 

moment agalnsl the Bky, and then heard it rushing 

downward through the air. 

A few seconds afterwards It crashed upon the roekfl 
below, and Karl Ott, as soon as the echoes had died 
away, Climbed down again, and went home to bed. 

Nexl day he told his lather of his resolve, and the 
pastor had said, "My son, you have my benediction." 

Karl waited a tew weeks before he thought it 

Well I" speak his mind. 

ii was winter time, and one das Herr Muller, pro- 
prietor oi the Gasthof, his son Fritz, Pastor Ott, Karl 

nil young Sloseh, Frail Muller. and the A 'lean 

girl took their Bkates and a lunch basket, and flrovi 
six miles iii a sleigh to tin- end of the frozen laWe. 

Karl BlOWlj and d.-IIL.-i a l.-l\ fastened Ih.- -hlnln- 

i, ,i,..; on to the pretty little fi el ol thi daughter ol 
the American lady. They were soon Hying together 
before tho wind over the blnoh Ice, with the fox tei - 
|,| er facing after litem as besl ho could on the Blip- 
pery Burface. He wsb barking his little hearl oul 
for happlnei 

Kill In Karl nil's hearl then- was no sign Ol flut- 
tering. His big, muscular frame, with Its mountain 

irai i sinews, never carried o more confident hearl 

than then. Tho faol thai he was going to a*l< the 

\ it, .in girl I any him did not make his pulse 

beat any more quickly than usual; and "usual" was 

by no means J"*r , tn the Amer i can 

H t te }r lu» ™ if the little gloved hands lying 
girl beside him. as it . tne i * ^ 

warmly in his .own were ahead nu. ^ BomeUmejJ 

l "'" " M "" his hJeks w as even then bis to caress. 

""83 iSPES* for a pause in ^lr talk 

me .n IC Her? e m e?n WeUergen, und meines Vater's 
Se As "hi" sooke he looked her steadily In the face. 

: -'-:;; 'win-roar:,'':,:;;;, --:•:.:;; 

past them, and the ring of their skates sounded mu- 

SlCa Ka y rl° waited" sometime for an answ,, and then 
erne to the conclusion that the girl had not heard 
hfnT It was the fault of the wind. He took his eyes 
?ro"m her ^ and glanced down at the lltt 
shot forward so swiftly and gracefully. He was sure 

She The?e n waSto?hfng'for him to do but to repeat 
the proposition: and this Karl Ott at once did in a 
Suder voice, and with an amount of ca m del ^ration 
that would have been the envy of all lovers in all 
lands could they have seen him. 

This time she certainly heard him. for she turned 

her ft up and looked at him. Her eyes were wide 

onen but on her face, aglow with the wind there 
s no evidence of surprise or embarrassment. Her 
ps -re parted in the effort of breathing: her fur 
cap sat' jauntily on her hair and her hands nestled cos- 
iiv and warm in his own. Karl kept his eyes. on hers, 
and waited for her to speak. But she did not speak 
I and Karl began to feel decidedly uncomfortable. He 
did not know what to make of it. _ dMq/ , 

Then the daughter of the American lady nestled 
in a little closer to his side, and with a laugh .that 
showed two rows of gleaming teeth, shouted against 
the wind,— "What was that you said about your 
father's benediction? If you don't look where you are 
taking me, it will be given over our drowned and tro- 

Ze, Then Karl knew that she could not have heard all 
that he said. She was shouUng her loudest, and he 
heard her none too distinctly. Dropping his eyes from 
her face, he looked ahead. They were within fifty 
vards of the lake proper. The shallow water of the 
e-reat marsh lav behind them, and they were already 
skating over thin, green ice that a little farther on 
came to an abrupt end in the deep waters. Karl saw 
their danger at a glance. With a swing he altered his 
course, pulling the girl round with him. so that sne 

, lose up against his side and her hair blew again 

across his cheek. She laughed merrily, and tucked 
it under her fur cap. 

•What was that remark you made about your ram- 
ex's benediction?" she laughed again: "did you want 
us to get drowned, or what? It would be a pity, to 
end our friendship in iced water." 

Something In her voice made Karl feel for a mo- 
ment that there was between them an immeasureable 
distance. The thought fled as suddenly as it came. 
and Karl's phenomenal obstinacy asserted itself. 

He was on the point of repeating, word for word. 
his twice made proposition, when there was a sound 
of skaters behind them, and the next moment Muller 
ml young Stosch raced up and joined them. 

Their presence put an end, for the time, to any 
further avowals oi love or proposal of marriage. 

They formed a line of skaters, hand in hand, the 
girl between Muller and himself, and sped along to 
join the rest of the party round a log fire 
luncheon basket. 

Kul did not find himself alone with the daughter 
of the American lady until the horse was being har- 
nessed Into a Sleigh, and the remnants of the lun 
was being packed up. And then it was only tor 
brief moment, when he had nothing prepared in the 
waj of words. The fact was. he felt nonplussed. 
Had she vouchsafed some sort ol an answer, he 
would have known what to ,i.. and say. But her Si- 
ll ,, ill i. Is outw Itted him. He oou I 

stand It, and. for the time b Ing, his obstln i 
,,,, | n nd conquered by the subtler force ol all 

Now lhal thej were alone again tor a moment, 
she asked him to tighten the strap that I 
sh ites together. , 

"Make n little bundle ol II Mr. ■ so 

thai they won'i .lash togethi i and -• 

while he was doing her request, the muscies i 
Angers alow from thi i old, the girl - 

, ■• \ n i ph .i- ," she a i >• d ever so gi ntlj 

looking up Into his ey< s, ' pl< is , Karl, i 

thosi soi i of questions agali ,i you do. we 

cannol go together on the mountains Vnd you know 

there's nobodj else here who can i limb Ilk you 

l may no go alone Now, pleasi don't, Karl, for u Is 

quite Impossible 

The smile she gave him was gentle enou 
his oi.. -una. \ into slavi i-j Bui U onlj m I B 
angrj II was his turn to be slli nl now . foi b 
enough, cold, strange lovoi thai lie was, to i 
stand thai she looked upon him onlj as a com 
The Hist time she mel him oftei the skating 
hi greeted him with ■"> amused smile I h 
he wus eon, erne. i. seemed to Increase thi distance he 
tell iaj betweon thi m [1 ilso lm r< is d his oh 

ey. \n.| thlS .-.ime .mills. -I smile Was ill ;h, 
|Vo ffOl tO his nian\ BUbSI qttl "( propOl lis 

sin- called him Karl now, tnd when he had con 
oludod his awtoward sentence aboui offering tor his 

|OVG and his life *«■! hi- \ ill- \aid-. thi ri « IS onl\ ilu> 

little '.111111 foi .in i\> ■ ' 

It he dared, as he oil, a did. tO r«pi tl his WOTOS 

in,- little mil.- broadened oul uno i laugh, that et- 

leeluallv closed Ills lip- tOI tlVO mom, nl l...ause In 
I.! II. .1 tl ipi. Ii.aid III. fl I llngl til 'I I UlS .1 il 

rihi never goi unj fui thei than this, una tn« 

July, 1903 


Page 5 

"What was th at remark about your father's bene- 
diction?" she laughed. 

state of affairs might well have continued for a dozen 

Meanwhile Karl's love for the daughter of the 
American lady changed In character. It was begin- 
ning to come from his heart Instead of from his will. 
He now and again caught himself wondering what In 
the world he would do if she died, or — the thought was 
horrible — if she married some one else. 

One day in the early spring, when Karl Ott went 
to the little postoffice, he met the American girl there. 

She held some letters In her hand and was stamp- 
ing them for America. Karl suggested a ramble on 
the heights of the Kronenberg and the girl was 

'"Yes," she saiu; "and If you think the snow Is 
sufficiently melted, we will go by the way of the 
Devil's Rocks. I should like to see them once more." 

"Once more," repeated Karl with surprise. "Why; 
what do you mean?" 

"Oh, we are going away," she said simply. "Moth- 
er is going back to live in America. We leave in two 

Karl fairly gasped. His heart sank within him. 

"Wait here a moment," she added; "I will go 
and put on my nailed boots and climbing skirts. 
Then I'll tell you all about It." She had seen the 
blank look of dismay that had come into his facv, 
and. for the first time, she felt in her heart a feeling 
of sorrow for him. 

"Poor Karl Ott;" she thought; "but he Is such a 
simple boy, and has so much to learn. He surely 
could not have imagined that I might care for him." 

"So they climbed up the lower slopes of the great 
Kronenberg, these two, who had together explored 
every foot of the mountains, and knew their most 
inaccessible parts, who had •seen the sun rise from the 
top of the three white peaks, and watched the last 
sunset lights linger on the far away snow slopes that 
seemed to hand In the sky over the village. For 
nearly five years they had been companions in many 
a ramble through the deep forests, and had followed 
the torrents to their sources under the ice of the dan- 
gerous, slow-creeping glaciers. And as they followed 
the winding path, so familiar to them, the American 
girl told her companion of the Impending change In 
their life. 

"We are going back to our old home In California," 
she told him. "Mother's sister is dead, and we shall 
be better off now. We go to Paris on Saturday, and 
you must come to the station, Karl, and see us off." 

Come to the station and see us off. 

Karl listened In silence. He asked no questions, 
and made no comments. The shock had been so 
sudden and so unexpected, it had stirred his feelings 
as they never had been stirred before. He could no' 
define them, much less reduce them to words. Sur- 
prise, disappointment, rage, struggled for the mas- 
tery with sorrow, pride and outraged confidence. 
They rose up in such a strength of turmoil, that he 

"The next minute he was stnndina by her aide." 

felt as if his heart was being torn out and destroyed. 
He walked as If In a dream, not knowing what he 
would do next. But the feeling that was uppermost 
was the bitterness that he had been trifled with. 

Karl Ott was obstinate, and. whatever he felt, 
there was no indication of it on his face or in his 
manner. His feelings nevertheless Increased in 
strength the more he tried to repress them. So he 
Just walked on by her side, and listened to her voice, 
as they climbed up through the fragrant pine woods 
and then through the belt of stunted mountain oaks 
that led to the rocks beyond. When she had fin- 
ished he made an effort to say something. 

"I am sorry you are going. I did not expect it." 
was what he said In a quiet voice. 

The girl said she was sorry, too, she was so fond 
of the ^mountains and forests: but he surely did not 
think she was going to live In Niederwald for the 
rest of her life. 

Karl had no answer ready; or rather had a thous- 
and ready, but they were all so strong, and he did 
not know which to choose. 

Then the climbing over the rough boulders that 
formed the long slope at the foot of the Kronenberg's 
great shoulder began, and rendered talking, except In 
short exclamations, impossible. 

They climbed on together, till they reached the 
final slope, at the top of which began the little path 
leading to the Devil's Rocks. 

"Karl," she laughed, showing her white teeth, 
"I'm exhausted. You'll have to bury me here, or carry 
me to the top." 

Karl turned his. head away and looked for a mo- 
ment at the view of the lake and forest far beneath 
them, and an expression came into his eyes that the 
girl did not see. Then he took her In his arms, 
swung her little body on to his great shoulders, and 
carried her steadily over the remainder of the trying 
soft snow-slope. He did not tremble. He could have 
carried her, for that matter, over a tight r.»pe 
stretched from the peak of the Matterhorn to the Eg- 
gischom. His feet never took false hold, his balance 
was always true; and when she laughed aloud and 
clutched his head with her two arms for safety, he 
felt his muscles respond to this call on their reserve 
force, and carry their precious burden with the ease 
of steel springs. 

When they reached the top he let her down gen- 
tly from his shoulders. She looked up at him shyly, 
and told him he was the strongest pack-horse she 
had ever ridden upon the Alps, and Karl felt that he 
wanted to take here in his arms and kiss her. 

"And when did you — your mother, I mean, — first 
decide to leave?" he asked, in a voice so quiet that 
a stranger would have thought him Indifferent to 
whatever answer he got. 

"Oh." she said with an Imperceptible start, which 
did not escape his notice. "Oh; we have known It .ill 
along. We — we only came here for five years, you 

But Karl didn't know; and her matter-of-fact way 
of announcing this Important fact, which he felt should 
have been told him years ago, when he first proposed 
to her, came to him as a revelation. It acted as a 
stimulant. Then she does not care for me 
even as much as she does for one of the little snow- 
drops that are Just coming up with the Spring, was 
the thought that passed through his brain. 

"You intended from the beginning to leave Nie- 
derwald this Spring?" he asked quietly. 

She looked at him sweetly, and nodded her head. 
Karl met her eyes for a moment without a sign of 
expression on his face, and then turned to look at the 
view again. It was ever changing, and a great gray 
cloud was rolling up the opposite rock walls of fhas- 
seront — gloomy Chasseront, as it was called. 
Karl again broke the silence. 

"Yet, you never told me that," he said almost cen- 
tly. "I thought you would always live In Nieder- 

Karl was so simple, so innocent, so honest. 
"Dive here always." she cried. "Oh. Karl." And 
there came over her face the same smile of amuse- 
ment that he knew so well. But there was In li 
something of pity a.s well, now, and Karl was stung 
more deeply than ever by it. Poor Karl. 

"You allowed me to be always with you on the 
mountains," he continued, with something lik.* anger 
In his voice, "and you allowed no one else. You have 
made and permitted me to grow very fond of you. 
You have always — " 

"Now. Karl," she remonstrated. The smile of 
amused pity had died out of her eyes, for she felt 
that her companion was growing unpleasantly ear- 
nest. He spoke slowly, but In his voice was an in- 
flection she had never heard there before. The Idea 
of his getting really angry rather frightened her. 
Slow, deep natures, she knew, were never really an- 
gry unless when moved to their very bottom, and 
Karl Ott's nature was a very slow nnd a verv deep 

"You have always laughed at my proposals," he 
went on, in his deep voice, totally ignoring her In- 
terruption, "but you never forbade them. You knew 
I meant what I said, and that, In God's name In hea- 
ven, I loved you seriously and for ever." 

"Silly boy." She laughed with spirit, and looking 
him full in the face; "how could you possibly Imag- 
ine anything so Impossible?" 

Karl did not move a muscle, or take his eyes off 
hers. He felt his blood leave his heart suddenly In n 
body, and then rush tumultuously back again. It 
made his cheeks blaze, and moistened his skin. 

"You ought to have known," she went on, embold- 
ened by his silence, which she interpreted as an ac- 
knowledgment of defeat. "Our positions are so dif- 
ferent; our ages too; and we belong to different 
races. Besides oh, Karl, I told you long ago. when 
you first spoke, that I could never love anyone." 

Never love anyone. Suddenly the truth began to 
dawn on his mind. She loved some one else, then. 

The girl suddenly put her hand on his shoulder and 
looked Into his face, moving closer to him, as It aboul 
to apeak. She kept her hand there, although she 
was aware that he shrank from her touch a.s If sh» 
had been a leper. She had opened her lips when lie 
Interrupted her with raging vehemence. 

"Ami you," in- died, "have allowed ma all this 
time io remain in Ignorance that you loved somo- 

one else: allowed oie to pay conn lo you, arid Io love 
you until all my heart and life and future are ah 

yours; lo lo love so deeply llml lo lose you musl 

uie.ui lo die, And you mlghl so easily have told mo 
'in- truth! a word years ago would have prevented 
ail instead or letting month after month go by, plaj 

He carried her steadily over the trying slope. 

ing with my life as only women can. who have — who 
are " 

"Karl, stop!" she cried. "I am married already." 

He stood and looked into the eyes and face he loved 
so hopelessly. Then he turned, and looked down, 
and out of the panorama of distant woods and blue 
mountains. There was no word between them for a 
minute or more. Then the girl, who was sobbing now, 
sought his hand, and in a broken whisper, which 
could hardly have reached his ear. she moaned,- - 

'But Karl, my husband was a criminal — and for 
five years he has been — has been away. That Is, we 
are going home to meet him when he is released — 
next week." 

He felt the girl drawing closer to him. until her 
heaving breast was against his heart, and he could 
feel her quick sobs. He felt her arms round his 
neck; her head, with the golden hair, was on his 

"Can you never forgive me. Karl?" she whispered, 
her tears falling fast and hot on his neck. 

Karl made no answer. Perhaps he had not heard 
her. Perhaps his thoughts were still in the cloudy dis- 
tance where the little patch of blue heaven had dis- 
appeared. Perhaps, ah, perhaps, he was wondering 
and thinking, and asking himself, if. after all, n,e 
girl had loved him all along and loved him still. 

So they stood together on that lonely mounc.un 
p.Llh, and the girl's head, radiant in the soft sun- 
shine, sank lower on his shoulder, and the wind 
played with her beautiful hair. 

Hut Karl Ott moved his feet, and set the Devil's 
Rocks in motion. Then he seized the girl in his arms 
and, raising her face to his, covered the tear-stained 
cheeks and the red mouth and the hair with a thou- 
sand kisses. 

The stones moved forward, with a hoarse, grind- 
ing sound, towards the brink. 

She heard the sound; she felt them moving be- 
neath her feet, and she tried to free herself. 

But Karl pressed her struggling little body closer 
to him. He held her to his heart. She was his own 
at last, and — he loved her. Pressed thus to his heart, 
the beautiful daughter of the American lady was car- 
ried by the shining rocks to the brink of the abyss. 

Her cry of terror was half smothered by his hot 
lips laid on her own, as they fell backwards :t:o the 

And the wind heard her cry. ami the far white 
peaks saw them fall. 

And the Devil's Rocks, that dropped over the edge 
for several minutes afterwords, covered their bodies 
and formed their tombstones. 

"Tho fnr white peaks anw thorn fall." 

Page 6 


July, 1903 

j& Society in the Leading Countries of the World & 


The word society has, ever since the empire daya 
of France, always held a. charm. When not appar- 
ent with emblazoned details, it was latent and sug- 
gestive grandeur. 

Society is not one of the things that have Im- 
proved with time. The progress of civilization has 
not marked it with added perfections. 

Po] the society of to-day is but the flotsam and 
jetsam of that society which marked an epoch in the 
history of the world. % 

Society practically had its birth In France. Its 
advent was foreshadowed In many climes and in 
every stage of history, but France was the mother 
of this fair, but capricious child; and to this day no 
one understands her like her mother. Born under 
auspicious circumstances, she early acquired a taste 
for the luxuries and elegances of life. This taste has 
not 'diminished, but added to it have been many ob- 
jectionable acquisitions, most marked, alas, la the 
two greatest— if we judge by power and progress— 
the chosen few who rule the land and hold In sub- 
jection their brother man. ._,,_.. ,_ 

Here a member of the nobility may be bright; he 
may be stupid. He may be rich, he may be poor; he 
may be good, he may be bad; it is one and the same, 
he belongs to the titled class that rules; the class that 
has claimed distinction and precedence in all things. 
Castilian blood that flows through his veins entitled 
him to go into the coterie of exclusives, known as 
society. Money cannot buy that place; valor cannot 
storm It; talent cannot win it, nor genius illumine 
lis musty, sequestered walls; and what is true of 
Spain, In varying degrees is true of Italy, Austria. 
Russia, and in a measure of Germany, and the smaller 
countries who merely cast reflections of their more 
brilliant sisters. 

present shabby, genteel unknown can walk through 
the grand entrance of Paris society if there Is the 
suggestion that the laurel wreath may some day 
rest on his brow. It need not be there, but if wit, 
talent, art, literature, science, is discernible, the as- 
pirant's foot Is allowed a place on a rung in the lad- 

Now in Italy. Russia and Austria, the attractive 
foreigner Is frequently admitted inside the sacred 
portals without well authenticated credentials, oft- 
times without even the shadow of an illustrious an- 
cestor to cast a brilliant background for his entrance 
to the exclusive halls of blue-blooded aristocracy; but 
while a foreigner may win his way with grace of 
person and manner, a native may not. This is 
merely the acme of conceit in which less is demand- 
ed of others. Its own must be up to the requisite 
standard, due allowance must be made for inferior 
foreigners. So one whose grace or beauty of person 
or manners, whose agile tongue or dulcet voice does 
not coax admittance to the hallowed precincts of the 
favored few in his own land, need not despair. He has 
but to don fine apparel, get a "friend at court." and he 
may sail "sans ceremonie" on the smooth waters 
of social popularity with debonair sang frold, at least 
he may be in Austria, Italy, and Russia. In France 
there arc- several doors through which one may en- 
ter society, yet France, less exclusive, has the most 
elegant society to-day in the world. Unlike Spain, 
she does not always demand blue blood as a passport. 
It is desirable, but not obligatory- She does not de- 
mand wealth; it is welcome, but not necessary. Nor 
could wealth, and wealth alone, buy a place in 
France's society, as in America and England. 

In France one falls heir to a place in society or 
one earns it: by beauty, grace, elegance, or by wit, 
talent, or genius in almost any line or capacity. 
Wealth is connived at, sought for. schemed after in 
France as elsewhere, but It Is not worshipped with 
bended knee. 

The French are the quickest nation to observe tal- 
ent. From the days of Madame Recamier to the 

In England and in America, when the laurel 
wreath is firmly placed on the brow, when the cre- 
dentials have been passed on by the committee on 
credentials, and seals of public favor confirmed and 
swonv to in genuineness, the celebrity Is admitted. 
"See the conquering hero comes." Nay, more, he is 
not only admitted, he is given a place of distinction; 
he Is "lionized;" he is not on a par, as in France; he 
Is above; he Is really and truly treated almost like 
a lion. He is walked around, gazed at, stared at, 
commented about, gloated over, flattered, sought for, 
treated like some strange animal In a camp of sav- 

He flies from It; he hates it; he loathes It. He 
had looked forward 'to his entree in that charmed cir- 
cle with anticipatory pleasure; he had felt his advent 
to that throng to be the finishing touch to the laurel 
wreath that the world had placed on his brow; au 
contrairle they tip it to the side; they make a cari- 
cature of him. He Is not proud of his conquest; his 
sensitive soul rebels against the critical eyes, the 
uhispered comments and the cringing bows. 

His heart Is heavy and he goes back to his work 
with a fresh dip of contemptuous venom on the end of 
his tongue, If an orator; a drop of distilled satirical 
Ink on the end of his pen, if a writer; a new species 
of genus homo to examine under his microscope, if 
a philosopher; a more vindictive slash — with keener 
edge and colder cut to his lancet if a surgeon; and 
.1 madder prance and a wilder crash to his music, if a 
musician; a bolder demanding of the frailties of his 
kind, if an artist. Society In honoring him has desired 
to show Its best. It has really shown its very worst, 
but if the lion Is unaccustomed to the le grande so- 
ciety, he cannot be expected to know it. 

So, if in lionizing him they have tipped his laurel 
wreath to the side and made him feel the loss of his 
dignity: made him feel like a Bacchnalian caricature 
of a genius, he retaliates and caricatures his admirers, 
till each almost hates the other. 

Yes. "they do these things bel'ter In France." 
The lion is made to feel flattered and petted and 
loved, but he is not looked upon as a monstrosity, as 
something to be paraded, or exhibited like a wax 
figure at a dime museum. He Is made to feel one of 
them. He knows his genius or talent has won him a 
place but there are others and he is on probation. He 
must sustain his reputation to hold his place in so- 
ciety's ante room of reward. He is put on his metal 
and he must occasionally fence to keep his place. 

In England Lady Jane Brown is entitled to go in 
society because her ancestors were, and because she 
is Lady Jane Brown. She may be fat. coarse, stu- 
pid: it does not matter: she need not worry. Her 
place is assured. But birth is not the only ticket 
that Is honored at the door of admission. Wealth is 
an easy passport and many there be who profit by it. 

In America it is much the same. Here talent some 
times crawls under the canvas and sees the great 
show and no one is much troubled to find out just 
how it was managed, but only occasionally does this 
method of entrance pass unnoticed. The portals are 

usually guarded. The season tickets must be backed 
by wealth, the session coupons by petition, usually. 

Mrs. Porter Smith may be ugly, dull and mentally 
and physically unwieldy, ponderous. No matter. Mr. 
Porter Smith is a bright lawyer whom a well populat- 
ed Slate has decided shall represent it in Congress, 
so Mis. Porter Smith Is accepted in society, a bitter 
pill, i,ui sugar-coated by her husband's success. She 
is feted, dined and wined at home and abroad. It is 
only when she reaches Washington that it dawns on 
her well-fed vanity that a Congressman's wife is not 
of the greatest consequence, but even here she is 
not to be scorned. She may use two negatives to ex- 
pri 33 a negation. She may even say done for did; she 
may openly show her dislike for other people; she 
may recklessly tramp upon their rights: she may get 
red in the face and show her temper if an accident 
happens to her gown: but she must be, and Is toler- 
ated, because her husband has a vote In the destinies 
of the country. And a member of the Spanish lega- 
tion may take her to dinner, marvelling at the oddness 
of the American people. The French Ambassador 
shrugs his shoulders and casts his eyes heavenward 
In a vain effort to fathom the Idiosyncrasies of the 
Great Nation. But our British friends thoroughly 
understand the situation— for do they not do like- 
wise? And to them we do not have to explain, for 
they comprehend the methods used In this modern 
Roman Empire. 

And while our representatives at Washington are 
moved like pawns in the political chessboard by the 
dozen expert chess players who superintend the 
g ame — because the end of Its political life is not 
reached— still other cities should not be bound by 
these rules. 

Worth, and worth alone, should gain one entrance 
to that select circle, that chosen few, that should con- 
stitute society. 

That worth may be genius, in any of a half dozen 
lines, talent, character, or mental strength. New 
York and Philadelphia must be where It will eventu- 
ally (if it does at all) start the new order of things. 
The small cities will but follow In the wake of the 
In;,'- ones. Boston is too prosaic. San Francisco is 
too conglomerate, too promiscuous in its moral codes, 
too prone to drag family scandals through crowded, 
curious court-rooms, to ever think of eradicating the 
unrefined; Chicago too coarse packing-house odor- 
ized to ever think of it. St. Louis might try it. But 
in Philadelphia or New York there Is a chance of 
success. Let a score of bright people, men and wo- 
men, from the nucleus raise the standard, turn the 
searchlight of truth upon the aspirant, and make 
society what it should be; a coterie of the bright, the 
congenial and the interesting. 

That society could be ever perfect in a world of 
imperfect things, would be absurd to even hope for, 
much less expect; but that it could be made a gath- 
ering of what is best in humanity is quite possible and 
certainly desirable. At present it is a travesty upon 
good taste, a parody on good sense, and a gathering 
together of those who rival each other in a vulgar 
display, petty bickerings, squabbles as to the su- 
premacy of leaders, premeditated snubs, and a con- 
tinued "crooking of the pregnant hinges of the knee." 

The plant of society was good, fair to look upon, 
and sweet to inhale: but on its branches have been 
grafted everything thai is undesirable in human na- 
ture: but the plant is not dead — it merely needs the 
pruning knife, which a few bright men and women 
in one of our big cities should take upon themselves 
to apply. 

July, 1903 


Page 7 



Devoted to the interests of the Subscribers to my Purchasing Agency, which 
was established in 1884, has grown from a pamphlet of sixteen pages to a 
book of over sixty. 

It is replete with Information Invaluable to all who seldom visit the 

Its Fashion Articles are to he depended upon and its Household Notes, 
Personal Talks and general items of attractiveness are appreciated 
by thousands. 
It has regular correspondents who are the best obtainable in their special 
lines. Ruth Edwards' "Letters to Mothers and Children" are classics. 
The Theatre receives much attention, mainly lor the purpose of illustrat- 
Ing Hue gowns worn on the stage and they are described by a compe- 
tenl authority. 
An Exchange Column, free to patrons, Is also a feature. 
Notwithstanding the expense o( such a publication. It Is aenl freelj each 
n>»iith to all Subscribers to my Agency. This costs $1.00 per yeai and entitles 
you to the services of a skilled Agent In New Yorlt In any honoiable direction. 

I buy anything sold here. Send samples of any merchandise which can he 
sampled. Do all manner of dyeing, cleaning, plaiting, etc. Furnish Chaper- 
on cs thoroughly familiar with all places of interest on New York and Vicinity. 
Accounts payable monthly opened with responsible parties. Send for General 
Circular giving full description of my methods, terms, etc., and abundant refer- 
ences, together with names or satisfied patrons in every State and Territory. 
.,-■ . ,. • ,,. (Established 1884.) Q-. | r 'f fci. | 

KATE E. TIRNEY, 35 and 37 E. 20th Street, New York 


Evening Reception and Outdoor Gowns, 

Tailor Made Suits and Artistic Millinery 

In an announcement issued 15 years ago I addressed the public as follows: 
-The above Implies the very best In this line thai the we hi now produces 
and it Is quite in - -a. 1 . !•• k'o. or, worse still, send abroad ror handsome cos- 
tumes. At the outRel lei me state, therefore, that l do nol Import, and while i 

ha-vi access to the latesl for. inn Ideas a- Incorporate h esses Impor i^ 

our largest dealei I seldom feel Inclined to adopt them to anj considerable ex- 

' "I believe the true gentlewomen of this country aim In their dress to display 
, rtain degre< of chaste and artistic elegance originality If you please and 
m h i aspire to i in nlsh. , . 
"My success leads to the conclusion that I urn in the righl groove one ol the 
uri i evidences ol which Is the large trade I am doing among the very besl fami- 
lies of acknowledged taste fli m< In 'ItJ and vicinity, 

At this time I desire to reiterate the above with an emphasis based on 
the uccess or my achievement. During these many years I have neither 
Imported, Bmuggled, nor palmed oft American-made gownB, furnished with 
bell tapes bearing the names of foreign makers, and yel my products 
good enough "> grace the Inauguration ceremonies and ball, and to be 
worn exeluslvelj through one administration at the White House. 

Naturally i can sell much lower than Importers, but my gowns are nol 

cheaj ield under 166.00. They are all made with care, almost exclusive 

lj bj hand, and under my personal supervision In my own sanitary work 
room The tailors take no work to their homes. 

Any desiring further Information regarding this Important branch of 
my service are referred to my general circular, which will be sent on re- 
quest ii gives full Information regarding my work, methods, plan or nttlng 
those unable to vlnl\ the city and has references from satisfied patrons In 
every State und Territory, 


35 & 37 East 20th Stroot, New York. 
Kindly Mention California Luolos' Magazine 

I Man arid Women -One K 



"If I were only a man, - ' exclaims the 
little woman, who lias failed to ac- 
complish something upon which her 
heart is set. As If being a man would 
solve the whole problem. Men strive. 
succeed and fall, women strive, suc- 
ceed and fail In about the same pro- 
portion. Some men are strong, deter- 
mineil, positive. Some women are 
strong, determined, positive. Some 
men are weak and shiftless and their 
counterpart is nol lacking among their 

It Is easy for the unthinking mind to 
place upon sex the entire blame for ex- 
isting conditions. But I fancy If th« 
world awakened some morning to find 
that men and women had changed 
placeB, grave troubles would still con- 
front us. 

The old decree has been that woman 
can do some things and cannot do oth- 
ers, because of her physical constitu- 
tion. When we compare the slender, 
delicate hand of the man who is an ar- 
tist, with that oi his brother who is a 
horny-handed toiler, — we mark the 
contrast — yet both are men. When we 
compare a strong muscular woman, 
trudging In the Held behind a plow, 
With a sweet, dainty, fairy whose 
pleasure is to ornament her husband's 
city home, the difference is startling — 
yet both are women. It is skill, genius, 
thought, the ability to concentrate 
that marks the path to success for a 
man or woman alike. 

In the days of primitive man, when 
lire was first discovered it was neces- 
sary for some one to stay by the fire 
and keep It burning, while others fol- 
lowed the chase. Thus It came that 
the female and her young remained at 
home. Women have been tending the 
fire for a long time, but they have 
learned now and then of other possi- 
bilities. Queens have ruled nations, 
and attended to maternal duties as 
well, but "free" Americans are not 
thus privileged. 

It is not a question of male or fe- 
male In the accomplishment of things. 

On the one hand of the great balance 
we find determination, strength, virtue, 
love, purity: on the other hesitation, 
weakness, vice, hatred and all their 
kin. Humanity hangs in the balance, 
now taking a dip In the sparkling 
waters of truth and again on the other 
side in the blackened pool of error. 
Each individual must face for him- 
self the rights and the wrongs, and 
not blame the other half of the world 
for his own lack of success. 

The birds find their mates and some- 
where there exists for every man the 
woman who would make his life com- 
plete; whose strength would balance 
his weakness, whose patience would 
soothe his anger, and they two, physi- 
cally, mentally, spiritually, would 

form a unit. This soul-mate idea Is 
true, but Its truth can only be round 
In the perfecting of the character of 
each individual. It is not that some- 
where I here is a woman sweet and 
patient enough to make up for all the 
meanness a man allows himself to ex- 
hibit, or that a wife's frivolity and 
nagging can be atoned for by a hus- 
band's virtues. There are many who 
can find their soul-mates very near at 
home ii" they set about i" look for 

Mother nature Is not always asleep 
when she whispers the first few words 
of love to the man and maiden who af- 
terward stand before the altar. Unless 
the marriage is purely a mercenary- 
one there has been an Intuitive selec- 
tion. If each could look for and refuse 
to see anything but the good in the 
other, communion of soul would be 
more readily recognized. 

One difficulty Is that we have nol 
accustomed ourselves to consider that 
others have weaknesses, trials, disap- 
pointments like unto our own. We so 
often hug our trouble until It fills for 
us the whole horizon. Men are human, 
exceedingly so. they need sympathetic 
kindness far more than we are apt to 
Hi ink. "Oh. well, he's a man, he can 
stand it." is an expression often heard 
hut wrongly uttered. 

"And they two shall be one" has 
come down to us through the centuries, 
but which one? Is left for our solution. 
There's no getting away from the fact 
that it takes both men and women to 
make up our little world, and how to 
find the most harmonious adjustment 
of relations is our task. It is useless 
to even think of regulating women to 
their household work. Woman has 
found her freedom and Is using it and 
means to keep on using it, until the 
wrongs in our national life are righted, 
until the chairs of officials are filled 
by those who will enact justice, and 
whose lives are pure and clean. 

Women should know how to keep 
house, just as men should know how 
to keep books, but when she has learn- 
ed there is no necessity tot her to keep 
at it if she can successfully follow oth- 
er occupations. It makes no difference 
to the world as a whole if a woman 
runs a cattle ranch or a blacksmith 
shop, and a man engages in millinery 
and dressmaking. As long as the 
work is to be done, somebody will do 
It, and each should be free to choose 
their own vocation. 

"Our Father" means so much. "In 
whom there is neither male nor fe- 
male," but the One and that the spirit 
of the Christ: before whom all virtue 
is virtue, and vice is 'vice. One ideal 
Of purity in the minds of men will lift 
us to the place where we shall all 
stand — One. 

{ How to Forget and How to Remember • 1 


If we know how to remember what 
we want to remember and to forget 
what we wnnl to forc-et we should he 
In possession of a fairy gift of good. In 
the lives of us all, there are passages 
of which we are not proud. Now we 
have made egregious fools of our- 
selves: now a beloved, trusted one has 
broken our heart— at hast we think so. 
Again, we have passed through such 
seasons of poverty and anxiety that to 
recall them is a nightman. u- 
pray for the blessed boon forgetfulness. 

ai the same time work while we 
pray. Thai is ever the way to have 
prayer answered. When you are over- 
whelmed with bitter torturing mem- 
ories, slmplv think of something else. 
You cannot do It at one or two or three 
I rials, but you can accomplish It In 
a few months or a year or two. To 
help drown bitter memories engage in 
Borne absorbing work and keep your 
attention fixed on the movements of 
your body while you work. So shall 
you drown out grief and bitter re- 
grets and the memory of losses. 

But to remember the things we need 
to remember, the thousand and one llt- 
II,. details Of housekeeping, of business 

-that Is another matter. STel It, too, 
can be achieved by the most absent- 
minded, forgetful woman that ever let 
her glorious childhood memory run to 

rack and ruin. Kvory woman who has 

.1 slipshod, worthless memory herself 

has lOl II gO tO pieces. 

Listen. Naiure gave everybody B 
good memory to start With. A child 
remembers all it sees. Its brain cells 
arc fresh and t ptlve to the photo- 
graphic plotures "i events, There are 
millions of brain coIIh. enough to tui 
nlsh u fresh one for every event In the 
life of ii thousand years. 

To begin with, never, never Baj . "< ih, 
i am gottlng ho forgetful.' it you 

make n Hlaleincul II stands, especially 
If you makO It against yourself, Yon 

make others believe it; you believe it 
yourself in time: so it comes to be a 
fact. Never say you are either stupid, 
ugly, sickly or forgetful or anything 
else you would not like to be. 

Draw your mental powers and your 
thoughts in from wandering like Satan 
ni< and down the earth and center 
them on the duty of the moment. Do 
not let them go hither and thither like 
wild horses galloping o'er the plain. 
You can remember everything you 
need to. If through a wicked, hurried, 
jumbling of mental Impressions, you 
have let your memory waste, stop it 
It will help you to write In clear, large 
letters upon a placard this: "1 caw 
and I do remember whatever I need 
to." Then suspend that by a ribbon of 
your favorite color where you will see 
it the first thing when you wake In 
the morning and the List thing at 
night. Make a powerful determined 
, i ioii to live up to it. 

Next force yourself to get a clear, 
simp concept or mental picture ol :ili 
that passes before you. Vivid 

pictures of things sta> in the brain, 
and the taking of these mental photo- 

gl iphs Is the besl means of remem- 
bering things. Make your pictures. 

And never set down upon paper 
what you desire to remembei Noth 
Ing except the mental hnhit so many 
women have acquired, weakens the 

memory like written memorandums. 

The race had a glorious uiemoi \ bel 

It learned to write. If yen h.n Q a list 
Of things to buy. set them down only 
In youi brain \l llisl, no dOUbt, JfOU 
will forget. Well and good. The mora 

Inoom enlem e j ou ai o pul to at flrsi 

the less apt > ou w hi be !•■ forgot nexi 

lime. SO shall von keep youi &\\ ill,' 

memoi y from running to docoj II you 
follow this system of mentors training 
inn win come bs and bj to fool its 

ugh vii h.,v, bi en guilts "( a sin 

n hen you foi gel ins thing. 

Page 8 


July, 1903 



\ lovely picture n,J(f as 9he 

Ith the lace curtains en- 

II, hanging the last holly 

n busy twining the rud- 

. I put- 

i ,i touches '" the Christmas tree wfolch she 

h ,,,l ... ira on Christmas eve for a few cho- 

•i-,,. nlgfcl hi r heart was light and Joyous i 
blrd'i thai trills his Hymn of praise at evening, why 

Ida'! she bi happ: 1 Foi hei own true ove, Roger 

,,i\ had come trom New York to claim her as 

bride ind to-nlghl he was to ask her father for 

,„,. ri(| n v child. She was too happy In her 

own Joy to think of her devoted father, haughty and 

the world knew him, but almost pathet- 

lender toward her. Kathleen watched the 

, rowd coming and going with their faces wreathed in 

smiles and their arms full of mysterious parcels and 

wondered If they were as happy as she. She hoped 

he didn't want to think of a single sad heart 

existing when her own was filled with so much Joy. 

To-night be for-- the KU-sts arrived, she must break 
the news to her father and pave the way for an in- 
tervlew with Roger Chatterly. H-r pleasant reflet - 

b were Interrupted by a ring at the door bell, and 

the nexl moment a greal basket of violets and lllie*- 
of-the-valley was handed in with her lover's card at- 
tached. In the center of the basket she found a 
dainty velvet casket as purple as the violets, con- 
taining a necklace of tiny pearls. She burled her 
face In the fragrant depths, and then pressed her 
lips to tfhe flowers— symbols of modesty and purity— 
and rallied them to her room, where she could en- 
joy them while she dressed for the evening. It would 
give her time to see her father before the arrival of 
the gut . . 

"] will wear white — Papa and Roger like me bet- 
ter In that than anything else— and twine the string 
ot pearls round my neck, with clusters of lilies-of-the 
valley for my corsage and hair." she said thought- 
Dinner was over at last, and she waited until her 
father had passed into the library to enjoy his smoke. 
Then glided In, a vision so fair and sweet that he 

"You look like an angel of light, my dear.' 

'Do you really think I look well, papa? If you 
mean It, promise to grant me a favor." 

"Did I ever refuse you anything?" 

"No, 1 don't believe you ever did. Now, papa," 
she said, slipping behind his chair and twining her 
arms around his neck, while she pressed her soft. 
velvety cheek that rivaled the tint of a dainty pink 
shell, against his bearded face. "I want to make 
Roger Chatterly a Christmas present." 

"Is that all? I thought you were going to ask me 
in play Santa Claus to-night." 

"I am; you are to give the gift. papa, dear." 

"What an idea! Give It to him yourself, Kath- 
leen; he will appreciate it more than if it came from 
your old gray-haired father. How much money do 
you need to purchase the gift?" 

"You would be the best Judge of the value of what 
I want to give." 

"Well, what Is it. my darling?" 

"My own dear papa," she said, kissing his cheek 
and hugging him a little more tightly, "it is myself." 

"What!" cried Mr. Constance, loosening her arms 
from his neck and springing to his feet. "Yourself? 
Did you say yourself?" 

"Great heavens! No! Give up my little girl, the 
pride of my heart? Not yet. You are young, my 
daughter, only nineteen, a mere child. You have 
plenty of time to think of marriage, my dear." 

"Papa, you married my mother at eighteen" 

"But times have changed. Girls don't marry so 
young now-a-days. Tell Roger Chatterly that I won't 
think of such a thing as your marrying until you are 
twenty- live. Then, if you haven't changed your minds 
In that time, I'll raise no further objection." 

"Then you'll break my heart, papa. I've promised 
to return to New York with him as his wife. He has 
come for me. He wanted to speak with you last 
night, but I persuaded him to let me tell you first. 
You have never refused me anything before, and you 
are not going to now. papa. You couldn't do that." 
She stood before him with her eyes full of tears. 

"I never dreamed of this. Kathleen. Never thought 
I was to be called upon to give up my baby, the sun- 
light "f my old heart." 

"Oh, papa, don't look like that. I can't stand it. 

Take me In your arms and tell me you love me." 

With one step he reached her side and lifted her 
tenderly, raining kisses on her face. 

"How can I give you up, my darling'.' Think of 
this old house and your lonely old father coming home 
very night with no little sunbeam to greet him. 
But there, don't cry, dear, don'l cry any more. Go 
and bathe your face and gel i idy to receive your 
guests and tell — Roger Chatterly that he has asked 
for my only gem — my pearl of great price. Tell him 
I can'l see him to-night, and excuse me to your 
guesls on the plea that I have a headache." 

•Papa, it will be no Christmas wifhoul you. 

"You love this young man. Chatterly, Kathleen?" 
Fes, dearly. With you and Roger In my heart, 
there Is no room for anything else, papa." 

"Now you are trying a Huh- strategy." he said, 
in. iking an effort to smile. 

"Will you come down to the parlors? Do, there's 
i dear papa." 

"Yes, I'll be down presently." 
And look pleasant, won't you, papa?" 

"One would Imagine I was going to have my pit - 
tun- taken from that remark. Put your arms around 

She put her hands on his shoulder. 

my neck as you used to when you were a little child, 
and kiss me once, twice, thrice and again. Now go, 
dear, and I promise you that there shall be no scene. 
Remember that I am an old soldier and I have been 
under a deadly hail of shot and shell and never 

"Dear old papa." she murmured kissing hnn 

"There, there, my darling, don't do that; that's 
the kind of shot and shell I can't stand to-night-" 

She left the room with her eyes swimming In 
tears like for-get-me-nots shimmering through dew- 

Left to himself, this strong man. who was so stern 
and unrelenting, so dreaded by criminals, and re- 
garded as a man totally devoid of all feeling, trembled 
like an aspen leaf. One minute he raved and the 
next vowed it should nevei be. When it came time 
for him to make his appearance among the guests, he 
was the same cool and collected man, the same genial 
host he had always been. Only once did his nerve 
forsake him, and that was when a gift was handed to 
him from the tree. It was the picture of Kathleen 

set In pearls. Then he saw through a mlsl for an 

How do you like your present?" called Kathleen 
from the other end of the room. 

"Beautiful, my darling." he said, but refrained 
from looking at the i is tin. 

The last good-night «.i> Bald, and Mr. Constance 
went to his room. He wanted to gi-t away from all 
eyes and once and for ill decide this question that 
meant life or a miserable existence for him. The 
lire bunted brightly in the grate, yet the man shiv- 
ered as he drew his .hair up before it. He went over 
the conversation with Kathleen. Was not every word 
burned Into his heart, could he ever forget It? 

So Roger Chatterly wanted his little girl an 1 she 
had asked that he bestow her as a Christmas gift. 
Sin was such a child. No, he couldn't think of it. 
But then, she said her heart would break If she 
couldn't go with him. His heart was breaking now. 
ii. wondered If it would ever lose that dull pain. 
Why couldn't Roger have waited a few years? Roger 
was young and he was an old man. ill. had 

he thought. In the last few hours). The tittle 
i on the mantel chimed midnight and still 
Constance sat in his chair, while the fire burned 
lower and lower. The feeble blaze I ipi I from one 
coal to another only to flicker and die out? 
coal to another, only to dicker and die out? 
five years ago, when he asked for another Kathleen. 
She was smiling down now on him from the little sil- 
ver frame on the mantel. He rose, look down the 
photograph, and studied the sweet face. The picture 
was taken the day they were married and she was 
in her wedding dress. On the back of it she had 
traced, "Until death us do part." Those words seemed 
strangely prophetic. The face seemed to be entreat- 
ing for Kathleen. He recalled how sad her fathei 
had seemed when asked for the other Kathleen, but 
then, Mr. Constance argued, her father had other 
Children and he had no one left but his little gin. 
Men were selfish creatures at best, and he was Just 
finding it out. 

Slowly the pages of memory turned, and he had 
passed the wedding day, the happy months leading 
to another day when the brightness passed out of his 
life and he stood beside the bed of his dying wife, 
holding their little Kathleen. He heard her saying! 
"You must be a father and a mother to her. I ha\e 
been happy and now bhe only grief of my life has 
come — I must leave you and our baby." Long he 
continued to gaze at the lovely picture. How like this 
little Kathleen of theirs it was. 

One. two, three o'clock, and the struggle was still 
going on. Four o'clock, and the Kathleen that srnllea 
down at him from the mantel had won the victory for 
the living Kathleen. The fire was out. only the gray 
ashes remained and the room was cold. Conscious of 
It at last, he endeavored to stir up a few live coals, 
but failed. "It is only a symbol of what my future 
life is to be, gray and dreary," he said wearily. 

Dawn was beginning to throw its first waves of 
light as if challenging the sun to show his face before 
.he sought his bed. 

"Christmas greeting! I caught you first, papa, 
dear. Fie on you, oversleeping this beautiful Christ- 
mas morning! The muffins and omelet are done and 
the mackerel broiled to a turn. You forgot something, 
too. You didn't put anything into my stocking, and 
I hung it up. First' time you ever forgot It." 

"So I did. but forgive me and I'll put my consent 
in it for you to marry Roger Chatterly.'' 

"Thank you, my dear old papa. That will Mil it 
from top to toe. and It will make us both so happy 
and our ChrisUmas was such a merry one." 

The wedding was over and the couple had taken 
their departure for their new home. Silas Constance 
had seen them well on their way and then returned 
to his desolate home. His heart was breaking, but 
she had not known by word or gesture of his. He 
had given orders that her room should remain un- 
disturbed, and every night he spent two or three 
hours in the dainty blue and white bed-room, dream- 
ing of the days that had been, or penning her a let- 
ter filled with cheerful nonsense. Then came a letter 
from Kathleen. 

"Dear Papa," it read. "Roger has been ordered back 
to California to take cha.rge of the business there, 
and we're going to live with you in the dear old home. 
We'll be on the way by the time you receive this let- 
ter. Your loving daughter. 


**5&pff& >l & ! &~- **-» 



Within the past tVw years murmurs or dissatis- 
faction have frequently floated from the Pacific coast 
to the Atlantic — Western writers do not receive due 
recognition In the East, the murmurs complained. 

Some time ago a leading Eastern magazine spoke 
forcibly through its columns In self-defense, and con- 
sequently our feelings were for a time somewhat mol- 
lified. But. now there comes under our observation an 
incident that should set every patriotic Californlan 

A year ago the Eastern winds blew to our genial 
--oast a woman of undeniable intellect and ability, who 
in her Eastern career had won for herself a pleasing 
beginning with the pen. Naturally she cherished fond 
hopes of what she would do under the Influence of 
beautiful California. Six months she labored, elated, 
inspired, enchanted. But alas! manuscript after man- 
uscript returned unto her. until finally, disheartened, 
she determined to fathom the reason for her luck's un- 
timely death. She wrote to several Eastern editors, 
two of whom frankly explained the situation — Cali- 

fornia matter is not desirable, they admitted; for the 
past twenty years an effort has been made to boom 
California and her industries through the Eastern 
magazines; writers have frequently taken unfair ad- 
vantage of Eastern editors by engaging in an indi- 
rect method of advertising. 

Now, there are some facts to which we as Callfor- 
nians cannot close our eyes, and which we must con- 
sider logically if we wish to attain the recognition our 
fellow-workers on the Eastern coast enjoy. 

In spite of our efforts to give our native sons and 
daughters the preference in the way of lucrative po- 
sitions, it Is the Eastern applicants who fill them. The 
doctor, the lawyer, the minister, the teacher, who 
soonest reaches the top round of the ladder of success 
on our own coast, Is the one which comes to us from 
the East. Why Is this? Reason it out for yourselves. 

We rebel Inwardly against these usurpers, and yet 
we are glad to get them. 

Civilization came to us from the East, and contin- 
ues its westward course. Like all others of God's 

mills, this one too, grinds slow but sure. Rome was 
not built in a day; neither will California— it is still 

The Atlantic coast has three hundred and fifty 
years lh.- star! of us; we Joined In the handicap a 
half century ago, when the managing, intellectual 
North-European compelled the Spaniard to release his 
sleepy, bigoted head upon our coast. With these facts 
before us, It were wise to cease murmuring at nature's 
course and instead, help her perfect her work. 

We must erect for ourselves higher Intellectual 
standards, and must aim unitedly to reach them. We 
must build a literary structure that will defy criticism, 
and that will make the world think It worth her while 
to pause and listen. We must give western literature 
strong support. Being faithful in these things we 
shall ere long compel the recognition that it has taken 
our Eastern coast four centuries to attain. 

"Accuse not nature, she hath done her pari 
Do thou but thin.-.'' 

July, 1903 


Page 9 



A Mexican Experience 




I, old story," 10 Ma "Nova" in the barred 
window above the narro« street. 

When we realized how old, centuries old. these 
stone or adobe hut:- and houai a were, some built right 
out of the solid rock on the hillsides, and the step* 
In many places cut from the mountain itself, no won- 
der, this .aused a feeling of awe and visions ■•. soul- 
stirring deeds, in which lover, maiden and rival were 
in', lived, thrilled us as we crept along silently, and 
imagined what desperate deeds could yet take place, 
in such strange corners as we had penetrated. 
Sometimes the narrowness of the passage ways pre- 
vented seeing only a tiny portion of the silvery tinted 
skv above, and now and then, beyond our sight, a dis- 
tanl hill covered with the same stone or adobe build- 
ings In Hers. There seemed no way of ingress or 
egress, as II were, for us. at least as far as they could 

The one lone peon we met, told us how to find our 
way to the hotel, and after many wanderings along 
roads as rocky as even Dublin boasted of. we reached 
the deserted plaza. It being near the midnight hour, 
the scene still entrancing all around us under the 
silvery glow which cast shadows far and near, a pic- 
ture always to be nunc in "Memory hall." 

Each new experience In hotel life was never to be 
commented upon until one night had passed and so 
.main we wondered what would be tin- tale we wou d 
unfold, on the morrow. My room was most dreary In 


From the roof of the Palace, showing tiers of houses 

and their peculiar quaintness. 

"Venice by moonlight, you say?" Yes, the "Bride 
of the Sea" Is then entrancing; the soul is thrilled by 
the countless pictures that dance before one in dainty 
reflection, In the placid waters, as the gondolas noise- 
lessly gracefully, glide along. Just as a strain of mu- 
sic causes reverberation on the sympathetic nature 
so closely attuned to the delicate cadence, set in mo- 
tion by a kindred spirit. 

But go to Guanajuato, see It first by moonlight 
and while the sympathetic chord that is there set in 
motion, is not of such delicate timbre, yet, the feel- 
ing that pervades one's soul, Is of awe. of solemnity, 
and the white, pale moon seems as a mentor, to pen- 
etrate your being and cause a realization of individual 
nonentity. . , , 

After a long and rather tiresome ride in the us- 
ual mule-car after leaving Silao, on the Mexican 
Central, we reached the historic city of Guanajuato, 
We were used to the noise and confusion consequeni 
to the arrival of travelers, so readily managed to 
push our way among the many "cargadores" or bag- 
gage porters, that literally swarm around one. the 
hotel the best, but of meagre accommodations, was 
quickly found, our baggage arranged and. having 
learned early in our travels, to improve, not only each 
shining hour but moonlight one too, started out. It 
was about nine o'clock in the evening, a very clear 
night and the moon high. ,,,,.». 

We soon left the noise of the band playing in the 
plaza and the moving crowd far behind us. and be- 
gan to ascend a series of stone steps, which in turn, 
led to crooked ways, in and out of narrow passages, 
with only here and there a ray of moonlight to guide 
the footsteps that were beginning to be very weary 

Not even a cat or a dog, both plentiful in Mexico, 
and much thought of. appeared on the scene. 

Surely, we were going up the "Steps of Capri, this 
quiet moonlight night: the narrow stone sidewalks 
and narrower streets that we could often reach across 
and touch the opposite wall, were a marvel. Up and 
down, in and out, and only once did we see a human 
being. He. no doubt, just returning from tell- 

Showing in the extreme left hand corner the Pantheon 
on the hill, where in catacombs the mummies of 
many of the wealthy class are still intact, while the 
bones of the less fortunate (in regard to wealth) are 
in a heap at one side of the subterranean passage. 

prospect. The only means of entrance for myself or 
air was through a set of narrow French window like 
doors that had not even half panes of glass but were 
solid wood and barred from within. A single candle In 
an ancient candlestick was the only Illumination. It 
was the exception not to have electric lights, for in 
most all of the best hotels, brass bedsteads and often- 
times electric lights were a source of comfort In eacfi 

As usual, a thorough search for stray or forgotten 
bugs, such as beetles, spiders or insects of the grass- 
hopper genus, was made and then one was never sure 
that mice would not penetrate the sacred precincts 
during the "wee sma" hours. 

In the morning it was amusing to realize that the 
only apparent means of air or light penetrating the 
.ipJrtment was through a tiny hole, a little larger than 
that made by a pin, and which I noticed for the first 
time in the barred door, as I caught the fainted 
glimpse of a ray of light. No uninvited guests shared 
my room that night. I seemed to have been strongly 
fortified in all respects. .,-"... , 

It is strange one never feels the ill effects from not 
having open windows in Mexico. The houses are so 
,„„siruried that air is allowed in. In philtered por- 
tions, it seems, as malaria is ever present during 
sleeping hours and still one rises refreshed In the 
mornings. . . 

Guanajuato by daylight, with its magnificent pal- 
aces and theatre, its catacombs and mines, is a source 
.,i pleasure and delight. 

While the moonlight experience was in an unusual 
way enjoyable, the sunshine was very much more to 

° Ur No k onl must fall to take a donkey ride to the Pan- 
theon on the crest of a mountain that °verlooks the 
entire city and impressing one with the deling that 
he or she Is surely in Holy Lands, so similar are 
the houses arranged and the surrounding country is 
of the same aspect. 

These periodical gatherings or carnivals are much 
enjoyed by the Mexicans. 


A magnificent theater costing $1,000,000. The in- 
terior is in rococo style; draperies from Paris. 
Opened by President Diaz in 1901. 

"Happiness" Is fortune. 
"Virtue" Is wealth. 
"Gold" is a comfort 
Through sickness and health. 
"Honesty" is a treasure 
We all should possess. 
"Charity" is a pleasure 
That brings happiness. 
"■Love" like a candle 
Turns darkness to light. 
•Kindness" brings joy 
And therefore it's right. 
"Good manners and morals" 
If with them we're decked, 
Will always procure 
Good people's respect. 
"Knowledge" is the ladder 
That leads us up higher. 
I'lmprovement" In everything 
Is our desire. 
"Industry" is the motto 
To lead us to fame. 
And "solid Instruction" 
The good teacher's aim. 
••Right" is the path 
We all should have trod, 
Ere we arrive 
At the judgment of God. 

— Laura J. Sears. 

fa w 

€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€ €€ €€€€ €€ €■ €€ €€ €€€€ € 

Adiacent to the Teatro Juarez, showing one corner of 
J the buHding and the hillside in the background. 

Page 10 




*-***** * W _ . .„ ..» DD . c -r c SKIDMORE (MARIE). , 




Which ore- 
i , rfghi or ivrong U1 " n t p ,„, 

nirltu evil or B I. '" th,a In . 

i ' ■■■■■ ■ ' a ..:' 

,„i I. id ' ita ""' 

■T^rk.. * .-» v" !B 

,„,„,, i '. m He kaleidoscopic 

j are pi -' '" us ' n !£?„ 
day llghl "i modern civilization. 
Our people, In Independ »1 

Buoerlora, and, it la safe to say, but 
, ' equals in the nations. The spread 

tation among the masses, and 

the certainty thai all ***•££ %M 
, | pen to even talented, ambi- 
tus man and woman tor. to da y. even 
,,„„„.. ,,„. m ost conservative, the pui- 

seems to be tti ily «P° "*•" 

woman may not place ber daring Pool 
has given an upward tendency, so- 
, i ,nj and politically to all classes- 

At the period preceding the South- 
,.,„ W ar honorable and laudable ambi- 
tion lo attain high places In the -mer- 
cantile, professional, political, and con- 
sequently social world, led men to per- 
sistent indefatigable effort. Our • col- 
leges sent forth annually to life s arena 
voung men of ability and aspiration 
bound, if not to win success, at least 
to better their fellowmen. by theli ef- 
forts In a noble struggle. Those train- 
ing for the commercial career sought 
the busy marts of traffic, intent up- 
on achieving, not only «**»£> hu ' 
honorable names and high station, by 
honesl dealing and faithful attention to 
Ihe routine of business. The learned 
professions were sought and adopted 
by young men whose talents and taste* 
,„,,„„.,, to them the fame of a Molt, 
a Marshal, or a Webster; while ■ thoac 
seeking political preferment did not 
,„,.,, predicate their claim to success 
almost entirely upon their cleverness 
f^nagli* ward politicians or upon 
ttie millions they had acquired honest- 
ly or otherwise. 

' What is the ambition of the average 
eoHeglan of today? It Is to run or 
wrestle better than his fellow*. To 
ESS m ore like a dude, drink more 
wine and spend more money than his 
classmates. "What does he care to 
mercantile training, scientific attain- 
ments, or professional ee lebr ty ■? Near- 
ly all the niches in the temple of Fame 
..;,,. vacant, but his ambitious eyes turn 
not.thlther. He may sometimes think 
of getting a place at Annapolis oi 
West Point, particularly if he has no 
"expectations." For he argues when 
he is tired of college life, or the 
••governor's" slender purse can no long- 
er supply his extravagance, he will 
.. eet solid" with our Congressmen, go 
,„■■ for the navy or army, scrape 
through his examinations, become a 
middy and later a lleutenant-thr 
navy is more desirable than the army 
—••One has less access to the best so- 
ciety everywhere, you know —he will 
b" a lion among the ladies and wind 
up bv marrying an heiress. Or. It he 
is admitted at West Point he can 
patch up his neglected education, get 
acquainted with the aristocratic fam- 
ilies of New York and vicinity, and 
when he graduates, his chances of for- 
tune through the matrimonial sacri- 
fice—he esteems it indeed a sacrifice— 
are almost as good as those of his 
college chum of the navy. 

If our voung man intended to be a 
merchant, limited amount of book- 
l.arning is. In his estimation mine 
sufficient. So he scorns the classics 
as being "too slow." he does not care 
about "delving after Greek roots and 
delving very hard after anything for 
that matter. He will study geography 
a little, mathematics a mtle. English 
grammar and composition a very lit- 
tle Indeed— this last part Is patent to 
all his acquaintances. Then he has a 
little knowledge of the commercial 
course, he will take the examination, 
perhaps gel his certificate— how much 
or little that may mean we know— 
and then seek a position as clerk. If 
he is fortunate enough to get a subor- 
dinate place in a bank, he considers 
himself tahly started In life, and looks 
around for entree into society, that he 
may go In and win one of the golden 
prizes In the matrimonial lottery. 

And what of those who adopt the 
learned professions? Their name Is 
legion yet while many of them are 
talented, ambitious and Industrious, 
would it not be better if a tithe at least 
of the would be disciples of Solon and 
Ksculaplus. would be Induced to devote 
themselves to the agricultural develop- 

,.,„,]. There is a wide 

- Why do so nuns bug 
- wh en 

i !.,,.(. ■! to their gil 
Then from whence ar< 
oui workers in steel and Iron? Are 

telllgent, well-edU 
skilled Amerlcai s to build our 
instruct our b 

i '■■ "' th( " 
i broader scop 

ulini Powei 
... ,i md mental. 

Why in a . ountry where we b 
equality an I the dignity of Labor, Is 
i,.,, scorned? Why do 
Unerlcan parents, with tew i * • P- 
tions, seek for their sons some paltr; 
clerkship, som. -mall political office. 
,„. rorce them Into the professions 
where they are sure to meet with faii- 
uri — tor Nature is true to the gifts 
she bestows— when so many ol them 
would achieve success. wealth and 
even distinction, al the forge or In the 
viii.-vard or orchard' 

By mistaken callings, love of gain 
for its own sake, contempt for mechan- 
ic, i labor and mercenary marriages, 
n-e are deteriorating and the pursuit 
of the material is fast gaining ground. 

Now how about the home life and in- 
fluence upon which our moral and so- 
cial well-being largely depend? To 
the weakness or absence of parental 
authority may be attributed many ol 
the evils which darken our social at- 
mosphere. Respect for age and do- 

She «,, - to church on Sunday and 

attends what is Irreverently cal ed the 

,.. , v rashlonable 

slant chit-chat with he: neighbor, oi 
during the entii 
e gentleman with a running ft»« 
of criticism on the dress, app. aram ••• 
md attractions of the young ladies in 
front, making meanwhile beaux di 
at ih, young mUHonalre in the i 

"'ng. .._ . . V,!,. 

Her brother is as Indifferent to his 
parents and as frivolous as our young 
lady la He spen Is all his salary In 
dress suits, neckties and cigar.-, never 
rendering his over-worked father any 
under the burden ol tarnJIy 
He <<■-. i ista his mother 
,.li , is quit 
dress and style -to go anywhere with 
him. If be- attends a party, h 
Invites th« besl dressed girls to dance 
and never pays the least attention to 
the ladles of the house It they an 
either handsome or good dancers. 

Now. are Mary Elizabeth and hi r 
brother to blame for their want of 
filial respect, and their frivolity? No, 
., thousan I times no The weak fath- 
er and the weaker mother who have 
failed in the first duty of parents, the 
Inculcation of respect for themselves 
and obedience to their commands are 
solely to blame. 

Parents in our day, and notably in 
our country, are by far too Indulgent. 
From the cradle to manhood and wo- 
manhood children are pampered. Pa- 
rents too of I en make Idols of their oft- 

£ THE LATE MI&& «««"' cl '"■ ' ^^aG 

>- ^^ _ ..._ __j „«.«., fWom constantly ari 

mettle authority seems to have passed 
away with the poke bonnets and ample 
skirts of our grandmothers The 
voung rush forward and push thei. 
elders aside without ceremony. What 
father and mother says or thinks is or 
little consequence. Children come and 
go as they will, without question oi 
hindrance. _ ,.„ . , f 

In our best society. In California, If 
not elsewhere, the elders are almost 
ignored. The Chinese, it is said de- 
stroy the weakling or deformed of 
the family In Infancy, but. when, In 
their judgment, a person is fit to live 
at all. he is permitted to enjoy exis- 
tence as long as nature wills, and the 
greatest respect is shown by children 
to their aged parents. We have im- 
proved our Oriental civilization and 
end at least the social life and im- 
portance of the Individual who has 
passed middle age, or. as some writer 
has put it. "has out-lived his useful- 
ness." So. when Miss Blank has a 
reception, sometimes her parents are 
permitted to be present, their names 
are mentioned afterwards in the so- 
ciety notes, among the list of invited 
guests, sometimes -they are left out 
altogether; for "the line must be 
drawn somewhere." and there Is no 
room for old folks. 

Mary Elizabeth accepts, on her own 
account, Invitations for the opera or 
theatre, goes out when she pleases, 
and with whom she pleases, and prob- 
ably her parents know nothing of the 
character, family and sometimes even 
the name of her escort. 

spring, and offer them constantly ad- 
ulation and worship. 

They do not exact obedience fiom 
the child, and the youth and the maid- 
en hold them in neither respect nor 
veneration. Through the weakness 
and easy compliance of parents the 
social gatherings, left to the guidance 
of the young, inexperienced and unin- 
formed in mind and character tend 
no longer to the cultivation of the 
graces and courtesies of life, the in- 
terchange of intelligent Ideas, thp *°- 
velopment of mind. 

Some married women of good man- 
ners good sense and good education, 
are still seen at our balls and ger- 
mans. They are admitted under the 
odious title of chaperones. But are 
there many men of sense, talent or 
even good breeding? Many men worth 
dancing one's hair out of curl, or fad- 
ing the roses on one"s cheeks for? 

A prominent lady once said to me 
that at all the fashionable gatherings 
she had attended during an entire sea- 
son, the young gentlemen were infe- 
rior in appearance, ability, education 
and social prominence to the young 
ladies,— many of the latter being 
bright, witty, beautiful and of good 
family.— in fact that it would appear 
from her point of view, that the young 
society ladies of her acquaintance 
would have to stop to mate, or go un- 
wed, for there were few young men or 
any promise. 

I replied that there were many 
young men of undoubted talent, high 
character and brilliant prospect of 

tuiure distinction, but thes were na\ 
,„„„, a i the so-called soci- 
Ltherings;" that social elvter- 

i K*m 

eminence, have no 


The t. , ,,,,, 

children." '" '" 

fflTu'S S 

S£e B SS?«E High scl I. In ■ 

"equenci of the political [nfluence ol 
,,,.„,-• the standard nation 

, 5e lowered to squees I «* he 

educational machine any *lck-headed 
subject who may have stopped in 

transit No matter how many g I 

house '-.van. s. cooks. laborers or me- 
iSScl are spoiled I." th' Pro = - 
,.,. all eaual, therefore we mus an 
Se'teachTs clerks, doctors or law- 
yers. No mechanical laborers, no tlll- 
l;l ,„ the BO n, no hewers ol wood, or 
■ flowers of water are to be raised n 
our American homes. Foreign white 
labor musl come to the rescue: when 
that fails we must employ Chinese. 

It is absurd to assert that our people 
prefer servile labor. If efficient native 
or foreign white laborers could ^be ob- 
tained, our leagues of smiling vine- 
yards, orchards and grain fields would 
L dotted with the cottages of free 
white worklngmen. and the Asiatic 
horde would be driven from our shores 
for lack of employment, 

American fathers and mothers will 
have to govern their children .nflu- 
,.,, ,- them rightly, and direct theli 
talents into the channel which nature 
has marked for them. If children have 
the necessary gifts and tastes let 
them, by all means, be educated for 
the professions. If their talents He in 
the mechanical line, train them as ed- 
ucated, skilled mechanics. If their 
mental endowments are mediocre. 
t( ieh them that manual labor is hon- 
orable. They should never be per- 
mitted to speak with contempt of the 
horny-handed sons ol toil. Thej 
should remember that labor is the loi 
of man, that all that Is honest Is wor- 
thy of honor: that it is better to ex- 
cel In agriculture or the crades than 
to be mediocre in the professions. 

They should be taught to respect 
age. to honor their superiors, old and 
young. The state can do but ittle 
for the child. If parents fall in theli 

Education without religion and 
home-training is only book-learning 
at best. At worst it is too often in- 
fidelity to God and ruin to the Indi- 
vidual. , 
Young readers! in the language of 
the Roman gladiators, "We who are 
about to die salute you." We have 
erred, we have pointed out our errors. 
With us "the day is far spent." In Its 
sunset glow, we ask your pardon it 
we have too often spared the uplifted 
rod of correction, and beg of you. our 
successors, to profit by our example. 
The family, society, the state look 
to you. Each depends upon the other, 
all three upon you. Do your part 
then fearlessly. Form a society based 
upon reverence for age. respect for 
authority, honor for all that is truly 
honorable love for God. and as earn- 
est Americans, labor to correct the 
evil tendencies of our times. 
"Mater fillorum multorum." 

as- *i' J>" 
Entertaining and delightful Is this 
book of the most beautiful poetical gems 
ever written. Maynard & von Buhlow's 
New Collection of the Greatest Master- 
pieces of Poetry' In existence. All new 
in, I ol transcendent merit and charm. 
"The Song and Violin." "Said the Rose." 
•When I Am Dead." "For Love's Sweet 
Sake." "Love" (the most exquisite poem 
ever written). "In Kentucky. Che Be- 
yond," "My Belief." "If I Should Lose 
You." "It Never Comes Again." "A 
Woman's Question," "Ike Walden's 
Prayer. ' "Otto and His Auto." "Newly 
Wedded " "Ideal Memory" and 40 more 
unequalled and unapproached gems of 
art. by the most gifted writers and speak- 
ers. An all-gem collection of matchless 
readings, recitations and declamations. 
Worth many times the price. Sent post 
paid to any address on receipt of price, 
11 Address the Publishers. THE LIT- 
ington C. H-. Ohio. 

June. 1903 


Pasre 11 


1 ' lllusmttoni bv . 

Sfanfe/ CtebyArw- 



ROSES everywhere, bordering the long cres- 
cent avenue, creeping up the n-unks or th< 
old oak-. Co mingle with the Ivy, and clus- 
tering in huge bunches about the entrance 
ur in- hacienda where Don Miguel Gomez sat 
wailing 'he arrival of the young Ameri- 
C an engineer, who was t.. convert a large portion or 
i he bos Ohitos Ranch Into building lots lor the for- 
eigners. Don Miguel had no love for (he Americans. 
His father half a century before owned near all the 
broad vaiw-y. stretching from the Coast Baage on 
on« side to the ocean on the other, but his father s 
sons, including Don Miguel himself, had been an ex- 
travagant lot. fond of gaming, and feasting, and dis- 
play, so that now. of the once lordly Ohitos. but a 
few paltry acres remained, and these the hidalgo 
was compelled to sacrifice to the enemy. The lnev- 
II;i i,i,. m arch of population had reached the Ohlto, 
and gentleman of means, with an ambition tor a 
handsome country seat, were clamoring at the limits 
of Don Miguel's boundaries for admission. 

The barking of a sheep dog In a kennel close bj. 
followed by the deeper and more threatening bay or 
a deer hound, warned the Don that a stranger came. 
"You are the Senor Lawton, the engineer from 
San Francisco?" said the old gentleman, advancing 
will, that charming politeness which sits so grace- 
fully on the Spaniard. 

•■At your service, and you are Don Miguel uo- 
mez", replied the stranger. "You have a lovely place 
here. Don Miguel. I am not astonished that you 
have been so reluctant t<> part with it." 

The Spaniard answered with a bitter laugh. 
"It Is the admiration of your countrymen. Senor 
Lawton, which compels me to welcome them as 
neighbors. It is now almost noon. We will lunch 
and after luncheon I will drive you over the ranch. 

After a quiet toilet in the chamber which Don 
Miguel had hospitably prepared for him, and which 
he was to occupy until the subdividing Of the tract 
was finished. Lawton joined his host on the veranda, 
and was ushered by him with much ceremony into 
a cool, spacious dining hall. "My daughter. Senortta 
Gabriella." said the Spaniard, and Lawton bowed to 
What at that moment flashed across his mind as the 
most beautiful Spanish girl he had ever seen. She 
was almost seventeen, tall, with large lustrous eyes. 
., skin as while as the apple blossoms in the orchard 
outside, and when she murmured her welcome, the 
young man mentally decided that no voice could be 
more musical. True, he felt rather amused at him- 
self a few minutes afterward, at the sudden and 
alarming manner in which he had fallen over 
head and cars in love with his host's daughter. And 
wttien he reflected that two or three weeks of this de- 
lightful association lay before him, he looked so su- 
premely happy that Don Miguel remarked interrog- 
atively, "you enjoy the country. Senor?" 

Donna Gabriella sighed. "The Senor should see 
Las Animas." she said.' "It is much more beautiful 
than the Ohitos." 

"My daughter speaks of a ranch we once owned, 
which' lies about a league from hence," said Don 
Miguel explanatorily. "We went to law about it, or 
at least one of your countrymen sued us for pos- 

He was dragged, half choked, from his horse. 

session, disputed our title, and having lost the orig- 
in , I patent, we were never able to prove ownership. 
ao it passed out of our hands like many other mat- 
ters. We never knew whether the patent -was lost 
or stolen. My father imagined he had It in his strong 
box, but when we made an examination it was not 
there. You like our Spanish dishes, Senor?" 

Lawton declared Spanish cookery was his favor- 
ite, and the conversation drifted to things in gen- 
eral, politics, books, and the growth of the State. 

Lawton arose early next morning, and after a 
hearty breakfast laid out his plans for dividing the 
Ohitos. He rode carefully over the tract and de- 
cided that a broad avenue to lead from the country 
roads to the foot hills would be the proper limita- 
tion; as he rode slowly along the center of the tract, 
mentally calculating this clump of oaks would be 
left on the north side, and that on the south, he per- 
ceived a short distance ahead the ruins of an adobe 
building. Dismounting and hitching his mustang to 
a tree, the engineer made a curious inspection of this 
relic of early I'alifornia days. At one end of the 
ruin stood the fragments of what had evidently been 
a belfry, so Lawton concluded that this had been one 
of i lu- minor churches of the early Missions. 
"Buenos Dios, Senor." 

The engineer started, and turning quickly round 
saw a decrepid natice California, bowing before him. 
You like my house," said the old man in Eng- 
lish. Yes. Senor. I live here. My good master, Don 
Miguel, has been gracious enough to give his father's 
old major domo this ruin rent free. Would the Senor 
like to see my apartments, then follow me." 

Pleased with this adventure, Lawton nodded, and 
the old man led him to a recess by the belfry, de- 
scended half a dozen stairs, followed by Lawton who 
found himself in a large subterranean chamber, fur- 
nished with a rude table, a couple of chairs, a dilap- 
idated stove, and In the corner a heap of hay. which 
evidently served the hermit as a bed. Lawton took 
a seat, and much interested in this singular char- 
acter, awaited further developments. 

"I heard that my good master, Don Miguel, was 
sadly in need of money." said the hermit, "and that 
the old ranch was to be cut up and sold to the 
Americans. How it will hurt that proud man's 
heart,' and the Senorita she will be sad when they 
come here with their white wooden houses and cut 
down the timber. They will spare nothing, those 
Americans, and by and by they will come to get the 
hacienda itself, and then poor Don Miguel will have 
to go to San Francisco. But how will he live? The 
city is no place for a poor Spaniard Caballero, 
is it. Senor?" and the ugly old fellow leered malevo- 
lently at his visitor. 

Evidently, thought Lawton, my ancient friend 
has no love for his landlord, and then he said aloud: 
"Oh, Don Miguel will realize enough from the sale 
to make him comfortable for the rest of his life. 
Good day, my friend, I must be going. Probably I 
shall see more of you when we come to work this field, 
and nodding to the hermit, he left the ruin. 

The bell was ringing for the noonday meal as 
Lawton rode up the avenue. The Don's daughter 
was on the veranda clipping roses for her vases, and 
smilingly greeted the engineer. At table he- told 
Don Miguel of his meeting with the hermit at the 
ruined mission. 

"Ah," said Gomez, with a troubled face, "that is 
Sanchez, a strange, cross old fellow. He used to be 
In mv father's service, and gave me my first lessons 
in casting the riata. But for some olfense or other, 
what it was I know not. yet it must have been a 
grave one, my father disgraced him, flogged him se- 
verely, and Sanchez left the ranch that night. Nor 
did he ever return until after any father's death. 
I offered him some place about the household which 
he refused, asking permission only to occupy yonder 
ruin. But I don't believe he has any love for our 
family now. He comes of that race whose resent- 
ment expires only with death." 

"I must be on hand early to-day to see about the 
main avenue of our new town," said Lawton to Don 
Miguel Gomez on the following morning, and will 
take a few sandwiches with me, so do not expect me 
to lunch. The Spaniard politely expressed his re- 
grets, and hoped the Senor would not fatigue him- 
self. The long summer's day passed, the evening 
shadows fell, and still the Don's fair daughter lis- 
tened for the clatter of the engineer's horse on the 
avenue. She liked him, and felt in his society an 
excitement, a pleasure for which she accounted her- 
self as the natural gratification of associating with 
one of her own period of life, who was original, 
courteous and intelligent. At seven o'clock the Don's 
supper hour. Lawton was still missing. The evening 
wore on. but the engineer came not. 

"He must have received a dispatch to go to town 
Immediately." said Don Miguel, as he discussed with 
Gabriella, Law-ton's absence, "but it is singular that 
he did not send us a message to this effect. How- 
ever we shall probably hear from him to-morrow." 

But the next day and the next came and passed 
without a message from, or any tidings of Lawton. 
His instruments and papers were In his room, and a 
half written letter lay open upon his table. On the 
third day Don Miguel became apprehensive that some 
accident had befallen him. But then, he argued, 
had he been thrown from his horse, the animal would 
have round his way back to the stables. Gabriella's 
anxiety was plainly visible. She spoke continually 
of Law tons absence, and when Don Miguel men- 
tioned the theory that he had come to grief, she 

earnestly begged that a search party be organized 
and that the company he was engaged by be in- 
formed of his absence. A letter to the company 
brought a response that they had had no commu- 
nication with Lawton for five days. This made the 
matter more serious, and half a dozen mounted men 
were dispatched to search for him. After scouring 
the country they returned without any tidings of the 
missing young man. 

With Don Miguel's grief at this occurrence was 
mingled the most serious anxiety for his daughter. 
The mystery of Lawton's disappearance so thor- 
oughly engrossed her mind that she lost all interest 

i h.r affairs. She lost her appetite, grew thin and 

wan. her nights were sleepless, and Anally the Span- 
iard decided to send her to her relatives in Santa 
Barbara for change of air and scene, and with the 
hope that this perplexing incident might. ir not par- 
tially forgotten, lose at least its intensity. Gabriella 
gave a languid assent to the proposition, and prepa- 
rations were made for her departure. 

The evening before the contemplated journey she 
suggested to her father that she would ride about 
the old place, and one of the men brought around 
a beautiful little white mare, which had been ex- 
pressly broken for her use. Gabriella rode slowly 
over the tract, and thought mournfully of the fate 
of the young engineer. The truth was now plain to 
her that he had obtained a deeper place in her heart 
than she had ever accorded to any one before. The 
evening was far advanced and the moon was rising 
slowly over the oaks as the young girl reigned her 
horse in the neighborhood of the ruined mission. 
An impulse for which she never could account after- 
wards, led her to dismount and enter the ruin. Sne 
sat near the dismantled altar, and there knell and 
prayed that the Blessed Virgin would Intercede with 
our Lord for the safety of her lover, wheresoever he 
might be. and bring him back to her. The last ear- 
nest words were trembling on the girl's lips, when a 
groan, which seemed to come from directly under the 
altar, caused her to spring to her feet with a scream. 
Her fright was momentary- An inspiration seized her. 
"My prayer is answered," she cried. "He Is here. 
Ernest, Ernest, where are you'.'" There was a 
pause, and again she heard those sounds of distress. 
With her delicate hands she cleared away tne rub- 
bish from the altar stone, and an iron ring was dis- 
closed. An unaccountable intelligence seemed to di- 
rect her every movement. She rushed outside and 
returned with a stout branch, inserted It in the ring, 
and with extraordinary strength pried up the stone 
slab. Here, in a narrw vault, bound hand and foot, 
lay the insensible form of Ernesl Lawton. 

When Lawton lay in his chamber at the ranch 
once more restored to speech, he told the story of 
his imprisonment. On the evening of the day of his 
disappearance whilst riding by the ruin, he heard the 
whiz of a riata in the air, and the next moment he was 
dragged from his horse almost choked into Insen- 
sibility. Before consciousness left him he recog- 
nized in his assailant Pedro Sanchez. His next sen- 
sation was that of being bound to the rings of the 
walls of the vault, and seeing Sanchez hend over him. 
"You are here to die," hissed the revengeful her- 
mit. "Ha, you would marry Don Miguel's daughter, 
and with your cursed gringo sense make money for 
that hated crowd. And to make your death more 
- . bitter, see here, within a few feet of 
your bier is the lost patent of Las 
Animas ranch. Sleep well, Senor, 
I will return when you are dead," 
and with a yell the old maniac 
left him. 

The patent was found In 
the dust of the vault, and 
the delight of Don Miguel 
was boundless. And 
when a few months 
afterwards Ernest 
Lawton pressed a 
husband's kiss on 
the lips of his 
bride, he. whisper- 
ed In her ear that, 
after all. his week 
or suffering was 
more richly re- 
warded that it 
deserved, and 
that he would 
undergo it all 
I ^^L again for the 

■ ^^ ™»ne sweet 


The last earnest words were trembling on her lips. 

Page 12 


July. 1903 



Men call me La Frivole. The peasants think this 

napae tor a Provendal stream that 

dances lightly from rook to rock, that dashes the 

be ins reeda -r-ark- 

lngly in an- U>tt whispers of the west Wind. 

Perhaps. Yet there are 'lays when the sunbeams 
do noi day, and then I think of sad things 
and call to mind strange doings which have taken 
I " '.inks. 

One 0* them I saw played out many years ago. 

I i he memory of it haunts me more than that of 
any oth< , . .. 

It Is about the olive tree that stands at the en- 
trance of thi- little valley, through which I flow when, 
with a bound, I leave the rosemary and rue-grown hill, 
the children call the Desert. A white Banksla rose- 
tree flings her soft branches about the dark trunk of 
that olive, and half covers with her cloudy mantle that 
gray and gnarled tree, as though she would shield it 
from the sharp slab of the Mistral and shade It from 
the fierce rays of the sun. 

But I remember a time when no olive and Banksla 
grew In the valley. Once in those days I was lying 
very quiet and nearly asleep at noonday, when sud- 
denly a beautiful maiden came out from the woods 
that lie towards the south. As she drew near I no 
longer caved to sleep, for I would not waste one of the 
moments I might spend In gassing upon her loveliness. 

Her face was sweet and fair, and a wonderful light 
of happiness beamed from her eyes. Her robe was 
long, white and flowing, and as she walked I per- 
ceived that her every movement was perfect grace. To 
see her stoop and replace In the nest a nightingale's 
fallen egg, was a pretty sight. 

I had watched her do this, and her face was still 
a little flushed from the exertion, a smile of pleasure 
at the mother-bird's delight still playing about her 
lips, when there came towards her, from the rocky 
desert above, a youth whom I knew well by sight, 
though never before had I seen him in the bright light 
of day, but only in the grayness of twilight or in the 
half blackness of night, when the moon begins to rise 
in the sable sky. 

His dark face, handsome, yet so sad that I never 
loved to look upon it. was generally bent earthward 
as he paced along my banks, and his mournful eyes 
were usually fixed intently on the ground; but this 
day as he glanced upwards his eyes met those of the 
white-robed maiden, and then he stopped, as though 
In the presence of a gracious vision he might dispel by 
too near an approach. 

The maiden, too, stood still for a few seconds, and 
then, a wave of pity faintly shadowing her joyous 
face, she moved toward him with outstretched hands, 
and gently accosted him 

"Who art thou?" she asked In a low- toned voice. 

The youth falling on one knee at her feet, an- 

try and melancholy: "I am the Son 

Of Son 

He paused, as though expecting some word or ac- 
tion from ihe girl addressed; but she continued to 
gaze gently down on him. her soft eyes looking pity- 
into his. 

Then an eager, surprised look came over the sad 
youth- rising' and taking her hands passion- 

ately, almost roughly, in his, he said: 

"Who art thou, fairest of n lal thou dost 

not shun my presence, now thai thou hast heard my 
name, and must know the burden I am forced to bear': 
All men and women shrink from me lest, perchance, it 
should fall on their shoulders." 

■•I am the Daughter of Love," answered the damsel, 
gently; "and wherefore should I fly from tl I 

thy heavy burden, md long to help I See, 

I am stronger than thou thlnl 

And I saw tii > fair girl, n on hi i lips, 

put oul her hand to support th load swung 
the ben l< d -im.u1.1m-s of the youth. 

••Nay, n ■'■ ' ] the youth, drawing quli klj 

back; '-it Is enough to look upon thee and hear thy 
voice. No burden can oppress while thou arl near." 

"Then i will stay with thee alw iys, thai thou maysl 
,, .!< with me when thou wilt." replied 

the maiden, sirriply. 

My attention was distracted at thai momenl by a 
slight rustling, followed by a low halt-mocking laugh; 
and looking away from the youth and the maiden, I 
saw. at a little distance, the familiar, aged, though 
strangely voung-looklng figure of Dam- Fortune. Into 
one hand she had gathered her long train, shot with a 
hundred colors, and changing with the dancing light, 
looking a black, leaden thing one moment, and gleam- 
ing with silvery whiteness the next. 

With her other hand held up as though to quiet the 
singing birds, she stood almost motionless, listening. 

"The Son of Sorrow and the Daughter of Love con- 
versing together," I heard her say in a low voice, 
Which also n us half mocking, like her laughter. 

The youth and the maiden, as they heard their 
names pronounced, slowly turned toward her. 

"So you two would wish to dwell together, would 
you?" Inquired the Dame. '"The union would be very 
droll, really too droll." And she laughed again In the 
way I so much disliked; but I could not see her now. 
for she was hidden by a tree from my sight. 'Would 
It be allowed, though? Do you foolish young things 
Imagine for one moment that It would be allowed?" 

Once more the old lady laughed scornfully, and 
between the trunks of two pines, I could again see 
her, and notice a twinkle of fun suddenly light up her 
eyes, as a mischievous scheme flashed into her mind. 
Her voice was broken with laughter as now she ad- 
vanced a few steps forward, and said half jestingly, 
half seriously, — 

"The match would vastly amuse me. I will see It 
made sure. You, O. Son of Sorrow, shall become an 
olive tree, and you, O Daughter of Love, a Banksla 
rose-tree at his- side. If ever you would escape from 
this bondage — and at certain seasons, you shall be 
set free — It must only be if with each other, hand in 
hand together." 

Dame Fortune never pauses to think over her 
plans, and so it came about that an olive, in the fair 
embrace of a white Banksia rose-tree, grew from that 
instant in the valley below the desert; and Love and 
Sorrow have ever since been found in the world to- 



IT WAS no ordinary compliment that she had 
paid me, this sweet-faced, gentle old lady, 
as we sat together under the flowering chest- 
nut tree; it was no small mark of confidence 
that she had shown me when she opened the 
locket and placed it in my hand. 

I looked at the miniature In silence; no need for 
me to ask who it was "My son" was her world, her 
hero: she thought of him by day, she dreamed of him 
by night; he was at once her memory and her hope. 
Yet she rarely spoke of him, save to me. No one else 
in all the village had been deemed worthy to look 
upon that pictured face. He was not in the least like 
her, yet it was a handsome face enough. There was 
nothing very remarkable about it. Not a face that 
told you very much either for good or for evil; some- 
what weak, perhaps; boyishly bright, and yet with 
some faint suggestion of latent possibilities — was it in 
the eyes or the lines about the mouth? — that made 
me look with a tenderer reverence at the sweet old 
face that was watching me with such pathetic pride, 
as I said gently, — 

"He must have been quite young, then, Madame?" 
"He was eighteen; ah, yes, but eighteen! A mere 
boy, Lucy; but already clever and full of ambition; 
yet always so good to the old mother. For I was 
old even then; fifty, when he was but eighteen; and 
he was everything to me, ma chere, everything — just 
as he Is now!" 

"It must imake you very happy to think that he 
— " I paused, hardly knowing how to go on, for fear 
lest I might say too much: but, absorbed In her all- 
satisfying theme, she never noticed my hesitation. 

"He has always made me very happy." she said 
simply. "Ah, my child, you understand, to you I 
can speak freely! But to these others, no; they are 
too occupied with themselves, with their own little In- 
terests. Oh, think not that I blame! It is so natural, 
so natural; only I speak not to them of my Raoul. 
To you — It is different. One day, perhaps, when the 

war Is over — such a long, long war, — and he " 

Madame de Laine's voice faltered and died away. 
Not even to me did she ever speak of her son's re- 
turn. The thought of it was, no doubt, too great a 
happiness to be lightly put into words. 

In silence I laid the locket In her wrinkled hands; 
stooping, as I did so, to kiss the thin white fingers. 
At that moment I could not bear to meet her eyes. 
The "long, long war" that she spoke of had been end- 
ed years ago, and France had risen — phoenix-like — 
from the ashes of that terrible conflagration; yet still 
Madame de Laine waited, still she hoped. Dear 
Madame, how much pain was spared her; but — at 
what co9t! 

She closed the locket after one long, tender look 
at the boyish face, and concealed it carefully In the 
bosom of her dress, amid soft folds of rare old lace. 
I watched her do It with a sympathy that was all 
the more pitiful for the helpless anger and bitter re- 
volt in my heart. 

And all about us the birds sang, and the air was 
full of the sweetness and happy promise of the spring- 
time. But the fallen petals of the chestnut blos- 
some lay In crimson splashes on the grass at our feet. 

What a sweet, tranquil old lady she was: and how 
perfectly at rest in her love for her son, her absolute 
faith In him! She had been a great lady in those 
far-away days before the war; aye, and for all her 
gentleness and simplicity, she was a great lady still — 
was she not of the old noblesse? — and proud, proud 
of her Raoul? 

"France has no braver, truer son than my boy!" 
She looked up at me with kindling eyes. "Ah, Lucy; 
whether he live or die in the war, I am content: for 
I know that he will ever bear himself with honor, 
and serve the country he loves — our beautiful France. 
•For the rest — it is in God's hands." 
"True, Madame." 

"My little Raoul!" (oh, the tenderness of her tone!) 
"Even as a child he was brave, a very hero. He 
wished to make a great name; to be, perhaps, a second 
Napoleon — yes, but to save France, not to ruin her! 
— A Napoleon; not like him who now leads our ar- 
mies; but that other, the Corsican. A great man, 
that first Napoleon; though he was but a parvenu, 
and no true Frenchman. But my son is French, 
French to the very core; and a patriot indeed." 

Napoleon III was in his grave, he had long ceased 
to lead Ihe armies of France; but Madame knew 
naught of that, naught of his abdication, naught of 
the tragic death of his noble son. Her knowledge of 
all things that go to make history— yes, and of much 
besides — had stopped abruptly on one terrible day 
now many years ago; had stopped, never — please 
God — to begin anew. 

"Lucy," the sweet old voice went on, with its 
pretty, caressing, foreign accent; "you have a saying, 
you English — I have heard Monsieur your father use 
it often— that the boy— how should I say? Ah, yes— 
'the boy is father to the man." It is true, that saying: 
it was so with Raoul. He was. born a soldier, and a 
soldier he is. It is the one life for a man like my son: 
and—he has distinguished himself. That is of course. 
Where all are brave, he is without peer; a very Bay- 
ard! I have heard it: I know. Ah, it is something 
to be the mother of a man like that!" 

"It Is Indeed. Madame!" 

"But — his wife. Lucy: some day he will have a wdfe 
to be proud of him also; hut not as I am, child — not 
as I am." 

"No, truly. And now, he is all your own." 

"Rut I would not have it so always. Some day. 

when the war is ended But there will be time 

enough to make a marriage for my son then." 

' Time enough, indeed." 

"And meanwhile — thou art my little daughter, ma 
cherie:" and she laid her wrinkled hand fondly on 
my head. "Thou knowest more of him than any ono 
in the world save his mother, little one." 

"Save his mother." 

Poor soul! Oh, poor soul! An uncontrollable sob 
broke from me, and I hid my face on her knee. 

"Be calm, my child," she said gently. "Ah, it Is 
hard for the young to wait: but I — I have grown old 
and very patient. I forget." 

She entirely mistook the cause of my emotion, but 
what of that? If she liked to think that I too was 
waiting even as she waited — oh, not for the world 

would I have said one word to undeceive her! 

"Dear Madame, you are indeed very patient! But 
you are happy?" and I looked up at her anxiously. 

She smiled. "Happy! ah, but yes," she said softly. 
"I have my son." 

Exile from her beloved France was nothing to 
her; never since my father brought her here, when I 
was a mere child, had she shown any wish to return. 
She was, as she said, happy. 

And we loved her. Her story, of course, was known 
to but few; but all in the village were aware that 
"the old French madam up at Parson's had been sorely 
tried by some great sorrow, and on the rare occasions 
when she went beyond the Vicarage garden she met 
with nothing but respect and sympathy from our 
kindly people. Of late she had never done so; she 
was tired, she said, and the pleasant seat under the 
chestnut- tree was as far as she cared to go. She 
grew weaker daily; and we who loved her watched 
her with redoubled tenderness, for we had been 
warned that possibly — just at the last — 

Oh, God grant that she might be spared that! 
That she might never know 

"Listen!" and she raised a warning finger. "How 
gaily the birds "are singing! They recall to me a 
morning long ago, when my son was a boy. He had 
been away with his father to Paris, and I sat in the 
garden of the "chateau waiting for him — just as I am 
waiting now. The birds seemed to know how full my 
heart was of joy, and to praise God for me; oh, how 
far better than I could myself! The chestnuts were in 
flower too; but they were white, not red. These are 
very beautiful, but — I like the white best, ma petite, 
just for the sake of that other day when my sun came 
home to me. Ah, yes; but soon — very soon now — " 

She was silent, and lay back In her chair, gazing 
musingly before her; and I sat still on the grass at 
her feet, Hi Inking of many things. 

How tiulet it was! The birds' glad songs scarcely 
seemed an Interruption, and other sounds there were 
none. Even the wind had dropped, and scarcely a 
breath of air stirred the heavy fans of the great chest- 

So quiet, that from my day-dreams I drifted into 
a dreamless slumber. 

Something — was It a slight movement on Madame's 
part? — roused me, and I looked up. 

Ah! she, too, was sleeping. 

She hail drawn the lor-ket once more from its rest- 
ing place, and had fallen asleep ere she had thought 
to shut it. The boyish face smiled up at her; her 
thin hands lay, lightly crossed. In her lap: her eyes 
were closed. 

Yes; but hers was the sleep from which there Is 
no awakening. Madame was dead! 

And, thank God! the cloud that darkened her mind 
had never lifted; that which we feared had not hap- 
pened. For she had died happy, not knowing that the 
son for whom she waited was long since dead. 

Raoul de Laine had died a traitor's death- on the 
day that had robbed his mother of her reason: he 
was shot as a spy by his comrades for betraying the 
France he had professed to love. 

The shock thai had shattered, had saved, her! 

July. 10H3 


Page 13 



"Why go there?" said My Lady Disdain when our 
expedition ' r '" " ,1,1 ih * n '* ™ th - 

iiiK i and ^3 

glared &t her In speechless horror, while the rest or 

u* floated ; "'h and a Vandal. I tried to 

. -,. |,i tin the wonderful grove we were to visit with us 
grand and unique sequoias, but -My Lady "had seen 
the Maine and Michigan wood" and thus calmly ended 
the subject for that day at least. 

Her remark haunted me, however, as we sped next 
morning down the narrow gauge railroad from San 
Francisco and the miles of orchards bordering its 
i unfolded to right and left of us. "Nothing but 
trees" here, also thousands of aprlcota drinking 
in the sunshine they always seem to taste of when 
ripe, and pears and prunes preparing their generous 
harvest for later on. Then hay-fields fragrant and 
brown and dotted with great picturesque live oaks, 
and still on and on till the white observatory dome 
on Mount Hamilton was a landmark eastward, and 
the Santa Cruz mountains carved deep with shadowy 
canyons drew nearer on the west. A few redwoods 
fringed their summits at the sky-line, and soon we 
began to thread the blackness of the many tunnels, 
and to rejoice in the new world opening at each far- 
ther end. Still there Is "nothing but trees" on a 
thousand hills, but what variety in the picture! Along 
the railroad are young redwoods in their spring 
robes fringed with light green tassels, and the "tan- 
bark oaks" with red clusters of new leaves almost 
as bright as blossoms. That slim, bronzed forest- 
maiden, the madrono, stands shyly apart on the up- 
per slopes, and down where the creek tumbles and 
foams over its boulders there are thickets of azaleas, 
creamy and pink and heavy-scented. 

It grows hotter, and the engine pants up grades 
and through deep cuts topped with waving wdld- 
oats. Dozens of" ideal camping-places, lovely spots 
under great laurels and by rippling waters, .tempt us 
to leave the train and take immediate possession. 
Even My Lady admits that a hammock and a book 
under the spreading arms of a fragrant bay-tree 
might reconcile her to camping, and the children want 
to go no farther. 

Then at last the grove, and from the dry, hot 
woodsy smell of the open hillsides and the sunlit 
space of the station wo step into a cool greenness, a 
stillness as of a temple with long vistas of twilight- 
shadows stretching away to depths unknown and 
afar. I am at My Lady's elbow, the disdainful little 
woman who has "seen woods before," and after one 
glance at the huddle of melancholy hotel-buildings 
she takes a straight line to the nearest mighty red- 
wood. It is the one known as the Giant and I begin 
to rattle off the customary "Sixty-five feet in cir- 
cumference, three hundred and six feet high" to be 
rudely interrupted by "Do hush! I want to look at this 

- you call It. A tree!" sh.- repeats 
Why, ft'e a tower, a round tower, a very fortress of 
strength and b iuty! Surely it didn't grow — and from 
i of that little cone, too?" Sh.- surveyed it with 
.item ion and wan thai tried vainly 

to take In the noble trunk without a branch for a 
hundred feet and its crown of foliage far. far above 

Maliciously reminding her that there was "nothing 
to see here but trees." I introduced her to all the 
notable ones, from the historical General Fremont 
with the hollow at the foot of Its trunk that served to 
shelter the great pathfinder one rainy night half a 
century ago, to "Ingersoll's Cathedral." This is a 
ring of eleven good-sized trees sprouted round an old 



Clasping cool hands, fair shade and silence move 

In majesty serene throughout the place, 

Queens of the realm of leaf-fringed solitude, 

Envelop they with soft and quiet dreams* 

Their lovers — kings — the mighty redwood trees. 

Who tower majectic, glorious over ill. 

All nature looketh upward to the king — 

The forest king — and lowly homage pays. 

Pale violets peep from tiny vests of green, 

Adding their perfume to the quiet air, 

While on the swaying bough the robin's nest 

Rocks gently, and the mother-bird croons low, 

And trills a lullaby of peace and rest. 

Beneath the perfumed tapestry of pine, 

"With glimpses of the azure sky between. 

We lie and dream, throughout the golden day. 

Slim sunbeams slant between thick-woven boughs, 

But scarce are bold enough to venture in 

The home of shade and silence, and the realm 

Of good King Redwood — sovereign of the place. 

But now the merry birds their warblings hush, 

And Dusk with noiseless footsteps cometh near; 

The salt breeze blows from off the dark'ning sea, 

And brings with it the moan of restless waves. 

Day closes all the flowers ere she departs, 

While Shade and Silence grasp seductive arms 

Around the Redwoods— and the dark night falls. 

trunk, while in the Y. M. C. A group thirty-two 
saplings have sprung from the burled and decayed 
heart of a monster tree of ion-; >. So wandered 

and wondered, passing tin- Artist who In breathless 
haste was "painting in" cinnamon-red trunks like col- 
umns, clumps of vivid green foliage, ferns and beorrj 
bushes against a patch of deep turquoise sky. The 
Poet scribbled and mused aloni on a mossj log, while 
down under General Grant's three hundred feet of huge 
trunk and canopy of high branches the Professor 
learnedly holds forth to an audience armed with 
notebooks and much patience. 

My Lady and I find a comfortable spot and a rug 
where we proceed to lower our proud heads and gaze 
in comfort up to the crowns of those forest-kings. 
w hear the Professor's steady How of scientific talk 
and learn that these are not Big Trees but just 
"Coast Redwoods:" the sempervlrens or always green 
sequoia, the only relative and brother of the true 
Big Tree, the Sierra Sequoia. These redwoods de- 
light In the dripping fogs brought on the wings of the 
trade winds from the warm Japan current that laves 
our California shores, continues the Professor. 
They are the largest of coniferous trees anil are 
remnants of an Arctic flora driven southward during 
the Glacial Age. In California alone, says our scien- 
tist, these sequoias found the necessary heat, the 
enclosing sheltering mountain-walls, rich soli and 
moisture from rains and fogs to develop into mam- 
moth trees. Three thousand years they have towered 
here — but at this My Lady hastily rises. Figures are 
the Professor's weak point she vows, as we saunter 
slowly through the tall ferns to the mighty Giant of 
them all. The afternoon sun is sending long, quiv- 
ering shafts of light through the forest and each 
great trunk and high crown is touched with golden 

•Beautiful and wonderful," are our parting words, 
and My Lady adds Indignantly: "Why didn't you tell 
me how grand they were? Of course you talked of 
brees hundreds of feet high and scores In girth, but 
that doesn't describe their magnificence nor convey 
any Idea of their size!" No, truly, one must see 
these redwoods to fall under their spell, and to under- 
stand why California should guard them as beyond 
price, and as curiosities found nowhere else In the 
civilized world. So go thou, If an unbeliever, and 
learn likewise of these giant redwoods. 

The Big Tree Grove comprises nearly one hundred 
of these redwood monsters, ranging in circumference 
from forty to sixty feet and towering to a height of 
two and three hundred feet. Not only their dimen- 
sions, but the strange variety of their growth, have 
served to make them truly attractive, and the State 
has already reserved a park In Santa Cruz county to 
perpetuate the beauties of these forest kings, by 
staying the ax of the woodman. 


Page 14 


,i ui\ , xvva 






nR. OARUNGF" ' -) r .: 


,..„,„■ thai b "V 

. | Z conl ohlB- 

■ ■ n rked, « ■ «• 

, m rou unle« vov had b< u 

li -f I yourself, the bU I »■•">•• 1 .'" 

.am nd ' - gjjer, who 

was a finished old cynic, much more- b market. 

Tom turned out charming little Bgurea <;< crouch- 
ing nymphs and Arcadlo-Parislan sheph.-j-d- as. -. 

. ,,.. i, ooked a< abl. < clock ornaments, while the 

,;,,„..,• Bizes were the very things to stand m the cor- 
nere of rooms In front of artistically disposed red 

'"'i;,',,,, he got on so well that, on the strength of 
his growing success and his substantial expecta- 

Son-fhepe! ^ himself to fall In love May Wln- 

,,,,,,„, who was a charming girl, also fell n io\« 
With him. In a word. Fortune seemed disposed to De- 
Btow one of her broadest smiles on the pair. 

Tom f'arllngford then took a ruinous step, Six 
months before his marriage an artist friend asked 

him I me and spend a few weeks with him In Rome. 

where they would walk the Vatican together; and 
Tom went. From a purely artistic point of view, li 
was very likely the making of him; financially, it was 
his ruin. The two results are by no means ineom- 

'" The first day Tom was there he went off alone to 
the galleries, for his friend, whose name was Man- 
vers was unable to go with him: and when he came 
to the torso of the Belvedere Hercules he stopped 
quite short. Then he said "By Gad!" and looked at 
ii for half an hour without speaking. 

There was some excuse, or at any rate some prece- 
,1,111, f,,r Tom, since Michael Angelo, in his sightless 
old age, used to run his fingers over this statue for 
hours together. But the mischief was done. 

Manvers was a sculptor of the more advanced 
French school, who had got past mere prettiness. and 
sculptured sheer ugliness with amazing skill. He pre- 
ferred cripples. But he was still capable of appre- 
ciating prettiness, and Tom had left with him that 
morning a few photographs of his exhibits in London 
that year. Manvers had turned them over for hair 
,m hour or more with much respect, for they were 
exceedingly pretty and quite modern. When Tom 
, ame In he was still looking at them. 

"My deal- fellow," he said as he entered, "do you 
know, these are devilish pretty?" 

Tom did not answer him. but strode across the 

in to see what he was looking at. When he saw, 

he flushed deeply. 

"Give me those horrors," he said: and he flung 
them into the wood fire. 

The fire thrust out a greedy tongue and licked them 
in, and In a few moments all thai was leii or mem 
was a scrawl of crinkly gray ash. over which little 
red sparks ran about like fiery beetles. 

"I have seen the Belvedere torso." said Tom. and 
dropped into a chair, covering his face with his hands. 
"That doesn't make your 'Bather' any the less 
pretty," remarked Manvers. 

"It makes it a blasphemy," said Tom. 
Manvers had seen this sort of thing before, and he 
was not much alarmed for Tom's career. Indeed, he 
had himself spent five weeks in earlier days wrestling 
with a gigantic Apollo that was going to mane the 
Golden Age return; but being a person of great good 
sense, immense talent and no genius at all, he had 
returned at the end of his forty days in the desert to 
his "meditating ladies" and "tattered beggars" with 
a wholesome conviction that not having wings it was 
no earthly use attempting to fly, and that it was folly. 
not being able to fly, to refuse for that reason to walk. 
He lay back in his chair and laughed. 
"I wish you hadn't torn those things up." he said; 
"they were very pretty. And now you will go home, 
and set up a life-size Apollo, just as I did, in a three- 
pair back In some grimy San Francisco street, and 
gnash your teeth at it for a month, or perhaps six: 
then you will go back to the shepherdess with a 
sense of unutterable relief. I am not denying that 
Hercules is magnificent, but It won't do nowadays. 
All the same, it is a good thing to go through that 
stage. It gives one ideas about drapery; not that the 
Hercules has much drapery, but some antiques have. 
But why didn't the divine madness seize you when 
you first saw the Klgin Marbles? They are what gave 
II me." _ , 

"It did," said Tom; "but it frightened me. I sim- 
ply turned tail and ran. I saw how tremendously 
good they were, but I was frightened. I put them out 
of ray head as quickly as I could." 

The madness lasted all that month, as Manvers 
fully expected it would. Tom sat gazing in front of 
headless sods and goddesses all day. and returned 
home at night in a sort of artistic intoxication. His 
friend regarded it merely as a sort of vaccination: 
ii had taken well: he would be free for at least seven 
years from any fear of the disease. 

\i EJaster Tom went home to California, and a 
fortnlghl afterwards his father lay on his deathbed. 
and the Argentine Republic had gracefully declined 
to have anything to say to its bondholders. 

The old man had a certain grim sense of humor 
which even the King of Terrors was unable to scare 

"I'm stone-broke. Tom." he whispered, and there 

will be nothing left, for you but to break stones." 

And he went out Into the Valley of the Silence 

Tom felt in a heroic mood, and he said fine things 

to the effect that he would sooner be poor than rich. 

and that he would make his way in the world attend- 

,,1 not by Parisian shepherdesses and boys bathing, 

but by gods and goddesses of an elder day. and he 

predicted that the '".olden Age would shortly return. 

When May endorsed all that he said, Tom felt that 

the Golden Age was already returning. She was not 

al all artistic, but she had a great belief In Tom. 

and Sh D l0V " WlUl 

hin Th- "SiShntt 


Tom counted up the UtmOf theU 

. on which to sel up to »»>»« 

L020.60 So 'hey spent a M - 

ful ,!,,. | r»e' Art Galh ry, an I ba I a vers bad 

lunch at a dour, town restaurant. 

.i wished to execute a 
.„, ', ngure which he had left ^finished 
he went to Rome, it was an extremely pretty 
statuette of i boj shooting, and was about the best 
lhUv . ,,-om a technical poinl of view, -hat he had 
ever done. Bui May was nol mad. although she had 
decided to many Tom on 11020.60, ; ">d. i 

I, as a present. Tom frowned and said. How on 
earth you can manage to look at it without being sick. 
, ,,„•; c o n ceive." But he gave it her, for he cared 
for her more than for all the gods and goddesses of 
i Uiv Vatican* And May put It on the chlmney- 
piece.. and Tom gnashed at it periodically. 

He hired four rooms, not on Broadway, but in an 
unattractive spot near the Mission, paid six months 
renl In advance, and ordered a mountain of clay. He 
and May were married at once, and were immensely 

111 1 1 1 1 V 

Tom spent all day in his studio, and when dusk 
was falling, they often took the cars to Golden Gate 
Park May was serenely happy, and Tom was very 
happy too. but not at all serene, because he was still 
quite mad, and had not yet learned that men can no 

"Tom stood silent, with his candle in his hand, looking 
at her." 

longer fly in this nineteenth century, and that those 
who stand on tiptoe are not appreciably nearer to 
living than those who do not. But madmen have a 
very pleasant time so long as they are quite una- 
ware that they are mad. 

In August Manvers came to California, and stum- 
bled up the rickety, badly lighted stairs which ed to 
the temple of Tom's muse, with mild disgust mingled 
with curiosity. Tom had been trying to induce the 
Golden Age to return for six months, and it was lime 
that he should stop. May received the apostate in 
their sitting room, which commanded an extensive 
view of chimney-pots and dirty slate roofs, looking 
like a duchess who. for some private reason ot her 
own. had decided to live in South San Francisco, and 
wear out her old dresses. They went together to 
the studio, which commanded a view of nothing at all, 
because it was lit by a skylight. The classical fig- 
ure which was to be the herald of the uolden Ag* 
represented Demeter mourning for Persephone. The 
pose was very simple and. in its way, < admirable The 
goddess stood with one foot drawn slightly back, the 
head was drooped in sorrow for her lost child, ana 
the arms hung limply by her side. Tom had sent 
the model away, and was just finishing a fold of dra- 
pery He looked up as the two entered, and wel- 
comed Manvers. May drew her arm through his, 
and the three stood there a moment In silence, the 
room was stiflingly hot, for the August sun had been 
baking It all day, and the blinds over the skylight 
were shabby and torn. Tom had no money to waste 
In blinds. 

Then Manvers turned to tx>m. 

••Yes it is admirable," lie said: "it might be Greek. 
Tom drew a long breath. How he had longed that 
some one should say that! 

Hut do you like It?" he isked. 
"Well, you know. It's not in my line. But I think 
It probably comes near your conception, and that is 
the greatest that can be said of anything." 

"Thi n li t's go to dinner," said Tom. for they had 
settled to dine together al a restaurant. 

But Manvers was int rested in the statu.-, and 
stopped smne lime longer praising, advising, suggest- 
ing; and, when they had lefl the studio, he spent a 
full ten minutes more looking at the statuette which 
May had saved from Tom's intending war dance, and 
before that his praise was of a very different order. 
May had gone to put her hat on, and in her absence 
he could talk to Tom more freely; for he had felt 
rather like a traitor under her gray eyes when he 
had said the Demeter was not in his line. 

"It's the best thing you've ever done. Tom," he 
said, handling the statuette respectfully. "It really is 
confoundedly good, from the top of the forage-cap 
,lo» ii to the en i of thai bo itlace tag. As for that hor- 

; «i ,u i.„it,.r Not thai I isn'l Rood; II Is 

s ; S3 


K the most vulgar thing 1 ever *«^ u l J' con ^ 

•Don'i iaik blasphemy new!" >'■• "'"" " "'■ > 

with t'he types you love so, while 1 shall sit at wine 
with gods and goddesses." 

What will happen to all your other people— the 
hoy shooting, for instance?" hnr| . 1(1 

-If he shows as much as the end ot his horrid gun 
I'll kick him down stairs, to join you and you. fel- 
lows," said Tom. ., 
"Thanks! I shall be charmed to see him. 
Tom burst out laughing. 

••Do you know I'm awfully charmed to see you, old 
fellow, heretic or not heretic? We don't talk art any 
more. Come on.— May will be ready by this time. 

For two months Tom wrought and wrought and 
Demeter grew more and more godlike underneath h s 
E 7 Sometimes when he went Into his studio his 
heart gave a sudden leap. Was his dream coming 
true after all? Was the earth to be peopled again 
with gods and goddesses? It was not conceit, .only 
the true, deep consciousness of an artist, when he 
sees his conception growing materialized before his 
eves. For an artist's conception, when he works foi 
his ideal, is the highest thing of which he Is capable; 
it is hi* god; and when he sees his god becoming in- 
carnate, how can he but be filled with joy and trem- 

"on one snowy morning in Dc-ci mbi i the i ry ol a 
newly born child was heard in the house, and on thai 
day Demeter was finished. 

Demeter was put into marble, and all Tom's friends 
agreed that it was very beautiful, and that the diffi- 
culty of getting it down stairs would be immense; 
and eventually it stood in the Royal Academy, where 
it made a number of realistic bronzes look vulgar and 
gawky; and though it was for sale, nobody seemed 
the least inclined to buy it. Demeters do not "go 
with modern systems of art decoration. 

Tom received several letters that summer irom 
various dealers asking if he had any statuettes tor 
sale. They all of them admired the Demeter enor- 
mously, but not one of them offered him sixpence for 
it. Tom swore a little over these letters, and pitched 
them all into the waste-paper basket, and began on 
a new statue of Persephone. 

July was hotter than ever that year, and the baby 
was not well. May. who was not naturally at all 
nervous, sent for the doctor one morning. Tom was 
out all day, and it was not till dusk had fallen that 
she heard his step on the stairs. She met him on the 
landing, and they went into the sitting room to- 

"Tom. dear," she began, "the doctor has been here 
to-day about the baby. He isn't at all well." 
"What's the matter with him?" 

"It's the climate, the doctor says, ami want of 
fresh air. He says he must go away." 
"Where must he go to?" 
"He recommends the mountains." 
There was a long silence. Torn rose from his 
chair and paced up and down the room. 
"I haven't got a penny to spare." 
"No, dear. I know," she said: "but couldn't you 
sell something? There's the boy shooting which you 
gave me. you know." 

"But it isn't finished." 

"Why not finish It. then, and sell it? A man called 
here to-day to know if you hadn't anything for him. 
He said he had bought things from you before. He 
looked at the statuette, and said it was ihe best 
thing you had ever done." 

Tom stopped in front of the mantelpiece. 
"O, ye bootlaces." he cried. "But it's a horroi 
"Ah, but the dealers don't think so. And I think 
it's awfully good. Surely it's good. Tom. And the 
baby must go away, dear." 

For several minutes Tom did not speak. Then 
he sat down gently by his wife. 

"Yes. darling, you are right. I will finish it a» 

May went to bed early that night, and when I he 
house was still Tom went Into the studio. Demett-r 
stood shining there, with her head dropped in sor- 
row for the lost child, and by her the half finished 
clay sketch of Persephone. 

Tom stood silent, with his candle in his hand. 
looking at her. Then with his left hand he grasped 
the cold marble fingers of the goddess. 

"Good — bye." he said, "they do not want you. 
And I — I have another goddess and another child."' 

July, 1903 


Page 15 



IN this age or steam and machinery, when the 
i the mail-coach. 
•zrams have replaced notes, and 
ke the place of letters. 
rleus of a trip to India than 
,,„, .,, journey from Edinburgh to 

London ooi back with interest on the old days, 

...... hed the soft light of romance. 

Then Is no place more associated with old-world 

I h mil- village of Gretna Green, which 

the traveler by the Glasgow Southwestern Railway 
,„, -,-: on iiis way from Carlisle to Dumfries. Tales 
,,i fond lovers and of stern parents, of hurried ilight 
in .1 mi hoi pursuit, crowd to our minds as we read the 
name on the sign board. 

Let uk in fancy alight from the train and pay a 
visit to this far-famed spot. 

Gri tna Green proper derives its name from the 
village common or green, and consists of four or five 
cottages, the church, station, and Gretna Hall. 

If we pursue our way towards Carlisle, we come, 
In about three minutes, to the cluster of houses named 
Headless Cross, from an old Runic cross which once 
stood there. Remains of it may still be found incor- 
porated in neighboring buildings. 

Farther towards England lies the village of Spring- 
Held extending in two long rows of houses on both 
Bides of the street. A walk of eight minutes from the 
last cottage brings us on to English soil, and to the 
station of Gretna on the Caledonian Railway, just a 
mile from Gretna Green. 

Gretna Green simply owes Its celebrity to its po- 
sition. . , . a ,,. 

By the Scotch law a couple who declared them- 
selves husband and wife In the presence of two wit- 
nesses are legally married. Similar irregular mar- 
riages were solemnized In England up till 1753, when 
Lord Hardwicke's Act put an end to them, and forced 
young couples anxious to avoid parental authority to 
fly across the border. 

Gretna Green was the first place In the northern 
kingdom reached by fugitives from the South. The 
services of anything In the shape of a parson were of 
course quite unnecessary; but strangers arriving sud- 
denly In an unknown district often found It difficult to 
secure witnesses, till an inhabitant of Gretna Green 
conceived the lucky notion of starting a kind of mat- 
rimonial office, where all facilities could toe found— of 
course on payment of a certain fee. 

Some mention Scott as the originator of this happy 
Idea, others claim the honor for an old soldier called 
Gordon; tout It is certain that the profession only be- 
gan to flourish when It was adopted by Joseph Pais- 
ley, who first lived In Gretna Green opposite the 
church, and afterwards removed to Springfield. He 
was originally a tobacconist and smuggler, and seems 
himself to have greatly patronized the latter trade, 
for he regularly drank two bottles of brandy daily up 
to his death In 1818. As no qualifications were re- 
quired for the marrying business he had many imi- 
tators. His most formidable rival, David Lang, sel 
up at Springfield in 1792, after a career of much ad- 
venture. He was a native of Gretna, but went in earlj 
youth to Lancashire as a draper and peddler, and was 
there kidnaped by the press-gang and forced to serve 
in the navy. The ship in which he sailed was boarded 
and taken bv Paul Jones the pirate; but Lang man- 
aged to escape, and returned to his native place. 
Elliott, a stage-coach driver, married Paisley's grand- 
daughter and thus succeeded to that branch of the 
profession: and Simon Lang, a weaver, followed his 
father David, and was in turn replaced by his son, 
the local postman, who still does what little work in 
the marrying line Is to be had in these degenerate 
days. John Murray, at the Sark toll-bar on the Scotch 
side of the boundary line, was always ready to unite 
jouples who were in a great hurry, and, with a keen 
eye to business, he afterwards pressed them to put up 
and rest at the neighboring hotel, which he had spe- 
cially built for their accommodation. Towards the 
middle of this century the most aristocratic weddings 
took place at Gretna Hall, the old mansion-house on 
the Gretna estate, which was bought and turned into 
an inn by Linton, an ex-valet of Netherby, and at 
.vhich he himself officiated as landlord and parson. 
Besides these celebrities, there were many persons of 

ready to proffer their aid to anybody In 

of it. 
Though no ceremony was require!, the Gretna 
-- generally found that the conscience of their 
•lients were soothed by a short service, and frequently 

Over them a ritual slightly resembling 
Church of England. Sometimes, however, matters 
ned In a very primitive manner. Thomas 
Blythe, who lived at Springfield towards the middle 
ct this century, did a .small trade in what he called 
the -joining line," was one of the witnesses at a Court 
i Probate case, and thus described the solemnization 
of matrimony as conducted by him: " I first asked if 
i hey were single persons. They said they were. I 
ihen asked the man, "Do you take this woman for 
your wife?' He said yes. I then said to the woman, 
•Do you take this man for your lawful husband?" She 
. Ml yes. I then said. 'Put on the ring.' The ring 
was put on. I then said, 'The thing is done; the 
marriage is complete.'" Marriage lines were gener- 
ally given to the woman, and most of the Gretna 
priests kept registers. The following is the form of 
certificate used by Paisley: 

"This Is to certify to all whom it may concern 

lnat m , from the parish of X . England, 

and n , from the parish of Y . England, 

both comes before me declayred themselves to be 
single persons, and hereby are now married by the 
form of the Kirk of Scotland, and agreeable to the 
Church of England, and therefore given under my 
hande this 23d day of June, 1818. 


Love attacks all alike — great and small, rich and 
poor, high and low— as the Inhabitants of Gretna 
Green had every cause to know. Lads and lasses ar- 
rived on foot, tired and travel -stained; fond lovers 
came jogging along In a market cart; or a gaily 
dressed gallant handed his lady out of a mud-bespat- 
tered post-chaise. Nor were the victims of the tender 
passion always young. An impecunious curate arrived 
with a wealthy spinster of uncertain age, whom he 
had triumphantly carried off from a fawning crowd of 
nephews and nieces. An elderly widower from the 
south of England, who had long cherished matrimonial 

"A gaily-dressed gallant handed his lady out of 
mud-bespattered postchaise. 

'The horses which drew the eloping pair flew along 
at lightning speed." 

views, profited tov the absence of his son to start for 
Gretna with the object of his affections, a young wo- 
man fortv years younger and in a lower class of soci- 
ety than himself. The ceremony was over, and the 
happy pair were rumbling along on their homeward 
journey, when thev met. a few miles from Carlisle, 
another post-chaise driving at furious pace. As the 
two vehicles passed each other the bridegroom glanced 
at the occupants of the other carriage, and recognized 
with horror his own son. seated beside an unknown 
damsel. No need to ask on what errand the young 
couple were bent. The newly-made husband was 
transformed into the irate parent. • He ordered his 
postilions to turn the chaise and give chase.. Slowly 
but surely the distance lessened between pursuer and 
pursued, and there seemed no escape possible for the 
fugitives, when the son, leaning out of the window, 
discharged his pistol at the head of one of his father's 
leaders. Ere the dead horse could be extricated from 
the harness, the runaways had reached their destina- 
tion and hurried through the marriage rite. 

History does not relate the subsequent meeting 
of the two couples, but we will hope the elder bride- 
groom remembered that imitation is the sincerest form 
of flattery, and did not upbraid his son for following 
so closely in his footsteps. 

As a rule, the post-boys were inclined to'favpr the 
fugitives, having doubtless discovered that love paid 
better than parental authority. The horses which 
drew the eloping pair flew along at lightning speed, 
while the steeds of their enemies paid no attention 
to the whipping and spurring apparently adminis- 
tered by the drivers. 

On one occasion a curious accident helped the cause 
of law and order. The postilion engaged toy the lovers 
was stone deaf. The horses were at a full gallop on 
the road between Carlisle and Gretna when the linch- 
pin of the chaise suddenly gave way, and the fore- 
wheels were separated from the rest of the vehicle. 
The post-boy continued his career heedless of the 
cries and entreaties of his employers, who were left 
sitting in the middle of the road. Their fate is un- 
certain, but as they never appeared at Gretna they 
were probably recaptured. 

Sometime a Gretna Green wedding put an end to 
an awkward situation. In the beginning of this cen- 
tury - the eldest son of a Scotch peer fell violently In 
love with a somewhat faded London beauty. Unhap- 
pily the young man was betrothed to his cousin, and 
his father held him sternly to his engagement. In 
despair the ardent lover confided his woes to the young 

uncle and guard! ' tne 

"My lord," said the cunning old gentleman, 
lunsel you to break youi word, bul the road 
to Gretna Green is straight and wide." The hint 
■ iken, inH this time there was no pursuit. 

i,, ^e hali ■ Gretna atooul three hundred 

marriages were celebrated yearly. On one occasion 
Paisley's services were req.uli neously by 

two couples, who were both h i hurry, and 

after th.- ceremony was over II was found that by a 
trilling mistake the wrong brides and brldi 'grooms hod 
been united. "Aweel!" said Paisley, contentedly, "jest 
sort yersels." The same worthy was wonl to remark 
that," though he was well paid for conducting mar- 
riages, he could make his fortune In a week were he 
able as rapidly to effect divorces. The fees demanded 
varied greatly — from 10s. to 100 guineas — as mosl Ol 
the Gretna parsons followed the principles frankly 
avowed )>y Linton, when he explained that "he cut 
his cloth to suit his customers." A young Church of 
England clergyman, whose nuptials cost him £30, 
complained bitterly of the extortionate charge, which 
contrasted vividly with the modest sum he himself 
asked on similar occasions. Happy pans oft< n began 
their honeymoon without a penny left after the ex- 
penses to their Journey and their wedding and 
frequently appealed to the generosity of the old 
Presbyterian minister, who put them up and tried to 
negotiate a reconciliation with their guardians. 

Many illustrious names appear In the Gretna reg- 
isters. Lord Cochrane and Lord Deerhurst (the eld- 
est son of the Earl of Coventry) both made what was 
known as an "o'er march" wedding. Lord Burghersh, 
afterwards tenth Earl of Westmorland, eloped with 
Miss Child, the daughter of a wealthy banker, In 1782; 
and the grandchild of this couple, Lady Adele Vllliers, 
carried on the family tradition and escaped to Gretna 
with Captain Ibbetsen In 1846. Great excitement was 
caused by the sudden flight of Lady Florence Paget, 
who, while engaged to Mr. Chaplin, was married to 
Lord Hastings at the Sark toll-bar. David Lang's 
greatest exploit was the "joining" of Lord Ersklne to 
Miss Sarah Buck, on which occasion the Lord Chancel- 
lor of England made his way to Gretna disguised as 
an old woman, and was married In that garb. The 
name of a Bourbon Prince of Naples also appears. 

As the Gretna parsons had not enjoyed a liberal 
education, and were not well versed in modern lan- 
guages, there was considerable difficulty when for- 
eigners applied for their services. 

Sometimes strange secrets came to light. A gen- 
tleman on a visit to friends in the neighborhood went 
for curiosity to see the Gretna registers, and was as- 
tonished to discover the name of a supposed bachelor 
uncle, who had twice been married at Gretna Green. 

Lord Brougham's Act of 1856. which provided that 
one of the contracting parties in a marriage must have 
lived twenty-one days in Scotland previous to the 
ceremony, nominally put an end to the Gretna wed- 
dings; but the system would probably have collapsed 
at any rate under the weight of public opinion and 
the telegraph. •,,,.,, ., 

It is a pity that it has not survived till our time. 
The idea of a pair of young runaways tearing along 
in the Scotch express, followed by an infuriated guar- 
dian in a special train, possesses a peculiar fascina- 
tion quite wanting in the old coaching days. 

Now Gretna Green is only a commonplace village. 
Even the registers have been removed, except those 
begun by Simon Lang and continued by his son and 
grandson, which may sllll be seen in William Lang's 
cottage at Springfield. 

Murray's books were taken to Carlisle by one of 
his descendants, and perished in the flames which 
consumed her cottage; but those kept by Paisley and 
Elliot are still in existence, and were recently in the 
possession of Mr. Johnstone, at Atterly in Cumberland. 
Mrs. Armstrong, who lives at Dornock, about ten miles 
from Gretna Green, has inherited Linton's registers. 
Thev are bound in red morocco, are regarded with 
great veneration, and have frequently been taken to 
London and solemnly opened in court to decide an 
important law-suit. 

These records and a few old tales are all that Is 
left to remind us of the golden days of Gretna Green; 
but our regret fo«- the romantic past must be tem- 
pered with a feeling of relief that In this generation 
we do not enjoy such unrivalled opportunities of mar- 
rying in haste and repenting at leisure.. 

"And was astonished to find the name of a supposed 
bachelor uncle." 

Page 16 


July, 1903 



"Ob, - : will have 

to be postp 

"For he Lven'fl sake, 

'I've i n«o bills." 


"Where? What nonsense. If I knew where, 
wouldn'1 I i.-.. and find them? I've been robbed." 

"One of. the customers of the house came into the 
office ]:ni evening when i waa alone and insisted on 
paying me $2,000. 1 told him that I would not rei 

i, u looked > t . • 1 1 didn't know the com- 

bination. Then he Bald he had to take a night train 
... -w York and I must receive it. aa he wouldn't 
n with him. Fearing he would report me to 
the firm and they would blame me. I consented and 
gave blm a receipt After he had gone 1 put the bills 
In my inside pocket and started fur home. I can re- 
member leaving the office and walking a short dis- 
tani ' : then my memory stops. At the end of a blank, 
I was lying on the sidewalk, with a crowd around me. 
The first thing I did was to put my hand In my pocket 
to feel for the bills. They were gone." 

"Gone? Oh, George." 

"A couple of policemen took me home, and mother 
persuaded me to go to bed." 

"But what was the matter with you?" 

"Why, the policemen say that I was undoubtedly 
followed by some person or persons who sandbagged 
me anil took the money. Any one could see into the 
office, for the gas was on and the curtains not drawn. 
They may have seen me counting the bills and making 
a memorandum of their numbers after the customer 
had gone." 

"You have the memorandum?" 

"That's what troubles me. If I had that, the bills 
could be recovered. I can't remember what I did 
with it." 

"Don't distress yourself, George, dear. Since you 
remember making it. we must find it. First, the office 
must be ransacked." 

"The office has been ransacked. I don't believe I 
left it there." 

"Nor I. It would be more natural for you to taKe 
it with you. I hope you didn't put it in with the 

I don't know whether I did or not. My head 
- yet, and I can't remember much of anything." 

"Do they blame you at the office?" 

"Oh. yes. They say that I had no business to re- 
celve the money." 

' And do they intimate — have they shown any dis- 
position to suspect you — " 

"They don't say so, but they look it." 

"George, that memorandum must be found. You 
may have put it in some safe place in the office so un- 
usual that it will be very hard to find it. You must 
attend to that. I can't help you. If you put it in any 
of your pockets I will lind it, for I will go home with 
you and turn them all inside out." 

'Mother has done that already. No. nothing can be 
done. There's no hope of tracing notes the numbers 
of which we don't know. We are taken from a height 
■ if happiness and plunged Into an abyss of misery. 
Tomorrow instead of being married I may be behind 

"Cheer up! Come; let us go to your home, and 1 
will make a search." 

"First, give me your coat." 

"Here it is." 

"Now your vest and trousers." 

"Here they are." 

'Tour hat. You may have put the money in the 
lining. No. it is not in any of your pockets nor your 
hat. Did you have on gloves?" 


"You wouldn't have put It in your shoes. I've ex- 
amined all your outer clothing. I don't suppose you 
have any pockets in your underclothing?" 

"Not except in my nightshirt, in which I have a 

pocket for my handkerchief, but (contemptuously) 1 
dldn'l have on ray nightshirt on the street." 

"Certainly not. Have you got on the shlrl you had 
on when you were robbed?" 

"No. Mother gave me a clean one to pul "t\ this 

"Wh.ii did she do w Itb the solli a on 

"Oh, my dear, you are wearing me out." 

"If you will get me the soiled shirt, I'll nol 1 rouble 
you any more." 

"Here it Is in the closet. But I musl say that It 
seems very ridiculous to overhaul a shin to find .1 

met -andum. But father gave me a long lei ture the 

other night to serve me, after being married, about 
the singular way3 women have of getting at things, 
and it may be that after all (very contemptuously) 
there Is some connection between the $2000 and a 
soiled shirt. Here It Is." 

"Where Is the collar?" 

"Oh, that's in the closet, too. I suppose you wanl 
the cuffs?" 

"Yes. I do." 

"Well, here's the whole thing. By thunder." 

'These marks in pencil on the cuff. What are 

"The numbers of the notes." 

"Thank heaven." 

"You mean, 'thank you." Father's right. Women 
do have queer ways of getting at things. Give me a 
kiss — another, another, a thousand." 

Extract from newspaper item: 
A QUICK RECOVERY-A man attempting to change 
a hundred dollar bill yesterday on which was a num- 
ber known to the police was arrested, and nineteen 
other similar notes that had been stolen were re- 
covered. George Randell, from whom they were tak- 
en. Is to be married this evening. Mr. Randell's em- 
ployers have given two of the bills to his bride as a 
wedding present. 



THE great red fires glowed at Pennington's 
Iron Foundry, San Francisco, while bloom 
after bloom was hauled by the immense 
hanging crane that is always in evidence 
in such places; now and again came forth 
the great heated pieces of red hot iron, car- 
ried by the suspending iron chain to the great steam 
anvil, wherethey were pounded by the hammer smaller 
and smaller until the attendant with the calipers 
measured the required size; when a steel wedge was 
held over the bloom and down came the hammer 
until section after section of the long glowing iron 
bar had fallen to the floor. Among the five or six 
aids to Vulcan attending the work was John McAllis- 
ter, a good looking young Scotchman; he was the 
foreman and upon whose orders the others worked. 
He it was who gave the signal for the bloom 1 to be 
taken from the furnace, for the steam hammer to 
descend, to order the measuring and decide the length 
to be cut off, as the great "shoes" were one by one 
clept by the hammer. But this particular day, after 
he had been employed as foreman for a year, and 
six months after he had married Esther Somerville, 
a teacher from San Mateo rural school, a spark flew 
from the red hot bloom and struck him in the left 
eye. Agonized with pain he rushed immediately to 
the nearest doctor, some three blocks away, and iiad 
the eye attended to. 

"You will lose that eye," said Dr. Murphy, after 
John's third visit; "better let me take it entirely out 
so I can save the other." 

John was in receipt of six dollars per day as fore- 
man for the Pennington factory. Successively he had 
worked his way from helper, to measure holder, to 
bellows-blower and furnace minder, on by degrees 
and various stipends to this prominent position in an 
Iron factory. The progress he had made justified 
John in his own mind, which is enough for all parties 
out of Interest, to propose to the school 
teacher; for he saw that six dollars a day was suf- 
ficient to keep a rural school teacher and himself in 
comparative comfort. They lived in a five room flat 

on Tehama street, some ten blocks away from the 
foundry and were apparently as happy as six dollars 
a day can make two harmonizing people of not very 
expensive tastes. Contrary to the wish of his wife, 
he sometimes bought theater tickets, for she was 
economical and disliked the unnecessary expenditure 
of money. But life was passing and he was young, 
and John thought the present was the only sure time 
and the best of al! to improve and glorify as he trav- 
eled over life's pathway. 

When John came home that day with his eye ban- 
daged up Esther solaced him as best she couldfc and 
the next day helped to fasten on the silk handker- 
chief round his head when he went to the doctor, for 
fear that he might catch cold in it; when he returned 
home the third day and told Esther what the doctor 
had said, she burst into tears: 

' Don't cry, Esther, you know I have one eye left," 

"Yes," she answered, sobbingly, "but that eye is 
not as good as the one you have lost and you will', not 
be able to watch the blooms and cannot hold your job." 

Time went on and it was even so as Esther had 
spoken. John McAllister's right eye was not as 
good as his left; and after the operation, John found 
that his work was gone; he could not be depended 
upon to certify accurately the length to be cut off 
the blooms for the "shoes," and was valueless 
for such other Important work at the foundry. 
John had to step down and become a helper; 
merely to let the hammer go when a man with two 
perfect eyes gave the signal; merely to fill in the 
furnace doors with bricks when the bloom was in, so 
as to bring out the heat to cover the bloom; merely 
to blow the bellows when special heat was needed in 
the furnace: from six dollars a day John receded to 
a dollar and a half; on this the family did not live in 
such luxury by any means as of yore. 

But Esther's heart was broken. She had married 
a man getting six dollars a day; he was just as faith- 
ful, kind and indulgent at a dollar and a half, but this 
was of no avail. Evenings would pass in silence, for 
Esther was too discouraged to talk; she spent much 

of her time lamenting his misfortune and wishing she 
was back teaching again at two and a half a day. 

One night John came home and found Esther as 
usual crying. 

"We shall have to move to a cheaper flat," she said. 

"Well, dear." he answered. "We can be happy there. 
money is not everything; I will go over to Hampshire 
street and get three rooms at a less rent and we will 
move in and do the best we can." 

In a few days in accordance with this proposition, 
mutually concurred in, John and Esther moved their 
belongings into a smaller fiat and sold part of the fur- 
niture by auction at the auctioneer's place on Market 
street; cosy and comfortable were the new apartments, 
but over the little kitchen, the sitting room and the 
bedroom presided that genius of Sorrow, for Esther's 
hope was over, her vision melted and now she was 
doomed to spend life with a man who got a dollar and 
a half a day, When at the time of her marriage she 
expected six dollars. 

Time went on, as it always does and created 
changes in families in the neighborhood, but no change 
to the dull black cloud that ever haunted Esther's 
sorrowing heart. One evening John arrived home 
and found everything neat and nice and upon the sit- 
ting room table a note in the words and figures fol- 

"Dear John: When I married you you were get- 
ting Fix dollars a day: now you are getting only a 
dollar and a half: I think it best we should part as 
we cannot be happy together on that amount; I am 
going back to teaching at two fifty." 

John is still helping around Pennington's foundry; 
he is alone and has a little furnished room In a lodg- 
ing house and gets his meals alone at restaurants: 
he does not like to be alone; but he is a sufferer: 
one of them: from that most curious fatality — a spark 
from the anvil. He told me the other day he in- 
tended after a while to obtain a divorce. And such is 
modern life in humble circles. 




The very last to swing Into line in the onward 
march of the new woman have been the women of 
Mohammedan countries. Even the Chinese have 
been before them. By Christian nations this back- 
wardness has been at once set down to Mohamme- 
dan theology and so dismissed from the mind. But 
now comes a. Turkish lawyer, Kasem Ameen, and 
writes a book demanding complete emancipation' for 
Mohammedan women and denying in toto that the 
.Mussulman faith enslaves the sex. He does not de- 
ny that Mohammedan women are enslaved, ignorant, 
dwarfed menially, fat. helpless and anaemic bodily. 
He even attributes the present degeneracy of the 
Turkish nation to the fact that the mothers of the 
race are of such' sort. Corruption-, lack of noble 
moral convictions, treachery, ••unning and backward- 
ness in the ways of moil, oil ilvilization characterizes 
the people, and all owing to the besotted Ignorance of 
Mohammedan mothers, declares Kasem Ameen. Esq. 
In the matter of the degradation of Mohammedan 
women he admits all thai is claimed by the most 
radical come outer of the feminine sex In the Occi- 
dent. He says. "We have so low an opinion of women 
that when we want to denounce a man for his ras- 
cality we say. 'He has been brought up by u woman."' 
But then— Al this point the Turkish lawyer and 
woman champion shoots on in a line directly opposite 
the course of reasoning taken by Christian woman's 
rights people. Theology has nothing at all to 
do with the Christian woman's superior, nobler. 

freer development, quotha. The difference is 
merely one of mode of thought and a cus- 
tom between oriental and western races. He 
waxes wroth that Christian nations should lay the la- 
mentable condition of Turkish women to the only 
true theology, Mohammedanism. If religion really 
affected, the customs of a people, quotha, further, 
than the Mussulman female would be the freest, the 
most developed, most enlightened woman of all the 
world. The Koran itself, says Kasem Ameen, Esq., 
elevates woman and provides for her as no other 
code of religious teaching does. Then he proceeds 
to excuse by one of those explanations which ac- 
cuse. Centuries ago in the beginning of the making 
of the Moslem empire, the followers of the true 
faith were Intent only on conquest. The sword was 
to their seeming the best weapon to spread the faith. 
They overcame whole tribes of heathers and adopted 
them by force into the bosom of the true church. 
But these wild tribes had their revenge, like the 
races conquered by the Israelites of old. In time they 
corrupted the true believer with their unholy heathen 
ways, and one of the chief of these was the degrada- 
tion of women. 

Anyway, the Turkish ideal of womanhood Is cer- 
tainly heathenish enough, and we may let the argu- 
ment stand with that admission. Now, not a wo- 
man, but a man, Turk of the Turks, believer of the 
believers, Issues a trumpet call for the education and 
emancipation of Mohammedan women. It required 

a man. for Turkish women are too sunken in Igno- 
rance and slavery to demand better things. The book 
has aroused profound sensation in the Moslem realm. 
Women count for nothing, but it is among the men 
that the new woman awakening is taking place. The 
party of Young Turks, especially those educated In 
Western European schools, are welcoming the new 
woman book as a great illumination and demanding 
for themselves educated wives capable of being 
their intellectual companions and friends. They are 
tired of the fat, ignorant, silly child wife business. 

Meantime in Constantinople itself a modest new 
woman work is progressing quietly, unobtrusively — 
that is. sending out year by year the very girls that 
young Turkey wants for its wives and intellectual 
comrades. This movement centers in the American 
College For Girls at the Turkish capital, a college 
founded and maintained by noble American women. 

The students of the school comprise the strangest 
mixture of races ever drawn together by the common 
desire for an education. Fifteen different national- 
ities are represented, ranging from Persian to Greek 
and English. Every brand of theology known to man, 
except, perhaps, fetichlsm, is also represented among 
the girls, and owing to the gentle influence of the 
teachers, all dwell together in loving harmony. 

Many of the college students are from the troubled 
Balkan States, which Is a bright sign for the future 

July, 1903 


Page 17 



,,,,, ,,, re praiseworthy organ- 

ization in the I nil or in the world, than 

(ll , ,„,,.., ,„ t he Eastern Star. It is founded upon 
,, Holy Writings, and is an adoptive system ot 
r,,,- obligations of this Order are bas- 
...I upon tli'- honor of the female sex. and framed up- 
on t, Be principles of Justice and ©quality. The adop- 
tive Masonry "Agrees resemble Masonry and are Ma- 
,,,,!< in spirit, and were Invented for ladies who have 
claims upon that Order, through the immediate rel- 
i.f their family who are or were members of the 
Masonic fraternity. Those who are entitled to re- 
celve the degrees of the Order of the Eastern Star 
nre Master Masons, their wives, mothers, widows. 
daughters and sisters. The Five Degrees are called 
the "Rite of the Eastern Star." and are very beauti- 
ful and Impressive. The moral teachings <>f the Or- 
der anr most excellent, and it is a protection for the 
lady relatives of members of the Masonic Order. The 
American Adoptive Rite was invented In 1850 by the 
venerable Robert Morris, a native of Kentucky, and 
whose portrait hangs in the office of the Grand 
Chapter, San Francisco. The American Adoptive 
Rile differs from the European Order, which was in- 
stituted about a century ago. Many thousands of 
people have participated in Its beautiful and highly 
Impressive ceremonies, and 
there are now about two 
hundred thousand members 
of the Order in the United 
Statea There are Chapters 
In every State in the Union, 
and a Grand Chapter in 
nearly every state. lhe 
order is rapidly growing in 
membership und its moral 
teachings meet the spirit of 
il,,. age. It not only attracts 
great Interest throughout 
this country, having many 
3trong and powerful adhe- 
rents, but Is extending to 
other countries. It has 
reached Honolulu, has a 
large membership In Scot- 
land, and has also reached 
far away India. 

The founder of this Order 
states in his memoirs that 
from his early Masonic life 
he entertained a desire of 
introducing the female rel- 
atives of Masons into closer 
friendship with the Order of 
Free Masonry. He gave the 
subject a great deal of earn- 
est thought, and, finally, he 
decided upon a name, and 
then the number of points 
to correspond with the em- 
blems of th.- Master's carpel', 
which are Ave. This Is the 
pentagon, the signet of Sol- 
omon, arid proper to Adop- 
tive Masonry. He selected 
from the Holy Writings four 
biographicaJ sketches to 
correspond with the four 
first points, and the fifth 
point introduces one to the 
early history of the Chris- 
tian church. 

The characters that have 
been selected are Japtha's 
daughter, named Adah, 
which is illustrative of re- 
spect to the binding force 
of law; Ruth, as illustrative 
of devotion to religious 
principles; Esther, as illus- 
trative of fidelity to friends 
.in, I kindred; -Martha, illus- 
trating undeviating faith in 
the hour of trial; Blectra, as 
illustrative of patience and 
submission under wrong. 

All these points are Ma- 
sonic virtues, and they have 
nowhere in history more 
brilliant examples than in 
the five characters repre- 
sented in the lectures of the 
Order of the Eastern Star. 

The objects of this Order 
are to give practical effect 
to one of the principles of 
Freemasonry by placing 
In the possession of the fe- 
male relatives of that Fra- 
ternity a key by which to unlock, when needed, those 
benefits which await the disposal of all good Masons. 
They prove their claim by membership In this allied 
Order. Its ceremonials and teachings make the 
members, when heeded, better men and women. The 
Order brings people into closer friendship and social 
relations: It makes men and women thoughtful and 
helpful, and expands the sentiments of good will, be- 
nevolence and charity. There is a charm in it that in- 
creases with advancing civilization. 

The Order of the Eastern Star was introduced in 
California In May, 1869, by Mr. William S. Moses, 
a prominent citizen of San Francisco. 

The grand chapter of California was organized in 
May. 1873. In the month previous twenty-two dele- 
gates of the six Chapters in San Francisco met to 
consider the necessity of organizing a Grand Chapter. 
On May 8th, the following named seven Chapters 
adopted a constitution, elected twelve officers and 
organized the Grand Chapter: Golden Gate Chapter 
No. 1. Sulsun Chapter No. 2, Silver Star Chapter No. 
::, California Chapter No. 4, Alameda Chapter No. 7. 
Oak Leaf Chapter No. 8, and Evangeline Chapter No. 
9. The total membership of these Chapters was 
about five hundred. Mr. George J. Hobe was elected 
Grand Patron. Mrs. Marie Everard was elected Grand 
Matron. Mrs. Henrietta Whitcher was elected Grand 
Secretary, and Mrs. Kate Josephine Wlllats was 

elected Grand Lecturess. Subsequently Mrs. Wlllats 
was elected Grand Secretary, which responsible po- 
sition she h..s held for the past twenty years. 

Following are the present officers of the Grand 
Chapter o"f California, for the year commencing Oc- 
tober, 1902: 

Worthy Grand Patron— Lyman C. Byce, No. 61. Pet- 

Worthy Grand Matron— Mrs. Mabel Boyd Seymour, 
No. 36, Sacramento. 

Associate Grand Patron— Dr. Arthur Hill Millberry, 
No. 1-4, San Francisco. 

Associate Grand Matron — Mrs. Emma Elizabeth 
Ru|>(i, No. 96, San Diego. 

Grand Secretary — Mrs. Kate Josephine Wlllats, No. 
1. San Francisco. 

Grand Treasurer — Miss Henrietta Heuer — No. 1, 
San Francisco, 

Grand Conductress— Mrs. Martha Ann Scriver, No. 
168. Los Angeles. 

Associate Grand Conductress — Mrs. Mary Matilda 
Laird, No. 159. Penryn. 

Grand Chaplain — Mrs. Caroline Musaus. No. 167. 
Los Angeles. 

Grand Marshal — Mrs. Fannie Stelnman, No. 117, 

Past Grand Worthy Matron of the Order of Eastern Star oF Calii 

Grand Organist — Miss Deborah Wallace, No. Ill, 

Grand Adah— Mrs. Ada Elizabeth Cockerton, No. 
140. Oakland. 

Grand Ruth — Mrs. Dora May Patten. No. 107, San 
Luis Obispo. 

Grand Esther— Mrs. Belle Schillig. No. 56, Tuba 

Grand Martha — Miss Anna Beauchamp Barnes — No. 
82. Healdsburg. 

Grand Electa— Miss Sue "E." King. No. 180 College 

Grand Warden— Mrs. Julia Elizabeth Ford, No. 74. 

Grand Sentinel — Mrs. Johanna Wilhelmina Aden, 
No. 3. Vallejo. 

The Order is stronger on the Pacific Coast than 
in any other section of the United States, and, in 
proportion to the population, perhaps California is 
stronger than any other State. There are one hun- 
dred and seventy-five chapters in this State, with a to- 
tal membership of about seventeen thousand, and the 
membership increases at the rate of about one thous- 
and every year. There are eleven Chapters In San 
Francisco, with a total membership of 1650. and the 
membership is Increasing perhaps more rapidly than 
elsewhere in the State. The Grand Chapter, with 

luarters in San Francisco, has done most ex- 
cellent work in the p;ist feu years In extending the 

g I work of the Order, ami foremost among all 

the noble workers was Mrs. W. Frank Pierce, Pasl 
'•■rami Worthy Matron, a resident "t the beautiful 
City of Oakland. She his been flrsl and foremost In 
all undertakings for the good of the Order, and to 
her untiring efforts may be attributed much of its 
prosperity and growth. With rare executive ability. 
combined" with good Judgment, she has accomplished 
nuieh. ami hei ilm is 1. 1 advance the interests 

of the Order of whit h she Is a most worthy nnd ener- 
getic member. 

The Grand Chapter is discussing the matter of 
putting up a building in which to hold its meetings, 
have Its offices and parlors for the eleven Chapters 
of the City. The matter was energetically advocated 
by Mrs. Pierce, when Grand Matron, and though 
nothing positive has been decided upon In reference 
to the building, it Is hoped that the matter will nol 
long be deferred, as the Order is growing rapidly, 
and its Incieased membership perhaps now justifies 

The national chapter of the United States, which 
meets in September, may meet In San Francisco, 
though a place has not yet been decided upon. If it 
shall be decided to hold the 
.session In San Francisco, 
the delegates will receive 
a hearty California wel- 
come, and it will be a spe- 
cial recognition of the 
growth of the Order in this 
State and on the Pacific 

As stated, the order has 
grown more rapidly on the 
Pacific Coast than in inj 
other section of the United 
States, and its membership 
has Increased more In Cali- 
fornia than in any Staite on 
the Coast. Oregon and 
Washington each have a 
Grand Chapter, but Nevada 
has not. 

At present the State has 
seven Chapters with a total 
membership of six hundred, 
more than enough to entitle 
it to a Grand Chapter, but 
defers the matter on account 
' of the expense. It is hoped, 
however, that a grand chap- 
ter will soon be organized 
In that State. 
The Grand Chapter of Cal- 
ifornia will hold Its thirtieth 
annual session at Sacra- 
mento next September, and 
. the session Is looked 
forward to with much in- 

A complete census report 
of the membership of the 
chapters will, perhaps, show 
a larger membership than 
the above quoted figures, 
and, also, progress in every 
line. A printed circular let- 
ter relative to the natal day 
of Robert Morris will be 

Each of the eleven Chap- 
ters in San Francisco will 
send three delegates to the 
session and the Grand 

It will thus be seen that 
from seven Chapters and a 
total membership of five 
hundred at the organization 
of the Grand Chapter, thirty 
years ago. the Order has In- 
creased to a member- 
ship of nearly seventeen 
thousand, with one hundred 
and sixty-five Chapters. 
There are eleven chapters 
in San Francisco, six in Los 
Angeles, and eight in Ala- 
' meda county. 

Following are the names 

of the eleven Chapters in 

San Francisco, and of the 

Worthy Patron and Secre- 

■nia. tary of each: 

Worthy Matron— Mrs. Frances P. Tower. 
Worthy Patron— Mis. Henry G. Schumacher. 
Secretary — Mrs. Katherine Johnson. 

Worthy Matron— Mrs. Minnie Fidelia Wallis. 
Worthy Patron— Mr. Rufus E. Raglaid. 
Secretary— Mrs. Eva D. Salsbury. 

Worthy Matron— Mrs. Anna Smale. 
Worthy Patron— Mr. Fred C. Mayer. 
Secretary— Mrs. Mary Todd. 

Worthy Matron— Mrs. Lizzie Chrlstianson. 
Worthy Patron— Mr. Richard Herring. 
Secretary— Mrs. Mary G. Foster. 

Worthy Matron— Mrs. Lizzie Atwood. 
Worthy Patron— Dr. W. A. Atwood. 
Secretary — Mrs. Sadie J- Kahn. 

Worthy Matron— Mrs. Fannie M. Franklin. 
Worthy Patron — Arnold W. Llechtl. 
Secretary— Mrs. Alma E. Drinkhouse. 
(Continued on pane 18.) 

rage 18 

CALIFOti.S I A LAV l Lb M A CrvlZ 1 1\ L 

.July, iyud 




irigbt youth of IS. but he was 

H i oor orphan, 

motbei mi father both died when he was young. He 
Ithoul a borne or a friend, bo he bad to go 
"Hi In himself. He 

emplo Messenger boy for the Western Union 

Telegraph Co., at St. Louis. His .salary was but $3.00 

pei ■■■ k. ami then between working hours he ran 

errands, Hit bome was In a cheap lodging house in 
the nearl of the city and he ate his meals at the 
differ en l lun< ii counters. 

■ lay the messengei dei to go on a strike 

fur more wages and shorter hours. Tom did not agree 
■mi their plans, so he would not stand in with 
them. The following morning they laid the conditions 
on the manager's desk, as he was not present. Tom 
vat mov. the only messenger employed, so he bad to 
carry all the dispatches to the different parts of the 

The boys were very indignant at Tom for backing 
out, and so they sought for their revenge. They ap- 
pointed i leader and followed him out to the suburbs 
of the city. They bid In the tall grain that was 
growing near a tumble down fence and awaited 
Tom's return from a message he carried. They did not 
have to Walt long, as their enemy soon turned the 
corner al full speed. The gang Jumped out of the am- 
bush and surrounded him. He tried to get away, but 
it was In vain, as he was ai the mercy of the mob. 
They struck him brutally over the head with a heavy 
club that knocked him helpless to the ground. They 
completed their treachery by demolishing his wheel 
by smashing it with bricks. The leader commanded 
him to sign their papers, and he consented, as he 
knew if he did not they would kill him. Tom's face 
was all disfigured and both his eyes were blackened 
from his severe beating. The gang soon, scattered in 
every direction, and they were never seen again. Tom 
lay In the middle of the road numb, and the blood 
flowed freely from his wounds. 

The poor lad suffered Intensely till a kind gentle- 
man passed along and discovered the victim. He 
knelt over him to see If he were dead, but he saw there 
was still life In the prostrate body. He carried him 
to a nearby house and telephoned for a physician. The 
ambulance soon arrived and the doctor pronounced 
him out of danger. He was then taken to the hos- 
pital, and he remained there for quite a while. 

The time passed rapidly and Tom had almost re- 
covered from his assault. It was a warm day and 
Tom thought that he would take a walk to the tele- 
graph ofllce. He finally reached there and on en- 
tering he saw the manager deeply interested in the 
morning paper. He approached him and said: 

"I've come back after being confined indoors for two 
weeks, to commence my work again." 

"T^ell," said the manager, taking off his glasses, "I 
have -...charged all the messengers, and you was 
among them." 

Tom was very disheartened at the sad news, so he 
turned around and left the offUe. 

He stepped across the street and purchased a stock 
of newspapers with his last dime. He wanted to get 
a meal for It, as he was very hungry, but he knew he 
had to have money for the papers first. He sold all 
he carried, so he hurried back after some more, and 
before noon his stock had been exhausted. He now 
felt himself rich, so he went into a bakery and came 
out with a bag of doughnuts. He walked into a door- 
way near by and sat upon the steps and ate each of 
them one by one like a hungry Hon. After he was 
through, he felt better satisfied, but all of a sudden 
he felt a tap on his shoulder. He looked around and 
saw a nicely dressed gentleman that stood before 
him. He said: "I judge you to be an honest boy, 
so if I can trust you I will have you go on an errand 
for me. Are you willing to do it?" "Yes sir," re- 
plied Tom. He handed him a $100 bill and clearly ex- 
plained to Tom that it was to be exchanged In a bank 
at Ashton, fifty miles away. He then slipped into 
his pocket $6 more so as to pay for his railroad fare 
and his trouble. 

Tom proceeded to the depot and purchased his tick- 
et, which was $1.60. The whistle blew, and just as 
the train started to move he jumped on the platform 
of the last car. He noticed that a mysterious man 
was following him and he grew suspicious at his 
conduct. He was a professional pickpocket, and he 
saw Tom put his ticket and wallet in his side pocket. 
Tom took a seat near an open window and his rival 
sat beside him. He did not take any more further 
notice of his seat-mate but amused himself In view- 

ing the beautiful scenery. While he was gazing at a 
passing train, the pickpocket slipped his hand into 
Tom's pocket and drew out his money and ticket. 
The thief concealed what be stole under bis coat and 
ped to another car. 

As the train was crossing n bridge the conductor 
entered the car and began collecting the tickets. He 
soon came to Tom for his ticket, but after feeling In 
his pocket awhile for it, his face suddenly turned 
pale, The conductor grew angry for being detained 
so long and asked what was the trouble. Tom replied 
"I have been robbed." But the conductor exclaimed, 
•"You are trying to beat your way, tnd I must put you 
off al the next station.'' 

The brakeman then dashed into the car yelling to 
the top of his voice. "Next station, Brownsville." 
The train slowed up and made a short stop. The con- 
ductor took Tom by tlie collar and jerked him off 
his seat. He threw him off the train, and as it 
steamed away, Tom was left aline at ihe station. 

The lad sat on a bench to study what was the best 
thing for him to do. He al lasl concluded that the 
only thing for him to do was to walk the rest of the 

It was just in the nick of time. 

way, which was 15 miles. He started on his weary 
journey, following the track over its rocky course 
The sun was so hot that the perspiration dripped off 
his face. Tom soon reached a dark tunnel and on 
entering it, a frightened feeling came over him. He 
fought through the darkness, hunting his way out into 
the daylight. The sun was setting and night was ap- 
proaching. Tom was very tired and so he sought 
for a soft bed. He found an old oak tree with its 
spreading branches, and taking his coat for a pillow, 
he lay down to sleep. 

Tom slept soundly all night, but in the morning 
he was awakened by an angry growl. He opened his 
eyes and heard a rustle in the bushes. He gazed 
around and beheld a ferocious mountain lion. Tom 
ran for his life, but the lion soon lost track of his 
supposed victim. He was very frightened over the 
great experience. The air was very clear, and the 
birds were singing in the trees. Tom was very hungry 
so he plucked some sweet red berries that grew by 
the wayside. It was a very rough trip as he had to 
cut his way through the underbrush. 

Tom continued his journey, and he saw by a sign 
that he was only three miles from Ashton. He 
turned the curve on the mountain and a long tres- 
tle lay before him. He took out his watch and found 

that he had but ten minutes to cross. Anyhow, he 
thought he could make it. Me walked the ties of the 
track, and took great pains not to make a misstep. 
If he should lose his balance be would have fallen 
hundreds of feel below and been dashed to pieces in 
the river. He reached the middle ol the trestle and 
he discovered a broken tie. He glanced al his watch 
and found out that the lightning express would pass 
in live minutes. He thought he'd better walk back, 
but then he galnen courage. 

He decided to signal the nun and to save it from 
its doom. He made a danger flag by tearing oft his 
red necktie and tying it to a stick. He put his ear to 
the track and heard it tremble, which showed that the 
express was not far away, it suddenly appeared at 
the foot of the trestle and the bell rang furiously. It 
approached the br.-ge and it thundered with the 
heavy laden cars, it earn.- dashing towards Tom and 
he waved the flag to and fro. All was lost, as none of 
the trainmen saw the signal. 

The engineer suddenly put his head out of his cab 
to see if the road was clear. Spying the danger, he 
immediately pulled off the air brake and pushed back 
the lever. It was just In the nick of time, as the lo- 
comotive was brought to a standstill only two feet 
from the broken tie. 

Tom was invited on the cab with the engineer, and 
they backed off the trestle. The passengers were fill- 
ed with wonder at the strange action of the train. 
The express stopped and everybody on board got off. 
They were all In excitement, so they decided to inter- 
view the engineer. 

The engineer's answer was: "If it wasn't for the 
brave act of this lad, your lives would have been 
blotted out of existence. He Is the one to whom Is 
due the credit." 

They gathered around the hero and praised him 
for his noble deed. Tom was never so happy In his 
life as he was at that moment, but he still worried 
over the lost money. 

The passengers rewarded him by drawing money 
out of their purses and presenting it to him. Tom 
had more than enough money to pay back the owner 
of the stolen money, as his pockets were filled with 
coins of all sizes and checks of different values. 

During this time the trainmen were repairing the 
broken track so as to continue their journey. An 
hour later the road was clear and the lightning ex- 
press started, with Tom in the engine room. As they 
crossed the fatal bridge, they remarked to each other: 
"If this hero had not discovered the broken tie, the 
whole train would have plunged headlong into the 
rushing current." 

The train reached Ashton many hours late, and 
it was met by newspaper reporters and a great throng 
of people. They ascertained the trouble and after 
greeting Tom, they dispersed. Since there was no 
business now for him in Ashton, he decided to go back 
with the same train. 

At 1:30 p. m. the train steamed out of the depot, 
and their journey back was a quiet one. Tom related 
to the engineer his story of adventure, including his 
errand. His companion, in return, showed how the 
machinery was worked and described everything 
from a screw to a boiler. They reached their destin- 
ation just as the sun was setting. 

They both left the locomotive and proceeded to 
walk to the S. P. office. The manager was very sur- 
prised when he saw the engineer, accompanied by a 
lad, enter. The engineer told what had happened and 
how the lightning express was saved. The manager 
leaned back in his chair, and said: "Tom Harris, you 
have done us a great deed, and to reward you for It. 
I am going to give you a position on the train." Tom 
thanked him, and then they were dismissed. 

Tom left the office and tried to hunt the owner of 
the money. It happened by luck that he met him 
at his private office, and he handed back the money. 
Tom's task was over, so he took supper and went to 
bed early, as he was very tired. 

He slept all night, and in the morning he woke up 
bright and early. He dressed quickly, as he was 
so anxious to get to the manager's desk. He got 
there soon enough, and when he opened the door he 
s'am the manager with a small box In his hand. Tom 
wondered what was in it. but we will soon find out. 
He approached him and he was told that he was to 
start to work immediately. The conversation was 
closed by Tom receiving the box. He broke it open 
and his eyes dropped on a beautiful goI_ medal which 
bore the Inscription: "Awarded to Tom Harris for 
his heroic act in saving the Lightning Express." 

t= W 


The Order of the Eastern Star 

(Continued from page 17.) 


Worthy Matron — Mrs. Mary Witt- 

Worthy Patron — Mr. Harvey D. 

Secretary — Mrs. Isadora Horton. 

Worthy Matron — Mrs. Eva Schee- 

Worthy Patron — Mr. George. W. 

Secretary — Mrs. Josephine Wal- 


Worthy Matron— Mrs. Emma F. 

Worthy Patron — Mr. Isaac B. 

Secretary — Mrs. Sarah David. 

Worthy Matron — Mrs. Abble E. 

Worthy Patron — Mr. Jesse B. Fuller. 
Secretary— Mrs. Susan M. Willats. 
Worthy Matron— Mrs. Elizabeth V. 

Worthy Patron— Mr. Alfred Beadle. 
Secretary — Mrs. Eva May Garrison. 

Following are the names of the 
Chapters, and of the Worthy Matron. 
Worthy Patron, and Secretary of the 
Chapters in Alameda county: 


Worthy Matron— Mrs. Helen E. Ed- 

Worthy Patron — Mr. Charles C. 

Secretary— Mrs. F. A. Perkins. 

Worthy Matron— Mrs. Mattle R. 

Worthy Patron— Mr. Frank B. 

Secretary — Mrs. Cynthia C. M. 


Worthy Matron — Mrs. Edith Batch- 

Worthy Patron — Mr. George Coch- 

Secretary — Mrs. Venice F. Cushlng. 

Worthy Matron — Mrs. Sue G. 

Worthy Patron — Mr. Farley B. 
Secretary — Mrs. Kate R. Willis. 


Worthy Matron — Mrs. Lizzie M. 

Worthy Patron— Dr. Silas H. Frazer. 
Secretary— Miss Anita M. Sleeper. 

Worthy Matron — Mrs. Sophia Frank. 
Worthy Patron— Mr. Kirby B. Smith. 
Secretary — Noah T. Sturtevant. 


Worthy Matron— Mrs. Elizabeth A. 

Worthy Patron — Mr. Edward K. 

Secretary— Mrs. Magdalene A. Nor- 


Worthy Matron — Mrs. Emma S. 

Worthy Patron— Mr. W. H. Wright. 
Secretary — Miss Margaret K. McKee 

July. 1903 


Page 19 



When the two first large women's clubs were 
formed, the Sorosls In New York, and the New Eng- 
land Club In Boston, there was a great hue and cry 
over the country. The papers ridiculed and wrote 
long satirical articles about them. Pictures were 
drawn showing these women with short hair and In 
the most unpicturesque attire, standing on a ros- 
trum, and in a most bellgerant manner holding forth 
on women's rights. And even when they became 
convinced that this was not their object, and also that 
those necessary adjuncts to men's clubs, "the side- 
board," and "card table." would have no place there, 
they fell back upon the old worn out libel that all 
meetings of women could only be for gossip and 
frivolity. But all that has changed now, and in 
spite of opposition and ridicule, women's clubs were 
established, have grown and flourished, and we find 
them doing great and useful work In all our large 
cities of the United States, and honored by press and 

California boasts of many prosperous women's 
clubs, among which might be mentioned the follow- 
ing: Paradise Sorosls Club, Placerville Shakespeare 
Club, Sacramento Tuesday Club, Sacramento Kings- 
ley Art Club, Woodland Shakespeare Club, Woman's 
Club of Palo Alto, San Jose Woman's Club, Woman's 
Club of Petaluma, Watsonville Woman's Club, Ala- 
meda Adelphian Club, The Tea Club of Alameda, 
Berkeley .Town and Gown Club, Oakland Ebell So- 
ciety, The Oakland Woman's Club, Stockton Phllo- 
malhean Club, Washington Township Country Club, 
Alpha Club of Lemoore, Woman's Club of Bakers- 
field. Fowled Improvement Association, Woman's 
Club of Hanford, Woman's Club of Vlsalia, Woman's 
Union of Aromona, Woman's Club of Lemoore, 
Shakespeare Club of Sanger, Parlor Lecture Club of 
Fresno, Query Club of Fresno, Nineteenth Century 
Round Table Club of Hanford, Alhambra Wednesday 
Afternoon Club, Covina Monday Afternoon Club, 
Downey Friday Afternoon Club, Long Beach Ebell 
Society, Lompoc Alpha Literary Society, Los An- 
geles Ruskin Art Club, Los Angeles Ebell Society, 
Los Angeles Friday Morning Club, Los Angeles 
Wednesday Morning Club, Los Angeles Kindergarten 
Club, Woman's Parliament of Southern California, 
Stimson-Lafayette Woman's Club, The Writers' Club, 
Monrovia Saturday Afternoon Club, Moneta Progress- 
ive Club, Pomona Woman's Club, Pasadena Shake- 
speare Club, Pasadena Monday Afternoon Club, Pas- 
adena Nineteenth Century Club, Pasadena Current 
Topics Club, Santa Maria Ladies' Literary Club, 
Santa Maria Coterie Club, Santa Barbara Wo- 
man's Club, Ventura Tuesday Club, Hueneme Shake- 
speare Club, La Jollo Woman's Club, Redlands Con- 
temporary Club, Riverside Woman's Club, Riverside 
Socorro Club, The Ebell Society of Santa Huna 
Valley, San Diego Club. San Diego Channing 
Club, San Diego Shakespeare Club. Sherman Heights 
Mother's Club, Santa Ana Woman's Club, and many 

Amcng the most noted clubs in San Francisco nr<- 
The Century. Sorosis, Laurel Hall, Forum. CaKCoruia, 
Corona, Fortnightly. Women's Press Association. 
Mills. Philomath and the Women's Council, and other 

All except the California are purely literary and 

. 13r Q e pcqfis. E o @z& r&Sk) a a. 

"The hand that rocks the cradle 
rules the destinies of the world." 

social in their character. The California calls Itself 
also a working club. One of their special objects la 
to work to better the condition of women employed In 
stores and factories, to endeavor to obtain for them 
better pay and more healthful surroundings, where 
It Is In many cases a crying need. Also establishing 
reading rooms for their Instruction and recreation. 
Through the Influence of this club the wholesale de- 
structlon of the gigantic trees of California has been 

Once a year or so an exhibition of the Industrial, 
as well as fine arts, is given in their room;-, where Ihe 
skilled workman is encouraged to come ana give 
practical illustrations of his art, and where all those 
dainty and useful articles may be purchased by 
either members or visitors wishing to help in this 


j|| H| 

Recording Secretary, California Federation of Wo- 
men's CluDS. 

The Mother of Women's Clubs. 

great work. It has several thousand members, the 
greatest number of any of the women's clubs in the 
city, which are necessary in order to carry on suc- 
cessfully their many great projects. 

Mrs. Lovell White (only recently resigned) was 
president of this club since its foundation, and 
"to her energy and ability is due a great deal of its 
success and its present flourishing condition. 

To be an active member of the Women's Press 
Club it is essential that the person must have writ- 
ten something for publication. And many are the 
clever newspaper women and authors of note that 
belong to this breezy, up-to-date Association, where 
it is a pleasure to listen to their bright entertaining 

"The Century Club of California," is one of the 
oldest and most exclusive clubs in San Francisco. 
It has a large elegantly appointed home on Sutter 
street, with a fine library, beautifully furnished read- 
ing and reception rooms. Here its members can 
drop in any time to read and rest, and if they wish, 
call for a refreshing cup of tea served in the daintiest 
of porcelain. 

At one end of the house Is a large auditorium, 
where the club members meet every Wednesday af- 
ternoon, and where all the Intellectual and Interesting 
topics of the day are written up and discussed. As 
all its members are cultured and talented women 
(the necessary qualifications to belong to these clubs) 
the subjects are well and ably handled. 

It is an exquisite enjoyment to be present on the 
day devoted to music, both vocal and Instrumental. 
For knowing their critical audience, only those truly 
up In their art venture to appear. 

Also prominent people of the day are often invited 
to come here and speak on the subjects with which 
their names have become identified and they are 
sure of an intelligent and appreciative audience. 

Delightful receptions are occasionally given In the 
evening, when the gentlemen friends of the members 
are invited and charmingly entertained, and without 
exception the most enthusiastic advocates and ad- 

mirers of women's clubs now are the fathers and 
husbands of their members, ir these gentlemen are 
more, or even as intellectual, as the ladles of the 
family, they are pleased to have congenial society at 
home, and to have their wives and daughters con- 
verse entertainingly on the principal topics of the 
day, instead of being obliged to listen to all the 
gossip and silly tattle of Ignorant, idle women, for 
it is only those that revel in that kind of talk. And 
how much better fitted to train the minds of her 
children is the intelligent woman, familiar with all 
how much better fitted to train the minds of her 
present generation have too much a tendency to crit- 
icise and lead their parents with, as they think, their 
superior knowledge. Then all honor to the clubs 
that encourage and bring forth the intellectual quali- 
fications or the mothers of families. 

"If the hand that rocks the cradle rules the des- 
tinies of the world," then how very necessary it is that 
women should be learned, clear-headed and progress- 
ive. If any man, no matter how great, lets his tal- 
ents He dormant, they will rust for want of use, and 
after a while almost cease to exist. And so, too, with 
a bright, well-educated woman if after her marriage 
she seeks her only amusement in fashionable soci- 
ety and devotes most of her time to frivolous occu- 
pations, neglecting all mental improvement, she de- 
teriorates, and when her children need her guidance 
and assistance in the path of learning she finds that 
what once she knew so well has fled from her mind, 
and that with the newer methods of education that 
have been adopted in this age of progress she Is to- 
tally unfamiliar. Her children cannot understand 
all this, and they marvel that she Is so far behind the 

What a boon to woman then is the intellectual 
club, where at least once a week she can forget 
household cares for a few hours, and where in the 
midst of congenial surroundings meet bright women 
with whom she can exchange ideas, or listen to 
learned treatises, interspersed perhaps with de- 
lightful and elevating music. 

In France, .when Madames Recamler and de Syael, 
made their salons the scenes of such brilliant gath- 
erings of wit and eloquence, woman improved and 
reveled in this intellectual intercourse with the great- 
est minds of the day. But now in the glare and fuss 
of fashionable receptions, where pride and money 
hold full sway, intellectual conversation has become 
the ghost of what it was then. 

Silly frivolous utterances and commonplace idle 
talk Is generally what one hears in these glittering 
halls of fashion, and which certainly does not tend to 
elevate or Improve the mind. 

But Intelligent women, as well as men, have always 
felt the necessity of an exchange of thoughts with 
others of their kind, where in intellectual and so- 
cial meetings the mind is filled with useful knowledge, 
the character Is elevated and the conversation is 
bright and entertaining. 

And this Is the object and aim of these much- 
talked of, and often maligned "Women's Clubs." where 
a number of congenial women meet, under rules of 
gracious breeding, for the universal purpose of Im- 
provement, and which they make at the same time 
delightfully social. 

President of the New Century Club. 

Page 20 


July, 1903 



The British Review of Reviews is one of the perlod- 
: boldly toi the advancement of the 
tor the male half of the P°P u > a ' lcm - 
I„ an .,., Journal has recently published on 

■The i Alien." the statement is made that 

the only "aliens" necessary to exclude from any 
the foreign women of bad character and 
,,,,.,,. ,,,„,.,:. and 11 is declared that a census taken 
„f one portion of one street in London, showed 233 
foreign prostitutes to 43 natives, and it was proved 
that many of these women were only the "chattels or 
bullies who live upon their earnings." and that this 
traffic in young women Is carried on continuously be- 
tween Europe, Africa and America. The terrible 
evil l-s difficult to deal with, owing to the ignorance 
and often innocence of the unfortunate victims who 
are made to helleve they are being sent to domestic 
situations and find, too late, that they are merely 
white slaves, with starvation or prostitution as their 
only alternatives. 

You women who. merely reading the word pros- 
titute shiver and say, at once "I must keep this arti- 
cle from my daughter," think, only for an Instant. 
Which Is worse?— to read the word— to grasp the 
thought for one moment, or to be and to live what 
that thought means? Your shirking It does not put 
It away; does not put the fact out of thousands of 
lives, that, with the help of your thinking upon it, 
acting to prevent it, might' not reach to the wretched- 
ness they know, might overcome baseness or never 

B "it Is the woman opposer and the man opposer of 
the effort to give to women a real understanding or 
her obligation to prevent crime, who helps it on. Many 
declare that If women were admitted to equal suf- 
frage, this class of Immoral livers would blight trie 
purity of national politics. Notice, if you please, that 
nothing Is ever said about the immorality of mens 
lives blighting their abilities to think on public ques- 
tions. However, this aside, the undesirable women 
are. fortunately, so few in number compared to trie 
good, the earnest, the pure, that their influence would 
be absolutely nothing. It would seem, however, that 
some men fear this very influence of purity and earn- 
estness, for there is a male opposer of woman s civic 
recognition, who is not a politician but Is worse than 
B politician, for his very objection is caused by a pol- 
luted mind. The other day a man with whom I had 
been arguing on the lines of justice to the taxpaying 
citizen and who admitted many of my pleas, yet con- 
tinued to look unconvinced and said "but— but: he 
went no further for a moment and then showed that 
his reason was deeper than sex— it is in short sexual. 
'■All men are Mormons at heart." he said. Ah! I 
exclaimed, "you give away the secret of your objec- 
il, ,n n. the suffrage." He admitted the charge. 

There It is. The vast majority of men still want 
to regard women as objects of pleasure, and every 
woman who remains listless In attempting to ga n 
the suffrage is lending herself to the fostering of this 
estimate man has of her. Such men fear women 
will become unsexed. that Is— we must in this vital 
matter speak strongly and speak clearly— unfit for 
llV11 ,. s _be It wives or concubines, they fear women 
will not wish "to fulfill their destiny and be mothers. 
We might ask If they cease to fulfill their destinies 
as husbands and fathers because they drop papers into 
ballot boxes. Last summer a fresh, fair, good girl, 
said to me — what proved at once her fear of not ap- 
pearing in men's eyes as an object of desire. The 
boys wouldn't think of me the same way If I voted. 
She was willing to be thought of as an object or 
pleasure, but not as a being able and willing to help 
other beings to live by exercising her mind, as well 
as her other functions. Fortunately some men, hon- 
est, just and clear thinkers, are friends to the cause. 

The address of Dr. H. Dickson Burns, made at 
the New Orleans Convention on "Liberty, Male : and 
Female." was one that several journals have loudly 
commended. He said that putting aside al otto 
grounds, he was content to rest his belief in woman s 
suffrage on "the simplest principles of justice and a 
naked love of democratic freedom. By what com- 
mission I would ask. does man hold his commission to 
keep in thrall the other half of humanity? I can con- 
ceive of but one watchword for a free people It la 
written between every line of our own constitution 
and underlies the institutes of every liberal govern- 
ment: "Equal rights and opportunities for all; special 
privileges for none." Dr. Burns recalled the occur- 
rences of 1898. "when in the constitutional convention 
we contended for an educational and property quali- 
fication In a voter," and he said he was confident that 
If a vote on the question of admitting women who 
could so qualify, had been taken immediately after 
the address made to the convention by the President 
of the National American Woman Suffrage Associa- 
tion, the movement would have carried. But 
twenty-four hours had intervened before the ques- 
tion could be considered and In that time there arose 
In miniature a new Cervantes and laughed our chlv- 
,l,v away. We were told how shameful it would be 
to seek refuge behind the petticoats and votes of our 
women and the logic of justice and liberty fell down 
and crumbled into dust." Then was made that com- 
promise by which the women taxpayers were allowed 
to vote on "all questions submitted to the taxpayers 
as such." Of ihis I>r. Burns said: "Oh: what a mas- 
terpiece of masculine logic and masculine justice 
was here! If the woman taxpayer nas a just light to 
vote upon the imposition of a new tax has she none 
In choosing the agents by whom the old tax shall be 
expended? Does not every act of the government 
affect either directly or Indirectly the value of her 
property? And It 11 he honest to permit her to vote 
on a new tax, Is II not dishonest to deny her a vote 
in the selection of public officers? Now permit me 
to drop two hints as to the conducting of your cause: 

"First- Keep ever in mind that the professional 
politician is your Implacable enemy. Tc .him an elec- 
tion is not a process Cor ascertaining the will of the 
majority, but , battle to be won by any strategy. He 
knows that he could not "get at" you, therefore he will 
never consent to your enfranchisement until compelled 
hv the Gathering force of public opinion. Second, at 
all times give prime emphasis to the fact that to-day. 


Member National American Woman 
Suffrage Association. 

Honorary Presidents: Mrs. Ellen C. 
Sargeant, Mrs. Sarah Knox-Goodrich. 

President: Mrs. Mary Simpson 
S perry. 

First Vice-President, Mrs. Josephine 
£53 M. Mastlck. 

Second Vice-President, Mrs. Theresa 
S. Speddy. 

Third Vice-President, Mrs. Anna K. 

Recording Secretary. Mrs. Hattie J. 
D. Chapman. 

Corresponding Secretary. Miss Carrie 
A. Whelan. 

Treasurer. Miss Clara M. Schling- 

Auditors, Mrs. Mary McHenry Keith, 
Mrs. Annie L. Corbett. 

all over the civilized world, women vote. The most 
unfair advantage taken by the opponents of woman's 
suffrage is their insistence upon the treatment of It 
as though It were still an experiment. Therefore 
spread broadcast the information that in four or five 
of the United States and throughout the widespread 
federation of Australia and New Zealand women vote 
on. equal terms with men: that In the United King- 
ddm women possess all but the parliamentary suf- 
frage. Din this into the public ear, for in these 
United States, whose people profess to be the most 
enlightened upon earth, the Ignorance of the element- 
ary facts, is wonderful." 

Mrs. Charlotte Perkins Oilman's address, which 
space prevented my noticing in the last issue, was on 
"Duties of To-day." In asking "What are the duties 
of women to the needs of the States," she said: 
"Women are so keen to all that relates to the home 
and so dull to the world around them. They do not 
seem to lake an interest in public affairs. What Is 





(By Imogen Holbrook Vivian.) 

"Tls not of Dewey and his guns, 

That rent the early morning air, 
To loose from thrall those far off Isles, 

And firmcy plant Old Glory there. 
Nor yet ol they on Cuban soil, 

Who scaled in blood El Caney's height, 
To show how brave hearts do, and dare. 

For freedom's flag, for freedom's right. 

But one there was, great, virile, brave, 

And easily of these the peer. 
Whose voice Is now forever stilled, 

With strength supreme, she knew no 
Upon this tomb but newly made, 

Come, place the laurel wreath of fame. 
For this great soul hath nobly won, 

The right to an immortal name. 

And to the hallowed spot where rests, 

This valiant one, our honored dead, 
Who sought to right her sister's wrongs. 

Bring lilies fair, bring roses red. 
Her mortal passing came to end. 

E'er hope had reached its fullest flower. 
But her brave soldiers In the ranks, 

Undaunted still, will never cower, 

•Till Justice, equal rights to all. 

Is blazoned on their cloth of gold. 
And in the ages yet to come. 

Their strength, and valor, will be told, i 
We know what band the compass held. 

Toward liberty, our ship to guide, 
And steadfast still, who forged ahead. 

Through storms of scorn, nor turned 

Mid oppositions little souls, 

That fret, and fume, their lives away. 
This mighty being saw, through faith, 

The dawning of a brighter day. 
Her disembodied spirit shall. 

Our guide and Inspiration be, 
•Till we shall span the gulf between 

Our dreams, and dear reality. 

Sweet liberty, and equal rights. 

Shall, in that not far distant time. 
Come as a heavenly heritage. 

For 'tis God's plan, his law sublime. 
Homage to her. whose daring hand, 

The corner stone, laid lirm and strong. 
For justice, moved this dauntless soul, 

Her strength was spent, to right a 



^.vernment to-day? It is composed of men who I .1 

.. nts, not the business Interests that elected 

him These men are there to attend to the business* 

of industries and sometime of the i pie In general. 

The duty of government Is to keep th. cities clean 
and healthv, to make the Inhabitants happy. Now 
what Is the iuty of woman? T ■ people 

clean and healthy, say the generality of mankind. 
Granted. Now why can't they do that through the 
great medium of civilization— organization ; The 
government attempts to do what ought to be done by 
women. There was a time when teachers were all 
men. but that ignorance has been outgrown long 
ago" Mrs. Gllman showed thai woman's ability to 
, ire tor a home, when applied to the regulation of a 
City would give the happy results found In a well reg- -,l household, and to do this was one of the duties 
of to-'day. 

A report given by Mrs. Clara C. Colby, on "Indus- 
trial Politics." contained these important statements: 
"The Industrial problems especially affecting women, 
have shown that women are at a disadvantage as 
non-voting members of the community. As recent 
facts In regard to Government employment, I would 
cite the order of Postmaster General Payne, that a 
woman must give up her position If she marries. The 
Civil Service Commissioners are compelled, by law, 
to keep separate lists of men and women who have 
passed examinations, and they must certify to the 
appointing officers from either list as specified by the 
heads of the bureaus, so that It is quite possible for 
these to keep women out, and fill the place with vot- 
ers. Commoner W. D. Foulke. not long ago, called 
the attention of the chiefs of bureaus to the fact that 
by taking from the men's lists down to the lowest 
point of eligibility, while women who had passed with 
a rank of 90 and over, were not chosen, the govern- 
ment was not getting the skilled labor it was enti- 
tled to. • * * The continued defeat of the child 
labor protection laws In some of the Southern States 
and the condition of children working In the coal 
mines of Pennsylvania, as shown in the testimony 
before the Coal Strike Commission, show the need of 
woman's help In shaping social economics, and her 
powerlessness without the ballot is In sharp contrast 
with the protective law of Colorado." 

How can we stimulate women all over the coun- 
try to do what they can do, to add their weight of 
their names and their effort as far as it can go, Is one 
of the greatest questions, and of this Mrs. Colby 
says that "It needs a consciousness of the solidarity 
of human interests, so that, from an Impersonal, un- 
selfish standpoint, if they have no personal need, they 
are under the most commanding obligation and add 
their strength to ours to make better conditions. We 
might despair of reaching either the over- worked, 
under-paid, unresponsive wage-earner, or the indif- 
ferent, irresponsible, and almost Inaccessible woman 
of fortune, were it not that all are linked by one com- 
mon possession — that of womanhood, which, when 
awakened, is the Divine Motherhood, and this Is what 
we must appeal to. We must march on with closed 
ranks, leaving no woman outside, however apparent- 
ly separated by good or by bad fortune, by exaltation 
or by error. Then only will we win In this battle for 
liberty, the holiest war ever waged." 

Mr. M. J. Sanders, who attended the first meeting 
of the Convention as an Ignorant — that is, uninform- 
ed if not opposed, "listener, declared In a thrilling 
speech he made later, "there Is justice and a grandeur 
about your cause vastly beyond what we had con- 
ceived, and there is an Intelligence and force behind 
it which sweeps away all indifference and compels the 
earnest consideration of thoughtful men. I have seen 
enough to believe that hand in hand with earnest men, 
as co-workers and equals, in no way subordinate, 
women can furnish brains and power to remove a' 
vast load of the iniquities and inequalities of life and 
to lift the country to a plane of civilization wherein 
the masses shall have a chance for happiness and 

There were eight States at the Convention which 
were represented by but one delegate These were: 
California, Delaware, Maryland. Montana, New 
Hampshire, Rhode Island, South Carolina and Ver- 
mont. Mrs. Piiscllla I. Hackstaff, who gave the re- 
port on enrollment, said that nothing is more hope- 
ful in increasing the membership and therefore of 
gaining ground, than having the names of friends and 
sympathizers of the cause. "The importance of this 
work," said Mrs. Hackstaff. "was impressed upon me 
in the recent New Hampshire campaign. Had New 
Hampshire enrolled her suffragists In every town and 
village, the work of the campaign committee would 
have been wonderfully lightened. So I urge every 
State to work vigorously on the enrollment, that you 
may know where you can organize a club, and on 
whom to call in your legislative work rind when a 
campaign comes upon you." 

Mrs. Hackstaff's address- was the topic on "The 
Relation Government Bears to Civilization." She 
spoke of how soon in the life of a race, government 
becomes something apart from and over the people, 
especially when It works for its own good rather than 
for theirs. She pointed to examples history furnishes 
of this and how social restrictions soon follow gov- 
ernmental ones. But lately the seers had an ideal of 
government, where individual recognition should be 
given each person, and now the state of civilization 
demands such a government. "Strong governments 
require strong men." sail Mrs, Hackstaff, "and the 
primary object, therefore, of manhood suffrage Is to 
make strong men." Quoting President Jordan of 
Stanford University, she gave his words: "Without 
participation, men lose interest: without Interest, 
they lose intelligent comprehension, but given partic- 
ipation and an Interest and intelligent comprehension, 
men are stronger In their patriotism, broader In their 
views, and wiser In their methods of action." "If." 
Mrs. Hackstaff demanded, 'suffrage has this effect on 
men. will It not have the same effect on women? 
Do not restrict the growth from barbarous conditions, 
by forcing one halt" the people to drag forward with 
them the other half who cannot help In the process. 

July, 1903 


Page 21 


Whose Personal Experiences in India Gave Her an Insight Into Social Conditions Not Possible to Many Outside the Caste. 


nj American la Hi kindly 

sent lime in tne 

(?) condition of the women of India, i 

on this subject. I do not dls- 

,,„,,. ling that has been said 

; ,i„ u) , ; .11 of i hlld wives, molh> * - 

i being t" he fact 

thai b I (as l ar se as 

all Europi - II ■■ r - " :jt may be 

ion I? not representative of 
rndla, or more than a small minority ..f its people, 
which tlwaya number over three hundred millions! 

imilles prefer caste life, and it suits their 
, ,.. ins, which have been fixed by rellg- 

i the beginning; of civilization. England 

not to inter- 
fere v cu toms, and If the compact had been 
adhered to a . :| s i'- was made, there would 
... -n no Indian mutiny. 


I was chiefly In Southern India, and In visiting in or 
driving through the Hindu villages I noticed much of 
their modes of life. I noticed, too, even the houses 
are built according to caste rules, and only certain 
Hums of the year are considered propitious in which 
tc. i.uild. Then, too. a certain form of architecture is 
followed very closely by the different castes— and 
oh! Hie wonderful difference between the absolute 
simplicity of even a rich man's home — and the awe- 
inspiring grandeur of the temples, especially some of 
the older and larger ones. The entrance to a rich 
man's house Is always called the lion's gate, and just 
as In the Occident — we have ceremonials In laying 
corner stones — and burying beneath them coins and 
printed matter of the period — so the Hindus always 
commence the building of new homes, or temples with 
ceremonies peculiar to the different castes. The priests 
chant hymns, and prayers. The pillars and rafters 
are blessed — often garlanded with flowers — and an- 
nointed with oil and Incense, and whether the build- 
ings are for the rich or for the poor — a palace or a hut 
— there is always much of solemnity and importance 
about the ceremonial. 


Orthodox Hindu people all live on the comimunlty 
plan— with very many relatives of different genera- 
tions under one roof. The street sides of the houses 
are always blank walls— with a slanting roof — the 
lintels of the doorway are usually freshly sprinkled 
or marked with sandal paste every day. The symbol of 
their form of worship, and caste Is marked on the 
door. On account of the heat the native houses are 
mostly without windows. They are built quadrangle 
fashion, with the interiors opening Into courtyards in 
which is often seen a tank or a fountain of water, and 
as sun and rain have free access— these court yards 
are often riotous with the vivid coloring of tropical 
trees and plants. 


There is one wonderful blooming tree that is 
very common in India called the "flame of the forest." 
It has no foliage, but Is covered with a gorgeous mass 
of bloom, shading from brilliant crimsons to deepest 
orange tints— and so brilliant it can be seen miles 
away! Other trees look In the distance exactly as if 
they were covered with black leaves — but when one 
gets close to them, one sees they are covered with 
bats, with large dark wings hanging upon the foliage 
slumbering in the sunlight, until the dusk arrives, and 
they slart off on their nightly scavenging. 

In all homes the kitchen is the most sacred part of 
the house, and no person of a lower caste than the 
master of the house, is ever permitted to enter It, or 
even look inside. If ever the shadow of an out-caste 
fell upon the food of a Brahmin — the food would be 
destroyed — together with the pot in which it was 


The food, even in the rich families, is still served 
with the utmost simplicity upon plantain leaves — 

s made extremely palatable, though entirely 

without meat — or fish or fowl — or eggs. Many of the 

people in India still live in the primitive way— that 

tured to us of the people of Asia in the 

I stament of the Christian Bible — and many of 

•men look so beautiful, swathed In their one 

arment, with a pot of water gracefully poised 

hi >' heads— that one is at once re- 

i of the pictures of the Bible women carrying 
water from the wells. They us--- very little in thi 

urnlture. The floors are mostly cement, often 
covered with bamboo matting, but rarely with car- 
All classes sit upon the ground, and are very un- 
comfortable If, when calllngupon Eut ley are 
i led to sit upon chairs or sofas. There Is usual- 
ly no bedding on account of the intense heat, people 
sleeping anywhere — on mats or rugs, and servants 
liiisy night and day pulling punkahs, to cool the 


Servants do not Bleep in their master's house — 
but often on the roofs or verandas, though the head 
man is usually to be found on his master's door mat 
at night, and ayahs and other personal attendants, of 
course, remain near their charges. All In the house 
retire early, and get up before sunrise, and after 
bathing they make their oblations to the sun and 
spend some time in religious contemplation — place 
their caste marks upon their foreheads — with crayons 
of different colors, salute the four points of the com- 
pass with "good thought" and say "hail, kindly light 
that illumines North, South, East and West." And 
in praying for themselves at this early hour, many 
never fall to make some sacrifice or oblation in mem- 
ory of their dear ones whom death has claimed, then 
they take a very light breakfast, and attend to the 
duties of the forenoon. 


At noon the meal of the day is served, but is pre- 
ceded with more prayers and bathing of the body and 
attiring with a clean loin cloth, or sari; then follows 
the siesta. Usually in a rich man's house enough is 
cooked at the noon day meal, and offered to the gods, 
to feed many hungry mendicants who ask for food 
as they pass by. The prayers are not long or te- 
dious but seem to be a natural part of every Hindu's 
life. Even at the temples the ritual is very simple. 
Just a few verses from the vedas are read twice a 
day — by a priest who gets no salary. But often the 
temples are crowded with worshippers who go morn- 
ing and evening for praise, sacrifice and contemplation 
for spiritual growth. And a Hindu never goes to the 
temple empty-handed — or gives to his church the last 
coin he has in his pocket, or offers to his gods some- 
things he does not want himself. Hindu women nev- 
er have a "rummage sale" for their gods — but give of 
their best. And as a consequence one finds at the 
temple's gates, that thousands of starving poor are 
fed every day — from the offerings that are constantly 
brought, and which may represent anything from a 
handful of rice to an elephant. No one in all India 
would refuse food to a 'beggar. It is a part of their 
religion to recognize God or good even in the person 
of an abject beggar. 


It is a fact that most Hindu women cook beauti- 
fully, and home cares and fashions do not set heavily 
upon them. Domestic affairs and the care of their 
many lovely babies seem to be the delight of their 
lives. They are not Interested In other women's hus- 
bands, as they never meet them personally, so there 
are no flirtations to disturb conjugal peace. They 
wear no millinery, never change the style of hair 
dressing — go barefoot, and their one garment con- 
sists of a long piece of cloth called a sari, which is 
woven in one length and most gracefully swathed 
around the wearer, who always keeps one end free with 
which to cover the face from the- gaze of the inquisi- 

She has no use for shoe laces, stay laces, hair 
pins or needles; does not know how to sew, has noth- 
ing that ever is remaking, or ra udlng, and the 

children of both sexes go absolutely nake II until they 
'i l. Then the sexes are parated 
and ill.- high caste boy goes through the fl 

tant cere ny of his life, He Is tau 

Ith "f his fathi i, and tau pi ou I of the 

I upon his : ■! Invested 

with tli i in- string 

which Is worn by every male Brahmin over om ah iui 

di r .hi i ai ross bis bi east to his hip, tlm of 

th." When he la older another importanl 

■i ly in which he has no voice, takes place, that 

of marriage to some child who later becomes his life's 



The babies are the dearest little contented tat 
roly-polys imaginable. They rarely cry, bul are shy — 
though wh n of older growth have exqulslti manners 
In the presenci of their elders and before strangers. 
Celibacy la unknown In India except among those di s- 

tim l for the spiritual or religious life, and a ng 

these people maternity is looked upon as the crown or 
womanhood, and children tne special sift of God. 
It is considered a curse to be childless. Children are 
greatly beloved and welcomed even by the poor, 
though for social and religious reasons, boys are still 
more welcome than girls. 


The marriage ceremonies are long — usually lasting 
Ave days, There Is much of religious ceremonial sac- 
rificing, and feasting, for the poor, according to the 
rank of the families, and every member of th family, 
even very distant relatives, attend the wedding, if 
he is within traveling distance to get there in lime. No 
wedding ring Is used, but the garments of the bride 
and groom are knotted together to symbolize the ty- 
ing of the marriage knot, and an ornament called a 
tall is tied around the bride's neck — the hands are 

Water, food and fire is offered to the gods, then the 
bride and groom join hands and solemnly walk around 
the sacred fire three times, and for the only time 
in her life, the wife eats with, and In her husband's 
presence. Then when the ceremony is over the bride 
ofien remains under the parent's roof until It Is con- 
sidered wise to establish marital relations. 


Mr. J. Rees, C. I. E„ member of Lord Curzon 
Council, recently made the following remark on the 
subject of caste: 

Medows Taylor thought the Hindus "as courteous 
and intelligent a people as any in the world; kind to 
their children, respectful to their parents, charitable, 
honest, industrious, and with such vices as are com- 
mon to human nature." He denied that they were 
untruthful, and saw in "caste the means of enforcing 
the least outwardly moral conduct of members." 


"The Dewan of Travancore well says that the Hindu 
home is founded on the basis of religion, its rules and 
observances on the basis of hygiene, in which a Hindu 
lives, moves, and has his being. The father Is the 
guardian, preceptor and patriarch, the woman protect- 
ed by her male relations, and always married; nor 
looking at other countries where celibacy is practiced 
by women, can I consider universal marriage alto- 
gether a curse. The decay of marriage marked the 
decline of the Romans and Greeks, and the Dewan 
would adhere to the High Hindu standard, merely 
postponing the ceremony till the latest permissible 
period. The present system produces wives who in 
all that goes to the happiness of the husband and the 
peace of the home cannot be surpassed. There is 
great misapprehension, says the Dewan, among Eu- 
ropean nations regarding the purdah. There Is no 
slavery or tyranny, and as families rise In the world 
their females ask for the privilege of the zenana 

Page 22 


July, 1903 






■, , - i 3 

3H !K££ffi3?£*3| 

with unceasing regularity, on an average of 

'.'„",.,• night, gaining in vocal powers. » time 

until memory takes you regret fulb back 

SJMSJSSS-TE «rth C1 smife«^y 
make marriage look seductive, and you think of 
hls m urb e an m " i .spe B ns,r of marriage '^"^'^"/^ 
iMivllcKe to take care of a large and interesting ana 
V' other- yearly growing family and you are sure 
he |J aided and abetted by merchants who must sell 
fhelr goods, therefore encourage matrimony so con- 
ducive towards the propagation of the race and the 
,ued manufacture of goods. And you wonder 
when Mr Danforth goes to purgatory and Is toasted a 
delicate brown if he will be sorry. 

He has Issued marriage licenses for ^^r^arim? 
etlll shows no sign of either remorse or "formation. 
Ha helns to bind together on an average of nine cou 
Scs a day principally foreigners, Italians predomi- 
nating People in all condition of life, and "previous 
ccmdm'on of servitude," all ages, all styles, from a 
vounK couple of sixteen and eighteen, whose parents 
ao not oppose this juvenile mating, to the grand- 
father and P grandmother, marrying men and women 
old enough to be their grand children. 

The San Francisco population is largely com- 
posed of Americans, yet the licenses Issued to such 
run behind those Issued to foreigners, showing the In- 
crease of bachelors and old maids in this generation. 
Mondayls the star day, and Friday-ever the .bane of 
superstlUous-the poorest day in the week, and Ma> 

^h^lve^aS of the men is thirty and the wo- 
m Jn twenty-one. showing older for the men and 
hunger for the women than the average in Eastern 

Sta The greatest contrast In age that Mr. Danforth re- 
member! during his Incumbency was a woman of <5. 
wnoWrled a youth of 21. the *»™™>rld wise young 
man being very good to the susceptible old lady, who 
Sft him the fortune which he some years afterwards 
shared with a wife more suited to him In years. 
Mr Danforth has issued in his time 40.000 marriage 

, _ now! how many of these belong on the 



, SSWMff^-g 

'as -l;;\""i:::^r^S,^ 

W v •■ she lik"e me. I UK. e her. What you got s-ay? 
^e Scotch She heap good girl. I takee good cure 
her How you flxee him?" On being told that there 
was no way to "flxee," the celestial hied him an d h Is 
betrothed to kindly British Columbia and came back 
to San Francisco to propagate the species of h - 
gjg T,„. Chinese half of which Is ; probab y he 
better, for the white woman who could marry tne 
Chinese is too low to be even his equaJ. 

One white woman, the widow of a Chinaman 
came for a license to marry the brother of hei late 
husband. She had been true to the memory of her 
transported celestial a year, and tiring of «•«>» 
hood was ready to supplant In her affections for her 
dead husband the nearest thing available. 

The crushing news was announced to her -that such 
unions could not be in this State. She grew ugly and 
Quarrelsome, acting as though the lawmakers had a 
special grudge against her to keep her from China- 
men, thf desired objects of her heart. Mr Danforth 
asked her where she had married her first husband, 
and she told him in British Columbia, so he informed 
her she would have to go back there again to be mar- 

He She laid great stress on the fact that her mar- 
riage must be legal. Whether this was an Indication 
of fear of the Chinaman expenencng a change ol 
heart or whether it was proof of her virtuous tenden- 
cies would be hard to determine; if the latter, it is 
only another proof of the freakishness of human na- 

Uf Imagine a white woman bad enough to live with a 
China-man. caring whether the union was legal or il- 
legal and this virtuous specimen of womanhood prob- 
ably thought herself superior to the woman who 
sacrificed her virtue for love of some man, at least 
half worth the loving. ..... 

The law. passed a few years ago, which prohibits 
marriage sooner than a year after the divorce is 
granted, is after all more of a detriment than a. bene- 
fit. It does not deter people from marrying. Most o£ 
them will hasten to Reno, Nevada, marry and return 
by the next train, thus making the prohibition law 

a Mr ^Danforth knows of two applicants in which 
ihls law was evaded by simply living together; by 

\ , n i fwa vears before, a. ...lying for 

. J .,; , simply 

ao t In the 


^orLTss^a^hfsS, —to the 

time was up. co uple had no such bono 

■jar's «k« 

the girl to the offlc, that a atv 

""^imite a "tug" or contract marriage, for they are 
a minute a tug "» «- « . im lhe tlme is „ p .» 

^Ssss ■ "5 

KntTirv FlnaUy they were told if they could not 

serious promises he had beguiled her - 

Mr. Danforth will sell some people a license, and 
afterwards the same parties procure a divorce, and 
fn the course of time call for another license and 
try it over again. 

The old copy-book line of. "If at first you don t 
succeed try. try again." which once photographed 
on the relna of the eye. from writing it down a 
who "page, is never effaced, and is doubtless respon- 
sible for some of this persistency in the matrimonial 

Hoe- , , v. 

And while marriage licenses are being issued by 
the pleasant Mr. Danforth. divorces are being granted 
by one or more of the twelve Judges in as many dif- 
ferent rooms in the same building, and unt the end 
of time it will probably be so. certainly until human 
nature Is better, and some restrictions placed about 
marriage, for the hue and cry raised against divorce 
Is absurd. It Is far more decent for men and women 
to divorce each other than to live together in wrang- 
ling and quarreling; and railing at divorce is com- 
mencing at the tail end of the reformation. It Is use- 
less to lop off the branches while the trunk and roots 
remain intact. While men can obtain marriage li- 
censes for the mere asking, without having to show 
proof of the financial ability to maintain a wife, and 
at least one child, and a record of a temperate, hon- 
orable character, divorces will result. 

The divorce is as natural a consequence of loose 
marriage laws as that suffering in some manner fol- 
lows the breaking the laws of God, nature and man. 


Th°u Pw-UiyV. O:\lvL\djf\oujiYM owi\! 

Thou V4&nd!l£oj4dM!L&i\d of se&S 
Wide cresjgnftd" ii\ walls °£^tgne! 

% liorfi imm is 1? 1f\e breeze ! 
Thy favMysUfYliflipix steep's 
ij&p forward, aslKe liprv leaps !/*-\; 

<Ai\A [Rpyj.tft Iiqjvs WKelp, be^or ^"- 
Of A^pix&vj^jiv fearful ^trer^m^ 

Ai\d supple beauty _yieldeth r\&u£KtT 
Thif\e arm is as a 'river's Ier\gtf\. >. 

Thy reash is foremQsr! 1K°vj shairbe 

TRe tftrPrvjd Qvieei\ pf ^'5 ^ Wesr sea! a 

ef kere sits pea^e ; ai\d rest~ sits Iwe. 
Ttese wid?-b°\J3K?d oaK5,tfwy house Wise men 
1^ The sftidei\t7 ai\d tKe sa^e austere ; 

Here mei\ °f God ir\ holy .guise 
IrWPr^e tKe pease of" Paradise. 

'--■-- . 
Be tfos n\y h°n\e till s°m<? fair star 

&t??ps earthward ar\d shall tu^Rgn m ■ 
fpr purely Godland lies wf jS 

from tfase Greeklv? W ar\d RvSj&reat*5?a 
My fi'iend, my Ipver, trend tKisWay; > 5 ^. 
N<?r far a|g'r& hb Ar^Ay. rv 

July, 1903 


Page 23 

>? Across the Continent— vSan Francisco to New YorK >? 


I beaten 


nfortably In- 
polnted Pullman 
(•! the Sunset Limited. We will 
behind o 

Ion Luxuriantlj b 
Soul hei n • 'o llfoj ■■ i n or- 

■I izzllng pi :tui e. The 
o con 

But al I h ■ b< gun to pass on to less at- 

tractlvi i Indlo ■ 

through .in alkali d 
trasl I- Hi' - • f . i . i : - .md bloom of our lust dep 

Eden, On accounl of Its high altltudi 

e al mosph 
fi msldered most beneficial to ,.. uple , ■, .. . 

Ing from an ol the lungs. A b del an I a 

I'n-' number of cottages have been built here, and 
an attempt to beautify the grounds, making an oasis 
in i In midst rpf" this dreary desert \\a- 

Al six o'clock In the morning, when we reached 
Tucson, In Arizona, a very pleasing and familiar 
sound was wafted toward us. From a Catholic 
church in the city we heard a deep-toned bell ringing 
the three alternate strokes of the Angelus, and we 
Beemed in hear the many reverent voices answer In 
prayer the early calling. 

i. 'i' i in the day I noticed, al the foot of some 
mountains wo weir passing, a large body of water 
With dancing waves. Asking th.- name of It, I was 
told what my senses could hardly make me believe, 
thai no water was there. It was what I had so fre- 
quently read of— a mirage — I could fully understand 
how this often fatal illusion had deceived weary, 
thirsty travelers, for it seemed impossible that what 
I saw was not a large body of sparkling water. 

The borders of Arizona passed, about noon we en- 
tered New Mexico, famed for having the oldest city 
in the United States. As It is some distance from the 
railroad, I was unable to see this interesting old place. 
but we stayed for nearly two hours at El Paso, which 
Is situated in the border line. I was surprised to see 
such an enterprising, up-to-date city, with electric 
cars and lights, and rows of very handsome buildings. 
Immediately In front of the station is a beautifully- 
laid out park, and flitting among the trees were fash- 
ionably dressed young ladies. From a paper I bought 
I see they have a very flourishing Women's Press 
Association there. 

In passing through the towns of Arizona and New 
Mexico, one is struck with the odd mixture of Yan>- 
kee enterprise, and the slower old Spanish life. One 
Still sees here the rude adobe buildings of these soft- 
tongued people, and also the squalid mud-roofed huts 
of the Indians, while the figures grouped around their 
doorways form a quaint picture very different from 
those of their American neighbors. 

We are now in the largest State in the Union. 
Texas, and what an immense tract of uncultivated 
land Is everywhere around us. I regretted, exceeding- 

ly, tha ornlng at 2 

ble to see this interesung old 
fort, which was former United S 

;t and 
the v md delightful here, no 

is in the other parts of the State. 
four hundred of this part of the country, co 
with beautifully laid out grounds having been built 
around the old landmark. 

At over the third highest 

bridg.- in the 1 I tiled Pico's High 

. of steel, over - Cei I 21 feet 

high. We could nol realize Its great height until, 
ig down, we saw some cattle on the banks of the 
I. below. They seemed to be the size of those 
little wooden animals we see in that old-fashion toy 
box called Noah's Ark. Looking back as we passed 
i illy grew upon us. It was 8 
o'clock in the evening when we arrived at San Anto- 
nio, on.- hi the largest cities in Texas. We rem 
over an hour, so > ;■• a good deal of this Inten 
place. We took the electric cars to Alemo, wh 
battle was fought in the Texas war. W< 
nearly two hours in the beautiful city of Houston. 
L,ike San Antonio, it Is a typical southern city, aboul 
which there is something very Casein 

We had hardly left Houston, when we came to 
Beaumont, the greatest oil town of the South. The 
Rrsl tiling that greeted our eyes was a gay party tak- 
ing a tide in an automobile. 

Tin- thick forests of palmetto and magnolia i 
tell us now that wi are passing through the beautiful 
State of Louisiana. 

New Orleans with its thousand and one inten 
landmarks Is already spread' before us, This old 
Southern city we behold decked out in gala array, in 
honor of the great reunion of Confederate veterans, 
whose convention is being held here. The old sur- 
vivors of the "Lost Cause" have come from all the 
Southern States, and Canal street, the great thor- 
oughfare, is one blaze of light and color. 

The greal charm of this old Creole city lies in its 
many historical places, and associations. For this 
reason the old St. Louis Cathedral, with its sunken 
marble floor and quaint but beautiful altar, is an es- 
pecial object of interest. After the ancient fashion 
— the Beadle in cocked hat, red coat, sword and hal- 
berd officiates at all ceremonies. 

This cathedral faces Jackson square, which Is un- 
doubtedly the most historic spot In Louisiana. In its 
center stands the celebrated equestrian statue of Gen. 
Jackson, commander of the A/merlcan army in the 
battle of New Orleans. In this old square took place 
tin- surrender of Louisiana to Spain, and here, later. 
the Independence of the State was declared by the 
French In 1768, only to be reconquered by the Spanish 
at which time this square was the scene of the death 
of the French patriots. 

On the north side of the Cathedral stands the old 
' Cabildo," a building with much history, as it was 
here that all former transfers of the colony from 
nation to nat'lon took place, and it was here in olden 
times that many celebrated dignitaries were enter- 

i by the authorities, one of the most notabl 
log the great Gen. Lafayette of Revolutionary w t! 

Beside- J my famous 

parks In New Orleans, beautifully laid "in hi i 

Each oi ' some cele- 

.;. plat ' '1 

iii Its mi i-t. i "ity Park, beside lis 

vi oaks, 
draped with gray Spanish moss, This w is formerly 
a great dueling place. 

The one that In the Marga- 

i ■ ' iic and statui Camp end 

Prytanla streets, it « 

In honor of a woman, ii i om- 

ites th< charltli . who, 

reared In poverty, accumu I I irtuni In the ba- 

i • i v business, and who used this fortune to '-art- (or 

in l help the poor of the city. Sli • ilally 

n i H. .my a little child felt the 

benefit of Margaret's In thi 'inter of 

the park we see the qualnl figure of this old woman, 

i in bronze, her irm around o little child. Over 

her shoulders is a knitted shawl, bul I 

charity Is written in everj line oi her plain bul b - 

nevolent face. At her death the Orphan Asylums 

and other charitable institutions were made the re- 

s of generous bequi -i -■ 

One of the most Interesting and curious sights 
here Is the cemeteries. Interments therein an 
most entirely made above ground, and thi effect of 
the white mausoleums is so unlike thai oi burying 
places in othei cities as i i make a visit noteworthy. 
The old National Cemetery of Chalmette, Is tasteful- 
ly laid out and most beautifully kept. It is located 
on the site of the old historic battlefield where the 
battle of New Orleans was fought between the Brit- 
ish and American forces, on Jan. S, 1816. 

The day before our departure from New Orleans 
occurred the great parade of the Confederate veter- 
ans. It was really the most Imposing and spectac- 
ular display I ever witnessed. In the slow marching 
up the streets, many bands were playing inspiring 
Southern airs, the music swelled high above the heads 
of the hundreds of thousands who viewed this great, 
but pathetic scene. The men uncovered their heads 
and the women strewed blossoms along their path 
in such quantities that these old soldiers actually 
walked through beds of (lowers. 

At the intersection of St. Charles and Howard av- 
enues stands a collossal statue of the great Southern 
hero, General Robert E. Lee. As the procession 
passed this stately figure, with folded arms, it looked 
as if he stood there in life reviewing his old troops, 
and a mighty shout went up from the vast multitude. 

The next morning I was taken along the renowned 
levee, and I touched with my hands the waters of 
the great .Mississippi. It was my farewell to this In- 
teresting city, named for the one in old France made 
famous by the deeds of the heroic Joan of Arc — 'thi© 
Maid of Orleans. 

Though the weather was now hot and dusty, and 
the cars very inferior to our California palace tars, 
yet traveling from New Orleans to New York* had 

Page 24 


July, 1903 




of it. but besl 
. ,,.. i , . on lueli old I 

■ ,,,,..,, m n, " ''■'■ ? ul " up 

I the Illustrious Washing- 

ton ,,,.. ,, v before me. and what a mar- 

velou power I 

i; i,,, tantly I lefl this greal capital i Ity, 

linked with all th hlBtorlc il evi nls ol our 

,,,,, on ij,, wings of night was carried through many 

,,,,,., iote. But bright virions greeted mine eyes 

the nexl morning, for Hooded with sunshine Gn tei 
fork, with all Its wealth and grandeur. Its pov- 
erty and squalor pread out bel re me. De- 
lightfully pleasanl are the warm greeting, refresh- 

ni and rest I no ind i n] iy ifti i my long 

bul i resting Journey or 3,000 miles across the con- 

"Vvh.Hi a big city this Is! It takes weeks to real- 
ize Its immensity. The day after my arrival I started 
10 do some shopping, and that was a strange expe- 
,.|..„„. threading mj way between the thousands of 
Btrange faces, and confusing labyrinth of street cars. 
underground tunnel cars, and elevated trains. The 
iu -i place I visited was the noted Wanamakera huge 
department store, formerly the far-famed A. T. 
Stewart's, and I need have gone no farther, even ir 
I had Intended to buy enough to stock a good-sized 
department store for myself. But curiosity led me 
1 1, ,m one .big place to another, not only to Inspect the 
variety and beauty of goods displayed, but to view the 
Immense structures, themselves, each from ten to 
sixteen stories high, and many of them occupying a 
whole block. 

I quite agree with the lady who said thai whenever 
she came out of one of these big stores she always 
found that the streets had all turned around. Such 
seemed to be the case with me. 

It was after leaving one of these mammoth estab- 
lishments on Broadway I happened to look up at the 
uamp post and read on the sign "5th Avenue." It s a 
mystery to me yet how I got there, but I also saw in 
front of me a very attractive millinery store upon 
which was inscribed the name "Henesey." Seeing 
some exquisitely beautiful hats in the window. I en- 
tered for closer inspection (what woman could resist). 
There was something pleasantly familiar about the 
tall stately woman who advanced and greeted me in 
true California courteous style. I soon learned she 
was from San Francisco, and that only a few years 
before she had come here unheralded and unknown, 
but through her energy. -taste and skill, had built up 
this large business establishment. Nothu.g like the 
pluck of our bright California girls, it always means 
success with them. 

The Native Daughters of our Golden Stale are 
very popular ad greatly admired in New Yoik. both 
for their brilli ant t alents and great beauty. They 

ipon the stage and 

given by ttv 
..- York. Ii • 

: in Ihe b 


!. who 






., delightful 

i erest- 

islc, both vocal and Instrumental, of 

rlor order. 

I sit some of the beautiful as well as 
historical places in and around this overwhelmlnglj 
city. One of the first visits was lo (he I i i 
polltan Museum, with all Its wonderful ob 

cou i ■ " 1,:l 

„. v, r tin the m ignifl 

i plrations "f the greatest masters of 
world. Then picturesque Claremont. a charming 
spot at the northern end of Riverside Drive and over- 
looklng the Hudson from an elevation of 200 feet At 
the i ntrance of this park is the imposing tomb of the 
late Gen. U. S. ''.rant. Directly on the opposite side 
ol the river are the Palisades, which Is a name ap- 
plied to a long perpendicular, apparently columnar, 
wall of trap rock, formed by nature, and extending 
ill ng the coast rm- over twi nty miles-. 

From hlstorli al old Fort George one gets a splen- 
did view of the winding rivers, and several cities that 
in,!-.- iii> Greater New York. It Is on a rocky pro- 
i ion now terraced down to the water. Jusl below 
is buin the celebrated Washington Bridge, and also 
two other of fine mechanism a little farther down the 
river. There was a redoubt here during the Revo- 
iutlon, and the old cannon are still fixed In the stone 


Central Park, with all its natural beauties and 
monum tits of art,— a simple outline of it would more 
than till mv limited space. I will only mention the 
two e9pei lal objects of Interest that most attracted my 
attention to this great garden of the world. On 
the famous Obelisk, or "Cleopatra's Needle," towering 
nigh above all Ihe other monuments that surround 
ii. as if its greater age gave it that privilege. This 
interesting relic was brought from Egypt to New 
York in 1880, having been presented to this city by the 
late Khedive, Ismail Pasha, through the Department 
of State. The work of removing it from Heliopolls, 
where it had been erected 1500 B. C. was intrusted to 
L-t. Com. H. M. Gorringe. U. S. N., who designed for 
the purpose massive and novel machinery. The entire 
expense was borne by the late Wm. H. Vanderbilt. 
On the sides of the tall pyramid are hieroglyphic 
writings telling of the warlike deeds and victories of 
an ancient King Thukmes II, during his campaign in 
Central Africa. These Inscriptions take us back, ther- 
fore, to a period more than fifteen centuries before 
Christ. This monolith was gazed upon by Moses. It 
was an ancient monument, the significance of which 
had grown dim with the mists of time, when Augus- 
tus, Caesar and Anthony fought out the question of 
universal empire in the sight of the voluptuous queen 
by whose name it has been known for more than a 
thousand years. During these centuries this Obe- 
lisk, so lately transferred to this great modern city, 
stood erect as a landmark of the Levant nearAlex- 

The other to me. most Interesting and especl 

park Is Be- 

uresque ter- 

- of the lake, an 1 was designed by 

i in the Bible. The 
b -sm S 
In her left hand a buii 


01 rock, 

n itural manner. 

3in, slightly 

,,,, ,., | iur -mailed figures, em- 

lc of the Temperance, Purity, 

Peace. The artlEl who deslgne 1 -and ex- 

. ,,;,,! this exquisite group of figures was Miss Emma 

It was l tin that this 

voung girl sculpl I and devoted herself to 

hard study. She has won fame, and this noble work 

ii lalmed her to the world a genius. 

Jt JS J* 



i m the gai den wall a Kill-Kenney Kai 
Cilmbi d up and d.iv, n and spll an I spat 

a caucus of Kits the yeows soon ealli I 
And O! my. how they squalled and squalled. 

An 10 igl upon the roll of fame 

Had con Ii si i nde 1 to scratch their name, 

"Now," .-aid the Kats, "whal sha i we do?" 
'•Lelrs shool the Eagle thro' and thro"." 

Approval was soughl of Mr. Tom Kat, 
Who was busily talking 'through his hat." 

"We'll ask Cor counsel, we will." sez he, 
••Go call Mr. Owl, pen he I in yon trei 

Mr. Owl looked wise and said. "What a shame 
Thai anyone dare guy-yOUgle your name." 

"Now Kill-Kenney Kats, you've gol to see 
That the Eagle files no more," sez he. 

"It's good advice" they all did yeowlj 
Then a pack of coyotes set up a howl. 

A moment the Eagle listened, and Uhen 

Said. "What's In a name?" "Now give me a pen." 

"I will bear aloft Fame's banner high 
And engrave my name upon the sky." 

"It's not my fault," the Eagle explains, 

"That Kill-Kenney Kats were made without brains." 

A flutter of pinions, and then away 
Soared the Eagle toward the orb of day. 

There went up a yeowl, from the feline crew 
Looking away wheie the Eagle flew. 

"Who would have thought that our swift dart 
Never could touch the Eagle's heart. ' 

A dismal mewing and moawing, sore 

And Kill-Kenney Kats were heard of no more. 

Where the United Aid Societies hold their annual May Day Festival. 

July, 1903 


Pa«e '25 


Grand Prosidcnt. 

Native Daughters Golden West 



In assuming charge of this department In the 
California Ladies' Magazine, I extend a cordial greet- 
Ing to all my friends In the Order, and outside the 
Order, and hope lhal we may ilnd mutual interests 
during the coming year. While this department is 
primarily devoted to the advancement of the Order 
01 the Native Daughters of the Golden West, and 
the setting forth of the aims and objects of our or- 
ganization, yel it is my determination to conduct it 
upon lines so broad and liberal that ail club women. 
ill fraternal societies will turn to Its columns in the 
full assurance of finding upon this page, help, inspi- 
ration, and a fair discussion of all points relating to 
the common cause of organized effort. 

Our Order, Native Daughters of the Golden West, 
has just held its annual convention, or Grand Parlor, 
at Red Bluff. This session was successful beyond 
my most ardent hopes. In that the affairs of the Order 
were placed before the delegates with an attention to 
detail, and an exhaustive treatment never before at- 
tempted, the Grand President's report taking nearly 
three days to read. Still further, a number of ques- 
tions that have been productive of much diversity of 
opinion, heated argument, and unhapplness In the 
Order have been settled for jrood, and the delegates 
have gone home, feeling that the session has been for 
the honor and the advancement of the Order. 

Not a little doubt and perplexity had been caused 
by a rumor that the Grand Parlor could not be ac- 
commodated at Red Bluff. This rumor gaining cre- 
dence as early as March of this year, led to an attempt 
on the part of certain parlors in San Francisco to in- 
duce the Grand President to call an extra session for 
the purpose of deciding that the Grand Parlor of 
1903 should be held In San Francisco. Fortunately, 
the so-called petitions were not according to legal 
form, and the Grand President gladly embraced the 
opportunity to escane Issuuie the call for the extra 
session which would have cost the Grand Parlor, In 
mileage alone, about one thousand dollars. 

Every preparation had heen made for the comfort 
and convenience of the Grand Parlor at Red Bluff. 
Dr. F. H. Albright, the Recording Secretary of the 
newly instituted Mt. Lassen Parlor, was instrumental 
In organizing Berendos Parlor. N. D. G. W. The citi- 
zens of Red Bluff in one evening subscribed over five 
hundred dollars for the entertainment of the dele- 
gates. The two societies, the Masons and the Odd 
Fellows, placed their halls at our disposal, rent free. 
A public reception, an open air ball, a grand ban- 
quet, carriage rides, visits to the Sierra Lumber Co.'s 
saw mill, were among the social attentions lavished 
upon the attendanls at the Grand Parlor. In addition 
to all these, a Street Fair was In progress, which, 
while entirely Independent of the Grand Parlor, and 
of the citizens of Red Bluff, did contribute to the gen- 
eral air of festivity, and its attractions were enjoyed 
by many of the delegates and visitors to the Grand 
Parlor. A. L. Brown, President of Mt. Lassen Parlor. 
N. S. G. W.. and Superintendent of the Sierra Lum- 
ber Co.'s plant, was most active In entertaining the 
delegates, and Miss Ellen Lynch. Superintendent of 
Schools in Tehama county. President of Berendos 
Parlor, No. 13R, N. D. G. W-, was a hostess unex- 

Socially, the Grand Parlor session of 1903 was one 
of the pleasantest in the history of the Order, and 
without exaggeration, may be said to have been pro- 
ductive of more new friendships, and as we all hope, 
more lasting attachments than any other Grand Par- 
lor. In attendance, this was the largest Grand Par- 
lor up to date, there having been enrolled nearly one 
hundred and seventy delegates, with a very large 
number of visiters. For many years the northern 
part of the State has asked for a Grand Parlor session 
within Its borders, and by the number in attendance 
at this, the first one. for years north of Sacramento, 
the residents of tne extreme north showed their ap- 
preciation of the choice of Red Bluff for the meeting 
place. Large as was the attendance, the order was 
most excellent. There was not a moment when the 
delegates showed any. signs of weariness. That a 
large gathering of women all interested in the events 
of the session should once in a -"hile show a desire to 
whisper, is perfectly natural, hut as the presiding 
officer, I must compliment my Grand Parlor upon Its 
order, Its strict attention to business, and upon the 
neatness and despatch with which all business was 

Night sessions were held, and the Grand Parlor of 
1903 has a record of five days to Its credit. One of 
the pleasantest evenings was that of Thursday night, 
when Berendos Parlor exemplified the opening march 
of officers, and the balloting, winning prolonged and 
spontaneous applause from the Grand Parlor for the 
excellence of the work. Too much praise cannot be 
accorded Berendos Parlor, the "baby parlor" of the 
Order, for what it has acompllshed during the few 
weeks of Its existence. Another pleasing feature was 
the night of nomination of officers. More than once 
has the wish been expressed that outsiders, especially 

-. could hear a sel of nomlnatl . 

- it. friendliness, and good will, 
such itiotti such eagerness to place 

ord for this candidate or that, is 
shown ng the nominations that one 

cannot but be glad at the sight of such good fellow- 
The nominating speeches, too. are models of ex- 
cellence, and are received with breathless attention, 
-y by both sides. For the 
. every question and get 
one candidate for e\ ry office, and II I such 

nate. and stagnation in the Grand Parlor, in time, 
would be the death of the Order. It seems to be 
?ei Lily. ci needed thai tin- i Srand Secretary an I th 
Grand Treasurer should not be changed, sinci 

iking machinery of the Order. Over half 
an hour on nominating night was taken up with 
is in favor of Laura J. Frakes, the Grand Sec- 
retary. Nearly every Recording Secretary amen 
delegates, and they were many, seconded Miss Frakes' 
nomination, and it must have been lion to 

her and to all her friends thai she was re-elected this 
year without an opponent. 

The new head of the Order, Miss Stella FInkeld y, 
is a well-known educator of Santa Cruz, and she has 
taken a six months' leave of absence from her posi- 
tion. Great things are expected of her administration. 
She Is a woman of superior attainments: she lakes 
the Order at the very moment when all vexed ques- 


Santa Cruz, June 21, 1903. 

Dear Sisters — Another year has 
been added to the annals of our his- 
tory, the 18th year has now its mission 
to perform, and I trust with a united 
Order where strength of character and 
true nobility of purpose prevail, our 
Order may reach a very high standard 
along all lines for which it Is organized. 

The new year opens in many respects 
under very favorable circumstances. 
Let your efforts during the coming year 
help to make the term of 1903-1904 one 
of the bright ones in the history of the 

Remember the welfare of our organ- 
ization depends upon how well you, as 
a Parlor, and as individuals, live up to 
the principles of the Order. Without 
your hearty co-operation the efforts of 
your Grand President would be in vain. 

May I ask you one and all to be gov- 
erned by a just and liberal spirit, rec- 
ognizing the true worth of your sisters, 
their efforts and their ability. 

I am pleased to recommend the in- 
tellectual features presented to you, es- 
pecially during the last year, but rea- 
lizing that each Parlor knows its own 
needs best, will leave to the best 
judgment of the individual Parlors how 
much of the work they may be able to 

I would especially urge you as Par- 
lors to become factors In the communi- 
ty in which you are located, lending 
your aid, your moral support, to that 
which Is of benefit to the same, thereby 
adding your mite to the upbuilding of 
our own glorious California. 

With very best wishes for the suc- 
cess of our Order and the future great- 
ness of California, I am, sincerely and 


Grand President N. D. G. W., 1903-04. 

tions, all past difficulties have been eliminated rrom 
the path of the Grand President, she has the united 
support of the membership, and it is confidently pre- 
dicted that the next Grand Parlor at Pacific Grove 
will be one of the happiest and most harmonious of 
the Order's many sessions. 

Before summing up in detail any of the results of 
the legislation of the Grand Parlor, It will be ap- 
propriate to quote a few extracts from the Grand 
President's report, as presented by me at the Grand 
Parlor. At the very outset, I informed the Grand 
Parlor that it was very long, possibly exhausting as 
well as exhaustive, but that It was my duty as Grand 
President to set before the Order the true slate of 
affairs, reserving nothing, concealing nothing, so that 
the Grand Parlor might act Intelligently and effect- 
ively, for all time, upon the questions that had har- 
assed my term, and which, If not promptly settled al 
once and forever, would disrupt the Order. Again I 
thank the delegates for their courteous attention, 
their prompt and efficient action, their loyal support 
of the Grand President. 

To quote from my report: 

Soon the seventeenth year of our existence will 
be a thing of the past. Its hours are numbered. Its 
records nearly closed. 

"The book is completed, 

And closed like the day, 
And the hand that has written It 
Lays It away." 

The year has gone and with ll have been engulfed 
'in hopes and aspirations, the hieve- 

ments ol a twelve-month. Whal Is worth saving for 
the wreckage of Time? 

That is for you to d< Ide; you are* the arbiters of 
the fate of the Order an I to you I commit my record- 
knowing that with you is loyal Native Daughters, as 
gentlewomen, I shall ilnd intelligent appreciation of 
my fraternal ideas, and loving, tender, svmpathetic 
understanding of my efforts to serve our beloved Or- 

Realizing to the fulleal extent the honor conferred 
upon me by my elevation to the highest office in the 
Native Daughters of the Golden West, and assuming 
my responsibilities with the firm determination to be 
true to our Order, to our principles and to myself It 
has been my object to make the name of our Order 
stand for more in public estimation than ever before. 
I have sought to bring the Grand President into close 
touch and sympathetic relation with all the Parlors; 
to draw all our members Into the closest bonds of 
kindly fraternal feeling. It has been mv ambition to 
present to you at this last day a brilliant record for 
the Order, a blameless one for myself. I come to 
you with clean hands and a pure heart. Here Is 
spread before you an open page — every act Inspired 
only by the highest thought of the Order's best good 
— and executed in the full light of Ihe law. 

No thought of winning over an enemy, no fear of 
losing a friend, has ever stood between me and the 
performance of my duty as I saw it. I may have 
lost a friend by my refusal to be used through my 
office to work out another's revenge, — or to square 
accounts-. I have been the Grand President, striving 
always in thought and word and deed to be worthy of 
the trust reposed in me — in every way seeking peace 
and harmony — yet never to fall knowingly In the per- 
formance of my duty— even though the simplest way 
would have been to close my eyes and stop my ears 
and to glide along on waves of Indolent ease. If I 
have made mistakes, they are my own. If success 
has crowned my efforts, it is due to the loyal support 
of Native Daughters. I have tried to do my work by 
the kindness that knows no hesitation, no fear, and 
allows no insubordination. It has been the kindness 
not of violence, but of the strength of the law <ind a 
mastery uncompromising. 

When I assumed the responsibilities of my office 
in June. 1902. the Order was still in the midst of one 
of the most strenuous sessions of its seventeen years. 
My experience as Grand President has been unique. 
It began with a three hours' session after the midnight 
installation of officers. Ordinarily, a Grand Presi- 
dent takes her chair, appoints her committees, makes 
an address, and then the Grand Parlor adjourns, but 
the Grand Parlor of 1902 sat until 3 o'clock, In the 
morning after the installation, and on Monday held 
an all day session, the minutes of which have already 
been approved and printed In Ihe proceedings of the 
last Grand Parlor. 

At the beginning of my term, our Order was In a 
very shaky and discouraged condition. "Another such 
Grand Parlor." said the delegates, "and it will be the 
end." The delegates of the Grand Parlor of 1902 
went home, sick, tired and discouraged, declaring that 
they never wanted to attend a Grand Parlor again. 
More than one Parlor talked of surrendering Its char- 
ter because its members could not endure ridicule or 
face adverse criticism, as an Order, in their home 
towns, where heretofore they had held the highest 
respect and played a leading part In the affairs of the 
community. We know that this was the Inevitable 
result of the prolonged and argumentative sessions, 
of the continuous strain to which all had been sub- 
jected. We had been more or less misrepresented by 
the press, partly, indeed, almost wholly, through our 
own want of courtesy — and lack of tact In dealing 
with the reporters. 

Before the Grand Parlor adjourned In 1902 the 
committees for the ensuing year were announced. 
Soon after the adjournment of the Grand Parlor the 
District Deputy Grand Presidents received notice of 
their appointment: and with but a few exceptions the 
list has remained unchanged. 

Having appointed the Committees and the District 
Deputy Grand Presidents for the ensuing year, my 
next duty was to revive the drooping spirits of our 
Order, to present anew to them our alms and objects 
as a great association of loyal Native Daughters, to 
inspire them with fresh hope and renewed energy. To 
this end I issued my greeting to the subordinate Par- 
lors. It sounded the key note of my administration, 
and from it I read with particular appropriateness at 
this- moment of assuming the responsibilities of a 
Grand Parlor session. 

Let us study our Constitution and By-laws so 
closely, and with so earnest a desire to discover the 
full Import of each section, each paragraph — yes, of 
every sentence, and of every word — with so sincere a 
determination to know what Is the law and to abide 
by It, that no perplexing or contentious question can 

Yet I would not have you lack the courage of your 
convictions or .surrender what you believe to be a 



July, 1903 

San Francisco. 

fundamental principle of right and justice, for the 
sake Of "speaking peace where there is no peace. 
Stand for Justice, yet remember to temper justice witn 
mercy, and ever seek to obtain peace with honor. Be 
cautious in all things, but realize that there is a 
point beyond which caution becomes cowardice and 
cowardice ever seeks to hide itself under the cloak of 
hypocrisy. Create your own atmosphere of courage 
and breath.- its vital air. 

It's mv heart's desire that our Order may take Its 
rightful place in the forefront of all the forces 
which make Cor the honor and glory of California, the 
development of he,- resources and the advancement 

Whire my first letter to the subordinate Parlors 
was yet in the press, 1 started out upon my first offi- 
cial visit. Fortunate, indeed, was it for me that the 
necessity of using every moment of my vacations to 
the best advantage compelled me to fare forth as 
early as the last week In June: before my term was 
more than fifteen days old, Grand Presidents do not 
come ready made— but each must be developed with 
experience, and I felt that T could acquire mine none 
too soon. Is it too much to claim that, because of 
my constant communication with the District Deputy 
Grand Presidents, through my official visits to the 
subordinate Parlors, I do now know the Native Daugh- 
ters of the Golden West more thoroughly in evei-y de- 
tail than does any other member in our Order today 
I have visited every Parlor In our State save five 
Three of the five, because of sickness or absence or 
officers, could not receive the Grand President, al- 
though several dates were set for the official vlsic 
One of -the other two It was impossible to reach at 
the time— and the other I was compelled to cut out 
because of my own Illness and inability to travel. 

My visits have been made in every month in the 
year I have seen the Parlors In every season and 
under every condition. My correspondence has been 
immense, both official and Individual. The demand 
for decisions was very great, showing a live interest 
In our law. and a desire to know "the more perfect 
way." It has been my constant endeavor to answer 
promptly even' letter that reached me— and no Par- 
lor, no individual member who ever appealed to me 
for advice, or help— or sympathy, has been refused. 
Ignored, or sent empty away. On my official tours I 
entered many Parlors that had not been visited by a 
Grand Officer since Worthy Past Grand President Gett 
made her record-breaking tours over our State. In 
each and every Parlor the members have made me 
feel that a Grand President Is one whom they delight 
to honor, for whom they have respect, and in whom 
they will freely confide. What wonder, then that I 
should feel that I do know this Order more Intimately, 
mo, e thoroughly than any other Native Daughter can 
know it to-day-and that my conclusions are based 
upon the facts of observation and experience not 
upon the rhapsodies of sentiment or imagination? 

It is my firm belief that more than one Par or has 
been retained in the Order, through the uirtlrinKer- 
forts of both the Worthy Grand Secretary and myself 
-to renew interest, to restore courage hope and har- 
mony. The Parlors that have surrendered were dy- 

' nf New PaVlors have sprung spontaneously into be- 
ing. They have demanded entrance into the Order, 
and I am proud to present you with the splendid Par- 
Tors of Clear Lake at Middletown. Lake county in- 
sufnted by Junior Grand President Gett; Tejon Par- 
for B^ersfleld. instituted by District Deputy Grand 
Presf^ent Julia Levy, of Vlsalla; Keith Parlor San 
Francisco. Instituted by Grand President Keith 
Placer Parlor. Lincoln, instituted by Grand President 
Keith assisted by Past Grand President Gett, and 
District Deputy Grand President Lottie Moose; Ber- 
et do" Parlor. Red Bluff. Instituted by Past Grand 
President Ema Gett; all of them good, strong Parlors. 

To sum up the observations of my official visits 
—to -neak generally of conditions within the Order- 
peace and harmony prevail, with only an excep- 
tion here or there. While there may be some petty 
lealousy at work— some temporary forgetfulness or 
the vow not to let feelings of pique, revenge, nor 
creed influence the slightest act. yet the virtues of 
love charity, patience and forbearance do exist and 
exert their benign influences upon us. But a danger 
menaces our large Parlors, from which the smaller 
ones are happily exempt. In a small Parlor all the 
members must work helpfully and harmoniously, or 
the Parlor can not live. But In every large Parlor, 
a very small proportion of the membership is in con- 
stant attendance. • 

Such conditions develop the rule of one energetic 


lb a P handa £ a 


,, that a T? 

best fu ■-■ v ' hen • lU lne , 

all love 'h.- s ime - «*or unit. I 

the sai bj. iurdens ma the 

honor- -■ qually. 

The Proceedings of 1902 are the largest volume 
ever Issued by the Native Daughters of the Golden 
West The volume for 1903 will be still larger. Oui 
organization Is no longer a young lady's society— or 

social club. Th,- Native Daughters of the Golden 
West is a corporation with \vi lely-si -altered, ever- 
expandinc Interests. Each year means more to the 
Order as a fraternal society— as one of the gn U 
moral forces of the Slate. Consequently each 
there is more to record. Larger reports mak- ;< ing- 
ger Look. Consider the growth of our Order— the in- 
- in the columns of figures alone has added many 
pages to the printed records. This year the Grand 
President issued the Sifford Study of the Ritual. Witn 
Outlines of California History, also Keith's. Digest of 
Parliamentary Law, and many printed circulars, em- 
bodying instructions, decisions and advance ideas. 

It is true that through the educational work of the 
Grand President money has been spent, but I do 
hold that it is better to spend money in educating the 
Order in the law and so averting breaches of the law, 
than to have to pay it after the law has been broken. 

While It is an arduous task to visit all the Parlors 
In the State, taking miles to travel, and days to rush. 
It is only by her own personal official visitation of all 
the subordinate Parlors, that a Grand President can 
gain a thorough knowledge of the condition of the 
Order, and become personally acquainted with the 
entire membership. My Itinerary had been arranged 
so as first to reach the Parlors that had been omitted 
last. year. This brought the long and uncomfortable 
sea trip, the far and distant points, the hot, dusty, 
and all-but-endless stage trips very close together. 
That you may realize what Is the itinerant life of a 
Grand President — travel with me from Parlor to Par- 
lor — De with me in the rolling, tossing, trembling 
little lumber schooner, stage it with me in the hot 
July sun in the glare and dust of mountain roads. 
Ride with me for hours and hours on the top of a 
stage coach in one continuous downpour of the first 
rains of winter — plough through the snow-covered 
forest with me in the soft, silent snow storms, travel 
all day and all night by rail, by private conveyance or 
on foot, everywhere to be met by loyal, enthusiastic 
Native Daughters, everywhere to receive the warm 
welcome of loving Native Daughters' hearts. 

As Grand President I have traveled over 1400 miles 
by water, over 700 miles by stage, and including the 
trip to Red Bluff nearly 5000 miles by rail, making a 
total of 7000 miles. I have visited officially ninety 
Parlors, paid twenty-five social visits to Parlors, and 
witnessed eight installations of officers by my Dis- 
trict Deputy Grand Presidents, and installed the 
officers elect in five Parlors Three birthday par- 
ties have I attended, officiated at two Native Daugh- 
ters' funerals, taken part in two Memorial Day ob- 
servances, and Instituted two new Parlors. I have re- 
ceived nearly sixteen hundred letters, written nearly 
twenty-eight hundred letters, and Issued twenty- 
seven circulars, three sets of which were Issued at my 
own expense. Among these circulars were those ad- 
dressed to the school teachers of our Order, to the 
County Superintendents of Education, and the first 
of a series of leaflets upon California history. 

Other printed matter issued by the Grand Parlor 
during my term were the Sifford Study of the Ritual. 
Outlines of California History. Keith's Digest of Par- 
liamentary Law the bound copies of the Historical 
Landmarks Committee's Report. Maryland Ode Books, 
Native Land odes, Map of California, and Pictures of 

As a result of the year's labor, we have "Native 
Land," Introduced in subordinate Parlors; Balloting 
Made Uniform; Continuous music for all floor work, 
and our Memorial Services formally Introduced; offi- 
cial Native Daughters of the Golden West pin brought 
prominently before the Order: Study of California 
History, introduced into Subordinate Parlors; For- 
mal Observance of September 9. as Pioneer Day. Flag 
Day— Thanksgiving season; Arbor Day. first ob- 
served by the Native Daughters, as an Order; Trees 
planted In Stockton, Bakersfleld. San Jose, Woodland; 
First Native Daughter Memorial Tree. Golden Gate 
Park planted by Keith Parlor. April 8. 1902; Roosevelt 
Souvenir and Joint Reception. May 13, 1903; Forty 
Parlors contributed to the Examiner Landmarks 
fund; The observance of the Children's Birthday Par- 
ty in Subordinate Parlors; Birth book Introduced as 
one of the Subordinate Parlor's records; File book for 
presentation of correspondence — generally introduced 
through the Grand Secretary's office: Collection of 
Gold Seals of Subordinate Parlors framed and placed 
In Grand Secretary's office; Lithograph copy of offi- 
cial Native Daughters of the Golden West emblem 
placed In halls of Subordinate Parlors and In the 
Grand Secretary's office: Great Seal of California and 
description thereof placed in Grand Secretary's of- 
fice- two pamphlets and one bound book published 
by Native Daughters of the Golden West: five new 
Parlors added to the Order: Map of California placed 
in Subordinate Parlors. 

As a result of our Grand Parlor deliberations. I 
am happy to say that the Grand President's policy 
was commended, her work endorsed, her Ideas adopt- 
ed The Native Daughter emblem was ordered placed 
in every Subordinate Parlor, the official emblem 
adopted as the device for the official letter head of 
the Order, "Native Land," was formally adopted as a 
Native Daughter Ode. All old regalias, and old edi- 
tions of ritual, and ode books were called in. Par- 
lors were instructed to provide themselves with new 
rituals within the year, and to cease displaying old 
banners, but to supply themselves with banners of the 
prescribed form, such as were displayed at the Grand 
Parlor through the kindness of Sara G Sanborn 
President of Aloha Parlor or Oakland. The Grand 
Parlor and the Subordinate Parlors arc each to pro- 
vide themselves with an electro of their official seal 
for use in printing notices. The Grand President and 

San Francisco. 

the Grand Secretary are to receive the aid of print- 
ers' ink during the year for notices ami circulars. 
The Grand President is to file her decisions as soon as 
rendered with the Grand Secretary and once a month 
to send out printed copies of her decisions to the Sub- 
ordinate Parlors. • 

These are a few of the suggestions mail.- by me 
that have been adopted. The one that must be of 
lasting value to the Order is the publication of the 
Manual of Instruction which is to contain all the In- 
structions of my administration, together with some 
new matter Introduced by the Grand Secretary under 
the sanction of the Grand Parlor, such as sample 
pages of Subordinate Parlor bookkeeping. This 
Manual is to include the words in the ritual, properly 
marked for pronunciation, and each accompanied by 
Its synonym, the Order of Business. Directions for 
-Balloting, programs for musical accompaniment of 
the floor work and changes in Initiation, and other In- 
formation necessary for the subordinate Parlors. 

Among other results, the Camlnettl Grand Parlor 
Funeral Fund was adopted by a great majority. In 
the next issue of the California Ladies' Magazine, 
full particulars will be given regarding the operation 
of the fund. Also more detailed accounts of Commit- 
tees appointed and the work possible for each to ac- 

The litigation that has vexed the Order for a year 
had been ended, the ban of censure removed from 
Minerva Parlor, the danger of another suit at law this 
time over a printing contract averted. 

One of the happiest incidents of the Grand Parlor 
was the presentation of an elegant altar flag to Ber- 
endos Parlor. Grand Secretary Frakes ordered a 
flag to be sent up ready for an emergency. Sisters 
Fannie L. Prather, and Mary Dempsey of Los An- 
geles Parlor proposed that the Grand Parlor members 
be invited to make additional contributions to a flag 
fund for Berendos Parlor. A committee of Sisters 
Prather. Dempsey and Past Grand President Bertola 
collected the money, and on Friday night Sister Pra- 
ther, in behalf of the committee, presented the flag 
to the Grand President to present the Berendos Par- 
lor. Ellen A. Lynch. President of Berendos Parlor, 
received the flag for Berendos, Past Grand President 
Bertola made a few appropriate remarks, and the 
Grand Parlor joined in singing "Native Land." Thus 
closed one of the most sympathetic moments of the 
entire session. 

The music throughout the session was particularly 
fine. Ida B. Herman, the Recording Secretary of 
Amapola Parlor, Sutter Creek, was Grand Organist, 
and the Grand Parlor, recognizing Miss Herman's 
superior ability as a musician, gave her a vote of 
thankjs for 'her exceptionally fine rendition of the 
marches and melodies of the session. 

One of my last official acts as Grand President 
svas to render a decision as to which officer was en- 
titled to install the incoming Grand Officers, the sit- 
ting Past Grand President, or the Junior Past Grand 
President. Reasoning that the sitting Past Grand 
President could not be the Junior Past Grand Presi- 
dent until her successor was installed in the chair of 
the sitting Past Grand President. I awarded the hon- 
or to Junior Past Grand President of the Grand! 
Parlor of 1903, Ema Gett. who Installed the Grand 
Officers elect, and she also presented the re- 
tiring Grand President, as in her new rank as Past 
Grand President, with the emblematic rlrig of the 
Order, a diamond and a ruby in a circlet of gold. 

Past Grand President Conrad for the third con- 
secutive time was the Worthy Supreme Grand Mar- 
shal. 'Her floor work is perfection, reflecting In its 
excellence the discipline of the Order of the Eastern 
Star, of which Mrs. Conrad Is a Past Matron. 
Past Grand President Bertola presented Grand Presi- 
dent Finkeldev with a beautiful bunch of red and 
white pinks, congratulating her upon being the Idol of 
her Parlor and Miss Flnkeldey responded in fitting 
terms. Junior Past Grand President, Baker, read 
a touching little poem on "Justice." and Sara G. 
Sanborn, President of Aloha, paying a tribute to the 
poem and Its sentiments, railed for a rising vote of 
thanks to Eliza D. Keith, the Grand President of the 
year 1902-1903. 

Such an expression of love and good will, in- 
deed, do touch my heart, and I thank all who so hon- 
ored me with the seal of their approval. Now we have 
entered upon a new administration. That It may be 
a nappy and . prosperous one is the devout wish of 
every loyal Native Daughter. 




Julv. 1903 


■ \\ 




July, 1903 



' H 









July, 1903 


July, 1903 


Pase 31 

j& Fourth of July Celebrations in Early Days j& 


The Hi I th of July celebration In California 
In 1836. It was a pictu od lasted 

. i 1 1 :-. Jacob Pi Imei American I - 

obtained from the Mexican government a "conces- 
lo build .1 house, and live In the country. He 
landed Borne lumbei at Yerba Buena cove, on the 
d of July, and at oi . Lo lay the f"un- 

.i.i i ion of the future San Francisco. He selected a 
Id on iin- south sldi ol Dupont, a few doore north of 
Clay. The few American traders and sailore in the 
porl assisted and the house was finish*.) about ten 
o'i lock In the morning of the Fourth — the object of 
the rush being to finish in time for the celebration. 
ii ivn .. frame, 60x20 feet, t hed for 

the accommodation of the guests. Mr. W a. Rich- 
ardson bad previously built a lent house on four 
redwood posts On the corner of Clay and Dupont, 
and thUfl the new village was ready for the eelebra- 
lion. Mr. Richardson went across the bay Inviting 
the citizens, explaining to the Mexicans that It was 
the same as their 16th of September. About sixty 
guests were present, Including General M. G. Val- 
I. J.., General Castro and Don Jose Martinez. A few 
ladles were present, Including the sister of General 
Vallejo, whom Leese married three days later. The 
celebration began at three o'clock in tbe afternoon 
by the booming of two small brass cannon borrowed 
from the Presidio. The Stars ami Stripes were rais- 
ed and fluttered by the side of the Mexican flag. 
Dinner began at the fashionable hour of five o'clock. 
an«l was a continuous performance until late at night. 
Many toasts were drank. The toast-master, Reese, 
hoped that the American and Mexican Hags would 
continue to wave In friendship forever. General Val- 
lejo responded with a toast to the "Great Americano," 
George Washington. During tbe festivities, a band 
borrowed from the Mexican brig "Don Quixotte" did 
Its best. The band consisted of a flute, clarionet, vio- 
lin, fife, bugle and drum. The Mexicans were dress- 
ed In their native costumes of wide-legged panta- 
loons with bell buttons down the outer seams, cloth 
Jackets braided, and waistcoats of many colors. The 
Americans wore the best they had. including well- 
worn suits of broadcloth. Indians danced around, 
and were liberally supplied with provisions and 
"fire- water." The celebration ended late on the night 
of the 5th. 

-• hich the offli ei 3 and a illoi -■ of the othei ships ol 

ii nod 
ed on July. The - 

i tplain, the Rev. Walter 
v. Colton, delivered a prayer, and read the Declara- 

■ i Independence, six .lays later, upon hea 
of General Zacharia Ta; er the Mex- 

on the Rio Grande, he landed his marines tnd 
tool; possession of Yerba Buena, afterwards known as 
Sui Francisco. 

in the meantime the Fourth was being celebrated 
al Sonoma. The Declaration of Independence was 
read by Lieutenant Woodsworth, of the navy, and 
several other officers of the 'Portmouth" were pres- 
ent; There was a fandango In the evening, and a 
considerable quantity of whisky was dlspab hed. On 
the next day there was a more serious celebration. 
Some of the celebrants, those who belonged to the 
'Beai Party." met and declared that California 
oughl to be a free and independent republic. The 
Bi u Flag, a bear couchanl on a white field, was 
raised, and considerable powder was wasted- Mar- 
tial law was declared, and several prominent Mexicans 
svere arrested, who were at a loss to understand the 
cause. A few days later < 'ommodore Montgomery 
force to Sonoma md took possession In the 
name of the United States, and hoisted the Amer- 
ican flag. 

The Fourth was celebrated at Monterey on the 
eve of the conquest, on board the "Congress," in 

The celebration in San Francisco, in 1847— the first 
after the American occupation, was practically ig- 
nored by the .Mexican element. There were none to 
toasl the "Great Americano." George Washington. 
There was a military procession from the Presidio 
to the plaza, where the Stare and Stripes waved 
from the staff where formerly flew the Mexican 
eagle with a rattlesnake in his beak. The two can- 
non which had been buried when the Mexicans fled 
from the pueblo, had been dug up and placed on 
duly In the plaza to salute the flag. The Declaration 
of Independence was read by Mr. Robert Semple. 
editor of the "Californlan." the first newspaper 
mi d in San Francisco. Himself and W. V. Col- 
ton had started the paper the year previous in 
Monterey, and subsequently removed it lo the grow- 
ing village of Yerba Buena as a better field. Mr. 
Semple was a Kentuckian, and was the biggest ora- 
tor in San Francisco at the time, being six feet and 
elghl inches in height. 

Thi featui lebi ttlon In 1SS0 was the "tall- 

i /. is one hundred and 
: height, Btralghl as an arrow, oni 

a three Inchi i. 
It was .in from the forests of ' iregon and presi 
by ii. nd to Sau Fr tnclsco, it was 

Stars and Stripes now 

Hew blghei than evei bi I The presentation 

s ches were made by W, W. Chlpman and S. Cof- 

m i of Port! i ii. I, and responded to by "on. J. W. Geary, 
Mayor of the i Jlty. 

I'm-- • lebratlon of 1862 one. and the 

si varied and comic In the history of the State. 

It was the largest of any preceding celebrations, there 
being a general turn out of the French. Italian and 

n population. The Chinese also aided with 
their mite — the only instance in which John has car- 
i a.-.] tin- banner In an American procession In Cali- 
fornia. \t time there were about 4000 Chinese 
In San Francisco, and a place in the parade was giv- 
en the wearers of pig-tails— at the tail end. They 
carried their green dragon flag, burning fire-crack- 
ers as they marched, evidently believing that the 
Americans had adopted their method of frightening 
spirits, They beat cymbals, gongs and stone 
drums, just as if going to a funeral, the noise raising 
above the strongesl efforts of the other bands, which 

blowing out the "Star-Spangled Banner," 

"Wearing of the Green. fhe Marseilles," and other 

national airs. 

The celebration of 1853 was the first military parade 
held in San Francisco. The parade was from the 
Presidio to the Plaza of the seven battalions of troops, 
Including the Sutter Rifles." Major General John 
A. Sutter reviewed the troops from the grand stand 
in the plaza, surrounded by a staff of officers In 
brilliant uniforms. At night there were grand fire- 
works in the plaza, at the expense of the city. 

A few years before the American conquest, the ac- 
complished and pretty daughters of Don Juan Ban- 
dlnl, of San Diego, made an American flag, in com- 
pliment to the Americans who visited the Don's hos- 
pitable residence. The flag was displayed at re- 
ceptions and balls given In honor of Americans, and 
at Fourth of July dinners. This was the first Amer- 
ican flag made In California. 

j& New Year's Eve. Twenty-eight Years Ago j& 


THE words In a feeble handwriting were still 
wet upon the smooth, fair paper of the open 
diary. Miss Elizabeth Leslie had been In 
the habit of using such a diary during the 
list si ty-flve years. In bygone days there 
had always been a lock to the book, but now 
the writer was old and lonely, there 
were no treasured secrets to record. She sat 
erect as she had always done. In her old fashioned ma- 
hogany chair, lost in thought. A frail looking little 
old lady, with neatly smoothed snowy hair beneath 
the clean white cap, the silver locks half hiding the 
little ears, and passing thence into such a small knot 
at the back of her head. Her features were finely 
chiseled, the nose aquiline, the brow low and broad; 
the eyes, once a brilliant hazel, were hollow and lus- 
treless now, while the mouth had fallen in flatly, 
where the pearly teeth had been wont to peep forth 
In merry smile and laughter. 

Miss Elizabeth was very old, and sadly frail, as 
the hand containing the pen showed plainly by Its 
tremulousness; but there was no one left to care for 
her age or frailty now. Tes, she knew It well as she 
sat alone on that winter's night, with the silently 
falling snow without and the bright firelight within. 
Old, faded, useless, and so lonely, for she had long 
outlived her generation, and the busy life of younger 
men and women found scant room for an old woman 
of eighty. She belonged essentially to the past cen- 
tury — the present one bewildered her with Its rapid- 
ity. She heaved a sigh as she gazed at the glowing 
embers where Intermittent blue flames lapped round 
the logs of firewood, her memory, the while traveling 
back Into the dead past. No. not dead, she thought; 
what had once existed could never really die: past 
faults, past virtues, the days of joy, the days of sor- 
row, all those myriad items, great and small, which 
make up the history of each human life, are things as 
Immortal as the life they have moulded. We may 
relegate them to the dust heap of forgetfulness, or 
bury* them deep out of sight, flattering ourselves that 
we have outgrown this weakness, forgotten that folly, 
crushed out forever yonder cherished and futile hope. 
So we think until there comes a sudden overwhelm- 
ing tidal wave of recollections, sweeping onward, forc- 
ing upon our unwilling knowledge the fact that mem- 
ory is everlasting and the past eternal. It does not 
interfere with the present, or trammel our dally ex- 
istence: it is only at times when In the rush and hur- 
ry of life we pause for a moment to look back upon 
the road over which we have traveled, that we are 
thus overtaken, swept once again Into the limbo of the 

It was thus with the solitary woman to-night, as 
the fire crackled and the old tabby cat on the hearth- 
rug purred in sleepy content. Yes. she was trans- 
ported back, far back, among the days which had long 
ago ceased to exist— back among men and women 
laid to rest in the bygone years. 

"Childhood and youth are vanity," she said medi- 
tatively to the bright fire and the cat; yet those were 
the portions of her life to which memory reverted 
most readily, of which she dreamt most gladly. Sure- 
ly, she Ihouehr. the prophet was wrong, for was It not 
'- vnnth thj,i rhp life blstorv of most of us lav' 
Sh,- drew an old diary from the open drawer by her 

side, and turned over the leaves; the ink was brown 
and faded; here and there a grain or two of silver 
sand still lurked in the crevices of the binding. She 
smiled softly as she passed her fingers up and down 
the gritty particles which had lain there since the day 
her girlish hand had dusted them over the wet writ- 

Here was the record of the happy day when she 
was released from school bondage; In running Italian 
hand, with numerous flourishes and adornment, ran 
the childish expression of 3oy: — 

"My education is finished at last, and I am grown 
up. Yes, really grown up at last. Mama has given 
me a lovely pair of white satin dancing sandals, and 
I have practiced all my steps In them before the great 
mirror in the withdrawing room; and oh, I am long- 
ing for a ball or a rout, where I can show myself to 
everybody as a really grown-up young lady." 

Further on a long account of dresses and bonnets 
and all manner of youthful delights and varieties: 
among them stray remarks — for It was dated 1S13 — on 
the absorbing subject of Napoleon's Russian cam- 
paign; casual words: for of what import were the 
rise and fall of empires to a dainty maiden of eigh- 
teen In the first dignity of being "grown up?" 

Then came the record of her first ball: long pages 
of raptures: panegyrics upon the toilettes, the danc- 
ing, the gallant officers In their gay uniforms, the 
"bloods" of the day, and last but not least, her own 
success upon that occasion. She smiled as she read 
It: how strange it. all seemed— so far away. Sixty- 
two years this very night since she stood, a light- 
hearted, thoughtless child, upon the threshold of life; 
and she was standing upon the threshold again, wait- 
ing, not to enter, but to depart. 

"I am engaged to Frank — my Frank, my own pre- 
cious darling; yes, he really Is my very, very own at 
last, and I am nearly mad with joy — so happy that I 
cannot find words In which to write or speak one-half 
that Is In my heart. I can only sing all day long, 
"Frank loves me, Frank loves me.' " 

She pushed the book aside sharply: why ypen the 
old wound long healed, though deeply scarred? And 
yet, there was a bitter-sweet pleasure In It all which 
she could not resist tasting once again. Sixty-two 
years this very night since she had danced at her 
first hall In her simple white frock with Its quaint 
high waist, her hands and arms veiled by laintv lace 
mittens lending additional refinement, It seemed, to 
the tapering fingers and pink filbert nails. Sixty- 
two years since Frank Cavendish, "Handsome Frank," 
as his friends called him, had first pressed her hand 
and whispered soft words In her willing ear. "Frank — 
my Frank," she murmured, a shadow of you'h flitting 
across her seamed and wrinkled face, as she recalled 
the handsome young lover with his clinking spurs : 
the sword and sabre-tache at his side, clattering mar- 
tially as he moved, the hussar slung Jacket with its 
soft fur floating from his broad shoulders. Ah, yes, 
she saw It all so vividly. In spite of her dim eyes. 
Then that following Christmas eve. beneath the mis- 
tletoe bough, hanging so enticingly in the old hall at 
home, he had stolen his first kiss; she had blushed 
and almost cried with mingled shyness and pleasure, 
whilst her brothers laughed aloud and long at "little 
Betty's" conquest. 

But he had ridden away, and she waited vainly for 
the clink of a sword, the jingle of spurs; what was a 
pretty little country maiden with cherry lips and star- 
like eyes to a gallant young officer of his Majesty, 
King George Hi's valiant regiment of — Hussars- 

But he came at last, gay. debonair "Handsome 
Frank," to woo and win her — win her so easily; then 
followed that ecstatic period of youthful love and 
alry-castle-bulldlng, until within ten days of their 
marriage. But even as the cup of happiness was rais- 
ed to their lips, duty sent forth her warning cry, and 
three days before the appointed wedding Frank was 
starting for the seat of the great war— to face that 
wonderful little Corslcan artilleryman, who was play- 
ing his gigantic game of chess against Fate, 
with the Powers of Europe as the pieces upon the 
board, and vast armies and navies as the pawns. And 
so the poor trembling little maiden watched her lover 
depart for the distant land, while she must possess 
her soul in such patience as she could muster until his 
return — until his return: ah. ah. those weary days and 
nights, those endless weeks of cruel waiting, of scanty 
news and agonized doubts and fears, of overwhelming 
dread for his safety. One bright June morning all 
England rang with the stirring news of Waterloo, of 
the wonderful victory, the crushing defeat of Napo- 
leon; but In the old country home there was mourn- 
ing and sorrow, for among the long list of gallant 
dead was the name of Frank Cavendish. 

To-night as she recalled it all, the tears chased one 
another down her withered cheeks, blistering the 
blank pages of the unfinished diary. He had died gal- 
lantly, as he had ever wished to die, for his country 
and his King, while little Betty Leslie was praying for 
him in peaceful England. "I'll wait for you even till 
death, darling," had been her parting words: little had 
either thought how far off would their meeting be. 

What changes she had seen since that time; the 
slow decay of health and strength and the gradual loss 
one by one of those who were dear to her; until to- 
night, sixty- two years later, she was sitting, old and 
lonely waiting for the bells which should announce the 
birth of the new year. She had long ago ceased to 
wonder what the newly born year would hold for her; 
she had seen too many to feel any enthusiasm, any 

Her eyes wandered to the open drawer and rested 
tenderly upon Its contents — a few crumpled brown 
roses loosely tied with blue ribbon, a packet of oft- 
read letters, yellow with age. blistered with many 
tears, and a little gold ring. Poor paltry things, but 
her greatest treasures; the few tangible records of 
bygone days. Tears blinded her eyes as she gazed at 

Suddenly through the still night came a deep so- 
norous boom, the first stroke of midnight was sound- 
ing from Big Ben, solemnly quivering upon the night 
wind. Above the dull roar of the great city's cease- 
less traffic It rang, silencing with its ponderous maj- 
esty the lesser chimes and clocks within hearing. The 
old lady counted the strokes, as Time hammered them 
slowly forth Into Eternity: and as the last one died In 
a quivering breath of sound like a long drawn sigh, 
her head sank upon her hands. "How long. O God, 
how long?" she murmured. 

Page 32 


July, 1903 



Daily to Chicago 

traverses a country abounding 
with unique and Interesting 
scenery. The Grand Canyon 
of Arizona, the Canyon DI- 
... strange Mokl-land. th._- 
Petrified Forests, the En- 
chanted Mesa are some of the 
features that attract travelers, 
Inquire at (ill Market street. 
San Fran i m 

Santa Fe 



Beautifully nick- 
led. Finest steel. 
If not sold in your 
town we will sendyou 1 
ONE pair of seven i::. 
shears upon request 
to try. If pleased with 
them then send us our 
special f.ictory price- 
one dollar. If not send 
thein back. 

Loosen the thumb 
screw and they will divide 
wet tissue paper. Tighten ' 
it and they will cleave tin. 
Never spring and cut rag- 
ged. Retain keen edge 
and last indefinitely. Their \ 
cleverness cannot be appreci- ' 
ated unless seen. Ask your 
dealer or seud for pair on 
free trial today. 

Macon Shear Co. 

207 Bubsy street Macon, Ho. 

| R EMOVA L | 


S Announces that In order to se- \l/ 

5 cure more convenient quarters, £ 

<ft with modern facilities they 5 

$ have removed their 5 


/j\ from 52 Mint Avenue to the ele- J 

>|\ gant apartments at J 


J between Larkln and Polk streets. + 

fly Telephone South 47. j 

>p San Francisco. J 

100ca S rds!I,35C 

Correct styles and slr.e9. Order tilled daj re- 
ceived. Booklet "Card Stylo" FREE. Also 
business and professional curds, WEDDING 



French embroidery Is employed for 
ill household linen initials and 
monograms, of course; but also for 
scarfs, pillow 
Shams, borders for sheets. center 
etc., there is no form of embroi- 
dery more effective. 

One of the latest and most popular 

les is the little tray oval. Al si 

every regulated household has two or 
more little silver trays of different 
sizes, used for cards or for passing 
i lips .it table. Necessarily the oval 
di lley which is Invariably placed on 
the nay must have frequent launder- 
ing* and therefore French embroidery 
is the ideal decoration 

For a long time I used to think that 
this style of work must be done with 
embroiderv cotton, but accidentally I 
discovered that silk called tailors' hand 
sewings, which I use In lace making, 
was tiie medium par excellence for this 
style of work. It can be had In various 
sizes, "O," "A," "B." "C," "D," as you 
prefer, and for some mysterious rea- 
son this grade of silk can be boiled 
without turning an Ivory hue. The 
twist is perfect, and to button-hole 
With it is a delight. I give here a tray 
and cover designed for French em- 
broidery; it is original, and is perfor- 
ated in two sizes, one 12x7% and the 
other 6x3% inches in size. The motif 
Is butterflies and grasses drawn ex- 
pressly for this particular style of em- 
broidery, therefore each space is just 
the right width for over and over 

The border should always be button- 
holed very close and firm: as the 


spaces are very narrow between the 
lines in the scallops no padding will 
be necessary for this part of the work. 
For the border you can use silk as 
coarse as •'D." The wings or" the but- 
terfly are buttonholed around the edge 
with a very narrow stitch, they are 
filled with dots worked over and over, 
just as you would work a jewel. The 
larger dots should be padded. 

The body of the butterfly must also 
be padded and worked over and over 
crosswise. The grasses should also be 
raised and worked over crosswise. The 
inner border should be feather-stitch- 
ed on each outline and the little 
squares inside work solla. The half 
wreaths, pad and work same as 
grasses; work all stems over and over. 
The design between the Inner border 
and outer scalloped edge treat in same 
manner, only emphasize the padding 
more In this part of the work; raise 
the half wreath higher than any other 
part of the work. 

Ladies, you can certainly make no 
mistake carrying these tray ovals in 
your summer resort stocks, and they 
are very desirable wedding gifts. A 
nest of a dozen, assorted sizes, would 
be more acceptable to a bride than 
silver, because harder to procure. 


Embroidery requires two sciences — 
one the mechanical art and the other 
'science of art." The mechanical art In 
embroidery is to take the stitches right, 
and the science of art is to be able to 
put the colors In their proper places. 
It is hard enough for any one to learn 
one thing at a time, but the students 
of art needlework must learn two 
things at a time; therefore their work 
Is much more difficult. 


First, for white u oik the design 
must be drawn with a view to suit- 
able spaces for the over and over satin 
stitch. These spaces should not be too 
hen again many ladles n Ish to 
nch embroidery but they 'hate 
'" pad." so thai dislike should be 
borne in mind also, and in the three 
center pi n here I think all re- 

quirements— simp] ii Ity of design, suit- 
ability of spaces to be worked ovei and 


over, and a pleasing motif have been 

First on the list presented Is the dain- 
ty butterfly center, No. 286. In this 
there is very little satin stitch called 
for and that of the simplest kind. The 
eyes must be worked over and over, 
the antennae and scrolls about the 
head worked In satin. The body must 
be padded lengthwise and worked over 
and over crosswise, and then divided 
into sections by laying at intervals a 
straight thread across, or the upper 
parts can be thus worked, the body 
outlined and the lower parts filled with 
the tiniest seed stitches: work the 
wings either in fine outline or tiny 
feather stitches. The scrolls between 
each butterfly must be worked over 
and over in satin stitch and may be 
padded or not. They will be all the 
richer for the padding. The rococo 
part of the scrolls can be outlined or 
couched, and the border should be 
worked very close and firm. This 
design is made in all sizes, 6, 9, 12, 18, 
20. 24, and 27 inches. If satin stitch 
is too difficult in the scrolls, that part 
can be done in solid stitch, though It 
would not be as attractive. 

The second on the list. No. 285, is 
a beautiful arrangement of mountain 
fringe. This design must be padded. 
Always lay the padding in an opposite 
direction to that which the over and 
over stitches must follow. For the 
leaves commence at the tip at the right 


hand side and work on an easy slant 
to the center vein, taking one long 
stitch to cover the space. These 
stitches must He. close and even, but 
not be crowded one over the other. 
Keep the outer edge true to a thread. 
Work the stem in close cord outline, 
having the stitches covering the flow- 
ers run all the same way. The outer 
edge of border pad very high and work 
over and over In close buttonhole. 

The rococo parts work in crossed 
outline. The curved side lines are ef- 
fective done in feather-stitch. The 
part of border filled with dots should 
ha'" the outer edge buttonholed to 
match the rest of border and the space 
Inside filled with seed stitches or 
French knots. This design Is also 
made In all sizes given for No. 286. 

No. 309 Is sure of a welcome. "What 
there Is about ferns that so appeals to 

broldi rer Is a mystery I have 
There are other de- 
signs just as pretty and Just a9 sim- 
ple, but they do not seem to appeal to 
a number of workers as the 
fern. I am not quarreling with this 
stale of things, I am just as much a 
fern lover as the maddest enthusiast of 
them ail. i only wonder w hy? 

This design is exquisite worke I oul 
in white. The fern can be worked In 
white filo in the usual solid stitch, 
shading In a bit of green 1720, 1721, 
1722. The scrolls musl bi worked to 
match the ferns, but the outi-i edge 
forming the border should be padded 
and worked in solid butionhoh- stitch, 
using white Dresden, No. 1201, Where 
the fern fronds form the border, but- 
tonhole all around them flrsl in close, 
short .buttonhole stitches. Hun work 
them solid just as though there was no 
buttonhole edge underneath or any 
edge to be considered; the row of but- 
tonhole slit, lies will prevent fraying 
when the edge Is cut out 

This set Is made in 6. 9, 12, 15, 18. 
20, L'l. and 27 inches. Nothing could 
be lovelier or more acceptable for a 
wedding gift than a center, eight plate 
dolleys all worked to match In white. 
For the fern fronds I use filo floss, also 
for the scrolls. 

Either of these three designs make 
beautiful luncheon sets. The 24 inch 
center pieces are 65 cents, 20 Inch cen- 
ters 50 cents, 18 Inch center 40 cents. 
12 Inch dolleys 90 cents per half dozen, 
6 inch dolleys 60 cents per half dozen. 
The embroidery silk numbers and de- 


signs represent the patterns and silk of 
the Carlson-Currier Co. of San Fran- 

I am malting dress trimmings this 
year, and as they are very simple, 
tltink perhaps others would like to 
know how to do It. I make lovely edg- 
es around boleros, jackets and entire 
vests. For the edges I take old lace 
edges that have a scroll pattern for 
motif, baste this lace on the material 
for vest and cut away the lace back- 
ground, leaving only the scroll pattern. 
Take a double thread of India Royal 
floss (all the oriental colors In one 
skein) and couch it around the pat- 
tern with gold thread, couch this on 
both sides of the scroll; through the 
center of scroll sew a gold bead every 
quarter of an inch, allowing a long 
stitch of the silk to show on the right 
side between each bead. Fill in the 
spaces with French knots of the dou- 
bled silk; It gives a rich oriental effect 
to scatter those knots over all the plain 
material of the vest. 

*•>* «# „s: 

These convenient receptacles for 
photographs are very easily made. A 
piece of linen 11x30 inches will be re- 
quired to make the book. If a silk lin- 
ing is desired, then a piece of silk the 
same size will be needed. In case you 
line the linen cover, sew the linen and 
silk together around the edges, then 
make up as described below. Place the 
linen right side down on the table, take 
the two ends and bring them nearly, 
but not quite, to the center. A space 
one-quarter of an Inch must be left for 
a hinge. Feather-stitch the edge with 
silk to match In color the lining. Sew 
the two sides of each pocket together. 
Now to keep the book in shape cut two 
cardboard covers just a little narrower 
than the depth of the pocket. Cover 
with sheet wadding and China silk, 
overhand around the edges. Satchet 
powder can be added if desired. Slip 
one board into each pocket. The rib- 
bon bows should be made out of the 
besi quality of silk or satin ribbon. 

July, 1903 


Page 33 



A tew miles from San Francisco, across the bay. 
there Is a deep Inlet, winding several miles into 
Interior Of 'he country and terminating In a thi kly 
woodea swamp or morass In a canyon. On oni 
of this canyon arc- a few scattered oaks of grea age 
and immense size. Under one of these gigantic trees, 
according to old stories, there was a great amount of 
treasure buried by Spanish pirn-. The Inlet was 
so situated that they could bring the money secretU 
and at night to the very foot of the elevation whereon 
these trees grew, while" these oak trees formed good 
landmarks by which the place mlghl be easily found 

aga The native Callfornlan believed that the devil pre- 
sided over this canyon, consequently gave 11 a w de 
mareln. "The devil always watches over burled 
treasure, particularly— when ill-gotten." Many years 
later when earthquakes weTe prevalent and shook so 
many almost out of their senses, there lived not far 
from this canyon a miserly fellow by the name of 
Bill Prindle. He had a wife as miserly as himself, 
and Ihey both were so miserly that they even con- 
spired to cheat each other. Not a hen could cackle 
thut she would not secure the new laid egg. liei nus- 
band could not find the secret hiding places of what 
should belong to both. It was hard to tell what they 
found to eat. They lived In an old shack that stood 
alone, with the look of starvation about it. Ate* 
straggling trees grew near It. where the ragged buz- 
zard roosted no smoke was ever seen curling from 
the chimney; travelers never stopped at j Its door, a 
sorry looking old horse In an inclosure made of brush 
leaned his head plteously over the fence at the . passei 
by and seemed to ask for food and water. The house 
ami its inmates had a toad name: the woman was tall, 
with a fierce temper. They were often heard quarrel- 
ing, when Bill Prindle got the worst of it. If a man 
was passing, and he was a bachelor, he would hasten 
,,n. rejoicing In his freedom One day when BUI had 
been over the hIMs looking for strays he took what he 
thought was a short cut homeward through the can- 
yon Like most short cuts It was an 111 chosen route. 
The night was dark, the owls hooted in the neighbo - 
Ing thickets. The way was full of quagm ires par t > 
covered with weeds and mosses where '^d the bull- 
frog, the tadpole, the water snake, etc. Bill had been 
picking his way cautiously through treacherous g.een- 
spots. He was startled now and then by the quack- 
ing of some wild bird rising on wing from some soli- 
afy pool. At length he arrived at a firm piece of 
ground which ran out like a peninsula into the deeo 
and dark bosom of the swamp. Bill Prindle was- tired 
and paused there a while to rest himself. Anyone 
but Bill would have felt unwlllin- to linger in such 
a lonely spot, for the natives fur miles a"> u r nd **? * 
bad opinion of it. He did not care, bovver ho had 
no fear. He seated himself on the ground and lis- 
tened to the tree toads cry. Sticking his : c^iie Into 
the damp earth at his side it struck something hard. 
He pulled it from the soil and lo! It was a skull. Oh, 
sa^d Bill, as he gave It a kick. "Let that skull alone- 
said a deep voice. Bill lifted up his eyes and beheld a 
great dark man near him. He was surprised having 
neither heard nor seen anyone approach, and he was 
still more surprised to see. as well as the gathering 

gloom would permit, thai the stranger was neither 

,, ,r bl n k I ; for a moment with a 

oi great i ed Plei nd said, "Wh lI are you 

• Your grounds;" said Bill, 

with a sneer. "These grounds belong to General 

ou, anynow .'" sal I BII' 

i .,,,. omn nly tiled "Old Nick." but i would 

mui h prefei to be alle l 'I >i i Scratch.' "' 

Bill for the first tlm enoticed a very large a 
Hi- strangi r's nan I, and sal I, "whal are you g .!ng to 


do with that axe?" "I am going to cut down that 
large tree yonder, I need it for fuel. I will take it 
and several others to make -a fire hot enough for 
Gen. Dawldon." "O, don't." said Bill. 'This laid is 
mine by right' of discovery and all that is on it," said 

the stranger, "buried treasure and all." 

would think thai to m "™" 

L BI P n a was h°a d 

tightened one most to d .th. uu i. m «'?" a ™ 

minded, not easily scared, then he had II ye I with a 

scolding wife so lom,-. that he even did aot fear o a 

Nick." but rather Inclined to take him » a fi 

raneer seeing that Bill was leaning thai 

whereabouts I will take you In as partne '■';'* 
that will be of soim \ due to you. but flrsl I must put 

tny n irk uj you, lhat I may be sure of you. 

"If what vou tell me is true, and I will be bene- 
Hted thereby, I will agree to your proposition, and you 
may put a mark on me- If you want to know me next 

^The^ark man looked with Are In his eyes, which 
i the way. and said, 'II Is time thai you go. 
Bill rose and walked to the dry path out of the 
swamp with the dark man, when to his surprise the 
stranger had disappeared. Bill reached home as fast 
as his feel could carry him. Th. flrsl news his wire 
had to tell him was that Gen. Dawldon n is dead, a 
mighty man had fallen." Bill was not prone itotWj 
wife Into the secret. He chanced to look into the one 
cracked glass and what did he see but a black Anger 
print burnt into his forehead, which noth tog could oh 
Iterate. His wife saw it at the same time and de- 
manded an explanation. After bickering and scold- 
ing, he consented to take her into his confidence A 
the thought of gold being in the possession - °- ablack 
man she determined to overreach her husband and 
?et Into the black man's good will. So she started off 
for the canyon. When she returned she would not 
speak The next morning she started off again with 
her apron full of something. Bill could not tell what. 
When evening came, she did not return. Morning, 
noon, night again, yet she did not return. Bill grew 
uneasy for her safety, especially as he found she r had 
taken all the valuables they possessed. Another night 
passed; another morning came, but no wife. In fact, 
she was never heard of more. Her real fate no .one 
ever knew, but It was well confirmed that a great 
dark man was seen coming out of the swamp with an 
air of surly triumph. During a long summer day Bill 
thought he would visit the canyon again and search 
for his wife. He walked over the gloomy place; he 
called her name repeatedly, but no wife rep led. At 
length he looked up and beheld a bundle tied In a 
checked apron hanging on the branches of a tree with 
a great buzzard keeping guard hard-by. His heart 
leaped with joy, for he recognized his wife s apron, 
and supposed it contained their household valuables. 
"Let me get hold of the property," said he to him- 
self, "and I will get along without the woman. It 
was believed that she attempted to deal with the dark 
man as she dealt with her husband, but though a fe- 
male scold Is generally considered a match for the 
"Old Nick," yet in this case she had the worst or it- 
Bill believed that she was dead, and had died game. 
He knew her powers from experience. He shrugged 
his shoulders as he looked at the 'signs of ji fierce 
hand to hand fight. "Egad." said he to himself Old 
Scratch must have had a tough time of it. Bill was 
a man of fortitude and consoled himself for the Moss 
of his wife and property. He even fel gratitude to- 
ward Ihe dark man and sought to cultivate his ac- 
quaintance, but without success. The "Old Scratch 
burled treasure. He dissolved partnership with him. 
Bill had betrayed his confidence, therefore he could 
not trust him. He would not now show him the 
burled treasure. He dissolved partnership v>\ h mm 
..nd almost cut his acquaintance. He seemed o look 
upon Bill as some one inferior, for, said he, Bill, you 
are meaner than I am, and I am the Devil. 





Johnny Lee was so good-natured, and so ready to 
help every one, that all the boys In the school liked 
him. He was a good scholar, too. No one studied 
harder or behaved better in Miss Clark's room. 

Of all his schoolmates. Fred Parker was his best 
friend. He sat next to Johnny and was next to 
him in rank in the class. ' 

Both boys were as fond of play as well as study, 
and they especially liked to go a-fishing together. 
They often went to the river to sit patiently, on the 
pier of the bridge, with rod In hand, waiting for a 

On Saturday afternoon the boys were there fish- 
ing, and had sat still, side by side, for a long time. 
The Ashes must have been away on a picnic, for 
neither boy had a bite. 

At last Fred felt something at his hook. tie 
shouted, and gave such a pull that his line snapped 
short off. and he fell back against Johnny and 
knocked him Into the deep water. 

Poor Johnny! When he was taken out by two men 
who had heard Fred call for help, he was almost 
drowned, and had a cut on his head and one foot 

rie was carried home, and good old Dr. Butler 
came and put a big plaster on his head, bound up his 
lame foot, and gave him some hot. bitter medicine. 
that he might not have a fever. 

After a while. Johnny was much better; and when 

the doctor came again, he was able to tell how it all 
happened. . , 

•Then you don't think Fred was to blame, said 
the doctor. . T 

"No, sir." replied; "he didn't mean to do it. i 

One of the Leading Society Resorts in California, 
located at San Rafael. 

am sorry Fred lost his fish." 

"But Vou lost your new rod." said the doctor 
••Yes," said Johnny, "but my old one Is pretty 

~*&£t$t KRe ^ronX^ck of your 

^is^ut^rer"^ that is much better than 
If I had a cut on my forehead or my cheek, and made 
a scar that would always show." 

-Your mother is right; but you will have to take 
my medicine." 

••I know it, doctor, and I don't like the peppery 
stuff, but mother gives me some candy when I take 
It. I shouldn't get any if I had not been hurt. 

"That is true," said the doctor: "but you can't 
go to school all this week, and Fred will get above 
you In your class." 

-Yes. said Johnny:" but I had rather It should be 
Fred than any other boy." 

"What are you going to do all day? You will 
have to stay indoors." 

"O I am going to whittle out a boat for cousin 
Willie. I shall have plenty of time now that I can t 
go to school." 

-That's right," said the doctor; "I see you are 
making the best of it. But next time you ^ and 
Fred go fishing, don't let him put you Into the water 
for bait." 

Page 34 


July, 1903 








_ _< 
paratlo- _ 
ibe c-iui- * 
on, bat w 


<P nklti. '." 

fl mud- w 

- reet * 

fl kin loft and W 

m a i-,, nil, ful glow and W 

ffl . . 

'.' . rr.,,i. rtflppl ' ite. 

>r> , ,,,i ill- i. Pel ■ il e, 25 



fl> 111 
I „c 



Dandruff Cure 


m Dandruff, making tbe gi 

■|. .1 1 IiimIiIiT. It Is yj 

dellgutfi cDlne for (f 

.ir uimI irlvei ii n beautiful lustre— y> 

PBK i p, . bottle. $1-00. {j> 


210 Canal St., Grand Bapidf, Midi. ]y r 

\ i preparation] ire pare, iinrm- il'i 

en iiml offuCtlve, Agents wanted. \1/ 

6CC C CCC € C€ €€ €€€€€eC€:C€€CC€ 

Baby Wardrobe Patterns 

A nurse of long experience will 
■end bet complete set of 35 pat- 
terns fur bablca' long clothes, wiib 
directions fur making, lo 

I lied. etc.. for 25 cents, or 28 

patterns of flret short clotbpi. 
.with directions, etc.. 25 cents. Will 
.nil mi Illustrated booklet on buby 
things and helps and hints to ex- 
pectant mothers froo with order. 

Mrs. ELLA JAMES, 311 8. Mitchell 

St. Petoskcy. Mich. 


ilUth, 4l>i.n 


>C. L 

women SUFFER 




ITY. She who loses that Is wrecked 
Indeed. Have you lost the bloom of 
Life? We cure every description of 
Female Complaint, no matter of how 
long standing. WHY SUFFER? 
Strictly Scientific TREATMENT $1.00 
PER MONTH. 30 per cent of women 
suffering from ailments peculiar to 
their sex are unable to find relief, be- 
cause the real cause of their trouble 
Is not properly recognized. The suc- 
cess we have had in thousands of 
such cases is based on the accurate 
knowledge of these diseases and the 
improved method of treatment. Con- 
sultatlon FREE. Address In con- 
fidence, enclosing 2c stamp for book- 
let and symptom blank, the 



Box 1432, Englewood Sta., Chicago, III. 


At Our Fountain 

1035 MARKET ST. 

IraVulh:,*, perietal licftul; ,cl 
II ■ 't.I n I '' I' -I U all It | I \ 
tan I til bra'.lh and happloa 
parn.bcauUrullj UluiUatM, and ( 

■ llll.-lnl.nnallofi r 
rVmlnulcTJ »ari n-.or. «ldrl, and/ 
Uinr-lj km.anaod hmltd.railla 
and BaaaUaM mU»rl«a mlrht 

Chicago TTitraw- 
'rito for ICpare labia of wmtaola and at* «bal thla raluabla look) 

An agent wanted In your town. 
. DRESSIER * CO., Sill tlladj. tn I 11 ai . II 


Latest Styles and 
Good Values 



Fit Eeze $2.50 Shoes 


Only Exclusive $2.50 Shoe Store 
on the Coast 

1384 MARKET ST. 
San Francisco. 

islte Odd Fellows' nuilding 


.M. nt i>- 





First string two bunches of beads. 

join and work 

2 sc. In i ind l ac, In the fifth 

making 9 Bts. altogether. Thus the 

foundation Of a 9 point is m idi 

Then 1 stitch, 1 bead, 1 stitch, bead, 
until the first round This 

I I rid 3 

ivithoul (every other Btitch a bead). 


2nd round 1 St., 1 b.. and the next st. 
(also with bead) in the same loop, thus 
widening each section of the star. 

3rd round — 1 st.. 2 sts. each with 
beads, 1 st., etc. 

4th round— 1 st., 1 b., 2 sts. (with 
beads) in one loop, 1 st., etc. 

r,th round— 1 st.. 1 b., 2 sts. (with 
beads) in one loop, 1 St., etc. 

Each round is increased as the pre- 
vious ones are, having one extra stitch 

6»£ee ; $€€:««r:$i$i6€€$:€$i$e€S$i€«r:$i$ 


with a bead In it. In each section of the 
star. Go on this way until there are 
eleven (11) sts. with beads, then de- 
crease the beads and Increase the plain 
sts. See Illustration. 

At the 17th round commence using 
a bead in the center st. between the 
star sections, next round 3 beads, in- 
creasing each time until the 

finished. Then 1 bead and 2 
stitches for 9 rounds, or until the bag 
is sufficiently large. 

The ba< '" the same 

manner, bul entirely plain, no beads 

being used, as they scratch and wear 

the si. ins. ii may be mounted with 

silver top, at home or at the 

I nisli by crocheting the 

; .... ., ii i. . together, i" as far as clasp 

will i ich and make a hear) fringe of 

Ired length. 

Figure No. G Is mad.- like the IIlus- 

Of the star design, only thai 

a bead Is used in every stitch "l the 

front, and the bai k is plain. 

St ■< J/t 


Sets of three pieces are the fad of 
the moment for unceremonious gifts, 
and as they are so useful, it follows 
naturally that they are always accept- 
ed gratefully. To add to their general 
til (fulness I will say thai they can 
quite appropriately be given to either 
lady or gentleman, as both use the ar- 
ticles which they are designed to hold. 

Three sets are shown here. Water 

lily, fern, and Golden rod. I will de- 
scribe the method of making up books, 
which is quite a simple matter. All 
you need is a glue pot or paste tube, a 
pair of scissors, a bit of cardboard and 
the ready stamped linen cover which 
can be found In almost any shop. The 
dimensions of the covers for the glove 
books are 15x28 Inches, this covers the 
outside covers. 

The handkerchief books are 10x30 
inches and the necktie books 9x26 
inches. This gives enough linen to 
make the box of China or taffeta silk, 
using the linen for the book covers 


In making up these books, first make 
the box which consists of the bottom 
and four side pieces; shape the two 
pieces like this ) for front edge and 
like this ( for back edge; this shapes 
the edge of the box to imitate a book. 
Cover the side and end pieces of card- 
board with the silk, overhanding the 
edges. Cover the bottom of box with 
the silk but on the surface forming the 
Inside of bottom, put a sachet pad. 
Tou are now ready for the cardboard 
cover, which is to be cut in two pieces, 

as follows: One cover, five inches; one 
cover, seven inches; down the side of 
the seven-inch cover cut a score mark 
two inches from the edge, cut nearly, 
but not quite through the board. This 
is to form the hinge of the book and 
must be on the upper cover, not the 
one covering the bottom of the box. 
Now glue the five inch board to the 
edge of the one just scored. This will 
give you a book with covers, five 
Inches wide, and a back two Inches 

For Oily Skin 




It is 

toili t nci 

Ii i . 


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199 Washington St., Brooklyn. N. Y. 



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A penny postal puts our mail order 
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Address Dept. C. 



"Used by Men and Women" 
Hake it Yourself. 

Don't pay high prices for Shampoos nnd 
Halr-Restoratlves when for fifty cents you 
can get the recipes UBed with remarkable 
success by one of the moBt noted barbers In 
the country. Tho Homo Shampoo Is for 
cleansing and purifying the scalp of crusts, 
scales, daudruft and all Impurities. Tho 
Tonic Is a hiilr food, nourishes the scalp, 
fertilizes the routs, forces new growth. Is 
not greasy, but gives gloss and life to the 
hair. Both recipes sent on receipt of fifty 
cents, by registered letter or money order. 
60 Broadway, Boom 325, New York. 


It's Your Own Fault 





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nhlotolaill-'o. MARVBfi CO., 
noom lH .-inn-, aiil h -.,.\e« York 

July, 1903 


Pase 35 


Nothing is More Up-to-date and Appropriate for a Christmas or Birthday Memento. 


' ms carefully, and (hen. draw- 
concentration and 
ex ecu ! ever 

keep befori them that "to err la human — to forgive 
dh lire." 


The gem is turquoise, signifying prosperity. 
The flower, holly, denoting happiness. 
The astral colors, gold and brown. 

December — The Bowman rules from November 22 
to December 21. the motor and the muscular nerve- 
systems, represented by the thighs. Saglttarlans are 
consequently active, energetic, industrious, and In- 
defatigable. The leading characteristic of the sign 
Is fidelity, which Is expressed In all the departments 
i.i' life. Once they take to a thing, they are not in- 
clined to relinquish it. often being unwilling to rec- 
ognize even utter defeat. Still defeat seldom accom- 
panies their efforts, which are so bold, decisive, fear- 
less, enterprising, and well directed that success Is 
almost a foregone conclusion. They succeed where 
Others fail, and are prosperous and progressive when 
others are eking out an existence. They are found 
behind and directing the greatest enterprises in the 
world, as • xampled in Andrew Carnegie, Henry Frick, 
Cornelius Vanderbiit and Cyrus Field. They are, 
however, essentially one thing at a time people, for 
they concentrate all their forces and energies on that 
which they do, carefully weighing and balancing the 
difficulties :nil consequences, and then proceeding 
uiih all the energy and strength of body and mind. 
Concentration is a predominant characteristic, and 
they are restless and anxious when compelled to dif- 
fuse their forces. Like the Bowman, they aim well 
ami hit the mark, this applying to their mental, moral 
an I physical accomplishments. They are excellent 
marksmen and are strongly inclined to make war on 
■ ertaln forms of vice. They hate anything secret or 
hidden, They are honest, sincere and open, so frank 
lhat they are apt to make enemies and wound their 
friends by speaking their minds too freely. They are 
both friends and enemies will all the might of their 
being, though their kind and sympathetic natures re- 
strain them from deeds of violence. They are quick 
and high-tempered, Impulsively doing that which they 
afterward regret. They are lovers of science, hy- 
giene, self-culture, and take great interest in public- 
affairs. In business they are executors, giving play to 
their physical energies. They are remarkably suc- 
cessful military and naval commanders, and the most 
brilliant musicians come from this sign. The Sagit- 
tarius women are notably more successful in making 
their own way in the world, holding positions of hon- 
or and responsibility, and holding first rank as writ- 
ers, musicians, ethical teachers and accountants. Yet 
they are very domestic, and being finely organized and 
artistic, they make beautiful and happy homes. The 
marriage relation is held in most sacred fidelity by 
both sexes, and mismating Is a most serious thing to 
this exalted nature. They are tender, sympathetic, 
and devoted to religion, home and friends. They 
have strong intuitions, are prophetic and 
clairvoyant, often knowing in advance what will 
befall the public, themselves and their friends. Sag- 
ittarius people should endeavor to cultivate repose, 
as they are quite given to squander their forces un- 


This sign extends from January 20 to February 
r.', in I i- represented by the w Lter-b irer, who gov- 
I framework of the system and also 
th.- nerves "f sensation, consequently occupying cor- 
i' spondlng departments of service in the grand body. 
Perhaps this Is tie- most paradoxical sign in all the 
twelve. Its people being liable to the greatest ex- 
tremes in character ami action, They an- al mice the 
weakest ami the strongest. 

When under the proper impulse and the soul is 
really aroused, they are capable of wonderful achieve- 
ments in the way of good. On the contrary, " hen un- 
der adverse impulses or with the spiritual faculties 
dormant, they are prone to sink to the lowest depths. 
They are rarely mediocre in any function of life, be- 
Ing decidedly one thing or the other — running the ga- 
mut in all directions, in tad are extremists. Their 
mental endowments are wholly in the useful, and they 
belong mainly to the mercantile sphere of life, though 
with strong impulses in the direction of public good, 
we frequently find them among the most eminent poli- 
tlclans. James G. Blaine was born in Aquarius. 

They are prominent patrons of popular resorts ana 
assemblies, being supporters of operas, theaters, fairs 
and all amusements. They like to mingle with the 
crowd, and are inclined to go to extremes In the mat- 
ter of public opinion, caring too much of what people 
sav ami think of them. They belong essentially to 
the province of city life, where they may be active in 
business, social and public life. Some of our best 
national financiers come from this sign. They are 
shrewd, versatile, earnest, proficient, and when their 
energies are aroused to enthusiasm they are capable 
of the greatest achievements. They are remarkably 
good judges of character, have strong intuitior- in 


The gem Is amethyst, signifying contentment. 
The flower, primrose, meaning believe me. 
The astral colors, blue, pink and nlle green. 

matters of honor and dishonor. They are endowed 
with a great deal of psychic force, being able to con- 
trol wholly by the power of the eye. They are also 
very clear reasoners on matters of a purely material- 
istic character, and are capable of acquiring the fin- 
est education. 

The most devoted of wives are found in this sign — 
which gives the purest and most faithful kind of 
love-nature. They have great regard for their per- 
sonal appearance, and also are disposed to adhere to 
conventional forms and beliefs. Form and ceremony 
appeal to them strongly and they are more than like- 
ly to go through Life on the lines or paths marked out 
for them by their predecessors. Yet they are easily 
persuaded and Influenced Into new channels and lines 
of thought, as their own thought is not progressive, 
being too well satisfied with the established order of 
things. The things of the Ideal world appeal to them 
more forcefully -than do the practical, every day real- 
ities. They are amiable, affable, and make the most 
agreeable companions, since they are not combative 
and would do anything to avoid disagreement — would 
sacrifice a great deal for the sake of harmony. They 
are rarely high-tempered or arbitrary. They are 

tender-hearted, sensitive, and easily hurt, though 
showing it In a most dignified manner. They can be 
kind, merciful and sympathetic, or hard and cold— as 
things appeal to them. Aquarius, being the trader. 
should marry with a person born in Leo, thereby con- 
serving the home relations. 



The Fishes rule from February 19 to March 21. gov- 
erning the feet of the grand body— metaphysically the 
understanding. This Is the rast sign of the Water 
Tripllcity. Pisces belongs to the mechanical and is 
a restless searcher after knowledge In all departments 
dealing with the externalities of life. Persons born 
In this sign are noted for their restlesaness and anx- 


The gem Is bloodstone, denoting courage. 

The flower, violets, meaning love ami faithfulness. 

The astral colors, white, pink, emerald and black. 

lety. They are nearly always anxious about money 
matters, fearing lest they should come to want and 
so be forced to depend on others — a condition they 
could not endure. They wish to know that they have 
earned what they possess, and consequently are en- 
liili-il to enjoy It. With this thought ever before 
them they are provident in contemplation of the fu- 
ture. Also with the innate feeling" that people and 
fate are against them, they feel that they must look 
out for themselves, and so are Inclined to be close and 
careful in the use of money. If the love of money be- 
comes the controlling influence with them, it is like- 
ly to make them lose sight of the sense of honor and 
become tricky and dishonest. Otherwise they are 
honest and upright, and as we rely on the feet to keep 
the body erect, so may we rely on these people. They 
are careful and conscientious and make very reliable 
and accurate clerks and accountants. Their chances 
are most favorable in mercantile pursuits. When se- 
lecting a vocation for children born In this sign great 
caw should be taken, as a wrong start Is serious for 
them, holding them down to the sphere of drudgery 
and servitude. While not wholly lacking In self-es- 
teem and self-reliance, they need some one to push 
them forward. Natural modesty and marked consci- 
entiousness, as well as being honorable, just and up- 
right, makes them fear to fall short of requirements 
due the situation, and so they hesitate, till some one 
comes along who will supply the deficiency In con- 
fidence. For this same reason they shrink from pro- 
fessional and public life, even after having spent years 
In study, research and preparation. Their search for 
knowledge, both scientific and philosophical, leads 
them through all channels in which knowledge Is to 
be obtained — travels, books, life. They are great stu- 
dents of history and the useful sciences. Their minds 
are logical, tenacious and exacting, and decidedly ma- 
terialistic. What they believe is founded on reason, 
giving no heed to intuitions, which antagonize. They 
find it difficult to form accurate conceptiona of re- 
ligious or spiritual subjects. They are, however, law 
abiding, just, sensible and kind, and inclined to be 
strict disciplinarians In family matters. While they 
are not particularly ardent In their love natures, their 
fidelity and sense of duty make them good husbands 
and wives. They are subject to despondency and 
self-censure. Great activity, both mental and phys- 
ical, is characteristic of those born under the sign of 
Pisces. Being In the mechanical, the motive or me- 
chanical members of the body are brought Into play, 
viz.: In walking and swimming. Frequently their 
recreation takes the form of pedestrian tours or ex- 
plorations. They are subject to diseases of the feet 
and head, in the latter respect being affected In the 
brain, though In much smaller degree than those born 
in Aries. Women should guard especially against pe- 
culiar weaknesses. Pisces, the understanding, the 
mechanic, should wed with Virgo, the discriminator, 
the perceptive power. 


Page 36 


V UI % » , 

Double Your 
Music Pupils 

our Normal method actually 
teai hes w n ... 

ing music by which you . i 
double your list "f pupil 
,. ii 

Our Summer School opens In 

San Frani Ibi o August 10th. i »n - 

jives you the 

complete work, H will double 

pour In ie now , Personally 

given by Mlsa Whitney. 
Addi ess for free catalogue, 
The Gilbert, Grand Rapids, Mich. 



Stenography as it should be taught. 
And as no other man ever taught it. 


Tin- mime of the Pnge-Duvla Company has 
always stood for tin.- highest standard of 
eorri-siioiulence Instruction. 

Stiiili-ntH enrolllnc with this Institution are 
placed under the direct, personal Instruction 
of Robert F. Hose, the official reporter of Uie 
lust Democratic Notional Convention nnd the 

only stcnocmphiT iiei.-niiiriiin.vliig the lute 

President UoKlule] through his great West- 

Tho beginner Is given the advantage of 
expert practical Instruction from the very 
start and he therefore learns nothing thut 
he has to nndo later In the course. 

Our graduates write expert shorthand and 

Our graduate stenographers are not timid 
for fear of Incompetency. Their proficiency 

makes them self-eonuilent. 

Our graduates are nut only competent, but 
are absolutely sure of their ability. 

A business man never refers to one of our 
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Employers do nol tlnd It neeessury to "ed- 
ucate" our graduates. 

We win donble the speed of stenographers 
of any other system and i|uullfy them for 
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..Our book, "Progress in Shorthand" mailed 

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"The School that Graduates Export Eton- 



Suite 141 - 93 Wabash Ave., Chicago. 



Is obtained by using 



Scalp Cleaner 

It produces a creamy lather, which 
not only cleanses, but purines 
without a particle of injury to hair 
or scalp. When used in connection 
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the hair, uniform in color, even. 
soft and lustrous. 

S lil by over 28,000 Dealers. 
An open secret : — 

It's the Hair- not the Haf 

Thai makes a woman attractive 

Love Letters Answered 


Dear Minerva — Please give mo 
some "i the good advice thai you 
to be so full of. I am in love- with a 
ug man n ho Is \ ery 
far above my station in life. He sen Is 
me many expensive presents and taki s 
ne to see everything. This makes me 
discontented with my own poor lol and 
the humbleness of my surroundings. 
Tell me if you can, what must I do. 
Should I refuse to see him any more 
and give all my .attention to my work 
or should I accept him and leave the 
things to which I was born. 


I think you can make both your cir- 
cumstances and your love agree. Con- 
tinue to keep his company if he is sat- 
isfied, and work earnestly till such 
time as he asks you to accept an 
equal position with him. 
jt & j* 

Dear Goodness — I want you to tell 
me what In the world I am to do. I 
have been keeping company with a 
young man for some time, and last 
evening he proposed to me. I had 
never seriously thought of getting 
married and I refused him. He has 
left me In sorrow and anger, and I 
wish I could now tell him. "Yes." I 
never knew that I loved him so much 
before and If I had I would never 
have rejected him. Tell me. Is there 
any way that I can arrange things in 
an honorable manner and bring my 
dear Frank back? FLORA. 

You acted foolishly in not taking 
time to consider his proposal, when 
you had not thought seriously of mat- 
rimony. By all means write to him 
and tell him that you have considered 
better. I doubt not that he will be well 

Dear Minerva— I am just sixteen 
years old today, but I was never more 
unhappy than I am on what should be 
the sweetest of all my birthdays. I 
have a dear girl friend of mine who Is 
deeply In love with a very nice young 
man. He also loves her in return and 
I know that they are made for each 
other. Now I have come to love that 
young man dearly, but I have never 
shown It to him. because I thought it 
might be wrong to break in on their 
happy dream. Now tell me, dear Min- 
erva. "whether I should sacrifice myself 
and keep silent, or whether I can let 
the voung man know that I also love 
him. EGYPT. 

My dear young friend, It seems 
harsh that the little god Cupid should 
wing his arrows in such an ill-fated 
manner. For friendship's sake you 
must drive all thoughts of that young 
man from your mind and rather en- 
courage the happiness of your two 
friends. This will be a noble sacrifice 
for you to make, and surely Cupid will 
send an arrow of recompense into your 
sad little heart. 

J* Ht JK 

Dear Madam — I am just after having 
a good cry all to myself, and I thought 
the best thing I could do was to write 
to you and ask you to help me. I keep 
company with a young man, who loves 
me and whom I love very much and 
prefer to any one else. But a few 
evenings ago we attended a party to- 
gether where I met many nice young 
men. Now, as I like to be popular, I 
spent most of the time talking play- 

fully with my nev acquaintam ■ 
leaving my sweetheart to look oul for 
himself, bi causi I knew he lo 
anyway and I thought he wouldn't 
mind. He dl I mind, and all tl 
home he wouldn't talk, and he dl ln'1 
bring me into the ice cream p 
he always used to and hasn't spoken to 
me since. Now tell me. dear Minerva, 
what a pour, girl should do. 
Don't cry any more, dear, but go 
right away and ask that young man's 
pardon for your carelessness. If he 
really loved you, he will be more thaw 
satisfied and every thing will be 
brighter than before. After this attend 
to your lover in preference to any one 
else, and if he wishes all your time 
give it to him. 

Bear Minerva— I am not seventeen 
yet, bul I think I have lots of trouble. 
I have two sweethearts who are both 
very much in love with me. But they 
dislike each other and are always 
having angry words over me. In their 
jealousy, like in the romance of old. 
they have decided to have a fist fight 
for the possession of my hand. Now, 
dear Minerva, how can I stop such a 
brutal affair? Shall I refuse to see 
either of them or shall I let them settle 
it? F. S. S. 

My child, you will act very correctly 
if you refuse to see your lovers. They 
are very foolish and their behavior 
renders them unfit for any girl. 
& & & 
Dear Minerva — I am sorry to trouble 
you, but you know the old proverb, "If 
a man is drowning he catches any 
straw that passes next to him. imag- 
ining that he can save his life." Now 
I am in great trouble myself, not 
drowning accidentally, but am afraid 
I willingly will go and drown myself. 
The young man to whom I was engag- 
ed left me all at once without any rea- 
son or cause and I don't know what to 
do. Please help me in this great 
trouble. MARY L. 

You little, silly, foolish girl, what 
sense is there in your letter? That 
young man Is better off to stay far 
from you if you are so silly as to think 
(if drowning yourself for such non- 
sense. You must remember that you 
have a soul which is not your own 
property, but the property of your 
Creator, and you have no right to dis- 
pose of the same. Difficulty In love 
can be settled in many different ways, 
and you must try an entirely different 
one from drowning. 

& J* & 
Dear Minerva — I have a dear lady 
friend who was in trouble with her 
lover last February. She took your ad- 
vice and did everything you stated and 
she succeeded finely. Such experience 
made me ask advice from you. In a 
few weeks I am going to be married, 
but my sweetheart Is of a different re- 
ligion to mine and wants me to be 
married In his church and I want It in 
mine. A third party advises us to 
have the Justice of the Peace many 
us, that It will be right for both. 

Dear lady, It is better to be married 
by a church of any kind or form than 
by a judge. Such a question. In which 
church Is concerned, cannot be an- 

Bailey's Rubber Massage 

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KOllfir 'n Nature's Own Way 


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mailed I 
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A Jar of Skin Food GIVEN with every roller 
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Wrinkles that arc shallow or wrinkles that 

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Bailey's Duplex Massage Roller 

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Balloy's Complexion Soap 10 

Bailoy'a Skin Food (Largo Jar).. .60 

Bailoy's Duplex Boiler 11.00 

Mailed on receipt of prico. 
Agents wmiliil. Catalogue Tree of 

Everything In Rubber Goods. 

0. J. BAILEY A: CO., 

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Four Samples Free 

To lll'llll'' I'V.'IV Imll.-I-Wlli- I I Hi'-' IIHTltM of "I'Klt- 

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cm««iiln.»»lii. mlrofi.ockloporloiof ribbwi; Olio Of CUIl t LO- 
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Protects Your Teeth Against Decay 

The agonies of the dental chair and the hours of pain from troublesome tee Hi can all be 
avoided by using THE IDEAL MOUTH MIRROR. It is as simple a device as a tooth brush. 
Without pearl white leeth It Is impossible to have an attractive fnce, and wit hout sound, 
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f This simple, perfect, indispensable article, without which no person's toilet Is complete, will be sent prepaid tor mty m 
» cents, In silver or money order. Address IDEAL, MFG. CO. Dept. B, ST. MARYS, OHIO. 
I ***\**«V***»^*\»V\V*»V^*»*\**«ikV**%*»Vw*«V*%*»V%**»V**V*****«**%*#*%**«V*V*»^**»**>*« **•**>*•****• 

July, 1903 


Page 37 



To the general mind an impression 
d made, eithei favorable "i- unfavor- 
able, by "ii-:': clothes as a part of the 
, uiy. Many women have natur- 
ally the knowledge of now to dress t«. 
the best advantage, and no matter If 
•he mate) lal u ie I is not costly, 
sometimes thi case, they will always 
make a good appeal anoe. 

The prevailing style Bhould be fol- 
lowed, (<iit in o way to bring out the . 
mosl advantageous points of the per- 

Neatness is another Important item. 
No matter what kind of a gown is 
worn, neatness In Its appearance 
doubly Increases its effect. 

The majority of men realize only the 
general effect In clothes, and when 
Lhese are becoming to the wearer, this 
effect Is enhanced. Let the gown be 
simple and pretty, and It is apt to 
make a much more favorable Impres- 
sion than one that Is expensive. This 
Is particularly the case when a man 
knows that the wearer or her family 
la not rich, and even In that case the 
thought will go through his mind, per- 
haps unconsciously, how much he will 
have to expend for dress if he marries 
the girl, 

On the other hand, a simple, taste- 
ful, gown will sliow him how well she 
can manage. He will be more apt to 
hurry the hour when he will ask her to 
dress for him, and not wait until he 


i !olor, is (veil as form In dress, should 
also be taken into • onslderalion. It 

u proven that color has more 

or less Influence over people, as. for 

! son entering the room 

carpeted ami papered or pointed in red, 

will ii i i.i the "i bea 1 1 

slightly Increased. Red ii" Ore, CUD 
be worn In winter where a warm effect 
i dl -ii • 1 -ill ii"i US l for Shll I waists 
in summer. These may lie pale green, 
li^ht blue or gray, i" give i restful, 
cool effect i>> the eye. 

A color, if adhered to, like a per- 
fume, will be found to make such an 
Impression that, when a person meets 
I'M- "i perfume, in- or she win 
I,- reminded of tin- one who uses it 

Color helps reveal character also, 
for it will he usually found that true. 

straightforward, dependable women 
like blue; quiet, unobtrusive, home- 
loving women like gray; while hasty. 
Impulsive women like red to predomi- 
nate in the color or coloring or their 

A plain girl will sometimes be seen 
getting more attention than her pret- 
tier and more striking sisters. In a 
majority of such cases the reason for 
this will in/ shown In her style and 
manner of dress, which reveals indl- 
rectly the attractiveness of her char- 



has scraped together more money, and 
the blush of youth has pissed away 

Never forget that the coiffure Is im- 
portant; that by puffing the hair out 
in one spot to fill a cavity, or smooth- 
ing it back in another, results are to be 
obtained. Always remember that the 
way a hat is put on may spoil your ap- 
pearance or render it much more ii 

One day you may be able to wear 
your hat at sueh an angle, the next, 
your hair isn't quite the same, you are 
depressed, your face a bit pinched, and 
It does not look well worn in the same 
position, and at the same angle It did 
yesterday, when you were happy. Take 
out the pins and rearrange it. Per- 
haps you will have to bend the brim. 
A tilt to the fore or rear will often 
work wonders. 

No woman under 5 feet 4 Inches 
should wear a large hat. No woman of 
imposing height should wear a tiny 
chapeau. The short woman should ab- 
jure flying ends; they make her seem 
even shorter. Don't expect your ac- 
quaintances to say a new hat is any- 
thing but "becoming" to you, no matter 
how you look under it. It's "polite" to 
admire it; don't be satisfied with such 

If you have doubts as to the hat 
you have, or intend purchasing, put it 
on, and with a hand glass stand at a 
good mirror. Note your defects, and 
your good points — remembering all the 
unkind as well as the kind things said 
about your various features, your col- 
oring, etc. Look for the bad points, 
note those that are accentuated and 
those that are modified. 

Next take the good ones, observe 
which are brought out and which are 
lessened. Pitch the hat at different 
angles and study yourself again. Bend 
the brim In here, then out there; push 
a spray or flower here and there; pull 
a bow so as to stand out this way or 
that. In other words, ring all the 
changes on the hat. If satisfied, wear 
it. If not, don't stop until you are. 
.< .* j* 

A pretty shirt waist of fine linen.- 
tucked, with low hung deep flounce of 
linen lace and °mbroidery. Tucked and 
stitched cuffs on moderate Bishop 
sleeves. The stock is of good black 
India silk, the hem lining feather- 
stitched on, the same uniting the thre« 
bands forming the collar. Turnover 
of white linen, done in Mexican drawn 


Costume of white butcher's linen, 
seven gored skirt, seams hand dotted 
with black silk French knots. Medal- 
lions Teneriff lace surrounded by dot 
work. Blouse waist buttons at back, 
the bag sleeves are set in wide turn 
back cuffs. Black chip hat with black 
and white feathers. Black and white 


Costume of Shangtung Pongee, skirt 
with shirred sections set In and med- 
allions embroidered in the silk. Back 
set in Inverted plaits. The blouse is cut 
on bias, gathered full in front on yoke 
of Fillet lace, with band and straps 
laced over. Sleeves cut in tabs open- 
ing over sleeves of lace and silk. All 
edges Diped with turquoise blue silk. 
Sunshade to match. Hat of burnt 
straw, trimmed with white tulle, and 
narrow black velvet. 


Page 38 


July, 1903 




Sample of Skin Food and com- 
plexion powder, with full instruc- 
tion, sent prepaid 'or ten cents 


905 MARKET ST., 


| Your Baby's Photograph May be Worth 
I Five Hundred Doilars This Year. 

SPIM CO.. of Johnstown. N. Y.. proprietors or SPIM Soap and SPIM 
Ointment, have issued a little booklet. "How to Take Care of Baby's Skin, 
and Keep It Soft. White and Beautiful," which they wish to place in every 
mother's hands who will write for it. 

They wish to establish a "CABINET OF BEAUTIFUL BABIES." which 
will contain the photographs of all babies sent them under the follow- 
ing plan. 

Write to SPIM CO. for a BABY REGISTRY CARD, which contains blank 
spaces for information concerning your baby's birth, which if you will 
kindly fill out and return for registry (followed as soon as possible with 
babv's photograph) will register your baby in SPIM'S CABINET OF 
BEAUTIFUL BABIES and a complete copy forwarded to you when issued. 

When this CABINET Is completed it will be submitted to a committee 
of 3 (not one of whom has ever seen the pictures before), who will pick out 
the HANDSOMEST BABY of all those pictured in the Cabinet. 

To the one so selected, SPIM CO. will immediately place In bank, In Its 
native town, the sum of FIVE HUNDRED DOLLARS, In trust, which sum, 
when the baby shall have attained Its majority, shall become ITS ABSO- 

This $500.00 at ordinary Savings Hank interest COMPOUNDED, will (if 
the baby be a bov) start him in business at his majority, or If a girl, give 
her a fine educationnl advantage and place her beyond the reach of im- 
mediate want. 

PLEASE NOTE.— The only conditions required for your baby to be eligi- 
ble for this liberal offer are that SPIM Soap or SPIM Ointment shall be 
used to preserve, purify and beautify Its skin, scalp and hair, and a 
WRAPPER of one or the other sent us with the name of the druggist from 
whom you purchased them. 

NOTE. — If vour druggist does not keep SPIM Soap or Ointment, enclose 
with vour request for a registry card 25c, and the card, the booklet and a 
CAKE OF SPIM SOAP will be sent you by return mail, all charges prepaid. 
SPIM Ointment Is 60c prepaid. 

Address in full SPIM COMPANY, JOHNSTOWN, N. Y. 

Spim Soap and 
)im Ointment 

have cured a little nnhy born with blood poison, 
red blotchy skin, terrible itching, hulr in thin, 
(-„;_. (linhnant Shred-like patches, huuds broken out In raw 
^PIHI \J> IILIIICIIL places between the Angers, oud on the delicate 
little body, dialing bad worn the folds of the akin almost to n raw state. 
Everything was tried, the child meanwhile sutTerlng cruelly, crying and moan- 
ing day and night. SPIM Soap with warm water baths appeared to help the 
sunYror at once. Grently encouraged, they persevered with the treatment 
applvlng at Intervals SPIM Ointment. In n short tlino the child grew better, 
the skin cleared, bnlr grew again, uppetlte returned with restful day« and 
sleepy nights; Anally came clpar. henlthy bnby skin, Bmooth, pink nnd natural. 
Today the child is healthy and clear-skinned with no truce of the disease. 








Letters to this department should be 
plainly directed to Madame Marie Em- 
mett, California Ladles' Magazine, San 
Francisco, California. 

i i ■- sign some name or Initials 
which can be printed in the magazine, 
as replies will not be answered by 

Proper questions and Information 
will be give In these columns each 
month, and I kindly ask all subscribers 
and readers of the California Ladles' 
Magazine to write ami ask me such 
questions- pertaining to health and 
beauty as they may deem proper ami 
wish to know. 

i) €€€€€€€€ €€€€€€€€€€€ C€€ € €€€ € : €€€ €€€ €€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€<l> 

A few words about the care of the 
hair, hands, nails, complexion and how 
to present a youthful appearance, will 
not be amiss. A skin of beauty Is a 
joy forever. 

Beauty is one of the greatest bles- 
sings heaven has bestowed upon wo- 

Rarely ever is an individual found 
who is not beautiful or cannot be 
made beautiful by proper care. 

Too much cannot be said against the 
reprehensible habit which some of us 
have in neglecting ourselves. When 
the proper care Is taken, with a little 
Lime, a transformation always takes 
placi which is not only instructive, but 
always beneficial. 

Many women of scrupulously clean- 
ly habits seem not to understand how 
to thoroughly wash and cleanse the 
face, head, neck and hair. 

The pleasing whole of a well dressed 
neat looking woman's appearance Is 
completely marred when one discovers 
the apparent neglect of any one of 
these important little members. 

The diet has much to do with re- 
lining the skin — avoid greasy, highly 
spiced and stimulating dishes, pastry 
and sweets of all kinds. Eat plenty of 
fruit, take a tepid bath each day, 
preferably In the morning before 
breakfast, with a hot soapy scrub at 
least once a week, and drink a pint. of 
water each day between meals. 

Of course, It Is impossible to give 
full directions for the preservation of 
health and avoidance of actual disease 
of all the various conditions, of life 
upon our planet 

I can only hope to present some gen- 
eral rule for the prolection of our 
invaluable bodies, which is far more 
to us than an equal weight of the fin- 
est gold could ever be; and a few 
directions for recognizing and escap- 
ing, as far as possible, the tnousand 
and one little ailments that mar our 
beauty in some unguarded moment, 
and as they are strong or v/eak, nu- 
merous or isolated, either kill us at 
once outright, or slowly and insidious- 
ly undermine our beauty. 

According to the Inexorable laws of 
our step-mother (Nature) bare exis- 
tence itself, and still more healthy and 
comfortable life, is the reward solely 
of unceasing watchfulness — the prize 
of a constant struggle; the crown of a 
merciless warfare; with all the oppos- 
ing powers and forces which inces- 
santly strive to extinguish our beauty 
and health. 

If for a little time the hostility of 
these adverse influences seem to be 
lulled into slumber, this peace is a 
delusive one. and we may be sure the 
enemy is steadily at work snapping the 
foundation of every careless Improve- 
ment and neglect. 

It has been related to me of the cel- 
ebrated eccentric Dr. Coryell that upon 
one occasion a child was brought to 
him suffering from some disease of the 
skin, it is true, but in a far worse 
condition for want of cleanliness. 

The doctor, seeing at once that this 
later misfortune was the cause of the 
former, said to the boy's mother: 

"I can soon cure your son if you 
will strictly follow my directions: Get 
a large tub, fill it every day two- 
thirds full of warm water; put the lit- 
tle fellow into it and then rub him 
all over with the best castile soap and 
a towel." 

"But, doctor," exclaimed the aston- 
ished woman, "that would be giving 
my child a bath." 

"True," replied the physician, "it Is 
open to that objection." 
J* J* J* 

If, as I firmly believe, It Is morally 
our duty to take the best possible 
care of our bodies, with which we have 
been Intrusted, the old saying, that 
' cleanliness is akin to Godliness," finds 

no higher expression than In the prop- 
er use of baths. 

In order to understand the value of 
bathing we must glance for a few mo- 
ments at the anatomy and the phys- 
lology of the skin, which is. of course, 
the portion of the body interested In 
this, our first beauty talk. 

Baths should never be taken imme- 
diately after meals, nor when the body 
is very much exhausted by fatigue or 
excitement of any kind. 

For the purpose of cleanliness baths 
par excellence are those of warm wa- 
ter, this term being applied to the 
ones in which water of a temperature 
from 70 to 80 degrees is employed. 

Liquids of this degree of heat usu- 
ally give a sensation of warmth when 
placed in contact with the human skin, 
and therefore avoid the disadvantages 
of the shock to our systems produced 
by a cold bath (that Is, below 60 de- 

Many persons are apt to remain too 
long in a warm bath and care should 
be taken to avoid this mistake, which 
has a very debilitating effect if often 
Indulged in. 

For the purpose of aiding my elderly 
readers, who are not yet tired of life, 
and who desire to grow old comfort- 
ably for some years more, I again re- 
spectfully request all to ask me any 
questions pertaining to health and 
beauty and same will be answered in 
these columns. 

w* «£• *5* 

Cold baths are invaluable aids in 
promoting and preserving health, if 
properly used in suitable cases, but may 
become dangerous agents, causing even 
fatal results: if employed by the 
wrong individuals, at Improper time, 
or with excessive frequency. Very cold 
plunge baths, that is, below 50 de- 
grees in temperature, should only be 
indulged in by the most robust, even 
with them it is doubtful whether the 
shock to the system is not more injuri- 
ous than the after reaction is beneficial. 

In every instance the test for the ad- 
vantage of a cold bath is very simple 
and easily understood, being merely 
the occurrence or non-occurrence of 
this reaction or "glow" as soon as the 
skin is dried; when such a glow is felt 
promptly the bath does good, and may 
be repeated at the same temperature; 
but if reaction takes place slowly or 
not at all, the person feeling chilly, and 
the lips, the skin beneath the nails. 
nnd indeed, that of the external surface 
generally, continuing for ten or twenty 
minutes blueish, instead of pink, the 
bath does harm. 

Cold (not ice-cold) sponge baths are 
valuable tonic and may often be ad- 
vantageously used in delicate states of 
health. The shock to the system is 
much less than with the plunge-bath 
and the consequent reaction les^ in- 
tense, but the rules for judging of their 
beneficial influence is precisely the 

& jx js 

"Retaining beauty" Is a phrase in 
common use among many people who 
rarely recognize that it expresses a 
given truth in regard to Intellectual as 
well as physical life, for a woman can 
and often does live through her physi- 
ological captial In thirty years, when 
with care she might have made It last 
to sixty or seventy. Oftentimes v. e 
can have our choice at the outs. I of 
life; but the days come, it may be soon. 
when we must decide which path-way 
we will follow, and then we should re- 
member that all experience proves we 
cannot retain our beauty unless we 
take care of same. 

It is for this reason that "Triumph 
of Beauty" has been added to the Cali- 
fornia Ladles' Magazine. 

v*% v *% v % 

In conclusion will say: For the pur- 
pose of aiding my elderly readers, who 
are not yet tired of life, and who de- 
sire to grow old comfortably for some 
years more. I again respectfully re- 
quest all to ask me any questions per- 
taining to health and beauty and same 
will he answered In these columes, 

dime, iyu<5 



Page 40 


July, 1903 

The Use o/ Correct English 


The use of incorrect English arises 
from one or all four sources; ignorance 
of the correct grammatical form which 
can be learned only from the study of 
technical grammar: the influence of an 
environment whose atmosphere Is 
reeking with bad grammatical form: 
the readiness with which we accept an I 
add to our own vocabulary provincial- 
ism and localism: and our mental In- 
dolence, which finds It easier to slight 
a construction than observe It in all Its 

li" one has been accustomed from 
childhood to hear ungrammatical ex- 
pressions it will be a difficult, but not 
Impossible matter, to acquire the use 
of correct English: and the greatest 
difficulty will be not In overcoming 
the error but in recognizing It. It is 
exceedingly difficult for an ear accus- 
tomed to discords to recognize them as 
such, so it is with the ear which Is 
accustomed to wrong case and tense 

The use of elegant English is largely 
a matter of environment. It is possible 
for a person to speak correctly and 
well, and know nothing of the techni- 
calities. But the blessing of an en- 
vironment from which such results 
come has been granted to few. Those 
not so blessed, may acquire It either 
by the study of a text book Itself, by 
the reading of standard authors, or by 
strict attention to the conversation of 
the educated and careful speaker. 

In reading, it is well not to select a 
dialect story or- one which is strong in 
local coloring. We acquire much un- 
consciously, and invariably the uncon- 
scious part of us is the stronger. 

Eternal vigilance is the price of pure 
English. Under some circumstances, 
the use of slang is countenanced, and 
localisms permitted, but one must be 
a Solon to know the time and place. In 
this matter it is better to be too rigid 
than too lax in the choice of words. 
The too free use of slang Is like the 
too familiar manner, often tolerated In 
our friends, but rarely enjoyed. 

Slang should be to our conversation 
what tabasco sauce is to our meals, 
used rarely and with a background of 
tin substantlals. 

The Inelegance of speech which re- 
sults from ignorance, while being de- 
plored, may he tolerated; but for those 
which spring from indifference and 
mental laziness there should be no tol- 
eration shown or pardon granted. So- 
ciety does not overlook slovenliness of 
attire; why then should it overlook 
slovenliness of speech, since both 
spring from the same cause? 

Incorrect speaking may be divided 
under four heads; poor enunciation 
and the slighting of sounds, which is 
the direct result of careless physical 
habits; the use of ungrammatical ex- 
pressions; the incorrect use of syno- 
nyms: and the use of inelegant terms 
and localisms. 

One may be pre-eminently correct in 
the construction of her sentences and 
yet be inelegant. The learning of a 
rule in grammar is the easiest part of 
the matter; for if to do were as easy as 
to know what were good to do, few 
would blunder in speaking. After com- 
prehending a rule there ^must come a 
mental drill, the use of our strongest 
will-power, the eternal vigilance which 
not only has an effect upon our speech 
but which is a potent factor in the for- 
mation of character itself. 

Do not be slovenly, allowing yourself 
to slip over words easily, giving little 
or no thought to correct form. If you 
make a grammatical mistake immed- 
iately correct yourself. This keeping a 
check-rain on oneself is not pleasant: 
but it Is corrective and wholesome, and 
that is what the women of today are 

Watoh yourself closely while in con- 
versation with friends. Observe the 
number of errors which you make 
through carelessness and not because 
of your lack of knowledge. Correct 
these before you seek to broaden your 
knowledge of the technicalities. One 
rule studied in its observances is worth 
a whole grammar committed to mem- 
ory and not practiced. 

Write out a list of the mistakes you 
have made — not as you make them but 
in their correct form. This is one of 
the principles of teaching in which 
training schools are drilling their stud- 
ents; "keep the correct form before the 
learner. Never call attention to that 
which is incorrect." The newer rhetor- 
ics and language books are working 
along this line, and are omitting many 
or the exercises in the correction of 
false syntax. 

[f, for example, you discover that you 

do not always say, ' It is I." or "It may 
have been he," write these forms on a 

piece Of note paper and tack it by the 

side of your dressing table, where it 
will meet your eye every lime you ar- 
range your toilette. Then go over the 
expressions a dozen times or more. I 
suggest that this be done aloud, that 
your ear as well aa your eye may be- 
come accustomed i<> the correct form. 
When it comes to the subject of 
clear enunciation, few of us ran casl 
the first stone. This slighting of 
sounds is. In part, a lazy habit into 
which we are drifting: und, In part, a 
lack of physical training Of the organs 
of speech, which sometimes are unable 
to act as quickly as the mind, 

Americans use the tipper lip very 
seldom in talking. In this, they differ 
greatly, from the Germans, whose up- 
per lips in the forming of the modified 
vowels are drawn far down below the 
edge of the teeth. The direct result 
is a long upper lip among the Germans, 
or even those who have spoken that 
language for some time. 

As a race, we Americans have uppe«- 
lips which are weak, short, and dispro- 
portionate to our other features. 

As a test, read aloud several pages 
from any book and observe how 
seldom the muscles about the upper 
portion of the mouth are brought into 
play. The use of these muscles are 
necessary to the correct pronunciation 
of several sounds. 

Of course, this fault must mainly be 
overcome In the school-room. But the 
simple device used by the teacher may 
be of benefit to the woman who al- 
though long out of school, is ambitions 
to be correct in speech. 

Five miniiie drill each day must be 
given repeating a list of words as — 
ask, bask, task, mask, cask; observing 
that much abused sound of a, and the 
much neglected 'k.' Then 'ed' or Mng* 
must be added to the list and each 
word again repeated. There will he a 
tendency here to pronounce the word 
as though it consisted of one syllable. 
A second exercise used to bring the 
tip of the tongue forward to the teeth 
is found in repeating the following list: 
prints, price, chintz, chins, chance, 
chants, glands, glance, lance, lands. 

An excellent drill to bring into play 
all the muscles about the mouth is 
found in repeating. "Some shun sun- 
shine. Do you shun sunshine?" "A 
shot-silk sash shop is a shop where 
shot-silk sashes are sold." 

There was a time and not so long 
ago when it was considered modest and 
well-bred for a woman to talk with 
lips parted as little as possible. These 
were the days that Dickens tells about 
when young ladies entering society 
were taught to repeat: "papa, potatoes, 
prunes, prisms." to get their mouths in 
proper shape. 

But that time with much of its af- 
fectation is gone. The trouble of to- 
day is that few women separate their 
jaws wide enough in speaking. In this 
do trained vocalists have an advantage 
even in conversation. 

To overcome this habit of keeping 
the teeth touching each other, take a 
book and going off where no one will 
interrupt, read aloud. After pronounc- 
ing each separate word open the jaws 
wide enough to allow three fingers to 
be inserted between the teeth. Each 
day read a page or more In this man- 

This will give firmness to the lower 
part of the face, and rob it of that 
characterless tone which the lips and 
jaws of many women show as they 

The trouble with the majority of 
women is that they weary in well-do- 
ing. They covet a beautifully modu- 
lated voice, full -tones, clear enuncia- 
tion, and correct form, but they become 
disheartened if the end is not accom- 
plished in a short time and by easy 

Reading a grammar or rhetoric, and 
not following It by a drill is like Her- 
cules seeking to strengthen his muscles 
by tossing pebbles. 

We generally reach the plane on 
which our eyes are fixed. If we do not. 
the fault generally lies within our- 
selves. The old adage that Everything 
comes to him who waits.' is true in 
part. I like it better with Its modern 
addition — "and hustles while he waits." 
The trouble with the majority who 
seek cultivation is not that they are 
unwilling to wait, but they are unwill- 
ing to make strenuous mental effort 
unless ii he followed by Immediate re- 

July, 1903 


Page 41 




The new Paquin model Is 
that of a Parisian gown of 
fine white summer cloth, 
skirt and blouse accordion 
plaited. Sleeves of the cloth 
plain, trimmed with fringe, 
and rosettes of ribbon, cen- 
tered embroidery. Cape with 
long end* of the cloth em- 
broidered, edged fringe. Un- 
dersleeves and vest of white 
ribbon. Odd sash of kiltei 
and embroidered cloth. Black 
tulle hat, trimmed with jet 
pendants and feathers. Par- 
asol trimmed with black lace 
and white chiffon. 

One of the most attractive 
promenade suits of the sea- 
son is an elegant gown of 
grey crepe de chine, deeply 
accordion plaited. The blouse 
and sleeves done in narrower 
plaits, lace bolero with shoul- 
der capes, and lace cuffs ap- 
pliqued on sleeves. Hat of 
black chip, trimmed with 
black tips and white lace ap- 

An exquisite coat for sum- 
mer wear is made of black 
silk, cut in round tabs at bot- 
tom, with edged black and 
white ball fringe. Handsome 
collar and stole of black and 
white silk. The full sleeves 
set in cuffs to match. Coll-ar 
of white silk embroidered 
with black. Dining of white 

A chic costume is male of 
tan voile, embroidered wilh 
black and white silk cord, 
with raised grapes. Skirt cut 
with foot flare; stitched hem. 
Shirred elbow puff; close cut 
lower sleeve, embroidereil 
cuffs. Yoke and stock of 

lucked chiffon with stitchei 
bands and passementerie laid 

Large black chip hat. un- 
derfaced tulle folds. Trlmme 1 
black plumes, tulle and jet. 

je J* J* 

Among the many attractive 
creations for summer wear is 
a hat of black and whit straw 
braid, sewn in shells, which 
are sewn over each other. Thi- 
top Is sewn in plaque sbape. 
Black velvet ribbon on the 
top of the the crown and over 
the brim at the left back, 
and under the brim. 

Another stunner is the new 
shirt waist! hat of brown and 
green straw, trimmed with 
changeable silks to match, 
cut and stitched in many ends 
and loops, spreading from low 
crown over brim; two strands 
carried over brim to the head 
side. Loops and ends wired. 

The "Plorodona" hat 
made of black horsehair lace, 
with comet shaped Jet fringe 
on under brim. The hat is 
tlat. and raised on deep ban- 
deau. The top is trimmel 
with Mat rosette bow of black 
velvet ribbon, with a White 
and black feather coming 
from under, falling over the 
left side. 


Pag< \i 


July, 1903 

"W/terJ3aArer$ Cocoa 

fxom Washington 
Z" Roosevelt" 



C r. B and Tenth Streets $ 

Santa Rosa, Cal. | 

C%*v*^***%»***%*»vw*6-e***%eev**v W 6$ ; v***€evw$$v***$6v*%*«€ 

•%%%*•*%**•%%«%•«***• »*%**•****•* •v***#*%**»*w*«v fc **«v%**«****** | 



Routines bv giving a symmetrical form to the abdomen, stomach 
an d waist" open continuous bands; rest? on the stomach and encircles 
iho w-Tlst " which secures the latest stylish effect, securing a graceful 
raewtpratuJe. The supporter, when walking, pulls alike on both 
sUps At the same time u does not slip en the corset, as others do— 
nrncluclne a disagreeable sensation. If you want a beautiful form, 
^°e and comfort when walking, buy the Modern Hose Supporter. 
Sold In all the principal dry and fancy goods stores 
Manufactured by 
526 Market St., San Francisco. . 

%©\*%%#%w«*%v*»vw«v%%*« *%*•**%%•**%%•**%**•%%%*•*%**•*%%*• 

Life-work for Women 


The right of women to be bread- 
winners and wage-earners may be op- 
en to question. "Whatever the ethics 
of the i ase, 'li fact remains that many 
are so, some by choice, others by nec- 
esslty. The question with woman now 
is not how to rid herself of the respon- 
sibilities, but how to meet them to her 
own upliftment. 

A drudge Is a thing to be avoided; 
but an intelligent working- woman 
conscious that she has a special work 
in the world to do, and a particulai 
place to fill, and ambitious to do thai 
work and fulfill the duties and cour- 
tesies of that place, as no one else can. 
bears the marks of her own nobility. 
J* & J* 
The great mistake which many 
young women make in their eagerness 
to be wage-earners Is in taking up the 
first work which presents itself, wheth- 
er It be suited to them or not. . 

Anna B— has taken up teaching, 
secured a position in good schools at 
lucrative salary. Immediately. Anna 
B.'s ambitious young friends Hock to 
the school room. One or two of the 
number, by good luck rather than the 
exercises of good judgment, may find 
the work congenial and achieve a fail- 
rate of success and happiness. The 
others will be, for the remainder of 
their lives, little more than drudges or 
hangers-on in the profession, and if - 
they experience any happiness in their 
calling, it will be at best a passive, 
neutral kind of happiness. There can 
be nothing exquisite about it. 
J« J* & 
The amount of salary or income is 
not the measure of success. The spirit 
of the work makes the work divine. 
It is a sordid consideration of money 
that makes labor a thing to be bought 
or sold. A large salary where the work 
is uncongenial and the whole system 
subjected to a physical and nervous 
drain is dearly bought. It is much like 
a series of false entries in accounts. A 
day of reckoning is sure to come. 

A woman may draw on her health 
and reserve nerve force for a time, but 
the day inevitably comes when she 
must meet these demand notes. 
i^5 ij* i5* 
Before undertaking any new work i 
woman should consider the matter af- 
ter this fashion: "I have so much phy- 
sical and mental strength; so much 
time and natural executive ability, 
owe certain duties and time to my em- 
ployer; certain others to the develop- 
ment of my own three -fold nature, 
yet a third part to society." I use the 
word society in its broadest sense; — 
"I have neither time nor strength to 
accomplish all I desired. Now, what of 
all these things is worth while? What 
had I best let go to the wall?" 

Even under the best conditions, a 
woman can accomplish but a fraction- 
al part of what she desLres, and where 
the conditions are not' favorable and 
she is working against 'the grain-, the 
fractional part lessens in proportion as 
the friction increases. 
Jjt J* J* 
There are two great principles of 
philosophv which every woman should 
absorb. The first is that friction Is a 
destroying power and success depends 
upon reducing it to its minimum. It 
can not be wholly destroyed in these 
days of imperfect surfaces and uneven 
tempers; but it can be reduced until 
its effect is almost negative, 
j* & JX 
So long as a woman is employed in 
uncongenial work there will be fric- 
tion; not necessarily an outward man- 
ifestation of fuss and turmoil, but a 
constant wearing force that she must 
bring to bear upon herself that she 
may accomplish the work she has un- 
dertaken, a nose-to-the-grind-stone 
sort of existence will be hers. . 

The second principle of philosophy, 
that I would have her learn Is that 
'power works easily;' but only when 
applied in its legitimate direction. A 
stream flowing in Its natural channels 
performs its work with little noise, and 
no fretting. It is only when it Is 
dammed back from its natural way 
and overspreads the surrounding 
country that it causes confusion and 
ruin. Two equal forces acting upon a 
body from opposite directions produces 
a state of rest. This Is the condition 
of the professional woman who seeks 
to overcome natural adaptation by an 

excess of energj applied in an oppo- 
site direction. 

JX J* J* 

Irritation, discontent, nervous trou- 
bles are often the direct result of mis- 
npplied energy. 

Then- is an old rhyme we used to 
learn In sohool-days: 
"The heights by great men reached 

and kept. 
Were not attained by sudden flight. 
I :iu they while their companions slept, 
Were toiling upward In the night." 
Jjt Jjt JS 

The word toiling as used here Is not 
pleasing to me. To the healthful, am- 
bitious soul, — who has found her own 
work in life — there is no toil. Laboring 
In that place which Is hers by nature 
Is ah exquisite joy. She dreams and 
seeks to fulfill her dream. She no 
longer Is a mere creature but a creator. 
Little by little, she shall drop that. 
which Is animal and draw nearer to 
the divine. In her services to human- 
ity, she works out her own salvation, 
and in a measure becomes her own 
savior, for she lifts herself by her own 
efforts from all that is selfish, and 
narrow, and low, and brings herself 
into that plane which the drudging 
soul never dreams. 

Jjt Jjt J* 

Our Concord philosopher writes: 
"The common experience is that the 
man fits himself as well as he can to 
the customary detail of that work or 
trade which he falls into and tends i'. 
as a dog tends a spit. Then he Is part 
of the machine which he moves. The 
man is lost. Until he can manage to 
communicate himself to others in his 
full stature and proportion as a wise 
and good man, he does not yet find his 
vocation. He must find in that an out- 
let for his character so that he may 
justify himself to their eyes for doing 
what he does." 

"That work or trade he falls into I" 
Is not that what many of us do?— Fall 
into the first work that seems to offer 
itself to us, wholly disregarding our 
natural tastes or adaptations' 

Jf the work promises to pay from a 
financial point of view, and If she feels 
that she can accomplish it after some 
sort of fashion, the average woman 
accepts any position or enters any pro- 
fession as the easiest solution of the 

It may, be said that some women are 
forced into certain lines of work be- 
cause no other opportunity presents It- 
self. The great soul creates opportun- 
ities. Columbus did not wait for the 
perfecting of a modern steam-liner to 
discover a new world. He proved the 
theory and accomplished his purpose 
with what was at hand. 

I caution everyone before taking up 
a life-work to consider. Look at the 
professions and trades from the point 
that gives the broadest view, remem- 
bering always that there is something 
beyond its money consideration. There 
is the woman herself with all her high 
ideals and noble purposes. If you be- 
lieve that life, and mind, and soul, and 
lofty purposes are things to be 
bought and sold, at least, rate yourself 
so high that in all the Universe there 
can be but one purchaser. 
jjt jjt jt 
Before undertaking a profession or 
trade, a girl should know something of 
its duties and responsibilities. She 
must gauge her physical strength to 
see if it is equal to the task; consult 
her natural tastes in order to be sure 
she is taking up the work she herself, 
and not her friends or family, desires: 
Btudy herself to see if she has moral 
force enough to bear the petty trl lis 
and vexations that may come up. and 
do come up, dally In every line of 
wm k. 

< >* jjt 
Let her think over these matters, 
then choose her profession, and her 
choice under these conditions will up- 
lift the work and the worker, ennoble 
the woman, and the atmosphere about 
her shall be purer and sweeter for her 
effort, and the woman herself will ex- 
perlence an exquisite happiness. 

For ii is only In congenial labor thai 
happiness can be found; all else s 
drudgery, toil, trouble. The weak soul 
shrivels"!., such an atmosphere and 
thai which should be a crown of glory 
becomes a millstone about her neck. 

July, 1903 


Page 43 



! id 44 


July. 1903 


* U~*m\ n.n I nmnnrl Is a well known to 


Hotel Ben Lomond Is a well known to 

Summer Resort located In the pretty to 

mountain town of that name, one minute * 

walk from S. P. R. R- depot, 73 miles ft 

from San Francisco. Hotel, cottages and /fc 

grounds lighted by electricity; running to 

water and telephone In every cottage. to 

Bowling alley, tennis court and croquet. ™ 

boating, bathing, hunting and trout fish- ft 

Ing. Hotel and cottages completely fur- /fc 

nlshed and equipped for first-class con- to 

ductlon of a hotel. As the climate the ^ 

entire year Is more desirable than any- ft 

where else In the State for Eastern peo- ft 

pie to winter In, there Is no reason why to 

the Hotel Ben Lomond should not be filled ^j> 

the entire year. ft 

B. DICKINSON, Proprietor. ft 


2 ■" """ "" " to 

Tahoe Tavern 

at Lake Tahoe 

None better. A multl-mllllonaire guest 
from San Francisco writes: "I have 

never before seen so delightful a hotel as ^ 
the TAVERN, nor one which sets so ex- s|/ 
cedent a table; nor have I ever met with ^ 
more uniform courtesy and civility In ty 


every way, than at the hands of yourself 
and all of your employees." Rates $3.50 
per day and upward. Open June 1st. 
Address Tahoe Tavern, Lake Tahoe, or 
Barr Realty Co., 204-6 Wilcox Building, 
Los Angeles, Cal. 


A natural paradise, 8 miles from Peta- 
luma, on the Sonoma Mountain; will ac- 
commodate 200 campers The owner, Dr. 
A. Anderson, a practicing physician and 
City Trustee of the City of Petaluma, re- 
serving the rights of admission In order to 
make this an Ideal family camping 

One hundred miles of grand scenery 
In all Its wild natural beauty. 

Traversed by a splendid trout stream, 
living springs, a school house on the 
grounds, feed, fresh eggs, milk and but- 
ter at market prices on the premises. 

Low fares and easy of access. Close 
to post-office, rural mall and the tele- 
phone and telegraph, with water In abun- 
dance, free to all. An analysis shows 
the famous LOMA VISTA spring to con- 
tain the following health-giving proper- 
ties, according to Mr. A. Soderllng: 

Bicarbonate of Soda, 
Bicarbonate of Magnesia, 
Bicarbonate of Lime, 
Sulphate of Soda, 
Bicarbonate of Iron. 

The scenery Is beautiful beyond de- 
scription, with a view of four valleys and 
counties, of the Pacific Ocean and San 
Francisco and San Pablo bays. 

The climate Is warm and balmy. The 
land Is above the fog belt, and Is free 
from winds. LOMA VISTA Is a garden 
of beauty and must be seen to be ap- 

For further information, etc., address <£ 


Petaluma, Cal, j 

to ^€€€6€€€6€€€«€6€e€€€€€«€€€eeee*e6ie6€6€ee€-«.ee€.fe6e«ee6 < 


| Hotel 


I Belvedere 

Refreshing and recreative to'the busi- 
ness man of San Francisco Is the thlrty- 
mlnute sail across the Bay, and upon ar- 
rival at Hotel Belvedere all the comforts 
of home are enjoyed, as the "cuisine" Is 
unsurpassed. For rates, etc., address 
Mrs. A. T. Moore, Hotel Belvedere, 
Marin County, Cal., or call at Peck's 
Tourist Bureau, 11 Montgomery St., San 

| Independence 


fc €€€€€€€€€€€€€€£€€€ 

Fishing, boats; excellent table, climate 
perfect; 16 miles from Truckee, In an un- 
broken forest. Information at Traveler 
office, 20 Montgomery St., or Mrs. H. M. 
demons, Truckee, Cal. 


A Grand Family Resort In the Redwood JJJ 

Mountains of Sonoma County. You can s: 

buy a lot and build a 2-room Cottage for jK 

$75. Mr. Meeker will contract to erect JE 

any style of Cottage at lowest possible $ 

rates. Sawmill, Depot Store, Telegraph <u 

and Postofflce on the ground. All kinds $ 

of house building material on hand. Ad- <fi 

ft i dress M. C. Meeker. w 

| Camp 


Near Mt. Shasta, Cal., Mrs. L. M. Sisson, 
proprietor, rests among the tall pines in 
a big mountain meadow, facing the 
western side of Mt. Shasta. The eleva- 
tion Is 3,655 feet, while that of the moun- 
tain is 14,450 feet. Our rates are $14.00 
a week, which Includes about everything 
most people want. 

The Training' of the Child 






The childhood shows the nun 
A* morning shows the day. 

It is a sad. but nevertheless true 
fact that the average American child 
is not a well reared child. Compared 
with its European cousin it cei 
does not rank as the child of so glori- 
ous a republic as ours, should rank. 

Let us view it on this page With an 
impartial eye. and let us all, mothers. 
sisters, teachers, friends, strive t-> 
bring it to a higher standard of. train- 
ing. Viewing it Impartially, we must 
admit, however much against th>- 
grain, that it Is lacking in obedience, 
veneration, economy, Industriou 
its and respect for law and parental 

There are many mothers, it is true, 
who discharge the sacred obligation 
placed upon them, with the finest 
kind of judgment, tact, firmness ani 
discrimination of responsibility. To 
rhese we only say, help the others. 

Statistics show that crime is on the 
increase in our country. Now so long 
as the conditions In the home are not 
Improved, it will continue on the in- 
crease. The lawbreakers in the home 
will be the lawbreakers out of It. 
Train up a child in the way he should 
go; and when he is old he will not de- 
part from It. 

Almost dally we And some mother 
attributing her child's disobedience or 
willfulness to its youth. "Johnny is 
too young to know better.'" she invari- 
ably explains; "but he will come out 
all right In the end; he will outgrow 
his temper when mother can reason 
with him." Poor. weak, self-deluded 
mother! If she would only reflect for 
a moment, she would certainly see 
what all sane persons cannot help but 
know, that every repetition of disobed- 
ience, or indulgence of temper gives 
strength to the act and roots it more 
firmly in the child's nature. 

The training of the child should be- 
gin on the day of its birth. It is true 
you cannot reason with an infant in 
arms, but you can form for it habit 
that will later on make it yield of its 
own accord to correct reasoning, and 
will make it pliable toward good. 

Have you ever watched an average 
mother in her attempts to quiet her 
first-born's cries? The program sel- 
dom varies. At the first indication of 
restlessness she takes the little bundle 
of humanity from its pillow, tempor- 
arily stifles Its crying with some half 
dozen excited kisses thrust into the 
open mouth, and pitches the infant 
about in her arms, assuming in th* 
latter act very closely the line of 
movement a batch of butter takes In 
an old-fashioned churn. If between 
these movements the little one is able 
to suck enough oxygen into its lungs 
to start its vocal anatomy anew, it 
again breaks forth, but this time quite 
spasmodically, owing to the scarcity 
of oxygen— in fact so spasmodically, 
that its color begins to deepen some- 

At this stage kisses are not resorted 
to. but instead. "No, no, no darling"— 
"Mamma's own dear, darling baby," 
etc., etc., are poured into the gasping 
mouth — (for little ears are firmly 
closed to such appeals) and the supply 
of oxygen falls lower. A deep purple 
suffuses the baby's temples and fore- 
head, and the cries emerge at longer 
intervals. At this stage even the 
meal which the frantic mother franti- 
cally attempted to administer between 
her other performances, is abandoned, 
and. the little martyr finally ceases its 
defense from sheer exhaustion, and 
falls into a tired, hungry sleep, from 
which, after a short interval, it 
awakens, pale and Irritable. 

Perhaps all the baby wanted when 
first it called the mother's attention to 
Itself, was change of position. The 
mother seldom takes all her sleep In 
one position; what right has she to 
expect her offspring to do what she 
rarely, perhaps never does? 

Feed and bathe a baby regularly 
and clothe it comfortably. If, when 
these duties are performed Its sleep is 
restless, change its position occasion- 
ally, shake up Its pillow and straight- 
en out its clothing, and If it Is a 
healthy child, It will usually be satis- 

I once knew a mother who always 
placed two pillows side by side when 
she put her infant to sleep. If the lit- 
tle one's sleep proved restless, she 
would gently take it up, turn it over on 
the second pillow, and immediately 
shake up the first pillow to be ready 
for further use. This same mother 
never permitted any one to take up her 
Infant as long as it could be made 
comfortable on Its bed; and when the 
child was taken up to rest It from Its 
long, reclining position. It was never 
bobbed up and down, or danced about 
the room for amusement. "Such treat- 
ment excites children," the wise 
mother stated to the nurse, "and I 
want my dav iter to grow up, oblivi- 
ous of the fact that she has nerves." 

On the other hand take up an Infant 
every time it calls your attention to 

itself, and it will learn In a very few 
weeks how efficacious its lungs are in 
the matter of self-will, and II will 
rul« — yes, rule the entire household 
with a merciless, tyrannical hand, it 
is Infants thus atarted, thai grow into 
the "peculiar" children thai are the 
bane of every teacher's life. 

Prompt obedience Is the mosl dlffl- 
. nil lesson mothers hav<- to teach, and 
children have to learn, and II can be 
obtained successfully only by persev- 
ering fir 

If you make .i request or give a com- 
mand, see that your child carries it 
out: slight other duties if neceBsary 
but do not let your words go unheeded. 
Some mothers may ratee the cry: 
"Who will do our work if we devote so 
much lime to our children?" 

If vou begin properly and early In 
the child's life, the training Into 
prompt obedience will not require an 
exorbitant amount of time, and the 
time that It does require will be made 
up to you with compound Interest, as 
soon as the child realizes that your 
yes means yes, and your no. no. Have 
you ever noticed that the obedient 
child seldom puts its parents to shame 
by an evil temper? It has learned that 
its parents' words are law, and that no 
amount of fuss or commotion can 
shake their good judgment. And here 
let me say, dear mothers, be careful 
that your judgment Is good, else woe 
be unto you! 

Some vears aeo there lived a mother 
just this" side of the Alleghanles, who 
was a firm believer In obedience, and 
who In spite of an unconcealed pride 
In her ability to exact that quality 
from her offspring, possessed positive- 
ly the two worst children in the neigh- 
borhood In which she lived. The fol- 
lowing incident, which is a fair ex- 
ample of her mode of procedure In 
obedience training will fully diagnose 
her case: 

One evening, callers being present, 
she asked her two little ones at their 
usual bed hour, to say good night, and 
to let their nurse put them to bed. The 
presence of the callers, however. 
proved too strong an attraction for the 
children, and they blandly refused to 
do their mother's bidding. Coaxing, 
persuasion, promises of good things to 
come, were indulged in for about fif- 
teen minutes with no result, but in- 
creased obstinacy on the part of the 
children. Finally In a tone of victory 
that settled the question beyond a 
doubt, the mother commanded: "Now 
you simply shall not go to bed — for I 
will be obeyed!" 

Mothers, let your no be no, and your 
yes be yes, for if a child once discov- 
ers that persistency on its part can 
sway the parental will, he will soon 
assert his own, and make things in 
general lively; in short, he will soon 
be "father of the man." 

But until obedience is reduced to a 
standard, we cannot hope for general 
improvement, for one mother will be 
satisfied with "Yes, mother, in a 
minute" (the minute varying In length 
from half an hour to total forgetful- 
ness), while another will accept noth- 
ing short of "Yes mother," and immed- 
iate discharge of duty. « 

Often when women become grand- 
mothers, they recognize the shortcom- 
ings of their own motherhood and try 
to improve-upon it in the rearing of 
the third generation, but usually this 
recognition comes too late, for the 
daughters have already fixed their 
standards by their mother's and there- 
by proceed to rear their offspring. 

It is more difficult to get obedience 
from some children than from others, 
I hear some mothers say. This is quite 
true, and therefore you must use tact 
as well as judgment. A contrary cry 
is made concerning the schoolroom. — 
Our children are not all treated alike. 
How in the name of justice can they 
be? If there are thirty children In a 
schoolroom that room comprises thirty 
dlstlnct personalities, or rather, grant- 
ing the teacher the privilege of a per- 
sonality also, thirty-one. One child 
yields obedience intuitively, we might 
say; another, from mere suggestion; 
still another from a single command: 
while a fourth may feel privileged to 
usurp half a session to grant the same 
obedience. The Creator does not deal 
equally with His subjects; is it pos- 
sible, therefore, for a mother or a 
teacher to deal equally with the varied 
temperaments given into her charge? 
No, a thousand times, no! 

The average American-born child is 
quick to grasp Ideas. Intellectually It 
is at a premium; physically, perhaps 
at par. but morally it is at a discount. 
As before stated, it is lacking in re- 
spect for law and parental authority; 
in obedience; in veneration, and we 
might add, in regard for the rights of 

Can we not as a nation turn the 
qulck-wlttedness of our children Into 
a course that will make the rising 
generation more law-abiding, court- 
eous, respectful and mindful of the 
rights of others? We can, but only 
with the constant help of the mother. 

July, 1903 


Page 45 




There ain't a room in all the house 

Ez Int'restin' to me 
EJz Is the kitchen — that's the place 

A feller mustn't be! 

There ain't a clay in all the week, 

A hull one, when a kid 
Cu'd play, like Sunday — that's the 

Yer'd ketch it if yer did! 

And hev yer noticed now. I ask, 

How things is never half 
So roarin' spllttln* funny'z when 

Yer where yer dassn't laugh? 

And did yer ever hear 'em tell 

They'd had so big a blow, 
Such all unheard of larkin'ez 

The time yer didn't go? 


J» Jf Jl 

Max and the Wonder Flower 


Long before the great King Charlemagne ruled 
over Germany and France, the mountain forests that 
border the Rhine were peopled by gnomes and dwarfs, 
witches and fairies, some of whom were very mis- 
chievous and could never be trusted, while others did 
kind deeds for the people. 

They all were under the control of a fairy king, 
who lived in the deepest recesses of the mountains, 
and whose palace was so vast that It reached even 
under the river. On moonlight nights the fairies 
could be seen playing In the clear waters, sometimes 
enticing the fishers to their death, by showing them 
gold and jewels; for the poor, simple fishermen would 
dive down into the water and would never be seen 
again. But then there were good fairies among the 
mountains, and these gave presents to persons whom 
they thought deserving of rich gifts, for the mountains 
were filled with treasures of gold, silver and precious 
Jewels; and my story is about a little boy who was re- 
warded by these good fairies. 

He was only a poor little shepherd boy and tended 
the flocks of a rich baron whose castle stood high 
upon a rock that looked down over the valley where 
the little boy lived. His father was dead, and he 
was the only help of his mother, and two little sisters, 
Roschen and Elsie. They owned a little cottage, a 
goat, and a small bit of ground which Max, for that 
was the boy's name, tilled in the evening, after the 
sheep were all safely penned for the night. 

He was always cheerful and kind to all. He loved 
the beautiful river that flowed along so peacefully, 
and the vine terraces where grew the purple grapes. 
The dark forests, that seemed so still, filled his heart 
with reverence and wonder toward the great God 
who had made such a lovely world. 

Max longed to know how to read, so as to learn 
more about it all. and yet he worked on, early and 
late, and enjoyed even the air, and the Howers; and 
tho butterflies, as they flew by him, made him glaa 
that he was alive and well. 

But there came a day of sadness for poor little 
Max, in the winter time, for his mother was taken 
very ill, and the old nurse of the village, who took 
care of her, said she must die unless an herb could be 
procured that grew in the mountains, and these were 
now covered with snow, beneath which the herb lay 
burled. But Max did not despair; he started forth, 
with his snowshoes and a stout stick, to climb the 
mountains and find the herb that should cure his sick 

It was cold and the wind blew drearily through 
the trees: still he tramped on boldly, until at last he 
stood on the summit of the motmtain. The snow lay 
around like a soft white blanket, covering all the 
herbs, ferns and flowers, keeping them warm and 
tucked out of sight, until the spring time. It was not 
very deep, and' Max, with a little spade he had brought 
along, pushed It aside, and there was the brown 
earth beneath. Yet in that spot there was no herb, 
but before his eyes there grew a beautiful strange 
flower, whiter than snow, Its heart like a breath from 
the garden of heaven. Max gazed with longing upon 
Its beauty, and his first thought was to pluck It, and 
to take It home that th?y all might see the loveliness, 
but his second thought was, "Oh. no; I must first find 
the herb to cure Mother, and then I can come here 
again for this flower with which to gladden her eyes." 
So, with a parting look, he went farther on his search, 
found the herb, and with it safely In his pocket, came 
back to the spot where he had left the lovely flower. 

Alas, it had disappeared! But while the tears filled 
his eyes, the mountain where he stood opened wide, 
like a door, a dazzling fairy figure appeared, and a 
silvery voice said: 

"Enter, little Max, for thou didst first thy duty, 
Take what thou wilt of the treasures before thee. The 
wonder-flower that thou hast seen, thou canst not 
take with thee. It blooms but once in a thousand 
years and can only be seen by the pure of heart. 
Take of the gold and diamonds, love thy mother ever 
as now, aim to be a good man, and keep thy heart 
pure, that thou mayest again see the flower in the 
gardens of heaven, where a thousand years are but 
as a day." 

And the fairy vanished, but around in a great mar- 
ble hall shone diamonds and rubles, and bright bars 
of gold, before the eyes of the bewildered Max. A 
little brown dwarf who seemed to be a guard over the 
treasures, gave him a sack, and motioned him to 
fill it, and even helped him, saying never a word. 
When It was filled, It was so heavy that Max wondered 
how he could ever carry it home; but while he hesi- 
tated the dwarf threw It over his shoulder, and beck- 
oning Max to follow, crept out of the door, and as 


followed the mountain closed behind them, and 
the sn.v lias before. 

>med a dream, only that there 

if, with his pointed little cap. and strange 

with eyes like ;•. squirrel. Not a word did he 

1,111 he hotted on down the mountain, and it 

seemed t.. Max scarcely an hour before they stood at 

Its foot. There, with a bow, the dwarf set down the 

sack, an I then cumbered up the mom 

M ' home as fast as he could, with his 

heavy treasure, and gave the the herb, 
rn " sack ui; i-i his bed, until his mother should li- 
able to hear ot his good fortune. 

The herb dl I Its work so well that in a few days 

ii! i" sit up, and then Max. with his 

nan i in hera and his little sisters standing by him, 
told her ail. 

She clasped her hands and - 

"My sweet child, the dear God has been very good 
to thee. Thou hast seen the wonder-flower, that 
first blossomed when Christ was born, and that no one 
hut an Innocent child may see. Keep Its beauty 
always in mind, else the treasurer it brought will 
give thee no happiness. Let us thank the great God 
of heaven for His love to thee, a poor little shepherd- 
boy, to whom He has shown the wonder- flower, which 
even the king himself may not see!" 

And it was In this strange manner that Max's wish 
was at last granted; for with his treasure to help him, 
he now could go to school, and learn all about the 
great world outside of his little Rhine valley. He lived 
to be an honored and learned man, always doing good 
to others; and with all his wisdom he was as unas- 
suming as a child. 




Answers to riddles In the May number: 
Heads and Tails — 1, cart; 2, clamp; 3, ebony. 
Diamond— 1. C; 2 car; 3. caper; I Captain; 6, 
realm; G, rim; 7 n. 

Cross Word Enigma — Flag. 
Charade — Manage. 

Jt ji & 

1 — Behead me and I am to authors dear; 

Curtail me I may be gained it Is very clear; 
Complete I do connive, it will appear. 

2 — Behead me and an angry passion find; 
Curtail me, I am a tree oft tossed by wind; 
Complete, I'm terrible but also kind. 

3 — Behead, and I'm a solemn looking bird; 
Curtail, you'll find me grazing with a herd; 
Complete, in convents it is a common word. 


1 To try; 2, not difficult; 3, to covet; 4, a river in 
Asia; 5, set in order. (Combine two letters of the 
alphabet In such a way that when spoken they form 
a word.) Example: A girl's name, answer K T 

(Katy). e. C. M. 


My first is in January, my second in October, my 
third in April, my fourth is in June, my fifth is in No- 
vember, my sixth is in February, my seventh is in 
August, my eighth is in September, my ninth is In 
March. My whole Is the name of a patriotic maiden 
who was put to a cruel death. M. C. D. 


A troop of tiny soldiers brave. 

All ready for the fary; 
In shiny yellow uniforms. 

And orderly array. 

But now they scatter for the flight, 

Which hot and hotter grows: 
Oh, how they snap their little guns! 

And dance upon their toes! 

The battle o'er, but where are gone 

The little soldiers bold? 
You'll see them wearing robes of white 
And shining crowns of gold. 

# # J« 

"Four tickets Til take, have you any?" 

"There's a train at 4:04," said Miss Jenny, 

Said the man at the door, 

"No four for 4:04, 

For four for 4:04 is too many." 

jfi w* *5* 


A boy bathing in a river was in danger of being 
drowned. He called out to a traveler, passing by, for 
help. The traveler, Instead of holding out a helping 
hand, stood by unconcernedly and scolded the boy for 
his imprudence. "Oh, sir!" cried the youth, "pray 
help me now and scold me afterwards." Counsel 
without help Is useless. 


AN Artistic. Hindu 


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Page 46 


July, 1903 



Where Will You Spend Your Vacation ? | 

range bounds this flection on the we*t ai.u p separates It , 

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«" "' »" ' " on l of , t ^ '"'fm md a varied and most salubrious climate; 

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700 acres In section unusually free from 
fog and wind. Redwood groves; orchards, 

running streams and natural swimming _ 

pool: saddle horses; bathing, hunting and w 

fishing. Dally mail. Near Guernevlile w 

or Watson, North Shore Railroad. g? 


y -^. NEVILLE, CAL. $ 

.• unt*i rnttanes and tents. Santa Cruz \ 


Hotel, cottages and tents. Santa Cruz 
mountains. One-half mile from Wright. 
Beautiful scenery, redwoods, orchards; 
climate delightful; new management; 
wholesome food, fruit, cream, milk; no 
bar; $8, $10, $12 per week. Information 
at 11 Montgomery St., S. F., or address 
r Summit Hotel, Wright, Cal. $ 

Emerson Indeed spoke truth when 
he said: "A creative economy la the 
fuel or magnificence. Without it the 
world would scarcely know the mil- 
lionaire." - , . 

The economv Of the household de- 
pends largely, in fact. Principally upon 
the wise management of the wife. She 
rules supreme in her small domain and 
by her example weaves an Inevitable 
influence around her subjects, of whom 
her husband is her most Impressiona- 
ble follower, as well as her strongest 


Management Is the corner-atone of 
economy, and if the wife is lacking In 
It the bank account stands a poor 
chance of increase. It requires no 
great ability to earn a dollar, but u 
certainly requires ability to keep it, or 
to render it as effectual to one s pur- 
pose as possible. 

The secret of the great fortunes or 
our country lies not in the making of 
them, but in the process of making. 

What a step toward the bettermein 
of the condition of mankind were it. to 
require every couple contemplating 
marriage, to pass an examination in 
the economy and management of a 
family! I fear the per cent, of appli- 
cants of both sexes would be appalling- 
ly small, and I am certain the matri- 
monial bureaus would become bank- 
rupt in a single day. 

It is interesting to note the different 
standards of economy among the many 
nationalities represented in our State. 
The more enlightened North-European 
bases his economy on the thrifty man- 
agement of expenditure for food ( sloth- 
ing and daily comforts to gratlfj his 
Intellect; whereas the South-European 
and the Oriental in general economise 
on intellectual pursuits to meet the 
requirements of their love of display. 

The economical household spates 
expense according to its circumstances 
and wastes nothing! 

Blessed indeed is the woman who 
can make a wisely bought garment 
serve her brood in downward succes- 
sion until its very identity is .lost In 
the varying touches given it to make 
it suitable for each new aspirant. l 
say a wisely .bought garment becausi 
it is the man or woman of moderate 
means, who can least afford to buy 

'*%&*#££& is she also, who from 
••scraps" gathered from her pantry can 
put together a meal that would defy 
the criticism of an epicure. There are 
such wives and mothers, but our coun- 
try needs to multiply them. 

It Is a notable fact -that, compara- 
tively greater economy is practiced by 
the wealthier classes than by those 
who really need to practice it Watch 
the markets of any city in early sprln, 
and notice which classes in genera 
patronise the early vegetables and 

' "t is the laboring classes, and not 
the families of independent means. 
The latter did not accumulate then 
riches by thriftlessness and extrav- 
agance— and habit is strong. 

A wealthy woman desiring to give hei 
washer-woman's family a treat the 
past spring, purchased for them one 
morning two boxes of strawberries at 
fifty cents a box. and gave them to he 
small son who regularly called for the 
clothes. She handed the baskets to 
the boy. saying: "Here's something 
Johnny you haven't had yet this 
spring/' when the latter answered 
triumphantly: "Law. maw bought us 
four baskets of 'em two weeks ago. 

The following is told of one of our 
San Francisco millionaires, and foims 
a strong background for the washer- 
woman's idea of living. On one of his 
visits into the foot-hills to look after 
some business interests, he was ac- 
companied by his young grandson, and 
with the latter spent two weeks In the 
home of the ranch superintendent 
man of comfortable means. At the 
outset of the first meal the attending 
Tananese spread the young heirs 
Sread with butter and Jelly, thereupon 
the grandfather promptly ordered the 
ielly scraped off and saved for another 
See exclaiming: "If he is hungry, 
one spread will taste good I to him and 
if not, both spreads will only be 

'TonM knew a Colorado woman 
whose economy ran along the same 
line as that of the millionaire. She 
never permitted cream gravies served 
with meats at her tables, when the 
vegetables of the meal required sauce 
or gravey of any kind. She too. was 
a person of no small means. 

The majority of us abhor such econ- 
omy and readily cast our sympathies 
with the views that recently permitted 
an eastern girl to be frightened out of 
her engagement, because the young 
man of her choice, dilating upon the 
thiiftiness of his people, remarked one 

clay that an aunt of his had made "■« • 
paper of pins last her fifteen years. 
The young woman failed to appreciate 
the many points of such economy and 
■ i to enter a family that practiced 


Not many ol our American girls 
would think it possible to entertain 
two college chums and an epicurean 
uncle on a sixty-cent dinner, and to 
entertain them right royally, at that. 
Yet this was done recently by a Phila- 
delphia girl who Is being educated in 
(his State by a well-to-do bachelor 

Before her last spring vocation Bhe 
received the following invitation, 
which, as many before, she eagerly ac- 
cepted: "Come and spend your vaca- 
tion with Uncle Joe in the country, 
and show him how you can run a 
house. The Chinaman has begged for 
a week's leave of absence, so well 
have a gay time." 

it was during this visit that Bhe was 
called upon unexpectedly to entertain 
two college chums to dinner. 

It happened that her uncle had gone 
to San Francisco on thai particular 
day and would not return until hall 
past six in the evening. She knew thai 
he would be glad to find her friends 
with her when he returned, but a cer- 
taln pride and a deep appreciation of 
all he was doing for her made her 
hesitate to entertain them at his ex- 
pense without his previous knowledge 
of her doing so. 

Yet, what was she to .In'. She hail 
but sixty cents In her purse— nol i 
much as Uncle Jack usually paid for 
his porterhouse- steaks. 

However she decided to make her 
sixty cents go as far as possible 
started off for the nearest provision 
store. This is what she bought: 
Twenty cents worth of lamb chops 
(four chops); five cents worth-each, ol 
carrots, potatoes, lettuce and celery: a 
half dozen eggs for ten cents, and a 
can of shrimps for ten cents. 

From this store she prepared a meal 
that would have pleased any normal 
palate. Coffee, milk and "trimmings" 
as a matter of course she used from 
the pantry. . 

She prepared her dessert first, in or- 
der that it might be sufficiently cool by 
meal time. For this she beat together 
the yolks of three eggs, one fourth cup 
of sugar and two small tablespoonfuls 
of corn starch— the last first mixed 
with a little milk to keep it from form- 
ing in lumps — and poured the mixture 
slowly into a quart of boiling milk, 
stirring constantly for about five min- 
utes. Before removing it from the fire- 
she flavored it with lemon. When the 
mixture was nearly cool, she distribut- 
ed the whites of the eggs beaten to a 
stiff froth, in rounded tablespoonfuls 
over the surface of the pudding, being 
caraful to preserve the snowy white- 
ness of the froth by not dipping it too 
deep into the pudding. 

Carrots were the vegetables chosen, 
because they would serve her for two 
courses. After she had scraped and 
washed them carefully, she put them 
into a boiler with about six cupfuls of 
water, and let them slowly cook on the 
back of the stove, while she made her 
salad. The latter she made in the usu- 
al manner, by chopping up a sufficient 
quantity of shrimps, celery and lettuce, 
mixing it with an oil ana" egg dressing 
and serving It on lettuce leaves. Thc- 
remaining lettuce she seasoned with 
pepper, salt and a little vinegar, and 
garnished it with two hard boiled eggs 
cut into thin slices. 

The potatoes she French-fried. 
When the carrots were thoroughly 
cooked, she removed four cup- 
fuls of the carrot water and 
put it into a separate granite 
ater and put it into a separate granite 
dish. To this broth she added a piece 
of butter half the size of an egg, a 
good portion of salt and some pepper. 
This was her soup — bouillon sans 
stock she termed it. Those who have 
never tasted carrot soup still have a 
treat in store for them. Served with 
crackers or a bit of toasted bread, it 
is delicious. 

For the carrots themselves she pre- 
pared a dressing of butter, cream, 
pepper and salt, and added just enough 
Of the carrot water to moisten them 

The crowning part of the meal was 
a plate of good old-fashioned baking 
powder biscuits that would have done 
i i, ..hi to any southern Aunt Dinah. 

Winn our young friend's table was 
laid, and she made her final trip to 
the kitchen to review her menu and 
t0 a dd a finishing touch or two before 
summoning her friends to the dining 
room, she mused complacently: "Not a 
fashionable meal by any means, but 

I'll warrant it's as good as anybody 
could get up for sixty cents!" 

• fills-. 1003 


Page 4. 


New Thought 


Health and 

(Recently Returned from India) 

Questions Invited along the lines 
of health culture, but diseases will 
not be recognized or prescribed for in 
this department. 


The Upbuilding of the Human Body 


"^varA^VrQivn^r^vQjvn v ^V2iVvr'- 

"Not mean nor base, 
But of heaven's best upbuilding is this 
Fashioned for man 
The City of Nine Gates- 
Wonderful, subtle, sacred — to be kept 
Fair and well garnished; 
Graced with ornament. 
Outside and in. and wardened worthily. 
Thai, in its ordered precincts, angel's 
May float and fold, and body help the 
As soul helps body."— 

— Sir Edwin Arnold. 
Although in school days our studies 
in physiology gives us a fair Idea of 
the wonderful construction of the hu- 
man body, yet as we grow older, how 
comparatively few of us remember 
anything very definite with regard to 
the upbuilding of its most vital func- 
tions? And how very few of us, even 
though near the noon-tide of life, re- 
alize how to best keep these temples 
of the passing- soul, a lit hahitai imi I'm- 
its temporary sojourn in this mundane 

In Hindu literature man is often 
spoken of as a microcosm of the uni- 
verse, a repetition in miniature of 'that 
which exists." 

In India people are taught the three 
fold importance of existence; soul. 
mind, and body. The higher or real 
self soul: the body, its instrument, or 
servant; the mind, the connecting link. 
And surely It is well, for neople of all 
nations to realize that their souls and 
bodies are separate entitles, and so use 
the body, that it will in nowise hinder 
or obscure the growth of the soul. 

Tennyson once spoke of the human 
body "as a little elty of sewers— with 
all its wants and needs no greater than 
the beast"— and in the case of a dis- 
eased body the similie is not unjust. 
We are undoubtedly— (except in cases 
of heredity)— largely responsible for 
the state of our bodies— appetites and 
desires gain the ascendancy, and body 
rules the soul and hinders its develop- 
ment: for how can a soul be a lumi- 
nous center if dwarfed by a body 
racked with pain? Let us learn to treat 
our bodies as separate entities, and see 
to It. that the great river of life, the 
circulation, is kept properly oxygenized 
and energized by the action of the 
lungs— which some of us only half 
use— and then we only half live. Let 
us see to it that the channels and by- 
ways of the living stream is kept free 
from the accumulations of decayed 
debris. Let us remember often — thai 
the great designer supplied our bodies 
with a more perfect and intricate sys- 
tem of irrigation, drainage and sew- 
erage, than man has ever dreamt of — 
by which nature intended the waste 
products of the system should be car- 
ried off— but which, through ignorance, 
or neglect, are allowed to accumulate 
in the system and prove a fertile 
source of disease. 

Let us teach our children to realize 
that through a healthy pair of lungs 
thrre should pass every day about 400 
cubic feet of air. that the stream of lire 
carrying its myriads of red and white 
corpuscles should move at the rate of 
about seven miles an hour, and that It 
depends on the action of the lungs for 
oxygen for its purification. 

The body is constantly throwing off 
iis waste products, and at least thirty- 
four per cent passes off by the lungs. 
It was not until the discovery and per- 
fected use of the microscope, (since 
1830). that our scientists have been 
able to understand the exact method 
of the upbuilding of the human body. 
The microscope proves that the body 
Is composed of millions of smaller bod- 
ies, consisting of myriads of cells in 
constant activity, always creating or 
destroying each cell, seeming to have 
an Individuality and a function all its 
own. Not all of which are even yet 
understood, but science has Droved be- 
yond all question of doubt, that the life 

o£ ■ ■ " i> ••'•II is very short, an I thai 
human life Is carried on through the 
constant reconstruction of healthy 
cells. Time is not far distant, when 
right living and thinking will enable 
this cellular construction to constantly 
Improve Instead of deteriorate: and 
who knows? Edison's prophecy may 
soon be realized and men will discover 
the germ of old age, and destroy it. 
Self control exercises a vast influence 
over the cell-building of the dally and 
hourly reconstruction of the human 
body, well directed energy generates 
wonderful vitality, and every single 
thought and emotion carries with it a 
chemical affinity or change in the sys- 
tem, either beneficial or detrimental. 

Disease and old age is typical of de- 
cay, and both conditions can only be 
made bearable or attractive by self- 
control and cheerfulness. It rests with 
us to replace in our selves or our 
friends cheerful suggestions instead of 
depressing ones. 

It means very much to a sick man, 
whether his friends say "you look bet- 
ter today." or "poor fellow, you don't 
look as well as you did." 

It may not be possible to cure mel- 
ancholy, but we can always divert it in 
ourselves or others. Envy, anger, grief, 
blues, worry, all poison the blood, de- 
lays and impairs digestion — and des- 
troys more nerve force and cell build- 
ing in a day than can be rebuilt In a 

There's a big difference between 
mere feelings and emotions; the feeling 
of pride, anger, remorse, etc. — impris- 
ons our soul, but emotion of the right 
kind sets it free to soar into boundless 
space and for a while feel Itself a part 
of the infinite, and gives renewed hope, 
joy. courage, content, adoration and 
sympathy, and shuts out the lower self. 
One of the earliest of the Hindu 
teachers has said: "Serene content- 
ment is God's golden gift, have thou 
that and all Is had." And also that "the 
greatest manifestation of power is to 
be calm. Thoughts may be rippling 
waves, but when disturbed and uncon- 
trolled, may become tempests and 
whirlpools." Thought waves move in 
circles, and there is an old saying 
in England that "curses come home 
to roost." It is equally true that good 
thoughts come back to us, and that our 
thoughts are constantly building our 
own environment, and attracting or 
repelling the good or the bad. 

I want my readers to learn the law 
of the attraction of harmonic vibra- 
tion, and make it a Dart of their dailv 
lives and first of all to get "a sound 
mind In a sound body." Study along 
the lines of new thought is very help- 
ful towards the better upbuilding of 
the human bodv. but mere reiteration 
of "I can" and "I will" Is not all. 
Greater attention Is claimed for right 
breathing, exercisintr. dieting. sleeDing. 
and above all. self-mntrol. One must re- 
alize, and not merely reiterate, any as- 
sertion. When we realize we possess 
a power, we shall better understand 
how to use it. 

•God sleeps in the mineral. 
Breathes in the vegetable. 
Moves in the animal, 
And wakes in the man." 
And the sooner we realize the God 
in us the sooner we can harmonize our 
environment and get the best out of it 
for our neighbors as well as ourselves. 

Soon I will offer my readers some 
instruction for nerve energizing, such 
as I have learned in India. All real 
knowledge is based upon experience, 
and I shall only speak of what I have 
proved to be truth. Nerve waste Is 
largely under self-control, and so also 
are the ordinary ailments of the body. 
Humboldt said: "There will come a 
time when diseased man will be 
looked upon with the same abhorrence 
as a thief or a liar, and when It will be 
understood, disease is as much sub- 
jected to the mind as any other habit. 

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The Great Syrian Remedy 

BEYABA bus been In universal nsu for years In Syria, 
Aslu, where certain religious customs require the hair to be 
extirpated from the body. Beyaru Is prepared from the Sy- 
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the relief of those In thlB country who are troubled with 
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body. In no case docs Beyara produce more gratifying re- 
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Office of The Willson Medical and Surgical Institute. Gait House 


In the Scientific Examination, 
Treatment and Cure of all Difficult 
and long standing. 

Of Men, Women and Children. 

M. D.— Albany, New York; M. 
D. — Bellevue Hospital, New York; 
M. D. — College of Physicians and 
Surgeons, Ontario, Canada; Late 
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Office, 1206 Market Street, San Francisco. Cal. 
Phone Howard 430. 
Rooms —Office, I, and Sitting Room, 107. 9 a. m. to 7:30 p. m. 

Office and Residence— Oakland,391 20th St. Phone Laura 406. j 

Page 48 


July, 1903 




fancy kinds 
at the grocers. 


cents a can. 
Each can makes 

Just add hot water. 


In spite of all th:it Is Bald of the 
modem girl and her rrivollty, she is 
not such an Idle person after all, wit- 
n. -ss the number of cooking schools, 
and the private i lasses foi Instruction 
in cooking. Call it a fad if you will. 
I,,,, n | 8 ; , very practical fad. for once 
learn the principles of cooking, you 
will not forget them, an I al least you 
w ill be able to see that your meals art 
properly prepared and served. 

A few words of advice to young 
cooks or new hmis-k. -.-p.-rs may not be 
., miss. -One of my rules Is— "Never 
stand when you can do your work as 
well sitting." I learned that long ago 
from "Marlon Harland."— and It has 
been an invaluable help to me. for of- 
tentimes the fear of fatigue will deter 
one from trying some favorite dish. 
whereas if you feel you can sit down to 
It the labor Is but half. 

Another rule is— If I have a dish to 
make from a recipe I carefully read 
iln- i. Mine, or if I am making It out 
of my head"— I think it out.— Then I 
get all the mat. -rials together, be sure 
all even to the spoons to measure with. 
You will be astonished if you follow 
this rule how many steps you will later 
save yourself, but more important stll! 
you will keep yourself from getting 
well "Ilustr.ited" as we say at home. 
And "llustrated" means flushed and ex- 
cited and tired before half the work is 
done. Next— if you are boiling water- 
have It boiling mad— if you are uf' n£ ? 
cold water have it cold as possible, 
have your fire a good, hot fire; if you 
are beating eggs see they are well 
beaten, if you are sifting flour, sift it 
two or three times, if the recipe says 
a teaspoonful see that it is a teaspoon- 
ful, neither more nor less. All these 
little things seem trifles— but remem- 
ber that it is "trifles that make up the 
sum of existence," and in the end at- 
tention to the trifles Is what pays. 

Another thing I would recommend to 
the naturally perplexed young house- 
keeper, is. buy all the labor saving ma- 
chines you can. and at present they are 
all so cheap they come within the . 
reach of all.— Have a potato peeler, an 
apple corer. an egg beater, a good sift- 
er biscuit cutters, molds, rice kettles, 
slicers dish mops, strainers, in fact 
any and everything that will help you 
to do your work neatly, and with as 
little hurt to your hands as possible. 
Go to some good shop and examine all 
the things, say— "What is this for. and 
what that?" they will explain to you 
and you will be astonished to know 
how much you can be saved. 

Next month we will have a further 
chat about the care taking of these 

A green pea omelet 1° i most delici- 
ous luncheon dish. Drain a cupful of 
cold peas almost dry; mash with the 
back of a spoon and season. When 
your omelet is ready to dish spread the 
peas over one half, fold the other ovei 
and take up on a hot-platter. 

Real mushroom lovers will like plain 
escalloped mushrooms without foreign 
seasoning, which hide the mushrooms 

Belgian Hare— Out up the hare and 
soak in filtered water for one hou 
a hair, wipe dry. ami roll In flour, and 
brown in butter. For one hare boil an 

,,ni, n in i wo nips m' water, and p.iui 
this water on the hare and simmer an 
hum and a half. Add half a pint oi 
cream before serving; pepper and salt 

Sausage Omelet— One half pound 
sausages; prick each with a fork; fry 
sb.wlv: i">ur off fat as it comes off: 
take two when done and chop quickly, 
drawing pan to one side of Are; break 
four eggs into a bowl: add two table- 
spoons of warm water; mix with a 
fork and s.-ason with sail: heat anoth- 
er pan very hot, melt it in one-half 
teaspoonful of butter and pour In eggs. 
When eggs begin to thicken allow 
them to set: when set. but still soft In 
center, lay in chopped sausage; roll 
and turn out on platter; garnish with 
whole sausage. 

Cucumber Pickles — Get small cu- 
cumbers as nearly one size as possible; 
soak them for one week in a brine that 
will float a small potato; then put 
them for one day. in clear cold water, 
after put some cabbage leaves, or bet- 
ter grape leaves, in the bottom of your 
jar or earthen pot, then a layer of the 
pickles; sprinkle a little powdered 
alum over them, then another layer of 
leaves, then pickles, alum, etc., until 
the jar Is full; boll in enough vin- 
egar to cover them, and they will be 
still nicer if you add all-spice and 
whole pepper to the vinegar while boil- 
ing; pour the vinegar while boiling 
over the pickles and cover at once. 
Next morning pour off the vinegar 
from the pickles and boll again, adding 
a little more vinegar if necessary. Re- 
peal this process next day; leave for a 
week before eating. 

Orange Marmalade — Boil nine or- 
anges and seven lemons in water two 
or three hours; draw off water and 
• open oranges and lemons, taking out 
the seeds, and retaining all the pulp 
and juice possible. Cut the rind In 
small strips; weigh it all when it is 
done, then put three pounds of sugar 
to two of the pulp, and boil slowly un- 
til clear. 

Fig Pudding — One pound suet chop- 
ped fine, one-quarter pound bread 
. rumbs, one-quarter pound sugar; two 
pounds smyrna figs chopped fine; four 
eggs, one cup milk; one cup brandy; 
two tablespoonfuls flour, a little nut- 
meg: one teaspoonful yeast powder. 
Steam four hours In a mold. Serve 
with hard sauce, flavored with brandy 
or vanilla. 

Green Tomato Pickles — Slice tomatoes 
into a jar and sprinkle salt over each 
layer; let them stand for twenty-four 
hours and drain off liquor. For a pe'.k 
of tomatoes add a teaspoonful each of 
ground ginger, allspice, cinnamon, 
cloves, mace, scraped horse-radish, 
three large red peppers; three large 
onions, and a cup of brown sugar; cov- 
er all with vinegar and boil slowly 
three hours. 

Recipies by Mrs. Armstrong 

Meat Glaze for cold meats Is much bet- 
ter with a little Kitchen Bouquet. 

Bouillon— To one quart of Bouillon add 
half a teaspoonful of Kitchen Bouquet. 
It will greatly Improve noth taste and ap- 

Bean Soup— (As well as Meat or Vege- 
table Soups), is rendered more savory by 
adding a teaspoonful of Kitchen Bouquet 
to each quart of soup. 

Jellied Veal becomes Marbled Veal, 
if Kitchen Bouquet be mixed with alter- 
nate layers of the preparation as it is 

Brown Sauce— Melt two tablespoons of 
flour to same quantity of butter (or fat 
In pan from roast or broiled meats) and 
thinning with a cup and a half of ^ stock 
or water. This makes alight colored 
sauce: but hall a teaspoonful of Kitchen 
Bouquet gives a rich and most appetizing 
color and flavor: 
'Mushroom Sauce— Melt two tablespoon- 
r u ia .>r butter In a saucepan and add a 
slice of onion. Cook this slowly five min- 
utes remove the onion and add a cup oi 
sliced or chopped musnroom (removing 
Stems and skin from fresh onesl. Cover 
Closely and simmer ten or fifteen minutes. 
Th. -n a.kl two tablespoonfuls of flour, a 
Bcant pint of stock or hot water, and sea- 
son with salt, pepper and Kitohen Bou- 
quet. This is excellent ror either broiled 
steak or a filet of beef. 

Rscipies by Mrs. Armstrong 

Aspic Jelly may be made more attract- 
ive and palatable by adding Kitchen 
Bouquet before It becomes jellied. 

Tomato Sauce — This may be made sim- 
ilar to mushroom sauce, using strained 
tomato Instead of stock, and a high sea- 
soning of mace, bay-leaf peppercorns and 
a couple of cloves Instead of the mush- 
room. Strain before serving and add 
half a teaspoonful of Kitchen Bouquet. 

Meat Tlmbales are most savory if a lit- 
tle Kitchen Bouquet be added to the other 

Dressing, for birds and game, has a 
richer color and flavor when Kitchen Bou- 
quet is one of the seasonings. 

Creamed Chicken takes a golden hue If 
a little Kitchen Bouquet is mixed with 
the yolk of egg and added just at serv- 
ing time. 

Ragout of Meat, also braized beef and 
calf's liver, should be seasoned with 
Kit. hen Bouquet. 

Casserole of Meat, also braized beef and 
calf's liver, should be seasoned with 
Kitchen Bouquet 

Hashed Brown Potatoes become ex- 
ceedingly appetizing when seasoned with 
Kitchen Bouquet. 

Salad Dressing, either the French or 
cooked form, receives an Indescribable 
and most agreeable flavor by addition of 
Kitchen Bouquet. It is particularly good 
for tomato salad. 

Por Soaps, Sauce?, Gravies, 

Roasts, Stews and Entrees 

And General Culinary Purposes 

Imparts a Rich Color and Delightful 
Flavor. The Kitchen Garden con- 
densed and reody for Instant use. 
Keeps in any climate. Used and en- 
dorsed by great Chefs and eminent 
Teachers of Cookery. 

••Housekeeping would be a burden without 
It."— Surnh Tyson Borer. 

-I know of no other kitchen luxury which 
U » near a neccsalty."-Helen Arm- 

"Iiivi.luablo to the housekeeper."— Mnry J. 

"Indispensable to till suvory dlshes."-Janet 
M. Hill. 

"Indispensable to all up-to-date house- 
keepers."— Alice Cury Waterman. 

"Have used It for last ton years and 
would not be without it."— Bmlly M. 

"A necessity to all good i cooking. "— B. La 
Pcrruque. Head Chef. Dolraonlco ■. 

If your grocer don't keep It, Insist on 
his getting It for you 

Write for Free Sample and Booklet. 
Send 30c In stamps for prepaid package. 


244 Clinton Avenue 
West Hoboken, N. J. 

N. B. — The word "Kitchen Bouquet" U 
exclusively our Trade Mark. Infringe- 
ments will be prosecuted. 




The most Delicious Champanne 
of the Age 

Yellow Label Dry 
Gold Label Brut 

Cruse & 
Fils Freres 

Clarets and Sau 

Creme des Grands 

(Creme of Cog- 

429-431 Battery St., S. F. 

P. Weaterfeld 

Westerf eld & Co. 




Cake of every kind made of best mate- 
rials in workmanship at 
1035 Market Street. San Franoisoo 

July, 1903 


Page 49 

To my youthful Imagination two 
h.ius.-s In Deddington had seemed con- 
spicuous above all others for their 
magnificence. One was known as 
"Myrtle House." though there were no 
myrtles near It, and was the residence 
or Miss Bellamy, a maiden lady of fif- 
ty. It was the largest house In the 
town — a square stone building with a 
porch and pillars of polished marble. 
The other house was the home of my 
uncle, and was referred to simply as 
"lawyer Enoch's, in Broad Street." 
Externally the most remarkable 
thing about It was that the front door 
was approached by a series of steps 
quite a long flight It seemed to me — 
with a hand-rail beside them for safe- 
is-. And as my unrlr- himself happen- 
ed to be — or seemed to be — the tallest 
man whom I had ever, up to that time, 
seen going about loose, I imagined the 
Steps had been put up there to assist 
the advantages which nature had giv- 
en him in getting a good view of the 
surrounding country. 

My recollection of the place received 
a severe shock when I returned to it 
after a long absence. The church did 
not look so palpably a cathedral as I 
used to think. Broad street belled Its 
name, and looked, In fact, quite nar- 
row. Passing Myrtle house, I happen- 
ed to strike my stick against one of 
the polished marble pillars. The ring 
was unmistakably wooden, and, In- 
deed, the paint sadly wanted renewing. 
When I reached my uncle's house it 
was no longer a surprise to me to find 
only four steps to the door instead of 
forty or fifty, and to find In him, in- 
stead of the very tallest man, a man 
who had never been very much above 
the average height, and who now. at 
seventy-two, stooped a little with 
years, and more with the weight of 
troubles that had been laid upon him. 

The occasion of this visit to Ded- 
dlngton was a sad one. My uncle, in 
the long practice of his profession, 
made a good deal of money. He gave 
very generously to the poor, not only 
through public Institutions but by 
many a secret charity where his right 
hand knew not of his left hand's boun- 
ty. Many a Christmas board smoked 
appetizingly. which but for his open 
hand, would have been bare. Many a 
grate on a winter's night burned with a 
ruddy glow, which, but for him would 
have been black and cold. Beyond this, 
he spent liberally upon his house and 
daughter. His house was noted far 
away for the taste and elegance of Its 
equipments. From attic to cellar it 
was his pride to have everything as 
complete and as good as money could 
make It. 

"You will have quite enough, my 
girl, when I have spent all I can In this 
way." he would say to Ada. his only 
daughter, "to make the men run after 

As for Ada herself, his trouble was 
that money was not able to buy any- 
thing quite good enough for her. Her 
little phaeton and her pair of grays 
was the prettiest turn-out in the town: 
hut It was not nearly good enough, he 
thought. So of her jewelry, her dress- 
es her piano: her wonderful Pomer- 
anian. Nelly, which took the first prize 
at the dog show year by year, as a 
matter of course; all these were good, 
were indeed of the very best, but were 
not half good enough, he said. 

Of all his children only Ada was 
left: and so Ada was the light of his 
life — in whom and for whom alone he 
any longer cared to live. 

She herself declared she had given 
up all hope of the men ever running 
after her. and already regarded her- 
self as the legitimate successor of Miss 
Bellamy In the honors of old maiden- 
hood In Deddin"ton. "Twenty-five al- 
ready, papa, and not yet engaged." she 
used to say: "I'm afraid I'm a bad lot. 
I shall co and ask Miss Bellamy what 
Is the best thing for rheumatism at my 
time "i life, and see If she can ex- 
change mv Nellie for a well-conducted, 
respectable ■at." Or if Miss Bellamy 
happened to drive past at such a time, 
she would make, a great pretense of 
beckoning to her from the windows, 
with a view to stopping her and asking 
her these questions. 

In these demonstrations against Miss 
Bellamy, her papa, she noticed, never 
loined. hut. indeed, always deore- 
eated ihem, and seemed to have a sing- 
ular i. -si. -.I and deference for that 
ladv which was unaccountable, seeing 
thai they never, under any rlrcum- 
Btances. visited each other and. to 
Ada's knowledge, had nol even spoken 
to each other for many years. 

"Old maid, indeed." he would reply. 
"I never feel sure until you come In to 
breakfast, that you has.- nol eloped In 
the night." 

And. ni com se, \&b i hough 

gaged had not reached twenty-five 
without having had a chance to be so. 
The simple facl was that she would 
nol leave nei fat hi r and was cold to 
ill advances, and thai as he Beemed to 
find all his happiness In her, she was 
content to devote herself wholly to 

This was the state of aff ilrs w hen 
my uncle was utterly ruined by the 
failure of e hank. My uncle surrend- 
ered everything he possessed to the 
creditors, and saw himself utterly 
bankrupt In all i>ui his integrity. My 
vlsll to i leddington was to be pre leni 
at the sale "t" all his household effects, 
and to buy In again at the auction for 
his use and Ada's such things as I 
could not see taken from them so long 
as it was in my poor power to prevent 
It. But, unhappily, it was but little I 
could do. my means being much more 
limited than my good-will. 

It was Ada who opened the door for 

contained his favorite 
authors. I noted the numbers Of some 
- pieces of furniture, and then we 
rerun my 

looking Into the fire. He and 
day. keeping the 
1 while the tramp of foot- 
II outside. 
We did not sit long, however, before 
my uncle went off. In low spirits 
his bed. Bui Ads and I sat 
-in. little 
couch ticketed Lot 130) 
had i conversation we axe nol Ilk 

indeed, we sat and 
i :i be- 

fore l went ofi to my resting place. 
which she told me I should find in I 

At breakfast next morning, we none 
of u- looked refreshed. And when the 
i to come in for a final 

. ii cosl H- some little effori i" 
rous pirlts, Ad i 

went to a neighbor's to be out of the 
- ■ » 1 1 1 1 I of the auctioneer's hammer. My 
uncle, however, put on a cheerful. 
brave face, stayed at home, and 
stick in hand from room to room, and 
told the real value of this pleci of fur- 
niture .m I thai i" his ft li nds. who 
wish.- I i" purchase, ind p on good will 
and sympathy In his misfortune, 
had won respect and esteem In his 

Among others came in old Miss Bell- 
amy. My uncle saw her coming up the 
stairs, and drew me back Into a bed- 
room until she passed, and so kept out 
of her sight till she had pone from 
room to room, slowly all through the 
house, and left It again. 

After she came, In a little while, two 
respectable-looking men, strangers in 
the town, and then, having also gone 
i in- round of the house, note-book in 
hand, chose for themselves seats in 
front, near the auctioneer's desk. and. 
the hour of sale being close al hand. 
made it very clear thai they had come 

'And every article was numbered." 

me She was cheerful and resigned to 
her altered lot, thinking only of her 
father, as he seemed to think only of 

She had plans of her own. chief of 
which was that plan of all well-educat- 
ed needy ladies— to take the situation 
of a governess. As for her father, she 
knew not, and he knew not. what was 
To be done: but they did not doubt 
that some friendly door would open 
to him, and she had accepted the invi- 
tation of a friend to stay a few weeks 
with her: and thus the two were to be 
Darted for almost the first time in her 
life. I think the prospect of their sep- 
aration pained them more that night 
than the loss of all their possessions. 
They sat all the evening clasped in 
each other's arms. And she pillowed 
his head upon her breast, as he had so 
often pillowed hers. 

She took me through the rooms, and 
a very dreary round it was. The stair 
carpets were all up. and so were the 
bedroom carpets. The boards were 
marked by dirty feet, for the household 
furniture and effects had been on view 
all day. Townsfolk who had never 
crossed the threshold before had been 
through every room In the house, save 

^Brokers had sounded all the chairs 
and tables and bedsteads. Everything 
was ticketed and numbered for the 
sale on the morrow ^"l^Thele 
and lot 421 was Ada's piano, jnem 
things I marked for my own. Lots BOO 
o 574. inclusive, were my uncles 
books done up in bundles of about half 
a dozen. Irrespective of subject, I 
looked through these, and noted a few 

with the intention of doing business. 

Strange, how elastic Is the spirit 
under trouble. As the sale went on, and 
my uncle saw first one favorite piece 
of" furniture and then another fall un- 
der the hammer, his spirits rose, and 
he became cheerful and lively. He 
chuckled and rubbed his hands when 
things went for more than he had giv- 
en for them, although It put no penny 
in bis pocket. He took it as a high 
personal compliment that the two 
strangers should have come down to 

"There Is not another house in town 
that thev would have come to," he said. 
And when he found that nearly every- 
thing was being knocked down to them 
or to other strangers, he began to think 
the fame of his good taste must have 
spread very widely. 

In fact, the townfolk got hardly any- 
thing. It soon became apparent that 
the strangers meant to have it all their 
own way. and when, once or twice, a 
townsman, having set his mind on some 
particular article, was allowed to get 
it, only after It had been run up to 
about double its value, townsfolk be- 
came very shy of bidding. Had it not 
been that there were two or three sets 
of these foreign brokers the front- 
seat couple would have had all at their 
own price. Indeed, as it was. the 
prices of the early part of the sale 
were not maintained. For the strang- 
ers plaved Into each other's hands after 
awhile, and sparing each others 
purses. , 

It was some little surprise to me that 
none of them bid against me for the 
few lots I had marked, and that they 

all fell I their 

Hopkins, the tmtier. who had 
with my uncle for forty years, made 
u- one i"t on 

a. thai lot being the brass d 

with my uncle's nun,- on it. He did 
nol bid for anything else bul n i 
this up carefully with its screws, and 
ay with it. 

■ You'll ne> • ■ " ''- uu i 

: hai bs - Id mj urn l< 

I he Old man up- 

li was a tv ""' " hen 

iund that 
nine-tenths of the goods had become 
the propi some half-dozen 

era, and l tial thesi h n-dozen 
strangers had all bi en ai ting In i on 
cei '. They said they would send or- 
ders In o for the disposal 
of their purchases, w hlch, In the m in 
ihn. . thi •• « ould I"- glad If they i ould 
leave. "Perhaps my urn li n ould be 
willing t" consider them at his service 
until they sent for them." they said, 

My uncle thanked them but could 
not ncccpt such a loan from stran 
He was going, he said, that nlghl to 
the hotel, and the next day should 
i lvi Deddington. 

the key, Hopkins," he said, 
"an.i leave It ai the bank." And Hop 
kins took ii -ni locked the door. 

'Why, what extravagance is this, 
i fopklns?" he i Kdaimed again, .is he 
saw a cab waiting for him al the door. 
"Do you think all this has taken the 
j of my limbs from me, and that I 
could not walk a couple ><( hundred 

i in not going to have a lot of peo- 
ple staring a1 you as you walk." said 
i [opkins. 

So we got in — Hopkins outside with 
Mi.- driver. 

"Why. he's taking us around by 
Jackson's lane." said my uncle, as he 
pulled down the window, and called to 
the driver to know where he was go- 

"It's all right," said Hopkins; "Ive a 
call to make, if you'll excuse me taking 
tin- liberty." 

"Confound his Impudence," said my 
uncle, "driving me about to make his 

Now. Jackson's lane Is just outside 
the town, and has a few semi-detach- 
ed houses in it. each with a neat little 
bit of garden In front. 
We stopped in a minute at one of the 
prettiest of these, and Hopkins jump- 
ed down and opened the door of the 
cab and the gate of the garden. 

"Please step in, sir. for only one min- 
ute," said Hopkins, with an air of great 
embarrassment, such as I might have 
Imagined him to assume in case of his 
being detected stealing spoons. "Please 
to step in, sir, and excuse the liberty." 
And at that moment the house door 
opened, and out stepped Mrs. Burnett, 
mv uncle's cook, and stood at the end 
of' the little gravel walk, courtesying 
and blushing violently. 

"Why. Mrs. Burnett, what In the 
name of goodness do you and Hopkins 
mean?" asked my uncle. 

"Not Burnett any longer," Hopkins 
broke in. "I was tired seeing her cry- 
ing In the kitchen this morning; so, as 
I happened to have a marriage license 
In my pocket, we walked as far as the 
church while the sale was on and she 
came out Mrs. Hopkins." 

"It's the most sensible thing you 
ever did in your life," said my uncle; 
"but I had some thought of asking her 
myself. And so you've brought me 
here to wish you joy? Well, God bless 
you both!" 

"It was not exactly that." said Hop- 
kins: "Indeed. I could not have taken 
such a liberty. But I thought, sir. 
perhaps —I thought that, perhaps, you 
and Miss Ada — and Kate thought, 
too — " 

"Why. my good Hopkins," said my 
uncle, what does this mean?" for he 
had quite broken down, and could say 
no more. 

"We thought, sir," broke in Mrs!. 
Hopkins, "as he says, that as we have 
lived under the same roof with you 
and Miss Ada so many years, you 
would. perhaps, let us live un- 
der the same roof with you a little 
longer, we being too old to make new 
friends. So Hopkins, he had a chance 
to get this bouse, and he has made It 
as comfortable as he can. and we 
thought you would perhaps let us live 
with you here till you find a more fit- 
ting place." And the bride as she con- 
cluded her speech (which she had not 
got through without many interrup- 
tions), polished the door plate with her 
apron and my uncle read his own name 
upon it. , 

Then he went Into the parlor and he 
buried his face for a minute in his 
hands. When he lifted it again Hop- 
kins was standing with his bank book 
In his hands. 

"Oh, master," he said, "yours has 
been such an easy service that to 
have no one to serve will be harder 
work. Let us stay with you still. Don't 
call it staying with us. See here— All 
we have is yours. We have no other 
use for it: take it for yourself and Miss 
Ada — only don't let us part." And he 
put the bank book on the table, at my 
uncle's hand. 

The old lawyer looked at him stead- 
ily for a while before he found words 
to answer him. 



July, 1903 

• Hopl 

' An. I I 



hotel. There 

. . . the old butler. 

• and longei than tonight, 01 tnj name b 
nol Ho] 

Afc.-i i long tlmi 

ame to the 
n Instant Ad 
i,. -i mth " Hopklm had sent 

...... i ,i i,, hi ' ■' hei e he would And him, 

and Mi I topkln - h id mel her at the 

• i and told hei thai her bed waa 

pn pared for hei . 

"Wii.ii does ii mean, papa'' Hopkins 
and i tui nel I here and :• ou 

"Hopkins and Bui net! count as one, 

low. They g un i Ii d thl - 

morning ["his heir house, and they 
persist In calling It mine, and thej 
don't want to pari with me, bul wish 
just to kei i' their old situation, they 
Bay. That's all." 

Then Ada ran oul to wish the old 
couple Joy. And they laughed with 
hi i a little, and cried with her a good 
deal, before she came back to us. 

And, Indeed, I hardly know what 
emotions were strongest with any of 
us all the resl of the evening. But I 
am sure thai none of us were '.ill un- 

n might have been perhaps half an 
hour after we had finished breakfast 
next morning, while we sat talking 
over little half-formed plans, when we 
heard the garden gate creak on Its 
hinges, and Ada, looking out, ex- 

"Why. papa, It's Miss Bellamy com- 
ing in." And in another instant Hop- 
Kins reported that the lady asked leave 
in sii- my uncle. 

"Show Miss Bellamy In," he said, 
and we noticed a strange flush on his 
old worn Eace, 

She hud walked down unattended, 
and It was now so rare a thing to see 
her walking that I dare say she was 
hardly known as she passed along the 
street. She carried a light, silver- 
headed cane, and leaned on It a little 
as she came to the chair I placed for 

"I have been a long time coming to 
see you, Thomas," she said; "and no 
doubt you will think I have chosen my 
time badly at last." 

"Never. Fanny," he answered; "late 
or soon could make no difference in 
your welcome." 

How strange it sounded to us to hear 
them call each other by their Chris- 
tian names. Ada and I tried which of 
us could open our eyes the widest. 

"I am so sorry," she said. 

"Yes, for this little one," laying his 
hand on Ada's head: "we must all In- 
sorry for her." 

"And for you. too." 

"Oh, as for me. what matter wheth- 
er my money be taken from me now. 
or I from it, in a year or two?" 

"Thomas," she said, "you must stay 
with us the year or two." 

"Stay where?" he asked. 

"In your own old house — where else? 
See here — it was for me that stranger 

- mak- 
ike them." 

hair and held out 
Sging her to forbear; 
but did not speak. 
ent on It was for me that 
..( .ill In youi 
a t the »^re is the receipt 

from the auctioneer. Take them." 

Then he took both her hands and 
I.,,-,.. I his stiff old back and 

young lover kisses 
- love. But he sho i 
i. tremulously: "It cannot 
be, i 'Mil;. . ii . anno! be." 

Bui hear mi out, ' she said . "I have 
not .ion- yet. You say It cannot be, 
you think 1 want to make a 
gift. And l know as well as 
you do thai a big house would bi 
tvorse than useless to you. left as they 
say you are. Hut. Tlnuius. I cami 

omethlng i e." 'i hen « e noticed 

that the old lad} hesitated and looked 

at us. and seeme I foi an Instan 

.. -,i. .\'\.' beckoned to me and 
vVe win walk In the garden a 
minute, papa." 

Bul Mis.- Bellamy with an effort re- 
covered herself, and said: 'No, no; 
why should I care to speak before you 
children? for you are bul children. 
Stay With us, and hear all I has.- to 
say to your papa. Thomas, I have n - 
considered my answer to you. I have 
taken a long time to consider it; but 
you will have the less doubt of my 
knowing my own mind now. Do you 
remember what it was you came and 
said to me fifty years ago?" 
■ As If it were yesterday." 
"Lei me see, then, if I have remem- 
bered It, too, for It has seemed to me 
for years as only a dream. I will tell 
you what it is that I dreamt did really 
happen, and you shall stop me when my 
dream seems false. I dreamed of mysell 
as a young girl of twenty, whom every 
one knew to be an heiress, whom some 
few thought to be beautiful" (my uncle 
nodded gently), "and whom Thomas 
Enoch mistakenly thought to have a 
heart, and be good and worthy to be 

"Not mistakenly," my uncle whisp- 

"I dream of Thomas Enoch as a 
young man who had his way to make 
in the world, and who, although only 
two and twenty, already gave signs of 
making it. 

"I dream that he — that is, you — came 
to me once and told me a story of first 
love; that I put him off with an un- 
certain answer, not knowing my own 
mind, and being foolish and heartless" 
— (my uncle shook his head); "that at 
last I sent him to my father, knowing 
well what answer he would get; that 
my father, a rich man, rejected per- 
emptorily the suit of the young lawyer, 
and made it impossible for him to re- 
visit our house. 

"I dream that In a little while he for- 
got me." 

"Never!" exclaimed my uncle. 
At any rate, that when my father 
soon died, when 1 was left my own 
mistress, and mistress of all my 
father's wealth. Thomas Enoch never 
gave me a second chance of becoming 
his; that, though I came to know my 
own mind only too well, and loved him 
oh: so truly" — (my uncle lifted his 

were obliged 


head with a strange expression of sur- 
prise upon his face) — "he never came 

"I dream that while I waited and 
watched him day by day. hoping al- 
ways that he would stop at my door 
and not go past it, a horrid suspicion 
rose in my mind that it was my money 
that kept us apart. 

"I dream that just as I thought the 
way was opening for us to come to- 
gether again, he formed the acquaint- 
ance of one whom no man could help 
loving; that In a little while he mar- 
ried her, and found in her a better wife 
than ever he could have found in me." 

"A good wife. Indeed, thank God!" 
my uncle said mournfully. 

"And then the dream grows less 
like a dream and more like a reality, 
for it has living evidence in the pres- 
ent and stern memorials in the past 
to fall back on. Yet I will call it i 
dream still. 

"I dream that his wife blessed him 
with a happy family who grew up to 
be his pride and the envy of less happy 
men and women; that one by one they 
were all taken from him — wife, child- 

ren, too — all save one" (and she laid 
her hand on Ada's head), "and I saw 
him go often with that one to the 
church-yard carrying flowers and come 
home empty handed. And I asked my- 
self — I dream that I ask myself — 'Why 
was 1 left to see myself change from 
young to middle-aged, from middle- 
aged to old, useless, and with my heart 
all dried to dust, while the young and 
happy were taken away? Would It not 
have been better and wiser, more eco- 
nomical and less wasteful in the Great 
Dispenser of happiness, that I should 
have been sent to my sleep there in- 
stead of one of those?' For the flowers, 
too. would have been saved. 

"And so I seem to see the years roll 
on, weary year after year, and live 
my useless life unloved and uncared 
for, and I see you day by day: but 
there is a gulf fixed between us as 
deep as the grave to which we both 
are going. Yet even across the gulf it 
is pleasant for me to see you — it is, In- 
deed, the one pleasure I have in life; 
and therefore (what other reason 
should I seek?) one morning I wake to 
find it is to be taken from me. 

"I wake to find that you are a ruined 
man, and that all you have is to be 
sold and I see you houseless and home- 

"No, no," said my uncle. 

"Then, being broad awake to what I 
should suffer, and having grown so 
old and selfish, I try to save myself 
that pang — I buy your house and ev- 
erything of yours I can get. and I 
come to beg you to take them all back 
again, and to take me with them. 

"Thomas, you made me an offer of 
marriage fifty years ago. and were re- 
jected. Now I come and make you one. 
Will you have revenge? Or will you let 
a woman plead to you successfully? 
Pity me. I am old, rich and lonely, and 
will you not be lonely if you arc part- 
ed from this gii I?" 

She ended, and the dear old face, lit 
up with a beauty that the eloquence 
Of her intense emotion had kindled, 
was covered with blushes; and never 
have I seen any young face whose 
loveliness has been half so much en- 
hanced by blushes as those wrinkled 
features were. 

And he gave her his answer almost 
instantly, pausing only until he had so 
far mastered his emotion that he could 
command his voice. He took her hand 
between both of his. and looked her full 
in the face. 

"Fanny, I take you at your word. I 
will not go away, but will take you 
home to my house at last." 

And laughing and sobbing, Ada 
brought the dear old faces together, 
and they kissed each other for the first 
time in their lives — she at seventy, and 
he at seventy-two. 

i In the Sunday following the banns 
of marriage were published, "between 
Thomas Enoch, widower, and Frances 
Bellamy, spinster, both of this parish." 
And within ten minutes of the close of 
the morning service they had been 
pronounced a couple of silly old fools 
iiy half the congregation. 

There Is no more to be told. The 
wedding took place about a month af- 

July, 1903 


Page 51 


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What tKe Woman is About 


nibbing machine has been In- 
vented which will do the work of two 
women, Well, women won't quarrel 

with that sort Of an Invention. 

Talk of woman and her many clubs: 
August Belmont belongs to twenty- 
five. William C. Whitney to twenty- 
two. President Roosevelt himself to 
ten, while one New York man, William 
G. Davis, is a member of forty-two. 

Miss Maty E. Springer, recording 
secretary of New York city chapter. 
D. A. R., is devoting herself to histor- 
ical romance writing. She has dedi- 
cated to the Sons and Daughters of the 
American Revolution her second novel. 
"Elizabeth Schuyler: A Story of Old 
New York." 

Following the trend of today, a num- 
ber of ladles in Alabama have estab- 
lished a company of their own for the 
purpose of drilling for oil in the Ten- 
nessee valley. The president of the 
company Is an English woman, Mrs. P. 
Coliings, the sister of Sir Marcus 
Samuels. All the officers of the cor- 
poration are women. The secretary 
and general manager Is Mrs. Ray Nel- 
son of New Decatur. Ala. All the la- 
dies actively engaged in the enterprise 
are women of means. The •■ompany is 
capitalized at $2,000,000. 

A newspaper recently devoted a long 
article to the story of a rich young 
woman who fell in love with a mag- 
netic, but Ignorant young man and 
thereupon employed some of her dol- 
lars in educating him so that he might 
make a commendable appearance in 
her social circle, preparatory to being 
married to her. Well. I don't see why 
not. For generations rich men have 
been sending poor, but pretty, girls to 
school and marrying them when the 
education was supposed to be finished, 
and nothing has been thought of it. 
Why should not the rule work both 

A Boston branch of the Outdoor 
Art Association has been established 
by women of prominence In that city. 
The National organization is now rep- 
resented In seven big cities. The work 
accomplished includes planting of 
school yards, tenement districts and 
small city squares, distribution of 
prizes for amateur gardens and gener- 
al co-operation with city authorities in 
beautifying streets, etc.. improving of 
factory grounds, placing of seats along 
boulevards, preservation of birds and 
wild flowers, and lectures on land- 
scape gardening and similar subjects. 
It Is proposed to affiliate with the 
Federation of Women's Clubs. 

United States Senate document 3 00, 
page 109. contains the following testi- 
mony, before the Philippine commis- 
sion by Archbishop Nozeleda of Ma- 
nila, concerning the Filipino native 
women and men: "The woman is bet- 
ter than the man in every way— in in- 
telligence, in virtue and in labor — and 
a great deal more economical. She is 
very much given to trade and traffick- 
ing! If any rights or privileges are to 
be given to the natives, do not give 
them to the men, but to the women. ' 
1 Question: "Then you think it would 
be better to give the right to vote to 
the women than to the men? ' 
Answer: "Oh, much better." 

The old-fashioned scold is disap- 
pearing from the earth, eternal rest to 
her You seldom hear the Incessant 
"scold, scold, jaw, jaw." that used to 
be the special prerogative of the old 
woman. In the days when woman was 
oppressed grievously by man the only 
uiv in which she could pet even Witn 
nlm was by lashing him with her 
tongue, and we have the evidence of 
history In the ducking stool that she 
availed herself of the privilege. Old 
women used to rate all creation by the 
hour. But it has been many a year 
since I have heard a real, old-fashioned 
scold. As woman gets her rights sue 
ceases to scold. 

A reverend gentleman recommended 
the founding of a school to teach gins 
to become good wives. Yes yes !•• t 
It would be much more to the point If 
the reverend gentleman should look 
at his own side of the house and found 
a school to teach men to become good 
husbands. They need it more than 
women do. heaven knows. Moreover. 

there is much talk of mother's clubs. 
li Is about time we had a few father's 
dubs for a change. Mothers have been 
preached at by the church and State 
foi forty centuries, while It has been 
supposed any old thing would do 
for a father. It is a grievous mistake 
that our civilization Is suffering most 
grlevlously for. Give us some socle- 
tles for the Improvement of fathers. 

A scene so extraordinary that It is 
surprising no more notice has been 
taken of it was witnessed not long ago 
in Philadelphia — quiet, Quaker Phila- 
delphia, of all places In the Union for 
anything violent to occur among well 
bred people. The gentle, yet wide awake 
women of a certain temperance society 
were holding a meeting. It was a meet- 
ing for members of the organization, 
yet stranger spectators were present. 
The case was discussed of Reed Smoot, 
the United States Senator from Utah. 
who was charged with being a practi- 
cal polygamlst and concealing the fact. 

The ladles denounced in unmeasured 
terms the brazen insult to American 
and all womanhood, which the pres- 
ence of a polygamlst in the nation's 
highest legislative body would mean. 

They threw into their speeches all the 
eloquence of the feminine new found 
power in public oratory as they spoke 
their minds on Mormon polygamisU 
Indignation and excitement were at 
their height, when a young man in a 
bach seal rose and announced that he 
was a Mormon missionary and would 
like to explain his particular brand of 
theology to the ladles. There was a 
gasping for breath among the women, 
then a storm of furious hisses and 
i i ies, these becoming savage and 
menacing, like the shouts of the 
French petroleuses. At length the 
words. "Throw him out." could be dis- 
tinguished. There was an ominous 
moment of delay, then half a dozen of 
the older, stronger women made a sim- 
ultaneous rush at the offender. Their 
wrath was too great for mere words. 
They seized hold of him. others joined 
them, and the interloper was irresist- 
ibly shoved towards the door. He had 
no chance to defend himself, for an am- 
azon army was on him. It pushed him 
through the door, through the hall, and 
then white, slender feminine hands ac- 
tually hurled him down stairs, and he 
went tumbling to the bottom. Talk of 
weak women. 

What is probably the most hopeful 
sign of that strange, complicated, cop 
glomerated life of New York city's 
famous east side is the activity of thr 
girl's clubs. For woman, young or old, 
to go outside of her home except to 
church or the grocery is something 
comparatively new in eastside annals- 
The strong, ambitious factory girls 
there are changing these conditions. 
More than a dozen years ago, Miss 
Grace Dodge began establishing social 
and educational clubs among them 
It gave them what they needed — a hin. 
of better things and how to do. From 
that initiative they swept onward and 
started for themselves social clubr, 
likewise associations for Instruction, 
not only in school branches, but in th< 
industries. In that erst-while benigh'.- 
ed New York eastside. these independ- 
ent, enthusiastic working girls haw 
now some 600 clubs. There are sten- 
ographers' associations, and some of 
the girls belonging to them can take 
dictation and typewrite In five lang- 
uages. There is a society of artificial 
flower workers that subscribed money 
and sent one of their number to Paris 
to learn how the French make those 
exquisite silk, cotton and velvet blos- 
soms and leaves which cannot be dis- 
tinguished from the natural except at 
very close sight. These young women 
are New York's best hope in the midst 
of political dishonesty and political 
ignorance. The girls have classes in 
bookbindery, classes for learning tele- 
graphy and stenography, and those for 
nature study, besides many others. The 
nature studv class goes into the parks 
during the scant leisure hours these 
brave workers call their own, and 
make observations under the eye of 
a teacher. The girls have organized 
likewise a department connected with 
the Society for the Prevention of Cru- 
elty to Animals, which, it is safe to 
say is more than any young man's or- 
ganization has done there. Others of 
the young women learn civics and tho 
science of government. 


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Dr. Saunders' latest treatise on 
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Page 52 


ALL the HEAT where 

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Columns for Young Ladies 

•Its mostly by the things she doesn't 
I one knows her." 

"For instance, she never whines. 
That. I believe. Is one of the first al- 
Lrlbutea of the thoroughbred woman 
,„. rfri she bears her own troubles 
and doesn't force her friends to bear 
them for her. When the girl who Isnt 
I thing has even i finger ache, 
the whole world knows It, and the 
whole world has to feel the t wings of 
that finger ache. When the thorough- 
bred girl has a heartache— a breaking 
heart— no one knows Its existenci 
der the smiling exterior she wears. In 
fact , u is principally In sorrow and In 
adverse situations thai he tborou 
bred strain comes out. it Is 
enough to present an Imposing appear- 
ance when all goes well; it is not so 
easy to stand upright when one Is 
crushed by circumstances It is i a no- 
llceable point about the thoroughbred 
SH that while she may not always 
shine in favorable surroundings the 
minute she has anything to endure— 
the more she has to •'>'!'"'• >" ll , t , 1 
the more she rises to the occasion. 

••You remark the same thing in thoi - 
oughbred horses, I believe? 

"Yes in a team of horses, if there 
are three beasts of ordinary degree 
and one thoroughbred the thorough- 
bred does three times his shaie of the 
work and fairly dies in the harness. 
& J* J* , 

•Well, there are other points— ■ 
■•Dear me yes. You can never make 
the real thoroughbred girl uncomfort- 
able or ill at ease unless she has done 
something she knows is wrong, some- 
thine against her own principles. She 
has I calm, sure poise which nothing 
can disturb certainly not the actions 
of her inferiors, when they show them- 
selves to be such-'^ ^ 

■•And the thoroughbred girl never 

g °.?£tamly not. When sue has some- 
thing to say she says it, whether it is 
S£forbad,but she doesn't make ^on- 


f orllse 



Time $ 

will be wnt you via express with all charges prepa.d. 

j RAT BISCUIT CO., Bept. 10, Springfield, Ohio # 

The beautifying qualities of a milk 
bath are said by those who have tried 
them to be astonishing. Warm mils 
is best, and the face, neck, and arms 
should be thoroughly bathed with 1 
even night. It" used regularly, il w 11 
bring the cheeks, neck, and arms to 
the right degr-e of plumpness. 

v ba tb preparation which Mrni 
Bernhardt has found exceedingly yal- 
„,,„,. ,-,„ ,,. M , V ing fatigue contains two 
ounces ,,f spirits of ammonia. 2 ounces 
,,i sohits of camphor, one and one- 
half cups of sea salt; two cups of al- 
cohol. The mixture Is put Int.. quarl 
bottle and the latter filled to the top 
With hoi water. Before using it rnus 
he well shaken. A sponging from head 
10 fool with this preparation is follow- 
■;d by vigorous rubbing with ti 1 Orn- 
ish towel. 

P' »•'■ V 


The girl With the high forehead 
should wear her hair drawn low over 

C If she has a low. smooth white brow. 
she should brush her hair off the fore- 

A Madonna face requires the hair 
parted in the middle. 

The girl with an intellectual brow or 
a fair share of youthful beauty can af- 
ford to draw her hair baOk in loose 
waves, sans pompadour or parts, and 
-roil It on the neck. 

For elderly matrons the pompadour 
Is dignified and stately, and It seems to 
Increase the height of stout women. 

The round shapely head looks well 
with a soft puff of hair at the nape of 
the neck. Every woman should study 
her own style. If she looks best with 
her hair low. then low she should wear 
It. though every woman in the land is 
wearing her hair on top of her nead. 

A wise woman never curls or frizzes 
or overdresses her hair if It Is beauti- 
ful of itself. 

.< ,4 Jt 

^ d a?lon"Vo7f;ShVl. above that. 

-like a man thoroughbred. There are 
other kinds of men. too— the male 
mongrel, who resembles .he woman of 

thiskind " jt J* # , 

•And she keeps secrets'.'" 

-She forVets them after they have 
been told to her, and she doesn't even 
Kow what you are talking about w hen 
vou refer to them. 

J* •-£ •& 

-And she is not politic?" 

"She gives favors, big or little, ac- 
cording Is she is situated She partic- 
ularly dislikes to take them. She nev 
er asks for thern." 

-And she is not curious?'' 

"She may be so Inwardly, but she 
never repeals the fact. What one Is 
willing to tell her she accepts but she 
never digs for knowledge, and the fact 
that a friend of hers wishes to con- 
ceal a thing makes it distasteful to her 
to know that thing." 

"And her treatment ofservants . 

-Ah that is a sure sign. She treats 
them 'as if they were human busings. 
The mongrel woman orders them as ir 
they were slaves." 

-But she sometimes has _ a temper, 
your thoroughbred woman?' 

"Right you are, but It is a royal tem- 
per. It never causes her to appear 
undignified, to raise her voice, to grim- 
ace to show herself at her worst A 
few words spoken in an even lower tone 
of voice than usual show her anger. 

-But is she a saint? Does she never 

ta "Revenged ? No; she is too proud for 
that. Small slights, even those that 
hurt a great deal, she passes over In 
silence, merely foregoing the acquaint- 
ance of the person who showed them 
When, however, some one near or deal- 
er weaker than herself Is attacked and 
there Is a necessity for defense, then 
she does strike once and once only, a 
clear, merciless, deadly stroke. You 
never find her bungling It or nagging. 
But in her scale of justice she has such 
a large view of the world that mercy 
more than outweighs punishment.' 

J* v** v"* 

"And that's what half the women 
one meets are trying to be— thorough- 

"Yes, It's a fad now, and appearance 
is not so hard to put on. It's when the 
real test comes, however, that the 
veneer cracks off. But as for the real 
thoroughbred woman— she is about the 
best, the truest, the most worthy of be- 
ing loved In this world." 


One can do a lot of pleasant things 
under the guise of good manners. It Is 
good manners to rise when some one 
enters a room. That little courtesy is 
merely expressing pleasure and atten- 
tion to the newcomer. 

Why not? It doesn't hurt you. It 
shows graciousness. tact, thoughtful- 

Some people have an idea that good 
manners are merely a matter of being 
painfully uppish and uncomfortably 
polite. It's nothing of the sort. It is 
just living decently and accumulating 
a little self respect. 

Every little while some questioning 
Individual pops up and asks about 
happiness and what it brings. 

Good manners bring happiness, keen 
happiness. They lift one up from the 
midst of the commonplace, the selfish- 
ness of life, the sol-did, morbid things. 
They are really a matter of giving 
pleasure to others. And there is no 
happiness on earth that strikes In 
deeper than that which comes from 
being kin. By the same manner of ar- 
gument it is easy to figure out that the 
sharpest conscience hurt is the one 
that comes from Injuring some person 
other than oneself. 

J* J* j* 

There is every prospect that in a 
short time American women will be 
rushing over to England In the winter 
for that "fog cure." The impression 
got abroad last summer that the sea 
fog is good for the complexion. Some- 
body who was supposed to know gave 
the fog of the island as the reason why 
English girls have such good complex- 
ions. A number of American girls 
who spent the summer where sea fogs 
do most abound on the other side de- 
cided to remain through the winter to 
try their good effect. Indeed, Ameri- 
cans have gone quite mad on the sub- 
ject. . . 
The sea fog was also recommended 
as a cure for tan and freckles. Girls 
who were suffering from a painfully 
tanned skin were recommended to give 
up glvcerine and creams and go to a 
place where there was a continual fog. 
They did. and believed the- fog reno- 
vated their complexion as nothing else 
possibly could have done. 

As an outcome of the new fad there 
will, in all probability, be sanitariums 
where fog baths, made to order, will be 
supplied along with all the other mod- 
ern conveniences. These, of course. 
Will be for the girls who do not want to 
spend all their time on the other side. 
They can devote a part of each day to 
the fog bath and give the remainder of 
their time over to the duties of society. 

July, 1903 


Page 53 



My dear girls, I wish you joy. How 

long OU have kept your little love se- 

yourself. but now that you have 

ai meed your engagement, 

world V.n 

Bul perhaps there are some among 
you ■■ ho ha ire noi I given the Una] 
word and "Jack" la atill waiting for his 
all < 1 1 bo let us think a little and 
see whether "no" or "yes" Is best. 

Of course the first question is do you 
love him? and one sweet mail 
swers: "I'm not quite sure." Then my 
deal lei U8 make ourselves sure, for 
there i nothing: In all the world that 
so concerns your happiness, you are 
planning now for life, and for other 
Uvea aa well. 

Never for one Blngle moment let the 
thought have place In your mind "If 
I don't like him. I can leave him." 
Such expressions are often made by 
ih" young who have no knowledge of 
what they Imply. You are never a girl 
but once, and mark well your path 
that there may be no cause for future 

Is this man who has asked you to 
give up your home and your girlhood. 
with Its freedom and pleasure, the one 
man on earth to you? If there are 
others to whom you are giving even 
a thought, if you are finding It diffi- 
cult to decide between two, then take 
time and plenty of it. 

How does your father feel regarding 
this man who would carry you away 
from him? I expect, my dear, that 
you have sometimes been hurt by som° 
things your brother has said about 
your sweetheart, but try to remember 
that men know so much more of men 
than you do, or can. that their Judg- 
ment Is to be respected. 

If not are you both able and willing 
the lover, that is always to be believed, 
we must calmly consider the whole 
man. Is he honest? Is he honorable? 
Is he Industrious? It matters not 
whether he be handsome or wealthy if 
he possess those Stirling qualities that 
mark the real man. 

Has this would-be husband a com- 
fortable home for you? 

If not are you both able and willing 
to take up the struggle and deny your- 
selves much, that you may secure one? 
"Love in a cottage" is sweet indeed if 
there be not too great a desire for the 
luxuries of a mansion. The work of 
home building requires patience and 
sacrifice, which unless true love be 
present will grow to seem a hardship. 

The question of temperment '.t will 
be well for you to consider. Contracts 
are good If they are not great. I would 
not like to see you with your bright, 
sunny disposition, wedded to a man 
who would become morose, and thus 
shadow your sweet life. But two 
quick tempers together are apt to 
prove like matches and tinder, and the 
flame of anger once kindled will over- 
power the flame of love. 

If you have weighed well these ques- 
tions and are still unable to decide on 
your answer. I would advise you to 
take a vacation. A few weeks or months 
away from the man who seeks your 
hand will do wonders toward clearing 
your vision. Freed from the magnetic 
presence of his person, you are In bet- 
ter condition to settle your mind 
aright. By his letters you can deter- 
mine many points of character that 
are of vital interest to you. How do 
other men appear in your eyes? An- 
swer this, for you car no more help 
comparing them with the one man 
than the sun can help shining. Does 
a sudden desire to see the home folks 
come over you? and you hastily pack 
your trunk and assure your friends 
you cannot remain longer. Is the 
journey homeward a delight and before 
your vision is one face more welcome 
than all Others? If so. I think you are 
ready to answer "yes" when Jack 

Now that you are really and truly 
engaged, the next step is to inform 
your friends of the fact. Don - t be 
foolish and try to keep it a secret. 
There are many reasons for this. You 
need to grow better acquainted with 
your betrothed to study his tastes 
and desires, he may be your constant 
companion with propriety if your rela- 
tions are understood, otherwise you 
might be considered indiscreet. 

Here is one pretty way to make the 

announcement. Invite your girl friends 

to luncheon, decorate the table with 

flowers, wreathe the chandelier with 

smllax, and from It suspend a number 

of hearts with ribbons attached. When 

the guests draw these they And each 

one contains the message: 

My heart la given 


Mr. John Noble. 

The days will pass only too quickly 
for you and there are many things to 
plan for. Lei me tell you now don't 
bind yourself around with Ideas of 
how you are going to "manage" your 
husband. Let the perplexities of next 

year await your added wisdom. It Is 
useless for you to think now just how 
you will act the first night that Jack 
forgets to come home before ten. Don't 
"build bridges" for the most of them 
you will never have to cross, and if 
you must walk beside the troubled 
our guardian angel '.'.ill be 
there to show the way to peace. 

In preparing for the wedding the cir- 
cumstances of your family must be 
your first consideration, ii they are 
wealthy and can indulge your . 
fani y. then do all you can to make the 
cm a memorable one. 

If on the other hand, only moderate 
means are at your command, then 
think and think again before you ask 
for that which will make a burden on 
the dear- home folks. Simplli Itj is al- 
ways beautiful and If you put your wits 
to work you can think out a plan for 
your wedding which will make it a 
pleasure to remember. 

AI home or In the church'.' will be 
for you to decide, and in this you must 
consider the pleasure and convenience 
of all Interested. Some out door wed- 
dings arc very pretty, and I have seen 
a cottage enlarged sufficiently to ac- 
commodate the guests by enclosing the 
broad piazzas with canvass. Let flow- 
ers abound and even the plainest place 
will be transformed. 

Your wedding dress will be of white, 
I know it will, for there is nothing else 
so dainty for a bride. It need not be ex- 
pensive — there are many soft mater- 
ials that make up beautifully. . Some 
may urge you to be more practical and 
wear a dress that is suitable for other 
occasions, but it will always be a pleas- 
ure to you to feel that you had a "real" 

Now, my dear girl, I forgot to ask 
you, when you* were thinking what to 
answer Jack, if you knew how to keep 
house? If you don't, set yourself about 
to learn, make the best use possible of 
the short time left you. For house- 
keeping you must know. The more 
servants your husband is able to pro- 
vide you, the more a slave you will 
be to them, unless you understand 
their duties. Put your mind to it and 
your heart in it. and the most difficult 
task will soon become easy. You will 
be proud of your achievements when 
your husband praises your work. 

Now about your trousseau, do not 
attempt to provide too many dresses. 
The form of the matron is seldom that 
of the maid, and it is useless to have 
a supply of clothing which in a year, 
perhaps, cannot be worn. And there's 
another point which applies to the 
household linen, too. If it's a case 
where dollars count, don't have your 
father make a debt for you which he 
must pay some other time. Or, if you 
are earning your own money, you 
would he wise to put a little sum in the 
bank, than to spend it all on house 
furnishings, unless absolutely neces- 
sary. There are two reasons, first, 
you never know just what the wedding 
gifts will bring, and second, it is just as 
well for Jack to know that you need a 
new gown now and then. If every- 
thing is provided for the house (ex- 
cept groceries) for two years' time, It 
takes more than the average man to 
understand why bills increase so much 
when wardrobe and linen closet need 
replenishing. It is a pleasure to see 
your home grow, and the picture or 
the rug for which you have planned to- 
gether will be more prized than some 
other things. 

The linen you will mark with your 
own initials, you will need, one dozen 
sheets and pillow cases, one and a half 
dozen towels, a half dozen table cloths, 
two dozen table napkins, a few tray 
cloths and doylies, but friends are al- 
ways remembering these things. Have 
your linen laundered and laid away, as 
you must lay your wedding dress away, 
between folds of dark blue paper. The 
action of the chemicals in white or 
manllla paper will in time turn the 
linen yellow. 

If you have a number of bridesmaids 
they must be dressed in harmony with 
the general plan. Flower girls "are as 
dainty as spring blossoms, and always 
make a pretty picture, while by the 
way, thev are never contrasted in beau- 
ty 'with the bride. Some little favor 
should be given to each. The *"-— of 
ceremony will differ but little, whether 
In church or home, or out door bower. 
The father or nearest male relative al- 
ways gives away the bride. The wed- 
ding breakfast or luncheon need not 
b° elaborate, but should be dainty and 
well served. 

If you are going on a journey, let 
your traveling dress be quiet, and you 
will attract less attention If it does 
not show too plainly that it is new. 

Cultivate patience and forbearance, 
be always ready to forgive, and never 
speak of things unpleasant, learn that 
troubles are best healed by silence; 
look for the good first, last and always, 
and you will live to bless your bridal 

Health and a 

Good Pigure 

Thl Ai woman ami mOJ 

i --' ntlal thai I >o not be di i 

bj believing you must tak oursi of p hyal- 

ite thi di sin d results Slinpb 
learn to live. Lei yourself be natural as nature 
Intended, not forcing yoursell to go through un- 
■i hi alth. Simply learn 
to develop the dormant powers you havi in your- 
Bj my method, originated and taught ex- 
!y by myself through personal Instruction 
adapted t" the needs of each student, i im en- 
In •. short time to teach you to bi i new 
and animated being, with health, graci . • 1 1 

a part of yourself and no! an acted i i iddl- 


Bxti om a lew of mj pup 

My i.\'Dn;i-:sTir>N has e,,n, ii,... di continued 
5 i (LASSES eyi m I PER] I l C CON- 

M PION BTavi had no HEADACHE foi ■ 

than i month. I SLEEP well all night. Insomnia 
..ii eoni My COMPLEXION Is much clearer My 
NECK and CHEST have Riled with remarkable 
rapidity. MY BUST DEVELOPMENT has 
been marvelous. This makes the third week 
and an ABDOMEN Is three inches smaller, 

does not do all I claim your money will be 
chi • rt iiiiv refunded. 

will gladly furnish names and ad- 
students in your locality. 
^^^ .My Booklel and any special informa- 

^k^^^^ lion you may \vl*h are five; corres- 

.Sf-J I'onilenee ■■> HI I'll lei! t 111 I allll | Je I .si illil I. 

786 Falrmount St., Cleveland, Ohio. 

i Wood or Leather Burning, with Poster Coloring.) Highly 
ornamental and entirely new Art Work. You need no previous 
knowledge of art to learn this. Decorate your homes. 

Astonish your friends by showing them what beautiful 
work you can do. Astonish yourself by the financial success 
you will have- of disposing of your attractive work. 

We will send you complete outfit and full course of In- 
structions, which will be as satisfactory as you could obtain by 
personal attendance at any art school. 

If you are Interested, write for particulars. Address 

Falrmount Street, Cleveland, O. 

•*%*\#*%*%#V**\#*****\V\#****«%W»V%%*#*%%%#%%%%#%%%%#*%%***%**%* I 

A Man 

WANTED — A trustworth y person in each county to manage the 
business for an old established house of solid financial standing 
A straight bona fide weekly cash salary of $18 paid by check each 
Wednesday with all expenses direct from headquarters. Money ad- 
vanced for expenses. Address BUSINESS MANAGER. THIRD FLOOR 

and a Job 


Some of the most Irresistible beau- 
ties In the history of famous amours 
were long past thirty-five when 
potentates of the world became en- 
slaved to their charms. Cleopatra, 
for example, must have been forty 
when Mark Antony threw away the 
world for her. Mme de Malntenon 
was a mature widow of quite forty 
when the outworn voluptuary. Louis 
XIV became passionately enamored of 
her, and to the stupefaction of court 
and kingdom married her. History 
Indeed, Is full of the conquests of the 
mature siren. 

In Greek art, too, it was found 
that the masterpieces, such as the 
Venus de Mllo and the Vatican Vic- 
tory, represent mature goddesses. 
In Shakespeare's sonnets It Is clear 
that the woman Idealized was of 

what the French call "certain age," 
meaning far beyond the bloom and 
fragrance of the teens or twenties. 

A Beautiful Face is the First Letter 
of Recommendation 

A simple truth, Impossible to deny 
unwise to neglect. 

It costs you nothing to come and 
see the marvelous work I have on 
exhibition this week. Faces showing 
wrinkles and crowsfeet removed. 
Faces showing beauty and freshness 
of youth fully restored. 


Skin Specialist 

781 O'Parrell, near Larkin, S. F 

/OI urarreii, iicoi »-«»■«»■•■> — - % ,, 

Page 54 


July, 1903 

Books Worth One Dollar Free 

To any lady who sends us,25 cents we will forward 
the CALIFORNIA LADIES' MAGAZINE for three months 
and her choice of any one of the following books: 

TheLadies'SuidetoBeauty The Family Doctor Book 

Tins book van written 
by one of tlio moat eeio- 
braled of cour: besutiea, 

ttci.i fully expbUm tha 

-rnployed by tli© 

| I - of all 

. • ;ind pre- 

tliacliftrnuof tlio 
i , ind i-t If cod- 

I llMK Tli I .1 ■ ■"■ : 

ruction*, accom- 
panied by ninny valu.-iulu 
-- for securing i 

B form, a clear 

>tb "km, a beau- 
ti I hi r*ee, " .lianoinB 
comp exioDi i trail fle- 

\ i ad bust, beautiful 

eye-, nioiilli, lips, linuils. •■ 

... i 

ikle , 

Inir voice; It lell" 
onhanco the no 


«ent and deportment: bon- 1.. lecure abeautlful head 
f lialr. to prt-vout II. o hair Irom romlnc mil. to pi BTODI 

t Irmu I urn I ii u irrny, lo tloflon and linautify mid "> ro- 

en. .v- - ril •> linir. to retinue ,.imple«. freckles. 

lb ■-.linnriii-. inn, wrinkle*, etc.. ere. Kor one-tenili of 

ii ...i .. Ingle b hi- i. r on.- i.r ih.- | coRmot. 

I.-, of Un. dnyn lady may liny Mil* book, and nni only 
learn lum lo put up lior*»lf m tlio mint trlllmc cost ilio 

i i ii .,i iiarmleit beautiflem iim compioxion. but at 

ii nine, i acquire Bl tf every known secret of 

beauty. I' I* a beoK of 61 Inrge, double-column phrcs. 

neallyl id In tmrncilve colored nnoorcovor*. nnrt "■•II 

I..- Bent by mnll postpaid upon receipt of only 
25c together with tbe California Ladles' Mng- 
.izlni' f..r :: iin.nllis. 

Jt J« J« 


.., valuanb- 1 1, 

Should find a place In 

inierican home. 

. ,il, ,,-i 

■ hundred tunc* over 

every year In -I 

bin it i ontmloa plain 

mid luiple directions Tor 

• ■i i .tin, -Hi of every 

in .n disease or a II- 

i the bun, .in 

IrauiO and KUggoSU Bltn- 

pl-1 le-n-me.lii - wlii, h 

iHj .ii,-, t . core 

nun , in ih.- ii. ■ ■ HIM 01 

employing i pliysb I m 

The varlnn« t. pics are 
nlpbnbe lc-illy nrr:ir,'_-.-d, 
-.. thai any particular 
complain! maj be n 

i.i i. I to In a moment- 

Appoodod to ii..- work 

pr i I- a valuable 

I entitled " tdvlce 

to Hi tin -r-." which will 

be found of tho utmost 

, | I, iotl r. yoiiun or old. It 


Women May Earn Money. 

Tli. -ii* are thousand** 


. ... our conn 

_ feel the need 

I iil» money, but 

i not know how 

un about it. It Ik In 

' a hidpinu hand to 

ildl thai this hook 

n written. The 

Ii Mr-. EIBO W 

man, a wide- 

awnko lltfh' Western 

i,her."i'lfii bread 

.-. nnd Hie I I .- 

ii„T,--.iii.'i heroxperl- 
cnoo, ulj.nervn.tlon nnji 
oxtensivc cniTcspond- 
ence nnd Intercourse 
with .-ell-Minnortinir 

••ii., i Cookie! 
Infants' fluiflts," 

l' Furiil- 
......lelinc. ll.-u-." 

•■ "Washing 

rini.l. - "\V,„naii'-l:\.-l.aii-.t..-, 'etc.elc. •'HowWollH 

Slay Earn Honey" i- n book of tvi larRe uouble-coiuni- 
panes, neatly bunud In attractive paper covers, and 
trill be sent by mall post-pnlti upon receipt oi only 
25c together with the California Lndiea 1 Mng- 
nxlne for 3 months. 

value and II ei n, :y lumncr. juuu& v. «.w. .» 

would bo a Wise H In- Ii the bead Of every household 
would buy oropv ni tliUbook. it r-.-t- imt a trifle, and 
Hie value of Hie" liiu.rrniitl.'ii II contain- .-.'in hardly bo 
measured hv .iollar- and rent-. It will tell you how to 
rure every allme.-l you have now „r are ever likely to 
have, nnd you v. Ill be Mirpnscd m sec how readily our 
i amnion Ills yield lo the simile icmedles given. It Is 
■ liook of r.i, .1. .nil. ..Inn ii inn-, neatly hound In 
li'rncilvc paper cover.-, nnd II » III he -eiu hy mull po-i 
paid nnon receipt of only 25c together with the 
California Ladles' Mngnxlne for 3 months. 

J* J* & 

The Mystic Oracle ; 


Tbib la anew book, Just published, and without doubt 
the most valuablo work upon Iho subject of lortun.--i.-l. 
lug. or tho art of fore- 
telling future events, 
ever written. It lully 
explains the secrets 
employed by fortune- 
tellers and clairvoy- 
ants of every ago since 
tho world began, and 
tolls yoo hew <o fore- 
ci-t your own uestlny 
ai well as Hint of oth- 
II tells, not Imw 
to i iretell tho events 
nflhe ful lire l.yaslugla 

t i ... l hui by nil 

known u,eihcHlN. It la 
a strange wonderful 
and mysterious book, 
containing see rets of. 
the greatest vu'uo and 
nio-i i-oiiinrkiible u-e- 
fuln-sioevera human 

I -i,-.-. It explain-- Ih., 

i.ij -'erlesof-Uiroloiry, 
..I the ail of for. telling 
future .wiit- hy the 

i-I-.ii- oi |i„ : -,odi-i.- the. 

sun.m'Hin, and planetary system: It cnnlulna a list of 

l.ll.-l \ ill! I'lll.n K\ IH i 11 l.-t "I" I" ,, l-lli .'" II. mi . '•"• ; 

ii .i,| nn- .ni -I l'"i-,ni.- -I dlin- l.\ Hie TrnnspnMtlon 

of Sanies, al.-o hy the Lilies of the Hand coi nly 

call m1 Paliiii t.-v. also hy Molos, Marks. Scars or othor 
si-.'us upon tiiosklD, also by Hie color and nature of tho 
II nr, the Peaturas, etc.; it tells how fortunes are told by 
Cards, Hice and Domfuoes, also Hie art ol lellinu lortunes 
hvCluirin- ii i" ".. mi i'1'.ii", showing the charms 

- --jys, tho Card Charm, the 
i." the Nine Keys, the Ms* 
Cupid's Nosogny. Bride 

, etc; It explains the art 

: inline events by the Interpretation or 

In miii- ; and H al in tin- N ipolcii'- I n ■a.-ulum "r Hie 

I', .ol. of la;.' found in the cihiuet of Snpoloon Bonaparjo, 
, i ■, ii ,, •,(. -,| it as his greatest treJisuro, belnit in tne ol cnnsulting It on nil momentous occasions, and 
having alwava round Its revelations tho truest Insight 
iuio futurity. Tnr. .Mystic Oiiaclkis a honk ol i.l large 
d.iuhl.'.coluiiin pages, n.-atH hound in attractive paper 
cover-, aud will uu sent by mail post-paid upon receipt 
of only 23c together with the Cnllfornln Ladles' 
Magazine for 3 monthB. 


The Art of Letter Writing A CART-LOAD OF FUN. 

-" ^— ^ Tl.l. 1. .. nAn. K....I- Ion* 

To be able to write an 
en-y nud giaceiui let- 
ter i- a great uu All 
do no i in.-vc-s ii. Vet 
n may bo cultivated by 
almost any one Willi n 
', and such an 
II worthy ni 
i. forth ' 

i, ,,ln 

ed bs 

•ll-wonled nnd pn.|- 
h constructed leiler 

the direct rever i 

nt made by one clnin- 
nnd linpioperly ex- 
issed. Jinny n young 
,n, nt acrltlcal|KTii«l 
his lire, has had Ins 
ispeets coinpli-teh 
med hy his innlnlily 
|.r perlvexprcs-hini 
f by loner: And the 
ne a- I., young worn 
Fine penmanship, 
inch desirable, is not 

_ Important a- pro. it 
en-truci Ion and expression. "The Art of Letier Wril- 

i .g" i- a i, •■ k, in-i pi.i.llshiMl.nnd will helound nn 

• ■ill. i. -ni a .1 in the i.ioper constiiict on of letters upon 
all subjit.- and Inrall nc-a-inn- II is adapted to Hie 
r, inn, uieiiis oi both ladle, and gentlemen, and con- 
lams numerous lorms of letters upon Love and Mairl- 
in.uiv. Business, leiieis between Kriends nnd Itelallves. 
letters of Intn-lucilon. letiers of Advice, notes with 
■ ;iits, loners oi Condolence, Invitations, Answer* to Ad 
v.rii-enieiiis. eic. ele In addition n contains a com 
|, r. -In- ii -i v.- 1 rent I -e upon Etiuueite and I he I' sages ol So. 

i-l.-iv and will he loin.. I a t n-.-iuland practical book. 

in. nli inanv limes ,|. -mall co-t. "Tim Art ol Leiler 
Writing" is n book or 61 large double column pages, 
bound In aUraellre colored paper covers, nnd will be 
sent by mall postpaid upon receipt of only 25c 
together with the Onllfornlu Ladles' Magazine 
for 3 months. 



_ book, Just 
and contains 
ed and Sixty- 
"'", Aner 

lei, anil Joke.- by such 
mo us humorists as 
....rk Twain. Wax Adelcr, 
ilu-li Hillings, Bill Nye, 
K.J. Ilunletie. and niauy 
olhers. It Is full ol run 
and nonsense from cover 
In cover, and n sure cure 
for "the blues." All the 
best hike-, anecdotes and 
storie- ol reieiii years 
have been carefully se- 
lected, mid lire now of- 
fered In ihl- large and 
splendid collection, which 
will he ri.-l.lj eni.n.-d by 
■• Ml,,. I,...- gellllille bu- 
rnntl fun. Among the 
titles nt the Ii doles 

in,l stories contained In 
"A Cart-load oh Fbk" 

."-» the following: "A 
" Potts mid the Light- 
nlng-lliMl Mini," "Mow to no a i Hurting," "Baumgart 
n.-r'- Dog." "St. .ue- Kh-pbaut M..ri," "Marriage a 
Scheme to Mn nn lac I u re llappi -." "Mr-, .lone.-'- Bur- 
glar." "The fact- About Sam Snyder." " Iieacon Amos 

Tenderloin Hl-cu-.-i- Hud.-. Hie Sad fn-o ol Klllnj du 

Bllf," "The Dead Gulch ChilStmas Tree. " 

-,-lap." " Maitliv II,-, -line 1 : — . 1 1 1 .- i 1 .-. 1 . " ' • 
U,-,|,,ui." - A ilne-llor-e Ilolel." "lie I 

Commit Suicide." "i/ueerly Marrlii 
An. ii— d." " llo.v the Tired. Piuielil Ma. 

i i -' t." Why the Trce-llan Departed," 

"Breaklngupn I'm Concert," and 1 1 ', ,,. 

Load op Pon " Is " book of W large, double-column pages, 
sent by mall, postpaid, upon receipt of only 2Sc, 
together with the California Ladles' Magazine 
for 3 monthB. 

"Punklii I'le. 

Remember, these books sell In any stationery store at one dollar 
each. Send 25 cents In stamps for a three-months' subscription to the 
California Ladies' Mag^lne and receive your choice of the above bocks 

Circulation Department, 1236 Market St. San Francisco. 

Why Women Grow Old Sooner Than Men 


•Why is it that women grow old 
so much sooner than men?" 

"I don't admit It!" retorted the bach- 
elor girl promptly. 

The man with whom she was talk- 
1 back in his chair and smil- 
ed indulgently at her. "Why. my dear 
girl." he answered, "just look around 
you among our acquaintances. Take 
the Van Pepoers, for instance. Major 
Van Pepper at seventy is as brisk as 
a young man. and Mrs. Van Pepper- 
why, she can barely waddle around, 
although she is nearly ten years his 
junior. She affects caps and sits be- 
hind screens cosseting herself all the 
time. She never goes anywhere, and 
her only pleasure is making exactions 
and comnlaints. And look at Miss 
Splnks. She can't be more than forty 
if she's a day, and she sits behind her 
stuffy window curtains, carefully ad- 
justed so that no sunshine will pierce 
through and no rude wind blow upon 
her. and she knits and gossips all day 
long, with her cat curled up at her 
feet. Forty, mind you! Why, at forty 
a man is a youngster, hustling around 
to beat the band and thinking of what 
the future has in store for him!" 


"Walt a minute. We'll come down to 
even younger women. There's Miss 
Scribbler. She's barely thirty-two, and 
yet she bends over her desk in a news- 
paper office every dreary day long, and 
at night she tumbles Into bed too tired 
to move. That Is her existence." 

"It has always been a wonder to me 
she could write. To write, it seems to 
me, one should go around, mix with all 
kinds of people and gain some new ex- 
perience every day." broke in the bach- 
elor girl. 

"H-m-m! She is drawing upon her 
past experiences before she was shut 
up. Besides, there are plenty of news- 
paper clippings and encyclopedias in 
the literary factory where she works." 
'But her brain" — 

"Oh, naturally that doesn't grow 
strong any more than her body. She Is 
only another woman 'shut in.'" 

"Why what do you mean? I thought 
the 'shut ins' were invalids who 
couldn't stir from their chairs and that 
they founded a societv" — 

"Yes, I know. Bui there are others 
who have slim their own selves In and 

yet whn ii e as strong as you or I. They 
are the women who grow ..1.1 and, alas, 
useless before their time — society 
women, like old Mrs. Van Pepper, who 
nevei takes any real Interest In life and 
what life means, who live on admira- 
tion as girls and exact even more as 
married women. When, owing to their 
artificial lives, their charms fade early, 
there is nothing for them to do but to 
lake refuge In the cap of the dowager, 
and their sole consolation is being 
wailed on hand and foot and making 
miserable the lives of those under 

"But Miss Spinks" — 

"Ah, isn't she a 'shut in?' If she 
would only stop mourning over her 
ruined life and her one past love affair 
— if she would only go out Into the fresh 
air, walk, exert herself, take an inter- 
i st lii lil'i — who knows but she might 
even have another love affair." 

"And Miss Scribbler." 

"That is the saddest of all. because 
she is handicapped by the fact that 
she has to earn her living. But do you 
suppose I would stay bending over a 
desk all day if I found It was ruining 
my health and brains and preventing 
me from making friends, from seeing 
life, cramping my whole future? No, 
Indeed! If I could not pursuade my 
superiors that fresh Ideas and a brain 
constantly receiving new Impressions 
are worth more than a certain number 
of musty office hours a day, I would 
work nights, Sundays, every spare 
minute, to put myself in a position 
where I could both live and do my best 
work and where by improving all the 
time I could put myself beyond the 
possibility of being thrown away some 
day like a sucked orange when I had 
finally reached my limit. It isn't work 
that makes a woman old. hopeless and 
worn; it's selfish idleness or a narrow 
life or work under adverse circum- 
stances. Even sorrow doesn't ruin a 
woman's existence if she still keeps 
her hand on the pulse of life, ii" she still 
moves and has a part in the world 
about her. if she does not allow herself 
in bei ome a 'shut in.' " 

Jt & ^ 


Dame fashion is constantly Inventing 
new ideas and capriciously changing 
her moods and tenses to please even 
the most fickle devotee. One of her 
latest fads is the ribbon flower garni- 
ture of marvelous blossoms evolved 
from a chaotic mass of many hued 
ribbons. And such flowers! No arti- 
ficial flowers, imported or otherwise, 
have ever looked so real as these rib- 
bon creations, and as they are rather 
expensive to purchase, I would sug- 
gest that the handy girl turn her deft 
fingers to account and make her own 
ribbon garniture. When I have watch- 
ed the shop girls making flowers, I 
have taken pains to ask them where 
they learned their accomplishment. 
The invariable reply has been, "We 
never learned; we just commenced 
doing it," which proves that nothing 
is impossible, for "where there is a 
will there is a way." 

The chrysanthemum Is pretty for the 
hair or the bodice. It is made of yel- 
low crinkly baby ribbon, knotted to- 
gether in a loose, fluffy chrysanthe- 
mum-like mass. It requires four bolts. 


We have made arrangements with 
the British- American School of Corre- 
spondence, Rochester, New York, so 
that every reader of the California La- 
dies' Magazine may have a complete 
course In bookkeeping free. It Is th° 
best school of its kind and we would 
like to have all of our readers lake 
advantage of this wonderful opportun- 
ity. Write to them. 

„* J* j* 

EMMONS' BATH for Rheumatics, 
Tired and overworked society ladies 
will be benefitted by hydrotherapy hot 
fomentations. Massage and cabinet 
bath for ladles exclusively. B28 Sutter 
Street, San Francisco. Telephone Main 

Numberless loops may be fastened to 
one wire, so the "stem" will not be too 
large. Common wire may be used and 
dark green satin ribbon may be 
wound around it for the stem. How- 
ever, before covering the wire it should 
be thrust through a culio, which forms 
the calyx. 

One yard of crimson ribbon, three 
inches wide, was used to make the 
rose. Cut the ribbon in four strips, 
crush each strip through the center to 
give It the crinkled rose petal appear- 
ance; then draw the two ends together 
at the base and attach to a stem wire. 
Place the "center," or "rose heart," in 
position; then twist all the wires to- 
gether and thrust through the culio. 
Wind the stem with dark green satin 
ribbon, and, presto, change, when 
leaves are attached you have a rose 
which will do duty to liven up the 
black gown or will be most becoming 
worn in the hair. Poppies may be 
fashioned In the same way, using the 
poppy centers and leaves instead of the 
rose foliage. 

Good Doctor will not cure you. His 
prescription will not help you. If these 
all will not work with harmony, they will 
with good and fresh medicine. Many 
times bright Doctors do very little to help 
patients, because the medicine was not 
made correct, or was made of too old 
herbs. After our experience we highly 
recommend Morehcad's Pharmacy, cor- 
ner Second and San Fernando streets. 
San Jose, Cal. 

.M Ji Jt 

We desire to call the attention of our 
readers to the beautiful art study of a 
California child "Coming thro' the rye" 
on the frontispiece of this number. It 
Is the production of two rising young 
California artists. Shaw and Shaw of 
Oakland, and It shows a wonderful 
sludj "i" child life, 

July, 1903 




Published by the 




Boat* „ iclraoril mr" "^ma l alc ;" y 

ivlthoul Injury Is Qnc*» ''!'.' ,, !,. . r »-,r,-n' 

postpaid. BOc. A-n:vis V, an I ED. 

M. J. BACON MFG. CO.. 8. F. 

President : 

First Vice-President 
Second Vice- President 
Secretary : 
Editor : 

Associate Editor. : 

Associate Editor. 


: Mrs. Mary L. Harrison 

Mrs. Rose L. Bushnell DonnElly 
Mrs. Martha P. Owen 
Mrs. Bertha G. Spitzy 
Mrs. Caroline E. Vahlberg 
: Mrs. Sophie E. Skidmore Gardiner 

Miss Eliza D Keith 
Miss Rena Shattuck 

Publication Office 413-415-417 Eighth Street. Oakland. 
San Francisco Office 1236 Market Street. Telephone Folsom 3982. 

SUBSCRIPTION PRICE $1.00 a Year. Six Months, 50. Single Copies, 10c. 
TIME TO RENEW— Subscriptions should really be renewed during 
the month previous to the date of expiration. This presents your 
name from being taken from the list and assures the arrival of the next 
number. Remittances should be made by Postal or Express Money 
Orders, payable to the Califo rnia Ladies' Publishing Company. 
Entered in the Postoffice at Oakland. Cat., as second-class mail matter. 








From Chicago ..$33.00 

From St. Louis, Memphis, 

and New Orleans ......$30.00 

From Missouri River Points 






Booklets, Maps, etc., of Agent 

The only perfect sanitary hy- 

?glenlc comfort for ladles. Indorsed 
by thousands of ladles and physi- 
cians- By mall, prepaid. $1.00. 
Agents wanted 

Illustrated circular free 

S Ben Lomond, Calif. m 

• V¥A\#V**W»VV¥W«W* w»w* W 

Extracts from Reviews 

"The Woman's Journal," Boston: 

The California I. idles" Maga- 
zine, a handsomely illustrated monthly 
published at San Francisco, gives 
prominence to a woman suffrage de- 
partment. It is edited by Florence 
Stoddard Jackson, who has been es- 
pecially engaged by the magazine to 
report the progress of the movement 
in California 

"Argus." Santa Ynez, Cal.: 

In appearance, make-up and 
contents It Is fully equal to the best 
Eastern magazines. It is profusely 
illustrated and its fashion department 
up to date 

"Montana Catholic." Butte. Mont.: 

The illustrations are first class, 
and as a whole the magazine bears 
upon It the impress of culture. Four 
years ago it was established. It is en- 
tirely under the management of la- 
dies and they should be congratulated 
on the success that they have so far 

"Evening Journal." Jamestown, N. Y.: the four years it has been 
published, and has a large subscription 

••Republican," Placerville, Cal.: 

and is the most attractive in ap- 
pearance and in the superiority of its 
articles This handsomely illus- 
trated monthly is devoted to the in- 
terest of the women, their social wel- 
fare and home life it ranks with 

the best Eastern $1 a year publication, 
and should be given a hearty support 
by the ladies of this coast 

New Firm of Undertakers. 

Samuel McFadden, 18 years mana- 
ger for the United Undertakers' As- 
sociation; M. J. McBrearty, with the 
same company for 10 years; P. F. 
Green, late with J. C. O'Connor & Co- 
have opened new Funeral Parlors at 
1171 Mission street, between Seventh 
and Eighth, San Francisco. Tele- 
phone South H. 

• Evening Standard," Cortland, N. Y.: 
but it has come to be recognized 
as a leader in the west. It is pro- 
fusely illustrated with fine half-tone 
cuts and handsomely printed on an ex- 
cellent quality of paper. Its table of 
contents includes articles historical, 
biographical, of travel, current topics 
of timely interest, to say nothing of a 
choice selection of fiction 

"Daily Ledger," Quincy. Mass.: 

The growth of this monthly has 
been "wonderful the journal con- 
tains a high class of literature 


"Tribune," Oakland, Cal.: 

and is a credit to the loyal ladles 
in "charge of this typical California 

publication profusely Illustrated 

with some of the finest photographs 
and drawings ever shown on the Pacific 
Coast.. .The magazine is classed with 
the high-grade journals in the United 
States, and is recognized as the organ 
of the leading club and society women 
of the west 

ma. ■'cuniiwiu scrtucn overjiniu; tuuj tuuen, uauo 

Rubber Protection Chair Tips 

L Yon put thnm on with tiny brn*s »crewii that eomewlth I 

' •-■ in.-. Thontajonp-rmanontb and nut &* loon as 

the chair. The heavy rubber I 

j end nUo prevents tipplnu over. 

I Knmplepaironly2>ctiiiHtamp«.> 

_ ' Agenta wanted in every town. 

PTOtMllOB Chair Cap Co. SOS W.Sorth SU Uaa, O. 


airm-ahli-anil hcaltlilul ot facial prep- 
aration.. Delicately and csnul.ltcly 

[ rfn I. Cure* rniighnrM. plmplM, 

soften, the tklnand give, healthy glow. 

Contain, no ensue. Dellnhtlul all. r 

•having. Seud-J)ct..'ortrlal|nr;Mcl». 

rcjrul ir ]..r. If not at drug store, write u;. 

DISIOK SPECIALTY CO., Bt-Loul.. rjrpt 1 L 

"The Recorder," Cleveland, Ohio: 

The paper is the finest book and 
handsomely and profusely illustrated 

with half-tones. 


A very pleasant Thursday was spent 
at the residence of Dr. and Mine, 
Spitzy, 988 Sutter street. The editor- 
ial staff of th.- "California Ladles' 
Magazine" were the guests of honor. 
The time was spent in music and con- 
versation. The hostess, a noted singer, 
sang several solos, among them, "The 
Kiss Waltz," by request; also Italian 
operatic duets with Professor T. ZI1I- 
ani, her teacher and accompanist. Prof. 
Zillanl was the teacher of the cele- 
brated tenor. Slgnor Tamagno; also 
the director of grand Italian opera for 
many years. 

After the music the guests sat down 
to a delicate supper, where toasts were 
drank to Dr.Spltzy. who goes south in 
the near future on account of his 
health. Among the guests were: Mr. 
and Mrs. W. T. Vahlberg, Mr. and 
Mrs R. B. DonnElly, Mr. and Miss 
Paskulich, Mrs. Martha P. Owen, and 
Prof. Ziliani. 

.* »r *£ 

For the Summer, Paris says, as we 
do. mohair siciliennes.. The coarser 
weave are extremely stylish. Bradford 
Is already pressed for new weaves, new 
dottings. new finishes, new fancy- 
Ideas; expense not to be considered as 
long as the fabrics are Deautlful and 
suitable for Parisian use. Mohair Sic- 
iliennes. grenadines, embroidered dots, 
polntllles. hairline stripes, carres and 
many plain Siciliennes are among the 
orders from the leading Parisian houses 
through their representative Jobbers. 

These new fabrics supplement the 
voiles, etamines, wool grenadines and 
coarse roubaix fabrics in a variety of 
plain, fancy, dotted and mixed effects 
which take an important position in the 
woolen goods of fashionable wear. 

A great many of these etamines and 
voiles are hemstitched, striped, bor- 
dered, and have fancy dots, figures and 
embroideries. Some, even are printed 
and many small Scotch plaids have 
been evolved and with considerable 
success for the summer wear. 

Every night before retiring a few 
minutes should be devoted to the facial 
bath. If the skin is Impregnated with 
pfmples. rub in well a little i olive oU, 
allowing it to remain on about ten 
minu "s Wash off in warm water 
that has been boiled, using pure vege- 
table soap and plenty of friction. Af- 
ter all traces of the soap have been 
removed dash on plenty of cold water 
in which a pinch of soda has been d s - 
solved. Dry the face thoroughly with 
a soft towel, rubbing upward and 
backward Towards the ear. The Paris 
Figaro says that the secret of Sarah 
Bernhardt^ golden voice and her act- 
ing Is that she eats unsalted olives be- 
tween the acts. 

writing by "KRITIKO" 793 Pine street, 
Ian Francisco, Cal. Write in ink In 
usual hand, or unruled paper; state 
sex. Study yourself; analyze your 
friends by sending specimens of hand- 
writing to "KRITIKO" the grapholo- 
gist. A fifty cent reading gives a brief 
synopsis of leading characteristics. A 
dollar reading gives an extended analy- 
sis of character. 


Manufacturers of TRICYCLES, TRI- 
Chairs sold, rented and exchanged. Cata- 
logue on application. 

2024 Market St., San Francisco, or 534 
Broadway, L09 Angeles, Cal. 

We receive Savings Deposits from 
one dollar up, subject to with- 
drawal of $100 without notice, and 





system is safe and simple. Any 
amount may be sent by check, 
bank draft, money order or regist- 
ered letter. 



Capital, Surplus and Profits. 

DEPOSITS, $10,000,000 


323 Fourth- Ave 


FOR $1.00 

The Newest, Choicest, Brightest 

Santa Clara Premium Prunes, 

Other California Fruits and 


I highest quality-lowest prices 


I We carry everything that is good 
1 to eat, use or wear. 
I Grocery List free. Send for 
lit. 3c brings complete Catalogues. 

Address Dept. A. 






Avoids heating the Hair 
— Can he Slept In with 
Comfort — Does not 
Break the Hair or Hurt 
the Head— Quickly Ad- 

Hundreds of TcsU- 

...onlals from Present 

^ Users 

No Wire 
or Hard 
stance to 
Hurt or 

A complete set of curlers or 4 waveri 
(l.lack. auburn or gray), 25 cents. From deal- 
ers or mailed on receipt of price. Agents 

Merkham Trading Co., Dept. N, 170 6th ave-.N.'S*. 


The Best Typewriter made. We 

can prove It. Get Catalogue. 


135 Montgomery St., San Francisco 

Special Summer Prices 

On all Roods ordered before Aug. 1. 

Wo niiiiiufnrtiiri< hiiili" l: U. 

*oll direct xin.l r-liii. on approval Hall 
Clocks S70up;WoodMonlols SIO up; 

Urate-. Fireplace U \- an.U'ileiMls- 

• lon Clock*. Hall and Don furniture. 

Also Prepared Furniture Finishing 
Malarial for Interior trim. Richest 
efli'ClHnt no extra co*t. Catuloga free 
Mention magaalnc. 

C. R. Clock & Mantsl Co., 

ilml IU| 11,. Mkb. 






s e 

mo brass; 





It would be 

to assert that nobody can make as good corsets as 
KABO, but it is quite safe to say NOBODY IS 
DOING 50, and further that there is no other line 

So extensive 
So well balanced 
So popular 

Proof positive that the models are always the pre- 
cise things decreed by fashion. OVER ONE HUN- 
DRED of the most alluringly dainty STRAIGHT 
FRONT STYLES at $1.00 to $10.00, and interme- 
diate prices. Write for catalog de luxe. 

Kabo Gorset Go. 

388 Broadway 


300 Monroe St. 


l ri-a 




[ -^sa^